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1 1 1 S T R Y 



FIFTH REGIMENT, M.V.M. 






BY 



F R A N K T . ROB1NSO N 



ICx-Memper or Co. H, and A, and Regimental Historian. 



Fifth M. V. M. Headquarters, No. 82 Main Street, 

C H A RLESTOWN, M ASS. 



B OSTON: 
\V, V. J'.i-.own & Company, Printers, 113 Franklin St. 

1879- 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
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I N T R O D U C T O R Y . 



In compiling this history, the author has 
endeavored to confine himself to simple and 
authentic data, and in order to facilitate the 
search for facts, the Campaign and other Remi- 
are placed at the end of the volume. 




^ ^7 niscences are piacea at cne ena ot tne volume. 
\ . (\ [t is to be regretted that a considerable 
I ' - 53 j amount of regimental property was burned in 
\ the Boston tire, Nov. 9th, 1872. in which there 
were valuable books, containing material that 
would have furnished more important detai] 
th in is herein \\<x:d ; and again, the fire of 
December 28th. 1870, burned all of the orieri- 
nal manuscript for this history, together with 
much valuable printed matter, as- well as [200 heliotype 
portraits, but by good fortune the author possessed most 
of the signatures of the proof sheets, and was thus enabled 
to publish the present history. 

It would probably be impossible to obtain an accurate- 
Roster of the Regiment for each Campaign, and it vvi : ' 
be presumable that the State Reports only could furnish 
the correct list ; but the author has been obliged to con- 
sult several other sources, and if errors have crept in here 
and there, it is the fault, in a great measure, of the author- 
ities consulted, 51 and by referring to the errata on the last 
page, many unavoidable mistakes found in this history ap- 
pear corrected. 

The author sincerely hopes that this volume will meet 
the approbation of the thousands who have from time to 
time been members of the Glorious Old Fifth. 

• See Note, page vii. 



NOTE 



It is earnestly desired by the author, that lie may be im- 
mediately notified, of every error found in this volume, of 
whatever kind it may be, in order that the Supplement, 
to be published in the early future, and so arranged that 
it can be Incorporated with, this book, may make the his- 
tory absolutely correct in every detail. For illustration, 
if a letter is wrong in a name, as in the case of Joseph D. 
Bragdon, of Co. E, 9 months' men, where the middle ini- 
tial appears as S,* instead of I), or as in the case of mis- 
spelling of the word Mankinds, page 70, reading MamkiiiV; 
such errors would appear in the Supplement, as correc- 
tions, and thus make the history more valuable as a guide 
in the future, when it would be too late to rectify mistakes. 

The Supplement will be sent gratis to every subscriber, 
and will contain any information that may be received, of 
v a 1 u e to the vol in n e . 

FRANK T. liOIUXSON, 

25 Mount Vernon St., 

East Somerville, Mass. 

* Adjutant-General's report "has this Initial S. 



THE FIFTH REGIMENT MASSACHUSETTS VOL- 
UNTEER MILITIA. > 



o-o^n 00 " 



ITS EARLY HISTORY 



The old militia of this State were composed of Artil- 
lery, Light Infantry, Riflemen, and generally one regi- 
ment o! Cavalry. 

In looking over the records at the Stale House, I find 
th I as far back as 1800, there was a regiment called the 
u FiftIi Regiment of Light Infantry," and the companies 
■ imposing it were from nearly the same location as those 
now attached to the Fifth. 

The militia at the time of the war with Great Britain, 
when Madison was President, were in a fair condition, 
considering the times, and numbered about seven thou- 
sand men of what was then termed the ".active militia." 
I h rough many years, to use the language of a past adju- 
tant-general, the militia were in a "deranged and dc- 

ided condition," and in 1837, there were but few 
rcg ulavly organized regiments in the State, many of the 
eompauies being mutually disbanded cm account of a lax- 
r ,■ ■ ' interest. The celebrated Warren Phalanx, the first 

mpany in the Fifth from 1804 until the above date, 
■"■•>>- up about tins time, and for two or three years re- 

■ ' I its regimental orders as "Colonel of- — Light 

tiiUuitry Regiment, 1st Brigade, 3d Division." 



HISTO.UY, OF THE FIFTH REGIMEXT 



In 18-10j by an act of Legislature, ii was provided thnt 
tii" active militia of the CommonHvealth should consist of 
volunteer companies of able bodied men between the 
ages of 18 and 45, who wore to be enrolled by the asses- 
sors of each city and town. This Jaw had the effect of 
enlarging the State force, although its discipline was no 
better than formerly. It is pleasant to chronicle the fact, 
that through all these years the Fifth had been one of 
the most prosperous in the State, and though the regi- 
ment's number was changed in this year, 1840, it still 
retained the same companies, and was called-' the Fourth 
Regiment Light Infantry: and the new Fifth regiment 
was composed of companies from the vicinity of Lowell. 
The regiment at this time was commanded by Col. Sam- 
uel P. Smith, and was in the 3d Brigade, 2d Division, M. 
V. M 

In the year 1846, another reorganization of the State 
Militia occurred. At this lima there was a union of en- 
rolled and active militia, and it was ordered thai those 
companies noi having more than 48 members should be 
disbanded. 

This law resulted in the disbandment of four compa- 
nies of the Fourth, "-era. account of reduction and num- 
bers, and inefficient condition." These companies were K, 
of Maiden, Hand C, of Charlestown, and H, of South 
Heading. The following towns from the South Middle- 
sex district were at this time represented in the Fourth 
regiment: Concord, South Reading, VVolmru, Medford, 
Framingham, Sudbury, Natick, Cambridge, Charlestown, 
and one company from Boston ; the latter was disbanded, 
however, in 1847. In 1858, or thereabouts, the Sudbury 
company was added to the Second Batallion, and a Som- 
erville company t- ;; k its [dace. 

Up to 1855, there ware three brigades in the State, and 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLTJXTEER MILITIA 



the regiments of Light Infantry composing them were in 
a more or less imperfect condition. There were periods, 
however, when the military ardor of the people waxed 
strong, and at the time of the reception of Kossuth, was 
in an almost perfect condition. 

The Fourth at this time wore the regular army uni- 
form, with the exception of the cap, which was plainer, and 
was ornamented with a blue and white five-inch pompoii. 
The regiment participated in the reception of President 
Filmore, September 17, 1851, and on all great occasions 
turned out as many ;m-n as any other organization. They 
numbered about this time 400, rank and file. 

The "Bloody Fourth, 1 ' so styled, was probably the 
richesl in point of its members' means, and stood ahead 
ol the other regiments for a long time, both in discipline 
and numbers. From the ranks of the regiment have 
sprung some of the great men of our present time, ami 
" the fast young men " of (he old militia eventually be- 
came the governors and statesmen of a later period. How 
many stories could be told of the old encampments. Es- 
pecially to he remembered are those of Lowell for its in- 
tense heal, and Winter Island for the cold weather; and 
there was the grand muster at Concord, with the nne--- 
nificent display as the militia passed in review before 
Governor Hanks ; and it is doubtless fresh in the minds of 
many of the old militia how strict (?) were the duties im- 



>ed on them win 



Le in camp. It has been proved, h 



ever, that for ail the " royal times at muster" and the 
"'play soldier" events that occurred to our old militia, 
thai the long rod of the late war called many of them to 
their eternal rest, and by their deeds thev have forever 



| - : ■ d the standard of tli 



vonu tli 



, t 



muitia and its necessity as a 
n of politicians and doma- 



in,-. 



4 HISTOBY OF THE FLFTFI REGIMENT 

The entire militia of the State usually encamped to- 
gether for two days in the fall of the year, and the records 
sta.if that during the muster at Lowell in 1851. it' was the 
largest ever held in the State, At this encampment there 
was a regimental prize drill, and as the day was hot on 
which it occurred, Colonel J. Durrell Green, of t}ie 4th 
Light Infantry, appeared on the field with the entire regi- 
ment in shirt, sleeves and fatigue caps, and by his ardor 
and control of his men won the prize. 

The regiment had as competitors the 1st, 6th and 7th 
Light Infantry regiments, which were composed of very 
good material, and were, at that time, doubtless as efficient, 
and often met each other on parades and inspections, as 
well as at encampments. 



The Repeal of the Militia Law — r. Reoegax- 

IZATKES". 

There- was great excitement in 1854 and 1855, concern- 
ing the militia, which resulted in the reorganization of the 
Fourth and Fifth regiments. The Montgomery Guards 
were disbanded, and a complete revolution in the organ- 
ization of a Stale protective force was being agitated, 
and resulted in Walter Channing and 505 others petition- 
ing for a revision of the militia system of the Common- 
wealth, and also several other petitions and remonstrances 
relative thereto. 

" The repeal of the Militia Laws" was a thing greatly 
to be desired by a powerful class, who thought that 
though the millennial day of peace and virtue had no1 ar- 
rived, still they could .rejoice a1 the gradual progress of 
those ] rinciples of truth, justice and humanity, under 
whose more full and genial reign arbitration should lake 
the place 'of the battle-field, brutal force relax its might\ 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. O 

sway, and man assert -the prerogative of his being — Hie 
triumph of moral over physical strength. 

A number of hearings were given at the State House 
in February, 1855, and there was at one time serious 
doubts as to whether the militia would continue as such. 
Among the most hitter opponents to the militia were the 
Hon, Ohas. W. Slack, of Boston, and Hon. Anaasa Walker, 

of North Brookfield. At one of the hearings, the latter 

-- 

gentleman remarked that "the militia as at present or- 
ganized was a source of great demoralization, and encamp- 
ments are such, no one can deny this: it was not so had 
at cattle-shows," . He believed in an. efficient organization 
of paid police, by the State, who should be armed in 
ewny town and city when needed, and the people to be 
taxed 2 per cent. He thoxight the militia were a body 
made for "the promotion of hist young men/ 5 

The remonstrance was heard, and Col. YY illiam T. Gram- 
mar, of Woburn — the only real military man on the House 
special committee to whom the various petitions were re- 
ferred— General Jones, Colonel Wright, and others, by 
)\iv\v manly efforts, gained their ends, and the long, vol- 
uminous report of the majority of the committee in favor 
ol the repeal, was substituted by the minority, report of 
the committee, and it was voted that it •• was deemed in- 
expedient to legislate," three to one. The following are 
flie names 6f the important committee: Messrs. Lincoln, 
of Deerfield, Webster, of Chelsea, Rice, of Newton, 
T.\!:in:i.m of Boston, Munroe, of Boston, Field, of 
Sholbtirne, and Gkammeil, of Woburn. 

*• Messrs. Monroe and Grammei reported that n was 
inexpedieni to legislate on the subject, believing that the 
present military organization is as good as may he. and 
r - ■ ^ om inquire any change.'' 

la Lfrji), Adjutant-General Stone's Stale report contains 



. tr.&Z^JJ^/*'^^^^*******''- 



6 



HISTOHY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



the following interesting statements, and it will be seen 
that this was the year when the Fifth became a permanent 
regiment, and remained nearly the same as relates to its 
numbers and location up t'd 1876. 
The reports read : 

ki For the purpose of having the organization of the 
Volunteer Militia more in accordance with the acts of 
Congress, which prescribes, that the system of discipline 
and field exercises, which is and shall be ordered to be 
observed by the army of the U. S., shall also be observed 
by the militia throughout the U. S., the following com- 
munication proposing certain changes in the organization 
of the Volunteer Militia was presented to the Governor 
and Council, Feb. 28, 1855." 

" The proposed changes were adopted by the Governor 
and Council, as appears by General Order, Nov. -1, 1855." 

ATTIFLKKY AND InFANTKV. 

u The present organization and arrangement of Vol- 
unteer Militia is inconsistent in its designation as "Artil- 
lery" and " Liyht hifu$itr.g". inasmuch as the troops there 
designated are by the existing laws required to be armed 

and drilled as !>;fantry That the interest of the 

service requires the disbandment of some regiments in 
consequence of small numbers of companies in said regi- 
ments." 

Relating to the Fifth, we quote the following : 



TfllllD BRIGADE. 



Disband the First Reuhneut of Artillei . 



?>T Lin 1 



!i Raiments of Li^ht [n fa-nt it, awl organize tli 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEEK MILITIA. I 

companies of Artillery and Light Infantry in the follow- 
ing cities, viz.: Charlestowrr, Cambridge, Somerville, 
Wobiirn, Winchester, Concord and Waltham into a regi- 
mi ;: t to be kno\> n i\ - tin: Fifth Reginn nt of Infantry.'' 

Under this regim the Fifth appeared ai the fall mus- 
ter. The State Reports of this encampment says of the 
Fifth: u The Fifth appeared at the fall encampment, im- 
• ruand of Col. Chas. B. Rogers, and is a recent 
; ation, composed of Infantry fron ( harlestown, 
Cambridge, Somerville, Woburn, Winchester, Concord 
and Waltham. The regiment looked finely, and is an 
honor to this Stat ■.-.' , 

Following are the companies: of Infantky composing 
the new Fifth, with tin date of organization and the first 
captain of each i ( i ] air : 



Co. A, Concord. Organi; 1 .• Artillery 1804. Capfc. Thomas Heald. 

.( ■■■■•, Somerville. " Lnfantry 1S53. Capt. G. O. Brastow. 

Co. C, Waltham. " " " — — 

Co. D, Cbarlestown.* " Art., (178(1) 1831. Capt. J. M. E 

Co. ! . Wiii< hester.t " Lnfantry 3 Capt, F. O. Prince. 

Co. K, Cambridge " " 1840. Capt. J. D. Green. 

Co. G, \\ oburn. " " 1835. Capt. S. B. White. 

Co. II, Charlestown. " " 1830. Capt. G. P. Sanger. 

Ther< was a company from Watertown belonging to 
this regiment later, called Co. C, and was organized in 
1TS6 as Artillery, and was first commanded by Captain 
Ebein zer Kent. 

Commanders of the Fourth Regiment Light Infantry 
from 1841 up to the reorganization, 1855: 

Col nel < h irles Co ter, W< burn, July 31, LS41, Sept., 1844. 
C< Lonel Royal 1 > luglass, Cam bridgeport, Oct., 1844, May, 1847. 
Colonel Samuel Lilauchard, Med ford, July 31, Sept., 1S48. 
f '< ! ■ ■■■ ! M >scs F. \\ inn, W (burn, Sept, 1848, 3!ay, 1850. 
I !olon< I J. Dun ell Green, Cambrid ;e, Jan., 1851, Feb., IS55. 

' ( o D, transferred from Fourth us Co. II. of Fifth. 
i ( '.-). K, i ran if erred to Medford. 



8 HISTORY OF Till- FIFTH REGIMENT 

Col, J. Durrell Green was elected Colonel of the Fifth 
at the time of reorganizatiori?*and his appointment bears 
date March 81, L855, but as he "refused to qualify," 
Colonel Charles B. Rogers was commissioned July 7, 
1 855. 



Col. Charles B. Rogers. 

1st Colonel Fiitli Regiment, M. V. M. 

Colonel Rogers was Tor many years a leading apothecary 
in Charlestown, i nd was early identified with the Oharh 3- 
town City Guards. In this company he held various 
offices, including the captaincy, lie also held othei r< 
mental offices, and was the first Colonel of the Fifth un- 
der the new organization of the State Militia, his com- 
mission bearing date July 7th, 1855. Thai he was a 
thorough disciplinarian, and brought the regiment into 
favorable notice, is on record in the Adjutant-General's 
reports. During his term of command the regiment 
became one of the most popular in the State, and his 
retirement from the service was deeply regn tted by all. 



War Record of the Fifth — The Fjrsi Three 
Months Troops. 

The Fifth grew in numbers and discipline, and at the 
breaking out of the great civil war ware in a condition to 
respond to the call of " Father Abraham " for u seventy- 
live thousand 31 rong." 

The early pages of lee history of the rebellion of 1860 
will sno \ , ami t»l 1 he darkest and most revolting instances 
of treason and national corruption, the most glowin< r 
examples of patri itism, and the sublimest heroism. 



M A SS ACIU'S ETTS V< > LV S T EER Mr LIT I A . 



The people of Massachusetts were alive to the impor- 
tance of the events of the day^and one common voice 
seemed to say : 

Men! — if manhood still ye claim, 

]f ih. V' rtliera pulse can thrill, 
Roused by ftn u . b; shame, 

Freely, strongly still ! — 
Ja ■[ the sounds of 1 raff ■ rli ; 

. ; lie mill -■ ' < — h tve the stall — 
Fii : tb ■ i by - 

Throng to Faneuil Hall- —IMtUtier. 

Among the few Ma ;achusetts regiments who had the 
honor to be first in the movement to arms, the Fifth is 
conspicuous. 

The national call was for three months men. but as the 
record shows, when the three months expired (Julj r 19, 
1861), tin regiment Found itself on the ;oiJ i ' Virginia, 
the enemy, and at a time when its servic* . ■: - 
han ed tenfold 03 its di ;cipline and acquaintance with the 
L4 situation," were valuable to the country. In this criti- 
cal hour there was no voice for returning home. 

Al a me< Ling li Id * u tht loth oi April, 1SG1, it was 
voted to tender \\\^ services of the regiment to the Com- 
mander-in-Chief, and on the 17th, the ] egiment was ordered 
to hold itself in readiness for duty. On the l$th, orders 
issued to report for duty, and the following compa- 
nies were attached to the Fifth Regiment : Compam 11, 
ni llit* First, and Companies B, E, G, and II, of the Sev- 
enth. The companies were received at Fan euil Hall by 
an enthusiastic people. Only partially equipped, the reg- 
•: ;''" ; left on Sunday, the 21st, al 4. o'clock, A. M., for 
Washington. The Boston Dailj Advertiser said at that 
i line: "This regiment will shed glory. on the old Com- 
monwealth, whose honor she is so ready to sustain. Fol- 



10 



HISTOKY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



lowing the example of their uiwrssuining commander. Col. 
Lawrence, the companies are. arrayed in serviceable uni- 
forms, fatigue caps, and, freed from all paraphernalia, 
which are but the pride, pomp, and circumstance of war. 
As the ears passed rapidly through the center of the old 
Bay State on this, the Sabbath day, its progress was viewed 
with favor In all, and no trthing-man attempted to arrest 
them." 

The journey of the Fifth was one eoBtimious ovation, 
ringing of bells^ roaring of cannon, music and eheering. 
E} r es streamed fervent tears, and the " God bless you " 
was frequently heard, and told the intensity of feeling on 
the pari of the people. At Meridcn, Connecticut, also 
New Haven and Bridgeport, the regiment were treated in 
glorious shape. 

On their arrival at Washington, the regiment was quar- 
tered in the Treasury Building. The following is a part 
of a diary of events -from that period : 



Apr. 23d. The baggage arrived. The President visited 
the regiment. 

May 1st. Mustered in to United States army, and re- 
\ iewed by the President. 

24th. Squad and company drill, as well as regimental 
drills, have brought us to >'■ high state of discipline. 

25th. Regiment ordered out to Alexandria, it. being 
expected thai an attack would be made in thai direction. 
The enthusiasm of the men was intense. All the men 
were soon on the way to meet the rebels. General Mans- 
field highly complimented the regiment, declaring that he 
had bt never witnessed a similar order more speedily and 
promptly executed." They crossed the Long Bridge af 
midniirht. 



. , . 



. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEEJt MILITIA. 



11 



26tlx. The regiment are encamped, and have called 
their camp "Camp Andrew," in honor of His Excellency 
the Governor of Massachusetts. 

29th. Orders received to be ready to march at a mo- 
ment's warning. 

June 14. Reviewed by President Lincoln and Cabinet. 
We are called the ;i Steady Fifth," on account of gentle- 
manly conduct and soldier])" bearing. 

17th of June. This was a memorable day, and those 
who were awoke in the morning at 2 o'clock, by the 
sound of the long roll, will never forget it. The men were 
sleeping soundly at the time, and in ten minutes from the 
time the drums began to beat, the regimental line was 
formed. Co. H gave a grand dinner this day. 

Foe Bunker Hill. 

[Dedicated to the Bunker Hill Company (Company H) Chariest-own 
(. ity Guard, at Washington* D. C, by Geo. M. Do we, June IV, 1861.] 

1. 
'Tho' many miles away 
From homes and friends to-day, 

We're cheerful still ; 
For brothers side by side 
We stand with manly pride 
Beneath the shadow wide 

Of Bunker Hill. 



The memory of that spot 
Ne'er by one man forgot 

Protects us here : 
We feel an influence, lent 
From its proud monument — 
By freedom's angel sent 

Our souls t i cheer. 



If o'er the darkening sky 
The piercing battle-cry 
shall sound its call, 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

G ocl of our native land 
lie with this little B?t'nd ; 
Columbia's guardian stand 
Ev one and all. . 



By all that blesses life- 
While ranked in freedom's strife 

With right good will, 
For victory we'll try — 
With hope and daring high — 
Our ehfters shall rend the sky 

For Bunker Hill. 

Five hundred copies of -this poem were printed and 
distributed through the various camps., and the song was 
sung' with great spirit on all occasions. 

J uly loth, The regiment ordered to pack personal 
baggage, and store it at Alexandria, in anticipation of a 
march. 

16th. The knapsacks were packed and left in cam}). 
W'iih three clays' rations, and in light marching order, we 
crossed Shuter I [ill, and with the other regiments of the 
brigade, took up the line of march for Centerville, The 
Fifth, in Col. Franklin's brigade, having been honored 
with the right of division, was at the liead of the column, 
under Col. Heintzelman. At 7 o'clock the regiment 
halted, ami prepared to bivouac during the night. ..At 
83 o'clock an alarm was given, and several prisoners were 
brought in. 

17th. The march was resumed at 7 p.m., with Com- 
panies A and K as skirmishers. The troops proceeded 
cautiously, the pioneers cutting away large trees obstruct- 
ing the road. At noon, Co. C was sunt in advance as 
skirmishers, to relieve Co. K. Rebels were frequently 
Been, but out of range. The secession pickets soon spr< ad 
the alalia, and the whole country \\ j > bogji aroused. At 



&»&«J 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



13 






one point the advance guard severe fired upon by the 
enemy, bat fled, leaving' their guns, etc., as mementoes 
for our men. At 3 p. M., the troops reached Saugster's 
Station, on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. The 
enemy Lad flown, and our troops were disappointed, 
The regiment bivouacked in a new mown field, on the 
edge of a pine wood, enjoying their sleep very much. 

18th. Co. D have an encounter on a reconnoiter, and 
kill one of the enemy's pickets. 

20th. At half-past two o'clock, v. w., orders were re- 
ceived to prepare for an advance, and three days' rations 
were distributed. The order to march at six was changed 
to midnight. 

21st. At quarter-past one, A. M., the command came to 
"fall in lively." The regiment was soon on the march to 
BulJ Run. The Fifth, after a double quick of several miles, 
halted at 11 o'clock. The general engagement had al- 
ready begun, and in a fvw moments the order was given 
to cross the ford. Soon the order came, "Fifth Mass. for- 
ward double-quick, march ! " Taking position on the 
brow of a hill, they fired at the retreating enemy, but 
were compelled to leave their place, a rebel battery get- 
ting range on them. 

A writer says, who saw the Fifth on Ha- field : "I saw 
the Mass. Fifth in their dark uniform and their steady 
advance under the enemy's fire of shot and shell ; I no- 
ticed t.hem some distance off; they came into the field by a 
think movement, and then into column, with as much cool- 
ness as if they had been on an ordinary muster-field. They 
had io pass over an open field exposed to the full force 
'•' the rebel batteries, but they did not waver in the least. 
( ! n the brow of the hill I first saw their Colonel [Law- 
reneej at their head; lie is a tall and slim man, with dark 



14 



HISTORY. OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



hair. He is quite young, not more than twenty-five. They 
took their places, and fought bravely." 

The regiment went through the severest part of the 
fight, and returned to Washington. After marching a 
full dav's journey before reaching the battle-field, had 
fought on the field about fixe hours, had retreated over 
the route marched in the A. M., and were now ordered to 
march back to Washington, a distance of about twenty- 
five miles; a truly Lard day's work. 

30th July. Arrived in Boston, where the excitement 
was intense. Streets and buildings were covered with 
people. Their march to the Common was one continued 
ovation. 

Among the few regiments who for three mouths I iff 
their common callings, and girded on the armor for their 
country's defence, none can boast a fairer record than the 
Mass. Fifth. 

Col. Lawrence and many other members of the Fifth, 
were severely wounded during the eventful battle of Bull 
Rum 



General Samuel Crocker Lawrence. 

2d Colonel of the Fifth Regiment, H. V. M. 

Samuel Crocker Lawrence was born in Medford, Mass- 
achusetts, Nov. 22, L832. He received his early educa- 
tion in the public schools of this staid and respectable old 
town, with the exception thai he spent a short period at 
Grot on Academy. Intended by his father to succeed to a 
share of hid business, young Lawrence at the age of 16, 
took liis place in the paternal counting-room. But he had 
early manifested an inclination for study, and his father 



f . 






'/tv-*-*- c 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



15 



wisely yielded to his wishes, and alter a short term of pri- 
vate study, lie entered Harvard University. 

While in college he gained the respect and esteem of 
his classmates and instructors by his studious and gentle- 
manly demeanor. He was graduated with honor in 1855. 

On leaving college, he determined to devote himself to 
business pursuits, and after a short interval, he became a 
member of a banking firm in Chicago. Here he remained 
for two years, and by the manliness and straight-foT ward- 
in ss of bis character, rapidly secured the regard and con- 
fidence of the community in which he lived. He passed 
unscathed through the terrible monetary crisis of 1857; 
but foreseeing the difficulty of doing a safe business in 
the then depreciated and fluctuating Western currency, 
he yielded to the attractions of better prospects at home, 
and returning to Massachusetts, became a member of the 
well-known house of Daniel Lawrence & Sons. Since 
then he has given attention to the general management of 
the business of the firm in Boston, besides devoting his 
energies to the development vf many enterprises, some of 
a private, and others of a public nature, in which his ef- 
forts have been attended with unusual success. Com- 
mencing with this brief outline of General Lawrence's 
business life — always an essential part of a biographical 
sketch, hut in this instance, perhaps, of less interest, from 
the tact of its uniform prosperity — we turn t<» a portion 
of his career which entitles him to honorable mention 
among the brave and patriotic young men who gav< their 
swords to the defence of their country in the late rebel - 

ii. Young Lawrence had manifested an early predilec- 
tion tor military exercises. Wine a. scholar at Groton 
Academy, lie bad been chosen commander of the hoys' 
corps attached to that institution, and had gained unusual 



16 HISTQBY OF THE FIFTH REGIME-NTT 

credit for his proficiency in drill^and his ready apprehen- 
sion of the duties of a commanding officer. Later, while 
he was pursuing his studies at Cambridge, a military com- 
pany was organized in Medford, named ia honor of his 
father, t4 T!ie Lawrence Light Guard." Of this company 
he immediately became a member, and by rapid promotion 
captain, in 1856. 

Still rising in the grades of the State service, he was 
commissioned Major of the Fifth Regiment Massachu- 
setts Volunteers, in 1859, and Colonel of the same regi- 
ment in 1860. 

The ''.Lawrence Light Guard" have a war record un- 
matched in the history of any volunteer organization in 
the country. 

On the 15th of April, 1861, immediately after the re- 
c< ipi of the news of the attack on Foil Sumter, Colonel 
I av tehee, fired with patriotic ardor, tendered his regiment 
to Governor Andrew, and was soon ordered to report for 
dniy. lie started for Washington on the 21st of the same 
month, and using all possible despatch, arrived in that 
city with his command. Here hi- zeal r.i\ ! \ efheh ncy were 
at once recognized, and in the performance of the respon- 
sible duties which were devolved upon him in and about 
Washington, he enjoyed tin' confidence of the national au- 
thorities, and o( his superior officers, lie brought his 
regiment to a state of drill and discipline which was tin: 
subject of high encomium, and with his command ren- 
dered important service in strengthening the defence and 
guarding the approaches of the capital. Although tin' 
period of their term of service had t xpired, he was pres- 
ent wiili his regiment at the battle of Bull Run, and gal- 
lantly maintained an advanced position^ in front of the 
enemies' batteries, to the close of the battle. It was then 



- 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA, 



17 



that Colonel Lawrence was wounded and carried oft* the 
field. 

His regiment, withjts color-bearer killed, and other se- 
vere losses, retreated to Centerville, and thence to Wash- 
ington, and alter a short interval, was ordered home. 
Colonel Lawrence, although suffering much from his 
wound, returned with his command; and on their arrival 
home, the Fifth, with its commander, received an enthusi- 
astic ovation from the people of .Boston and the neighbor- 
ing towns. r l lie impaired condition of Colonel Lawrence's 
health forbade his seeking employment in the field. This 
was to him a source of keen, and we may well say, just 
regret, for there can he little question that bis military ex- 
perience, uniformly correct bearing, sound judgment and 
executive ability, would have made him an. emin fitly use- 
ful and trustworthy officer in the subs( juent operations 
of the war. The next year, however, on the receipt of 
the intelligence of the terrible disasters which occurred to 
our arms in the Shenandoah Valley, lie again reported- at 
Boston, with his command, ready for active duty: but the 
ihreatened attack on Washington having been abandoned, 
the troops were dismissed^ 

He was promoted Brigadier General in the State service 
in 18G2, retiring from the position in 1864. A few yeai ■ 
later he received a flattering proof of the personal regard 
in which he was held by his brother officers of the mili- 
tary of the State in his election to theoma ( of C< mmander 
"1 the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company. 

—[From a. •'. Trow's Boston, Past and Present. 



] 



HISTOKY OF THE FIFTH BEGIMENT 



Roster of the First Three Months Troops, Fifth 

Regiment Volunteer Militia. 

Colonel, • . Samuel C. Lawrence, . Medford. 

Lieutenant-Colonel, J. Duerell Green, 1 . Cambridge. 

" " George II. Peirson, 2 . . Salem. 

Major. . . . Hamlin W. Keyes, 3 . . Boston. 

"... John T. Boyd, 4 . . . Charlestown. 

Quartermaster, . Joseph E. Billings, . Boston. 

Paymaster, . G. Foster Hodges, . . Rdxbtiry. 

Surgeon, . . Samuel II. Herd, . . Chariest own. 

Surgeon's Mate, Henry W. Mitchell, 7 . . Fast Bridgewater. 

" " . .William W. Keene, jr., 8 Charlestown. 

Chaplain, . . Benjamin F. DeCosta, . Charlestown. 

Sergeant Major, . Henry A. Qtjincy, . . Charlestown. 

Quarter-Master, Sergeant Samuel C.Hunt, Charlestown. 

Drum Major, . Charles Foster, . . • Charles town. 

Hospital Steward, Nathan D. Parker, . Charlestown. 

Adjutamt-Sergt., . Thomas O. Barri, 5 . . Cambridge-port. 

" . John G. Chambers, 6 . . Medford. 

Fife Major, • . Freeman Field, ... 

Total, Field and Staff, 17 

Commanders of Companies. 



A, Salem, Edw. II. Staten, 8 

B, South Reading, Jons W. Locke,. 

C, Charlestown, William R. Swan. 



D, Haverhill, 

E, Medford, 

F, Boston, 

G, Concord, 
II. Salem, 

I, Somevville, 
K, Charlestown. 



C. P. Messer, 
Jull.N IIutchins, . 

D. K. Wardwell, 
George L. Prescott, 
Henry Danforth, . 
George O. Bkastow, 
John B. Norton, 10 



MEN. 
00 



■ Appointed in United States Army, June '-'•"). 1861. 

- Served as Capt. Co. .\. to July 5, 1861. 

;; Appoinl ed Capt. 1 'nited States Army, Jane 26, 1861. 

* Served as Capt. Co. K, to July 3, 1S6L. 

5 Appointed Capt. United States A rmy, July 8, 1861. 
'" Served as is1 Lieutenant to K, July 8, 1861. 

'[ transferred to Nev York Zouaves, J11I3 \, 1861. 
f Appointed at Washington, 1). C. 
9 Appointed at Washington, 1). C. 

* Promoted from Lieutenant, July 7. I8UI. 



MAS3ACH US ETTS VOLUNTE EE .MILITIA. 

Company A. 

Captain, George H. Peirson. Priv'ts, Hill, James 

" Edward H. Staten. Howard, John H. 

1st Lieut., Edward II. Staten. Hurd, William H. 

Lewis E. Wentworth. Ivehew, John H. 

2d Lieut., Lewis E. Wentworth. Leavitt, Israel P. 

" " Charles I). Stiles. Leonard, James 

lstScrgt., Charles D. Stiles. Lib by, Henry 

John II. Estes. Lufkin, William 

Benjamin K. Brown. Mansfield, John R. 

David N. Jeffrey. Maxfield, James, jr. 

Albert S. 0. Lowd. Melcher; Levi L. 

Corporals, John W. Hart. Moore, Dennison P. 

James II. Sleeper, Morse, George W. 

Joseph M. Parsons. Moser, John II. 

JohnF. Clarke. Moses, James 

Priv'ts, Adams, Charles P. Moulton, Henry W. 

Alien, Charles W. Munroe, Stephen N. 

Bailey, Edwin Munsey, Joseph C. 

Brings, Ji^nvy T.* Nimblet, Benjamin F. 

Burrows, William North, James D. 

BurtOn, Jacob Osborn, John H. 

Buxton, George B. Osborn, Laben S. 

Buxton, George F. Palmer, William H, 

Buxton, Samuel II. Patten, James M. 

Catei Samuel A.* Peabody, William M. 

Chiprrian, Charles G. Perry, Henry W» 

Clemens, % ,Ti) i 'nn- H. Phippeii, Charles H. 

Crane, Albert J. Poor, James, jr. 

Crosby, Lyman D. Pousland, John H. 

Croweli, George M. Pratt, Calvin L. 

Daniels, John B. Pratt, Lewis R. 

Davenport, David Kicker, Charles W. 

Davidson, Henry Kix, Asa W. S. 

Davis, Charles W. Semons, Francis A, 

Dodge, Charles W. Sloper, Henry 

Dominiek, Joseph Sloper, William A. 

Doust, Joshua W. Smith, Henry J. 

Drown, William P. Smith, Robert 

Led, John F. Stiles, William W. 

Fuller, George tl. Symonds, Nathaniel A 

Gardner, .\bel Tufts, Rufus W. 

Gardner, Charles W. Warren, Edward J. 

Gardner, William H. Webber, MendallS, 

Giles, Charles FI. Wei ks, William H. 

< i 1, ■:::!•. John T. VN est, George 

Glidden, Joseph II. Wheeler, Samuel B. 

Owinn. Qiarles II. Williams, Charles A. 

Hiidretli.'Elbridge li. Wilson, James. 



20 HISTOEY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

COMPANY B. 

Captain, John W. Locke, Prints, Hoy.t, Henry J). 

1st LiciiT., Charles H. Shepard. Kidder, George I!. 

2d " James D. Draper. Lord, Byron 

1st Sergt., George W. Townsend. Lord, George H. 

Jason H. Knight. McGee, Edward 

Benjamin F. Barnard. McKay, Gordon 

George \V. Lborn.* McKay, Thomas M. 

Corporals, William E. Ransom. McRenzie, John 

James IF Sweetser. Murrell. James M. 

George II. Green. Moses, George 

James A. Burditt. Nicbols, George W. 

Musicians, Alvin Drake, jr. Parker, N, I). 

William V. Yaux, Parker, William F. 

Priv'ts, Abbott, Ormel 0. Parsons, Benjamin W 

Adams, OliverS. Peterson, Leonard 

Anderson; Charles E. Pratt, Edwin 

Anderson, James IF Rahr, Christ ian E. 

Batchelder, George W. Rayner, John 

Baker, SamuehS. Rayner, Ozias 

Beckwith, Robert S. Robinson, Charles IF 

Bixby, Hiram Roundy, John I). 

Burditt George A. Sherman. William IF 

Coney, John S. Smith, Thomas 

Cook, Jona, jr. Stevens, .John R. 

OF, Joseph O. Sweetser, Olive S. 

Eaton, Alvin A. Sweetser, Thomas 

Eustis, Henry W. Thompson, Charles 

Eustis, Joseph S. Thompson, John F. 

Fairbanks, James M. . Tibbilts, Charles H. 

Fletcher, Charles K Tibbitts, Frank L.* 

Fosti r, 1 >avis Twiss, \ donij am J. 

( F iggs, James IF* Tyler, William X. 

Harrington, Charles T. Walker, William II. 

Hart, John F. Ward, well, Hear} F. 

Hartwel), Albert A. Warren, Horace M. 

Hayden, Frank W. Weston, Robert II. 

Hay den, William 11. \\ iley, ■'■ sepia IF 

Hayward, Alexander >!. Wiley, William 

Hosmer, Oliver 11. Wifcins, Edward L. 
Wyman, Y\ illiam. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



21 



Company C. 



Captain, William R. Swan. 
1st Lieut., Phineas H. Tibbetts. 
2d " John W. Rose. 
3d " JTannibal D. Norton. 
4th ' " George H. Marden, jr. 
1st Sergt., Thomas F. Howard. 
Charles- W. Rtrout, 
James II. Rose. 
Charles P. Whittle. 
Corporals, Samuel 13. Elolbrook, jr. 
Henry W. Copps. 
Joseph Bell. 
Yalentiee Wallberg. 
Musician, George Oakley. 
Priv'ts, Ash, William G. 

Blood. II ham 

Branch, Hiram 

( ihanrbei lain, John II. 

Chase, Charles L. 

Cliell, George 

Cheslyn, Richard W. 

Clark, John W. 

Clark. Stephen M. 

Cob'leigh, Charles C. 

Col burn, ''Maries F. 

Connor, Thomas 

Craig, Thomas F. 

Cross, George W. 

Davis. Charles L. 

Davis, George W. 

Davis, George W. G. 

Dean, John 

Dickey, Neal S. 

Doyle. William J. 

Dwight, Joseph F. 

Dale-. Lowell E. 

Fitzpatrick, Thomas B. M. 

Foster, Edv ai'd* 

Fox, I ' i •'• i rd 

French, V. illiam ( '. 

Gabriel, William K. 

Gammon, ( iliai les K. 

Zollei 



Priv'ts, Gifford, Albert D. 

Gossom, Elijah D. 

Grant, Melvill C. 

Hat-ton, .James 

Haves, William 

Herman. Conrad, jr. 

Hobert, George W. 

Jones, Melville D. 

Kilborn, Albert 

KTJham, George W. 

Lake, Alphens A. 

Lane, Frank W. 

Leslie, Albert S. 

Lincoln, Joshua W. 

Lord, Charles L. 

MeLoud, John D. 

Mclntire, John C. 

Miller. Eugene J. 

Morrison, Daniel P. 

Nichols, Charles II. 

Norton, George 

Oakman, Winslow 

Peeler, Albert 

Penney, Charles II. 

Perham, Ali)ion 13. 

Pfaft', Francis W. 

Pratt, John M. 

Quiun, Mauric e F. 

Reed, Freeman IT. 

Richardson, Alba 

Robertson, John 

Rowe, Chai les A. 

Selvey, William 

Snath, Lewis 

Stone, Horace P., jr. 

Sullivan, Humphrey, y 

Wade, James P. 

White, William II. 

WiiLm, Thomas 

Worthen, R. Harvey 

Wort i >n, Bei rtard 

Yendlej . J< -< [)h D. 
, Geonre H. 



22 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Company D. 



Captain, Carlos P. Messer. 
1st Lieut., George J. Dean. 
2d " Daniei F. Smith. 
3d " Charles II. P. Palmer 
4th :: Thomas P. Salter. 
IstSergt., John J. Thompson. 
George W. Edwards. 
James M. Palmer. 
John F. Mills. 
Corporals, William Salter. 

George W. Wallace. 
VanBuren Hoyt. 
Daniel J. Haynes. 
Musicians, John E.Mills. 

Leonard Sawyer, jr. 
Orlando S. Wight. 
Priv'ts, Bickford, Ebeii B. 

Bo wen, Charles 

Bromley, Lyman P. 

Bromley, Grin B. 

Burnham, Charles 

Bus well, George P. 

Caswell, Joseph A. 

Chandler, Samuel A. 

Colby* John. jr. 

Coles, Thomas, J. 

Collins, Laos 

Collins, Hiram S.t 

Cook, William P. 

Davis, Stephen 

Dorson, Frank 

Dodge, George S. 

Dodge, Orrison J. 

Edwards, Nathaniel M. 

Ellison, Horace 

Emerson, Edward II. 

Yu^, George F. 

Foster, George II. 

Fowler, Samuel W. 

Frost, James 



Privt's, Gould, Albert IT. 
Gould, Royal D. 
Greenleaf, Matthew M. 
Gushee, Franklin A. 
Hatch, Joshua, jr. 
Ilersum, Greenleaf 
Holmes, Varaum E. 
Jackson, Hiram H'. 
Judge, Charles W. 
Kaler, Cornelius 
Keif, Thomas 
Eiernan, Frank T. 
Ivnowles, Charles K. 
Livingston, Murray V. 
M^eserve, Ebenezer 
Mills, Charles E. 
Mills, William W. 
Murch, Charles 
Noyes, Ariel S. 
Osgood, Joseph IT. 
Parmelee, Henry IT. 
Pecker, John B. 
Philbruok, David T. 
Phillips, Leonard W. 
Ray, Albert F. 
Richards, J. Fit" 
Pogers, Tristum G. 
Shaw, James A.* 
Shute, Alonzo M. 
Smith, Henry J. 
Smith, Nahum F. 
Stanley, Harrison 
Steele, William H. 
Stimpson, John F. 
Stowe, Andrew F. 
Taylor, Henry, 
Tut tie. Mi ram O. 
Watkins, Charles L. 
Webber, Wellington B. 
Wyman, George P. 






MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



23 



Company I 



Captain, John Hutehins. 

1st Lieut., John G. Chambers. 
:.M " Perry Colman. 
3d " William II. Pattee. 
1st Sergt., Isaac F. R. Hosea. 
Samuel M. Stevens. 
James A. Bailey. 
William H. Lawrence. t 
Corporals, Sanford Booker. 

William J. Croker. 
Benjamin Moore. 
Luther F. Brooks. 
Musician, Richard Pitts. 
Privt's, Alden, William F. 

Aldrich, William II. H. 

Austin, Ebenezer V. 

Barri, Martin T. B. 

Be iih am, Daniel 

Bisbee, Horatio, jr. 

Bishop, John 

Booker, George D. 

Bradden, Angus 

Bragdon, Stephen M. 

Burbank, William II. 

Can-, John P. 

Carr, Royal S. 

Cheney, Daniel S. 

Clapp, Meletiah O. 

Currier, Sydney 

Curtis, Frank J. 

dishing, Henry II. D. 

Cusliing, Pyam, jr. 

Dane, William II. 

Davis. Joseph 

Davis, William L. 

Dede, Herman 

Dow, Albert F. 

Duckerell, William J. 

Fames, John II. 

Emerson, William B. F. 

Fletcher, JoelM. 

Fletcher, Stephen W. 



Priv'ts, Fowler, Stephen D. 
Ginn, James F. 
Hadley, Charles B. 
Haskell, Alfred 
Hawkins, H. M. 
Hoi man, H. A. 
Hoyt, J. H.* 
Ireland, H. A., jr. 
Jacobs, H. B. 
Keen, L. II. 
Kuhn, Charles II. 
Lawrence, L. P. 
Lewis, A . p. 
Loring, Freeman 
Lord, Lewis O. 
Manning, J. 
Mills, P. C. 
Morrison, I. T. 
Palmer, E. J. 
Peak, George E. 
Pearsons, Jonas M. r . 
Pierce, Flisha X. 
Prouty, William L. 
Pamsdell, Emery W. 
Reed, Henry F. 
Richards, Manville F. 
Richardson, Caleb T. 
Robertson, Edwin H. 
Russell, Charles 
Russell, Hubbard, jr. 
Sawyer, George 
Sherman, Gilbert B. 
• Smith, Jones L. 
Smith, Joseph 
Taylor, James H. 
Teel, George E. 
Thorpe, Alfred M. 
Tufts, Augustus 
Tupper, Oeorge F. 
Turner, James II. F. 
Turner, Sam ".el 11. 
Usher, James F. 



24 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Company P. 



Captain, David K. WardwelL 
1st Lieut;, Jacob H. Sleeper. 
2d " George G. Stoddard. 
3d " . Horace P. Williams. 
4tli " Horatio N. Holbrook. 
1st Sergt., Frederick K. Field.. 
G. W. R. Hill. 
Calvin S. Mixter. 
Dominic us T. Ward well. 
Charles W. Cassebourne. 
Corporals, Samuel Richards. 
Solomon Low. 
Samuel W,. Tuck, 
Stephen Brendal. 
Musicians, William S. Bean. 

James II. Newell. 
Priv'ts, Beal, James A. 
Brady, John G. 
Coleman, Lewis F. G. 
Connolly, Hugh 
Cook. John 
Courtney, Daniel G. 
Crowley, Daniel 
Danforth, Joseph C. 
Dodge, Charles S. 
Dodge, John S. 
Emerson, Albert O. 
Ferguson, David 
Fitzpatrick, Daniel 
Foley, Patrick W. 
Ford, Henry \Y\ 
Forest* Moses 
Gattley. Patrick 
Gile, Phinando 
Goieham. Charles F. 
Hettler, Tliomast 
Hanham, William C, 
Harvey, James A. 



Priv'ts, Hatch, Edward K. 
Healey, Patrick G. 
Hill, Joseph C 
Hoyt, David W. 
Lamos, Charles T. 
Leighton, Nehemiah 
Low, Isaac M.t 
May, William O. 
McDevitt, William 
McSweeney, Bernard* 
Mooney, James 
Maurice, George O. 
Morse, George F. 
Nichols, Robert F. 
O'Hara, Stephen 5 * 
Richardson, William II. t 
Reed, James H. 
Riley, Hugh F. 
Roby, George W. 
Rogers, James 
Ryan, William P. 
Schneider, Jacob 
Smith, Sanford A. 
Snow, Henry 
Spinney, Robert M. 
Stetson. Joseph 
Steward, Charles W. 
Sullivan, B. 
Taylor, Owen 
, Wallace. Henry D. 
Warren. Joseph G. 
"U Vren, Thomas A. 
Wa il well, Cyrus F."* 
White, \V. B. 
Wi— in, Isaar H. 
Wilson, William H. 
Williams, Edward G.t 
Yeager, Charles II. 



MASSACH CSET'fS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 

Company G. 

Captain; George L, Preseott. Priv'ts, Johnson, Charles A. 

3<r. Lieut., Joseph Derby, jr. Jolmson, Henry 

2d " Humphrey H. Buttriek. Leather Josiah, jr. 

3d " Charles Bowers. Livingston, B. F. 

IstSetgt., George F.Hall. Loring, Benjamin, jr. 

George W. Lamiat. Lyons, John E. 

William S. Rice.* Maxfield, John M. 

Cyrus Ilosmer.* j Melvin, Asa 

Corporals, Stephen H. Reynolds. Messer, George E. 

Francis M. Gre/ory. Mnlliken, Charles F. 

George Buttriek. Nealy, Charles 

Samuel S. Wood. Osborn, Ira, jr. 

Priv'ts, Bates, William C* PemberLon, Robert 

Ball, George II. Phelps, Edward F. 

Ball, W. B. Puffer. Charles 

Bower, William Puffer, John S. 

Brown, Azro I). Reynold?, Edward W. 

Brown, John, 2d. Rogers, John S. 

Brown, William A. Robbing, E., jr. 

Brackett. Edward J. Robbins, Joseph N. 

Buttriek, Francis Sampson, Lewis T. 

Carter, .lames W. $ Sherman, George E» 

Clapi-, William M. Smith, John W. 

Clark, Richard K. Souther, George E. 

Cormick, Peter, jr. Stephenson, Thomas G. 

Dalt&ii, Jeremiah, jr. Taylor, W. F. 

Dean. Joseph G. Tidd, John E. 

Dearing, Eugene W. Ware, George 

Doyle, Thorn. as Warland. Thomas F. 

Farmer, Henry Watts. Horatio C. 

Farrat\ Levi B. Webb, Edward F. 

Fitzpatrick, Francis F. v Wellington, Lowell, jr. 

Garty, James \ Wheeler, Caleb H. 

Goodwin, James W. ^ Wheelen, Joseph 

Gray, William H. Whitney, George T. 

Hateh, David G. Whittier, William P. 

ITeald, Timothy F. Wheeler, Edward S.* 

Hooper, Thomas M. Wheeler, Henry L* 

Ilovoy. Mason JL Winn, Joseph E. 

Jefroards. Jona F. Wright, Eugene 

Johnson, Albert X. Wyman, Joseph S. 



26 



HfSTOIlY 01 THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



COMPANY H. 



Captain, 

1st Lieut. 

2d 

3d 

4 th " 

1st Sergt. 



Corporals, 



Henry F. Danforth. 

Kirk Stark. 

William F. Sumner. 

George IT. Wiley. 

John E. Stone. 

George S. Peach. 

B F. Pickering. 

Jolm Pollock. ' 

Joseph B. Nay. 

John A. Sumner. 

William To hey. 

Elhridge II. Guilford. 

Peter A. Eamsdale. 
Musician, Joseph Anthony. 
Priv'ts, Be.rge, William R. 

Biekford, William F. 
Brown, George A. 
Bulger, James 
Chase, Charles W. 
Clark, Edward A. 
Clark, Sylvester 
Dow, George W.* 
Eaton, Alpheus 
Edwards, John L. 
Estes, John G. 
Farrell, William 
Fergurson, Samuel 
Gilford, David A. 
Gilford, William F. 
Grover, James, jr. 
Hackett, Harrison 
Hart, George O. 
Hibhard, Curtiss A, 
Hi nes, John M. 
Hoyt, John A. 
Jones, Samuel 

Wilson, 



\ 



\ 



/ 



Priv'ts, Keliew, Francis A 
Kehew, George 
Kelley, Edward 
Kelley, James W. 
Kelley, Thomas B 
Lee, John W. 
Leach, Harris 
Linehan, Dennis 
Lowe, James W. 
Marshall, Charles G. 
McDuffee, Hugh 
McFarland, Charles, 
Merrill, Henry O. 
Millett, B. Hardy 
Murphy, Thomas G. 
Parker, Oliver 
Parsons, Cyrus 
Peach, William, jr. 
Pierce, David H. 
Perkins, Joseph N. 
Quinn, John 
Richardson, Henry H. 
Pichardson. William II 
Biggs, Edgar M. 
Shanley, William* 
Teague, William IL 
Thompson, John N, 
Thompson, George A.t 
Trask, Henry 
Very, Herbert W. 
Webster, George 
White, Henry F. 
"White, Thomas 
Wiley, Samuel 
Williams, Samuel W. 
Williams, William D. 
Jacob H. 



MASSACHIXS ETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



27 



Company -I. 



Captain, George O. Brastow. / 
l^t Lieut., William E. Robinson. 
2d " Fred. R. Kinsley. 
1st Sergt., Walter C Bailey. 
John Harrington. 
William R. Cm-lew. 
John C. Watson. 
Corporals, Henry EL Robinson. 
James E. Paul. 
Isaac Barker, jr. 
William T. Eiistis, 3d. 
Musicians, Sidney S. Whiting-. 
Priv'ts, Adams, Albion 

Adams, John 

Andrews, George H. 

Andrews, John B. 

Andrews, Joseph IT. 

Atwood, Hawes 

Bennett, Edwin C. 

Binney, Henry M. 

Bird, Warren A. 

Bonner, Charles D. 

Braekctt, Edward 

Brown, William B. 

Buckingham, Lynde W. 

Carr, William M. 

Caswell, Albert 

Crosby, Elkanah 

Davis, John E. 

Eaton, William B. 

Emery, Edward C. T. 

Eustis, Humphrey T. 

Garland, Benjamin F. 

Gilson, William T. 

Giles. John E. 

Giles, Joseph J. 

Glynn, Thomas 

Grandy, Henry E. 

Hannaford, Edward F.t 

Young 



Priv'ts, Hale, Joseph, jr. 

Hammond, Henry 

Harris, George E. 

Hodgdon, John K. 

Kodgkins, George A. S. 

Hodsdon, Alfred 

Hopkins, James R. 

Howe, Pliny R. 

Hyde, Richard J. 

Jenkins, Horatio, jr. 

Johnson, Joseph 

Judson, Oliver W. 

Kilburn, Charles 

Kinsley, Willard C. 

Moore, William F.t 

Mooney, Charles A. 

Xason, George W., jr. 

Nelson, X. Fletcher 

Paine, Joseph W. 

Parker, Joseph A., jr. 

Parker, Joseph H. 

Parker, Warren F. 

Parsons, Oscar- 
Power, Charles II. 

Quimby, Charles C. 

Rogers, Oliver W. 

Sehillinger, Benjamin F. 

Shaw, William E. 

Shattuck, Lucius II. 
\ Simonds, Nathan A. 

Sweeney, Charles H. 
'v Van de Sande, John 

Walker, Edward M. 

Wallace, Kinsley 

Watson, William W. 

Wescott, Eugene 

Whitcomb, George F. 

Wyman, Luther E. 

Wyer, Edwin E. 
, Joseph. 



28 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Cap! 


a in, 


1st I 


iieut 


2d 
a 




3d " 

1st Sergt. 



COMPANY K. 



JolmT. Boyd. 

John B, Norton./ 

John B. Norton. 

Caleb Drew. 

Caleb Drew. 

"Waller Everett. 

Walter Everett. 

Albert Prescott. 

1). Webster Davis. 

Samuel A Wright. 

George A. Bird. 
Corporals, W- W. Davis. 

Enoch J. Clark. 

Joseph Boyd. 

George F. Brackett. 
Musician, J. Newton Dreed. 
Priv'ts, Abbott, Charles H. 
Ames, William S. 
Angier, Henry A.* 
Babcock, Convers A.* 
Bailey, Andrew J. 
Bailey, Charles ID 
Beddoe, Thomas 
Bent, William ID 
Blunt, George 
Boyd, William 
Brown, Albert F. 
Drown, John H. 
Drco\ n, Warren S. 
Burckess, Thoma J. 
Dutteis, Frank V. \ 
Dutis, Joseph W. v 
Carr, John C. 
Chandler, Samuel E.* 
Childs, George T.* 
Churchill, John K. 
Clark, Joseph ID 
Clark, Joseph 3D, 2d 
Cook, Jacob D. 



Priv'ts, Davis, Edward K. 
Davis, Benjamin 
Davis. Marcus M. 
Davis, Obed D. 
Dearborn, Daniel 
Devereaux, George X. 
Dow, James A. 
Drew, Darilett S. 
Fish, Sumner § 
Ferrier, William A. 
Floyd, David O. 
Frothingham, Frank E 
Frothingliam, John D. 
Harding, Wilbur F. 
Higgins, Henry W. 
Hilton, Amos S. 
Holmes, P. Marion 
Kehoe, George ID 
Dane. Charles. D. W. 
Lorinir, John ID 
Merrill, Alfred K. 
Melvin, William W. 
Moulton, Joseph, jr. 
Newhall. Diehard ID 
Nichols. George 
Niles, Thomas 
Palmer, Lloyd G. 
Patten, George W. 
Pei kins, Charles F. 
Quigley, Joseph 
Ramsey. Royal 
Raymond, Charles H. 
Richards, Charles F. 
Sheppard, Louis 
Simpson, James W. 
Thayer, Ignatius D. 
Thompson, George W. 
Tibbetts, Albion W. 
White, Eben. 



Med. 



t Pied. § Nevei seen after battle. 



M A SSA C H U S ET TS VO LU NT EEE MILIT r A , 



90 



Fifth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Mili- 
tia. Nine Months, — 1862-3. 

Tt was impjossible'-'fo'r such a regiment as the Fifth, to 
remain at home, and at a meeting of the commissioned of- 
ficers of the regiment, held at Charlestown, on the 14th 
day of August, 1862, it was unanimously voted that the 
regiment tender their services for nine months in the 
field. This vote was communicated by Col. Peirson to 
the Governor, who accepted the offer, and ordered the 
regiment to be filled to the maximum number immedi- 
ately, instructing 1 the Colonel to report when he was 
ready to go into quarters. 

It was further ordered that all vacancies in the line of 
company officers be filled without the usual ten day's 
notice. 

Measures were immediately taken by the regimental 
and company officers to fill up the regiment as rapidly as 
possible. 

Recruiting meetings were held in the various cities and 
towns, from which men were likely to enlist, and talented 
speakers were brought forward to address the audiences. 

After the lapse of a r ; >rtnigiit, five companies were re- 
ported as filled to tin \ maximum standard, and other 
companies followed at h'tervals, until the last company 
required to fill the regiment went into camp. 

For various reasons, changes were made in several 
companies attached to the regiment, prior to going into 
camp. 

Go% A, (Concord.) was detached Sept. 2Gth, and tempo- 
rarily attached to the Sd Brigade. 

Co. C, (Cambridge,) was disbanded August 30th, not 
being aide to recruit in time for service. 

Co. E, (Medford,) was already in the service of the Cov- 






30 HISTOBX CF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

eminent for a term of three years, in the 39th Mass. Reg- 
iment. 

Co. F, (Natickf) was disbanded Sept. 16th, being unable 
to recruit in season. 

The following companies were recruited, and attached 
to the Regiment: 

Co. A, Capt. Green, recruited in Charlestown, and or- 
ganized Sept. 25tti, 

Co. C, Capt. Daniels, recruited in South Danvers, now 
Peabody, and organized August 28th. 

Co. E, Capt. Kent, recruited in Yarmouth, and other 
towns on the Cape, and organized Sept. 3d. 

Co. G, Capt. Gramme r, recruited in Woburn, and or- 
ganized August 26th. 

Co. K, Capt. Crafts, was recruited in Waltham and 
Watertown. and organized August 28th. 

The date of the organization of the old companies is as 
follows : 

Company B, Captaiu Barker, 1853. 

P, " Howard, 1786. 

" " Re-organized, . . . 1831. 

Company II, <: Drew, .... . 1850. 

I, " i Newton, . . . May 27, 1S62. 

The companies, as formed and re-organized, went into 
camp, at Camp Lancer, Wenham, Mass., and were mus- 
tered in as follows : 

Company A went into camp Sept 29. Mustered in Oct. 8. 
B " " " 15. " Sept. 19. 

C " " " 10. " u 16. 

U J) « ts it j,- n tt -j<^ 

E " " " 10. " " 1G. 

F " " " 22. " " 2'X 

G " " " 10. " " 16. 

II " " " 10. " " 1& 

I " " " 10. " " 16. 

M J£ it M U jo ti. a ip # 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 31 

The Field and Staff Officers were ordered into earn}), 
Oct. 1st, and Col. Peirson immediately assumed command 
of the regiment. 

The review which was to have taken place on the next 
morning', was, in consequence of rainy weather, postponed 
until the following day, when it passed off in a very cred- 
itable manner. 

On the same day, (Oct. 3,) an order was received from 
the Governor, for the regiment to proceed to New Berne, 
X. C, and to report to Major-General Foster, as soon as 
transportation should be furnished. 

Active preparations were at once commenced to hasten 
forward the arming and equipment of the regiment. 

The Field and Staff Officers were mustered in Oct. 8th, 
and the regiment was accepted for nine months service. 

On the 20th, notice was received from the United 
States Quarter-Master's Department, that transportation 
had been provided on the Steamer Mississippi, which 
would leave Boston, Oct. 2Jd. Two day's rations were 
immediately cooked and distributed to the men. The 
horses and baggage were sent to Boston, and placed on 
hoard the steamer, the 21st. 

\ Wednesday, Oct. 22d. 

The regimental line ras formed at S o'clock, a. m., for 
the purpose of proceeding to Boston, via. the Eastern Rail- 
road. The colors were escorted to the field by Co. II, 
Capi. Drew. Prayer was offered by the Chaplain. The 
regiment was obliged to wait upwards of an hour for the 
cars, but at 10 : 20, A. M., the troops were on board the 
ears, and arrived in Boston at 12: 30, P. M. The line was 
formed in Canal Street, and the regiment marched 
through Union, Hanover, Court, State and Commercial 
streets, to Battery Wharf, where the Mississippi, Capt. 






. 






32 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Baxter, lay in waiting to take the regiment to Beaufort, 
North Carol in a. 

The steamer loft the wharf at 5 o'clock, P. 31., the wind 
blowing very strong from the North-west, and, after a 
very pleasant trip, arrived at Beaufort, N. O.,on the 26th. 
On the 27th, the regiment disembarked at the railroad 
wharf, in Morehead City, and took the cars for New Berne, 
86 miles distant, arriving at the latter place at 4 o'clock, 
)\ M., and went into camp in the vicinity of New Berne, 
its tents having been nearly all pitched by a detachment 
of the 25th Regiment, 3 years Massachusetts Volunteers, 
Col. Upton. 

Before the regiment had been forty-eight hours in New 
Berne, and before its muskets and equipments had arrived 
from Morehead City, (the landing-place of the regiment,) 
orders were received to cook three days' rations, and be 
prepared to start upon an expedition immediately. 

As soon as their rations arrived, the companies com- 
menced cooking them, and by great labor, continued 
through the night, the muskets and equipments were dis- 
tributed to the men, and the regiment left cant]) at four 
o'clock on the following morning, October 80th, and em- 
barked on board o; ■ transports for Washington, N. C, 
which place they r< itched on the morning of the 31st. 
At this place the column was delayed until November 2d, 
awaiting the arrival ol" troops from New Berne by the 
overland route. 

At 7 o'clock, Sunday morning, the whole force, under 
the command of Major-General Foster, took up its line of 
march for Williamston. 

The Fifth Regiment formed a. part of the brigade under 
the command of Colonel Horace C. Lee, oi the Twenty- 
Seventh Massachusetts Volunteers, in which it remained 
during die whole period of its term of service, very much 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. ■ 3-3 

to the satisfaction of the whole regiment, who considered 
themselves very fortunate, not only in being- brigaded 
with such excellent regiments from Massachusetts, but in 
having for its brigade commander a thorough tactician, and 
who, by the superior skill and judgment which he displayed 
on many occasions while on the field of battle, and the 
uniform kindness shown to those under his command, won 
the most exaltedl opinion of every member of the regiment. 

There were some slight skirmishes with the enemy 
While on the route, but nothing of importance transpired 
during the time. The roads in many places were very wet 
and muddy, and the weather, a portion of the time, cold 
and stormy, yet the regiment marched along with the most 
lively enthusiasm, and vied with the older regiments in 
preserving their files, and keeping their places in the col- 
umn, and were repeatedly complimented by their superior 
officers for the very excellent manner in which, they con- 
ducted themselves on this, their first expedition. 

The regiment returned to camp on the morning of the 
13th, having marched about 160 miles. 

On the 22d of Nov. 1862, by General Orders, the third 

brigade of wl yh, the 5th was a part, was made up as 

follows : i 

\ 

9th Xew Jersey Volunteers, . . Colonel, C. A. Heckman. 

5th Mass. Volunteer Militia, . " Geo. H. Peirson. 

46th " " " . " George Bowler. 

27th " " " . Lt.-CoL f Luke Lyman. 

On the 28th of December, 1862, the 9th New Jersey 
was detached from the third brigade, and the 25th M. V. 
M., Col. Pickett, was assigned in its place. 

From the loth of November until the 10th of Decem- 
ber, the regiment labored diligently to perfect, themselves • 
in drilling and the usual routine of camp duty. 



u 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



On the morning of the 10th, the regiment left its camp 
to join an expedition to* Goldsboro', having for its object 
the destruction of the Wilmington and YVeklon Railroad, 
near that place* 

The regiment was assigned the second post of honor, 
the extreme left of the column. 

The care of the wagon train was intrusted to the Fifth, 
and its progress was necessarily very slow, owing to the 
unusually bad condition of the roads, which generally de- 
tained them very late on the road, and seldom getting an 
opportunity to bivouac until midnight, and sometimes 
later ; and as they were obliged to move with the main 
column in the morning, their labors were very arduous 
and fatiguing. 

On the 14th, the regiment was detailed to guard the 
wagon train, and to picket the different roads, to prevent 
the enemy from making a flank movement. Companies 
II, (Captain Drew,) and E, (Captain Kent,) were posted 
about three miles from regimental head-quarters, on a, 
cross-road leading to Kinston. About 10 o'clock, A. M., 
they were attached by a large force of rebel cavalry ; the 
men stood their; round manfully, and after a ver\ spirited 
engagement, rej filsed the enemy and drove them in great 
disorder towards Kinston. 

Company C, (Captain Daniels,) was posted on the Wil- 
mington road, and by a well-directed volley, dispersed a 
body of cavalry who were coming up the road, probabl) 
with the intention of cutting off some of our wagons. 

Companies G, (Captain Grammer.) and F, (Captain 
Curi-ier,) were detailed to guard a. bridge over South-west 
Creek, on the road to Kinston, and were kept continually 
on the alert by the enemy, who were seeking an opportu- 
nity to cross at. that place, bur who were prevented by the- 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 35 

untiring exertions of the officers and men guarding that 
post 

Company D, ( Lieutenant Marden commanding,) was 
stationed about one mile in the rear, and Companies B, I, 
and K, in the immediate vicinity of the baggage train, and 
were obliged to exercise the utmost vigilance to prevent 
the enemy from destroying the train. ^ ^tr" £-*->--> r 

The next morning, December loth, ft^rMmMW 
joined the main column and marched 23 miles, and biv- 
ouacked within four miles of Whitehall. On the 16th 
occurred the battle of Whitehall, at the commencement of 
which the regiment still held the extreme left. After the 
battle had been raging nearly an hour, Lee's brigade was 
ordered to the front, and three of the Fifth Regiment 
were wounded. Passing on, after the battle, they bivou- 
acked for the night within eight miles of Goldsboro'. 

On the morning of the 17th, the whole column was 
ti^.iin in motion ; Lee's brigade having the advance, and 
reaching the railroad soon after 12 o'clock, M. The rail- 
road bridge spanning the Xeuse River, and the telegraph 
wires, were soon destroyed, notwithstanding the great 
efforts made by th( enemy to prevent it. Company D was 
deployed as skinn .-.hers, and Company II, to protect the 
party destroying the railroad. 

-Most of the fighting, while the work of destruction was 
going on, was on the right of the line, near the railroad 
In-icW 

After the work' of demolition had been completed, and 
the object of the expedition had been accomplished, a re- 
turn to New Berne was ordered. 

1 he retrograde had already commenced, and the main 
b «iy of the troops was well on its way, leaving Lee's bri- 
gade, to which the Fifth Regiment was attached, still on the 



36 HISTOKY OF THE FTFTH REGIMENT 

field, when the enemy, who had been reinforced, came 
out from the cover of the woods to which they had been 
driven, and advanced, as if to make a charge upon the 
brigade. Belgier's battery was immediately ordered into 
position, and the' Fifth Regiment ordered to support it. 

The rebels advanced rapidly, yelling like fiends, and 
evidently feeling confident of routing the small force re- 
maining on the field, and capturing the artillery. 

When the rebels had advanced within about five hun- 
dred yards of our troops, our batteries opened on them a 
murderous fire of shells and canister, sweeping them down 
in large numbers, and speedily checking their progress ; 
a second time tney essayed to advance, hut when within 
three hundred yards the heavy cross fire of the batteries 
and musketry compelled them to retreat in great disorder, 
seeking shelter behind a rail fence, escaping from thence 
to the woods on their left, as they best could ; the firing 
was kept up on them as they attempted to form in line of 
battle, in the edge of the woods, to renew the charge, mak- 
ing large gaps in theii ranks, and twice bringing their flag 
to the ground, and they were soon compelled to abandon 
the field and agi In seek the cover o^ the woods. 

Just before ! ie final repulse of the rebel infantry, the 
enemy opened fire upon the brigade from a concealed 
battery in the woods on our left, seeming to direct their 
fire principally upon the Fifth Regiment. 

For upwards of two hours the shot and shell (lew thick 
and fast around tin.- regiment, and twice were its colors 
pierced by fragments of shell before the enemy's guns 
could be silenced. 

The courage and steadiness of the regiment were severe- 
ly tested in the attempted charges by the enemy, and the 
unexpected the from the concealed battery, vet not a man 






MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. oi 

I 

flinched, but stood their ground, facing the enemy with- 
out faltering, preserving their line, and promptly obeying 
the orders of their officers as coolly as if on parade. 

The officers of Belgier's battery which the Fifth sup- 
ported, spoke warmly in praise of the conduct of the regi- 
ment, under the trying circumstances in which they were 
placed. 

Wit on the enemy's fire had been completely silenced, 
the brigade resumed its march toward New Berne, passing 
through a brook as they marched off the field, to their 
arm-pits in water, which had been let on from a mill-pond 
by the rebels, when they made their desperate but unsuc- 
cessful attempt to cut off the expected retreat of our 
troops. 

But neither fire nor water could depress the spirits of 
the men who were conscious of having performed their 
duty, and although the air was bitter cold, they were 
obliged to march seven miles to camp in their wet clothes. 

The following members of the regiment were wounded 
during the expedition. At Whitehall, \V. W. Anderson 
of Company B, received a painful contusion just below 
the left knee, spen / ball ; Peter Conlin, of Company D, 
ball in the knee; Vm. Ivldridge, Company E, seriously, 
b;di lodged in the tVigh ; at GoldsboroVG. VV. Burroughs, 
Company B, contusion on left hip, from grape shot; G. 
\V. Barnes, Company B, contusion in leg ; \\ r . A. i lardy. 
Company 1), contusion in back ; David O. Williams, Com- 
pany 1), flesh wound in head; H. G. Babcoek, Company I. 
contusion in leg. 

During the return toNev, Berne, the regiment acted as 
the rear-guard. 

The regiment reached its camp on Sunday, December 
21st, having marched about one hundred and eighty miles 



38 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

v . : 

while absent on the expedition, and having" had ten men 
wounded. 

Shortly after its return, "General Foster issued the fol- 
lowing order : 

Headquarters, 18th Army Corps. 

New Berne, X. C, Jan. loth., 1868. 
Gen'l Order, No. 18. 

In consideration of, and as a reward for their brave 
deeds at Kinston, Whitehall, and GroMsbord', the Com- 
manding General directs, that the Regiments and Bat- 
teries which accompanied the expedition to Goldsboro', 
inscribe on their banners those three victories : 

Kinston, Dec. 14, 1862. 

Whitehall, Dee. 16, 1861'. 

Goldsboro', 7}oc. 17, 1862. 

The Commanding General hopes that all future fields 
may be so fought, that the records of them may be kept 
by inscriptions on the Banners of the regiments engaged. 

By Command, 

Major-Gen'l FOSTER. 

S. Hoffman, A, s't Adj't-General. 

On the 21st of J nuary, orders were received to fortify 
the camp; the work was commenced immediately, and a 
detail of one hundred and fifty men was made daily for 
that, purpose, from the regiment, and in two weeks the 
before unprotected sides of the camp were enclosed in 
earthworks, nearly thirteen hundred feet in length, and 
seven fed in height, surrounded with a trench ten tent in 
depth. Upon the completion of the fortification, General 
Foster designated the work ;is Fort Peirson, in compli- 
ment to tie colonel <>i the Fifth Regiment. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA, 39 

On the 21st of February, Company G, (Captain Cram- 
mer,) was detailed to garrison Fort Hatteras and Clark, 
at Hatteras hdet, at which plaee the}' remained until the 
return of the regiment to Massachusetts, 

Company D, (Captain Howard,) was also derailed for 
garrison duty at Plymouth, N. C, returning to the regi- 
ment on the 4th of May. 

From the completion of the fort until the 13th of 
March, the time was occupied in brigade, regimental, and 
company drills, when, in consequence of the appearance 
of the e-nemy at Deep Gully, eight miles from New Berne, 
Lee's brigade, with two batteries, was ordered out to repel 
any attack that might be made in that direction, as the 
enemy had already driven in our jackets; at b* o'clock, P. 
M., just, fifteen mitmtes after the order was received, the 
regiment was in line and started to join the other regi- 
me] its composing the brigade. 

The column under the command of General Palmer 
marched until 9 o'clock, P. M , when it halted for the 
night, savenmiles from New Berne, where the troops passed 
a cheerless night, exposed to the cold night air, without 
lire, and obtaining ver f little sleep. On the morning of 
the 14th, the annivers; ry of the battle of New Berne, the 
column advanced slo.fly towards Deep Gull}-, and had 
just commenced skirmishing with the enemy, when intel- 
ligence was received that the rebels had commenced their 
real attack on the north side of New Berne, and the whole 
force wj:s ordered to return to that place. 

The Fifth remained under arms in garrison, until the 
retreat of the enemy, on the night of the loth. 

On the fourth of April, the regiment with other troops, 
embarked on transports for Washington, N*. C, for the re- 
lief of General Foster, and the garrison at that place. The 



40 flTSTOltY OF THE FIFTH EEGIMENT 

fleet proceeded up tlie Pamlico River, within eight miles 
of Washington, where formidable rebel batteries were dis- 
covered, in n commanding position, at Hill's Point. After 
several ineffectual attempts by the gunboats to destroy the 
•enemy's works, the troops were ordered to return to 
New Berne. 

The regiment reached its camp on the morning of 
the 7th. 

On the following day the regiment joined an expedition 
to Washington by land, undei' the command of General 
Spinola ; on reaching Blount's Creek, '21 miles from New 
Berne, on the afternoon of the 9th, the enemy were found 
in strong force intrenched on a hill on the opposite side of 
the creek, approachable only by a narrow mill-dam com- 
pletely enfiladed by the enemy's guns. 

The nature of the ground, swampy and covered with an 
impenetrable growth of trees, prevented a flank move- 
ment by our forces, and after a short engagement, the 
troops were ordered to return, and the regiment reached 
its camp late on the night of the 10th. 

Thursday, t [nil 16th, 1803. — To-day has been a holi- 
day in camp, or [account of the raising of our new gam- 
son flag, 

At a meeting of the officers, on the 14th inst., the fol- 
lowing committees were appointed to make the necessary 
arrangements for the occasion : 

Executive Committee : Lt.-Col. Boyd, Major Worcester, 
Capts. Drew, Daniels, and Crafts. 

Committee on Vocal Music: Lieuts, Everett and Har- 
rington. 

Committee on Instrumental Music : Capt. Crafts, and 
Lieut. Davis. 

Master of Ceremonies : Adjt. Eustis. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 41 

The ceremonies took place at 3 o'clock, i\ M. The reg- 
iment was formed in square around the flagstaff, and the 
exercises proceeded in the following order : 

P raver, by the Chaplain, William F. Snow. 
Song', " America," sung by a choir, selected from the 
regiment, under the direction of Lieut. Everett. 
Chaplain Snow then delivered the following 

Addj: ess : 

It is no vain ceremony, Fellow Soldiers, that we are 
now about to perform. It is not merely to add another 
ornament to our beautiful camping ground, or to set up 
the recognized sign of another military post, that we are 
gathered together. It is for more than this. We are 
about- to do a symbolical act, to recognize a most pregnant 
emblem. 

Let me invite you, then, to consider with me for a few 
moments, what the Hag means. 

I. It represents to us our national history. Its colors, 
distinct yet united, not crossing or blending, yet bound in 
one harmonious whole, tell us of the composition of sepa- 
rate and independent States into one grand. Union, '"E 
Pluribus Unum." The red flush of morning, the clear 
light of uoon, the quiet ■ veiling sky, all combine in it to 
symbolize harmony, peri ctness, duration. 

Irs stripes, tew in number, fixed and unchanged, remind 
us of the little band, who united to lay the foundation, the 
potent spirit of whose institutions throbs, and shall ever 
throb strongly through the whole nation's frame. Its con- 
stellation of stars, increasing so rapidly from year to year 
that we can hardly tell how many belong in it, shows to 
us the vigorous and quickly growing structure. 

II. The flag is the recognized emblem of the National 



42 HISTORY OP THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Authority. Wherever it flies, by land or by sea, there. 
both friends and foes recognize the power of our country. 
Beneath its folds her citizens ever find protection, he they 
in the most polished capital of Europe, or amid the rude 
boatmen of the Nile, or the savage islanders of the Pacific. 
The first aim of the enemy is to make it fall, for when it- 
ceases to float, then ceases to be felt the nation's authority. 

III. The flag betokens our Nation's Glory. Borne 
through the deadly fight, grinimed with the smoke of bat- 
tle, torn by shot and shell, dyed a fresher crimson in its 
bearer's blood, then blazoned witja the names of glorious 
victories, it becomes a most hallowed relic, for every shied 
tells of some hero's bravery, speaks to as of his undying- 
devotion to his native land. Flying at the mast-head of 
some noble vessel, waving in defiance, while the battle 
rages, and in pride when the victory is won, nobly it tells 
of the triumphs, its every flutter seeming the nation's 
throi; of joy. 

IV. The flag is the symbol of the Country's Honor. 
A blow at it is a blow at the country herself. Disgrace to 
it, is a disgrace, not to the nation as a whole, merely, but 
to every man in it. 

Each true patriot cherishes his country's honor as his 
own, and looking to tl \ Flag as the representative of that 
honor, is ready in its (defence to shed his last drop of 
blood, to expend every energy of his soul. 

V. Finally, to the patriot, the national Flag represents 
all that makes his country dear to him. It is the firsl object 
his eye seeks when in a foreign land ; around ii hi is mem- 
ories of home cluster; to it he points his children as the 
proud legacy of the fathers; in ii he finds the pledge of 
his freedom. 

It is upon an auspicious day that we are to spread to 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 43 

tbe breeze this flag of our country. Two years ago tins 
uoon, 1,700 men of Massachusetts, springing to arms at 
the call of their country, to avenge her humbled flag, 
gathered in. the old Cradle of Liberty, in Boston, the first 
contribution of Massachusetts to the war for the preserva- 
tion of the Union. A day to be remembered is this 16th 
of April. 

Upon an auspicious day, then, we are gathered to unfurl 
with military honors, our country's flag within the circle 
of a fort, raised by our own hands, for tin; defence of the 
Union, upon soil redeemed from the grasp of treason . 

We all remember how, when the flag of Fort Sumter 
was lowered to traitors, from every housetop through all 
the loyal North the Stars and Stripes sprang to the breeze, 
as if to say that the falling of that flag in Charleston 
harbor was but the resurrection of patriotism. 

We saw then how full of meaning the flag was. 

Ere many days, the Massachusetts Fifth, having in its 
ranks many who stand here to-day, had left home and 
friends to bear that Hag hto the thick tumult of battle, to 
leave its hearer de;eU 'alien in his place as he bore it 
toward tin- foe. 

The Fifth has come again. We are proud to serve 
under one of that noble band who defended Fort Sumter 
to the last, until faint with hunger, weary with lighting, 
hopeless of rescue, they were forced to a surrender more 
honorable than a victory. 

Proud are we to serve under him, eager are we to fol- 
low wln-n Gen. Foster says, come. 

I remember how at Whitehall, and at Goklsboro', when 
we were expecting soon to enter the conflict, you calb d 
!<-!• the ihig to be unfurled, and how, when its glorious 
folds streamed out in answer, 1 saw every foot planted 



44 HISTORY OF THE FIFTE REGIMENT 

more firmly, every head raised, every weary frame grow 
strong again. So shall it ever be. 

When, in a few moments, from this staff the Flag shall 
float upon the air, as we look upon it, let us each renew 
our vows of devotion to our country, pledging ourselves 
that never shall this Union be dismembered, and become 
a prey to traitors, while we eaii raise a musket or speak a 
word in its defenee. 

Then "strong in the Lord, and in the power of His 
might," hearing His glorious watchword to His people of 
old, "Be not afraid ; the battle is not yours, but God's,' 1 
let us go forward to victory. 

Then when the victory is won, when our country is re- 
united in peace beneath the folds of her glorious Flag, 
may we sit down to rest, speaking to each other of these 
things all past, and rejoicing that each vi' us did what we 
could. 

At the close of the address, Lieut. Everett read the fol- 
lowing poem, written for the occasion by Private Horace 
S. Everett, of Co. II : 

Fling to the breeze that brave old Flag : 

Long has it prostrate lain, 
Against rebellion's vain contempt 

We will iis cause maintain. 

No star erased, no stripe obscured, 

Complete in every part, 
To-day we raise that banner fair, 

So dear to <. very heart. 

And we, the sons of sires that fought 

For this same flay of yore, 
Shall w >• prove re< reant to their trust, 

Tin ir sacrifice ignore '.' 
>><> ! rath' i let ns emulai e 

Their virtues and then Fame ; 
Prefer to die, than purchase life 

Wil h our eternal shame. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 45 

Trhinqtlirmt let this banner florit, 

To cheer our drooping hearts, 
Till glorious Union binds in one 

Qui country's severed parts. 

Col. Peirson then stepped upon the mound at the foot 
of the staff, and unfurled the flag amid the vociferous 
cheering; of the regiment and invited guests, the Land 
playing the "Star Spangled Banner." 

The choir then sang the song, " Rally round the Flag," 
after which the Band played the McClellan Quickstep, 
and the exercises were concluded by the choir singing the 
-Red, White and Blue." 

At the close of ceremonies, which passed off very pleas- 
antly and agreeably to all parties, three hearty cheers were 
given by the regiment, and the companies were marched 
to their quarters. The Band continued to play near reg- 
imental Headquarters, and songs were sung by amateur 
vocalists until a late hour in the afternoon. 

The height of the flagstaff is 90 feet. It was worked 
from a yellow pine tree obtained from the woods near the 
Trent road. The followi g persons were eniplojed, under 
the direction of Commisf uy Serjeant Enoch J. Clark, in 
working out and finishing the mast, and raising it to its 
place : 

Corporals . . B. G. BLA3JCHARD, jr., of Company IJ. 

Thomas R. Rouestoni:, " " 

William D. F. Miller, 
Privates . . Cjiaki.es M. Robertson, " " 

KmviN \V. Archer, " " 

James J\ ] no alls 

Charles H. Maxx, 

ClIAIiLK-; A. Colsox, " " 

Corporals . . Smite P. SEOCUMB, " E. 

Joseph 2s. Uikeeck, " C. 

Ed.\|(-\!' Turner, " B. 

Privates . . Dk.v\im»n Do.yaelen, " A. 

David A. Dunham, " F 



46 history of the fifth regiment 

On. the 17th of April, an expedition, in which the Fifth 
Regiment was included, started for Washington by land, 
taking the same route as before. Arriving at Blount's 
Creek at sunset on the 18th, the enemy's works were 
found to be deserted, and the column encamped for the 
night just beyond the rebel fortifications. The march was 
resumed the next morning, the enemy retreating as we 
advanced, and successively abandoning their formidable 
fortifications which lined the road to Washington. 

The Fifth Regiment entered Washington on the morn- 
ing of the 20thj the enemy having retreated to Greenville. 

Company B, (Captain Parker,) was detailed to picket 
the G ret 1 ]} vi'ile road. 

On the 22d, the regiment embarked on board the 
steamer Escort for New Berne, and arrived at camp at 6 
o'clock, p. M r , of the same day. 

On the 27th, the regiment was ordered to join the expe- 
dition toward Kins ton., under the command of .General 
Palmer. The regiment proceeded to Bateheider's Creek 
by railroad, and marched thence in the evening by a cir- 
cuitous route through il 3 forest to Cove Creek, twelve 
miles beyond Batchcl/ler's Creek, encamping there for the 
night. 

The regiment remained at Cove Creek during the 28th 
and 29th, the companies performing picket duty on the 
several roads in the vicinity. On the 30th, Colonel Peir- 
son was ordered to reconnoitre the enemy's works at 
Mosely Creek, with a view of ascertaining their character, 
the force of the enemy, and the topography of the inter- 
vening country. The regiment left camp at 8 o'clock, A, 
M., and after proceeding about ten miles, the skirmishers 
encountered and drove in the rebel pickets. 

Peaching the vicinity of the rebel fortifications, they 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 47 

were found to be located in a well-chosen position in Gum 
Swamp at the intersection of Mostly Creek with the rail- 
road and the Dover road. Having accomplished the object 
of the expedition, after drawing the enemy's fire, and find- 
ing they were in strong force, the regiment returned to 
Cove Greek, which they reached at 7 o'clock, p.m., having 
marched twenty-four miles during- the day, over miry 
roads, under a scorching sun. 

General Palmer congratulated Colonel Peirson on the 
successful accomplishment of the object: of the reconnoi- 
sance, highly complimenting him for the skill and pru- 
dence with which he conducted it, and also spoke warmly 
in praise of the conduct of the officers and men on the 
march and in the presence of the enemy. 

May 1st, the regiment returned to New Berne by railroad. 

The following letter will show to whom a part of the 
success of the reconnoisanoe was due : 

Headquarters 1st Div\, IStr Army Corps, 
New 1 erxe, X. C, May -1th, 1803. 
Colonel: The Genenl commanding the Division, 
desires* through you, to compliment Serj't Charles Brig- 
linm of Co. K, Fifth Regiment, M. Y. aL, for the well exe- 
cuted topographical sketch which accompanied your report 
of the 3d lust. 

Yery Respectfully, Your Obd't Servant, 

J. A. JUDSON, 

AssL-Aj't-General. 
T<> Cut. Pearson, Commander 5th M.Y. M. 

From -May 6th, the regiment furnished the [tickets on 
the railroad near New Berne. 

( >u the 21st of May, Lee's brigade, which was desig- 
nated at that time as the Second Brigade, First Division, 



4S HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Eighteenth Army Corps, under the command of Colonel 
Peirson of the Fifth Massachusetts, accompanied by three 
pieces of Rigg's Battery, and three companies of cavalry, 
left'New Berne on another expedition into the interior with 
the Fifty-Eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers, for the pur- 
pose of attempting the surprise and capture of the rebel 
force in the fortifications at Mosely Creek, reconnoitered 
by the Fifth Regiment three weeks previously. 

The expedition reached Cove Creek late in the after- 
noon. Here the column was divided. The Fifth, Twenty- 
Fifth and Forty-Sixth Massachusetts Volunteers started 
at midnight, for*the purpose oi making a demonstration in 
the enemy's front. While the Twenty-Seventh Massachu- 
setts and Fifty-Eighth Pennsylvania, under command of 
Colonel Jones, of the Fifty-Eighth, by a circuitous route 
gained the rear of the rebel works. 

Arriving in front of the rebel fortifications on the morn- 
ing of the 2:M, the troops formed in line of battle, with 
the Twenty-Fifth Mr ?sachusetts on the right, the Forty- 
Sixth in the centre si pporting the battery, and the Fifth, 
under Lieutenant-Col : nel Boyd, on the left, and skirmish- 
ers were thrown out to attract rhe attention of the enemy. 

A sharp tire of musketry was maintained between the 
skirmishers and the rebels, who several times sallied from 
their works, but. were each time speedily driven in. 

Shortly after 1* o'clock, a. M., the report of musketry in 
the woods beyond, the intrenchments, announced that Col- 
onel .Jones had succeeded in gaining the enemy's rear, and 
Colonel Peirson ordered his whole force to charge on the 
enemy immediately. 

The rebels thus simultaneously attacked in front and 
rear, were at once thrown into u panic, and fled in gr< at 
confusion. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 49 

They were pursued by our troops, who captured about 
200 prisoners, 43 horses and mules, 8 ambulances, 17 wag- 
ons, one gun, 500 stand of arms, IT rounds of ammunition, 
and i lie entire hospital furniture and supplies of the 
enemy. 

At 5 o'clock, p. m., after collecting the captured prop- 
i r t v and levelling the fortifications, the line was formed 
to return. At this moment a rebel force from Kinston 
opened an artillery fire on the must advanced of our 
troops without doing any harm, hut their fire was quickly 
silenced by Our battery. 

A portion of the enemy followed our troops on their 
return, occasionally throwing a shell over our heads, with- 
out effect. 

The column reached Cove Creek at 10K, P. M., and re- 
turned to Xew Berne trie next day, the "23d. 

This was the last expedition in which the regiment was 
engaged, and in sonic respects the hardest, owing to the 
intense heat of the \ eather, and the miry swamps and 
almost impenetrable j< ngies on the line of march. 

On the 26th, 400 men, tinder command of Major Wor- 
- tester, procei ded to Wilkinson's Point, on the Neuse 
river, 20 miles below Xew Berne, to erect and occupy for- 
tifications at that place* but the order having been counter- 
manded, the detachment returned to camp on the 28th. 

On the 30th, Companies I>, E, IT, J and Iv, were detailed 
oe picket duty at Deep Gully, remaining at that place 
t«'U days. 100 men were also detailed to build fortifica- 
tions between Fori Rowan and the Xeuse river. 

During the remainder of its stay in Xew Berne, the 
i-emi*'!!! w;i< employed in picket duly, and in working 
in liif Lntrenehiuents. 

From the foregoing narrative, it will he seen that the 



50 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Fifth Regiment performed an .unusual amount of arduous 
service during' the term of its enlistment, beginning bui a 
few hours after it first set foot on hostile soil, and continu- 
ing until the eve of its departure for Massachusetts. 

During its term of service, the regiment marched about 
GOO miles over the wretched roads of North Carolina, and 
sailed over 2,000 miles in crowded transports. 

Performing every duty required of it with alacrity and 
fidelity, and exhibiting unshaken fortitude when severely 
tested, it secured the high esteem of the veteran troops 
with whom it was associated, and won high praise from its 
brigade, division and corps commanders. 

Ret mi n. 
June 20th, 1863. — Orders were received at noon, to- 
day, to embark the regiment for Boston, on the 22d inst. 

June 21<t. The baggage was sent by a Special train to 
Morehead City, tc be put on board the Steamer " Guide."' 

June 22d. Revt llle at 3 : ■](), a. m. Review and Inspec- 
tion, I 1 }' Capt. Gourand, of General Foster's Staff, at &: 15, 
A. m. Col. Lee, who was in command of the Brigade to 
which the regiment was attached, accompanied by his 
Staff, arrived on the ground whole the regiment was 
being inspected. After the inspection, Col. Lee addressi d 
the regiment as follows: 

Address. 
Me. Commander, Fellow-Officers and Soldiers: 

Although unaccustomed to public speaking, 1 cannot, 
in justice to nvj own feelings, part with you without 

expie.->ing my respect for you, and my gratitude for the 
promptitude and cheerfulness with which von have obeyed 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLXJNTEEK .MILITIA. 51 

all my orders, whether you were-commanded to march to 
the deadly battle-field, or to appear for drill or review. 

I had heard, before the regiment came to this depart- 
ment, of its honorable reputation, and I was proud when 
1 learned that it was to be included in the brigade under 
mv command. 

That pride has been continually strengthened by the 
faithfulness with which you have performed your duties. 

You had scarcely time to realize that you were on the 
enemy's soil, when you were ordered on a tedious and 
hazardous niarek; and this you have followed up, with 
brief intervals, by frequent expeditions, leaving but little 
time for rest. 

You may, perhaps* think you have done more than your 
share of labor, by engaging in more expeditions, enduring 
longer marches, and performing more arduous service 
than any other nine mouths regiment, or even the three 
years troops, in the sa tie period of time. But you should 
remember the Script .re saying, that " Whom the Lord 
loveth he ehasteneth,' and accept the toils and hardships 
you have borne, as a proof of the good opinion of your 
commanding general, who calls most frequently into ser- 
vice those regiments in whom he has the most confidence. 

1 shall follow you to ypnr farms, your workshops, and 
your counting-houses, with, the warmest feelings of friend- 
ship, and shall always remember your services with grati- 
tude and satisfaction. 

At the elftse of Col. Lee's remarks, (lie Fifth gave him 
three hearty cheers ; the regiment, escorted by the 25th 
and Lh.h Massachusetts Volunteers, then took up the line 
of march through Broad Suet 1 !, to Craven Street. Here 
the escort were drawn up in lint' ami paid the regiment 



. 












bZ HISTORY OF THE FIFTH BEGIMENT 

a marching salute as it passed,. After rousing' cheers had 
been exchanged between the Fifth and its escort, com- 
panies D, I and Jv, under the command of Lt.-CoL Boyd, 
went on board the Steamer cc Convoy," which was to take 
on board Co. G, at Hatteras Inlet. 

The remaining' companies then marched to the Depot, 
and took the cars for Moreheacl City at 7 : 45, A.M. The 
'45th and 51st Massachusetts Regiments cheered us vigor- 
ously as we passed their eanips on the south side of the 
Trent. 

At Caroline < 1 ity, the 23d Massachusetts also made a 
friendly farewell demonstration. 

Arrived at Moreheacl City, at 9: 30, A. m., immediately 
went on board the Steamer u Guide," Capt. Vail, and left 
the wharf at 10:30. 

Just before the departure of the regiment, a note was 
received from General Foster, of which the following is a 
copy: 

tTEADQUAHTERS ElGKTEEKTH CORPS, 
Xe\V Ukkxh, June :':!. 1863. 
Colonel George H. Peibsok, Commanding' Fifth Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Militia: 
The term of service of your regiment having expired, 
you are about to leave this department. 

Your regiment has at all times faith fully performed 
their duty: whatever they have done, has been well done. 
The Commanding General desires to express his regret at 
bidding you farewell, and the hope that lie may soon have 
the pleasure of welcoming many of your members hack 
again. 

Very respectfully and truly. 

And by command of Major-General Foster. 
Southaki) Hoffman, xUsist.-Adjt.- Gen. 



V 

MASSACHUSETTS YOLUNTEETl MILITIA. 53 

After a pleasant passage the ste&eiers entered Martha's 
Vineyard Sound in the morning" of the 25th, soon after 
sunrise. 

. Passed the extremity of Cape Cod at 2 : 80 p. m., and 
anchored in Boston harbor at 6 : 30 p. M. 

A large number of boats filled with friends of the regi- 
ment immediate]}- put oft' from the shore to board the 
steamers. Those men of the regiment who were seriously 
ill, were sent home,Hhe regiment remaining on board the 
transports. 

June 20th. — At 8 o'clock, A. m., the regiment landed on 
Battery wharf, and the line was formed and awaited the 
arrival of the procession which was to escort the Fifth to 
Charlestown, (lie city authorities having tendered to the 
regiment a reception in that city. 

The escort was formed at 10 o'clock, and was composed 
as follows: 

National Lancers. Capt in Slade was accompanied by 

Standish's Band. 

Chief- Marshal Haynes, and Aids. 

City Government of Charlestown, in carriages. 

National Guard, Captain Stevens, accompanied by the 

Boston Brigade Band. 

Charlestown Reserve, Capt. Norton. 

Kire Department of Charlestown, with their apparatus, 

in the following order. 

Hall's Brass Band.- 
Hancoclc, Xo. 1, GO men. 

Bunker Hill, Xo. 2, ... . .70 " 

How a i'd. No. 3, . . . . 42 " 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Red Jacket Hose Co., of Somcrville, . 33 men 



Warren, No, 4, 

Washington, No. 5, • 

with Gilmore's Band. 
Massachusetts Hook and Ladder Co., 
Franklin, No. T, 

with Germania Rand. 



GO " 
70 » 



<D 



Societies. 

Hamilton Institute. 

St. Mary's Relief Society. 

Father Mathew Total Abstinence Society. 

St. Francis cle Sales Association. 

Caval en de of 150 horsemen. 

Somerville Light Infantry Association, Capt. Brastow 

Somerville look and. Ladder Co., 75 men. 

nth Chelsea Band. 

Cavalcade of 75 horsemen. 



At ten o'clock the line of march was taken up through 
Commercial, State, Court, Sudbury and Haverhill streets, 
to Charlestown. 

A dense crowd thronged the streets, and the old Fifth 
were most enthusiastically cheered all along the route, 
while handkerchiefs waved from windows, and bouquets 
were thrown in great profusion to the troops. While 
crossing Warren bridge a salute was fired from guns sta- 
tioned on one of the wharves in Charlestown. 

The decorations on the route in Charlestown were very 
extensive; the buildings to a great extent being covered 



- 







". 



/ .7 r cf C-? V 






MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 00 

with flags,, banners, mottoes and devices, arranged with 
much taste and judgment. Some of them were of the 
most elaborate and elegant character. 

Reaching Winthrop Square at 11:45 A.M., the regi- 
ment found an excellent and abundant collation awaiting 
them, tables being spread for fourteen hundred persons. 

Rev. James 13. Miles offered prayer, and Hon. Phineas 
.). Stone, Mayor of Charlestown, addressed Col. Peirson 
and his command, thanking them for their services in the 
country's cause, congratulating them on their safe return, 
and extending to them the hospitalities of the City. 

Col. j'eusoh responded briefly, thanking the Mayor and 
City Government for the unpreeedentecl reception they 
had met with. 

Em mediately after p. rtaking of the collation, the regi- 
ment was relieved from Utty until further orders, and the 
Regimental Oilieers and Companies departed for their 



July 1st. — The regiment rendezvoused at Camp Lan- 
der, Wenham, preparatory to being mustered out of ser- 
vice, arriving in camp at 2 o'clock, P. M. 

July. 2d. — The Regiment was mustered out of the 
I rtitetj States service by Lieut. McKibben, 4th United 
'• lutes Infantry, and thus ended the nine months' campaign 
"J the Old Fifth Regiment. 

General George H. Peirson. 

Thiul Colonel of the Fifth Uegiuient M. V. M. 
George II. Peirson was born in Salem, Mass., June 16th, 
IMn. He received his earl)" education in the public 
fhools in that eommereial {own, ami after leaving school 



?)G HISTORY 01: THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

was apprenticed to a carnage-smith, with whom he served 
his time, and afterwards successfully carried on the same 
business. At the ag*e of eighteen he joined the Salem 
Light Infantry, 1st Regiment, M. V. M., and up to 1876, 
the date of his retirement, he had been connected with the 
Massachusetts Militia 42 years. The following is a cor- 
rect data of the offices he has held. 

Enlisted in the Salem Mechanic Light Infantry, 1st 
Regiment, 4th Brigade, Aug. 4th, 1834; after filling va- 
rious positions in that Company, was appointed Paymaster 
of the 6th Regiment, May 23d, lNo3 ; elected Bel Lieu- 
tenant Company B fS. M. L. 1.) 7th Regiment, March 
17th, 1855; 1st Lieutenant, April 5th, 1856; Captain, 
Jan. 17th, 18-37 ; April 19th, 1861, tin's Company was 
attached to the 5th Regiment for three months' service 
and designated Company A ; elected Lieutenant-Colonel 
July 1st, 1801 ; Colonel June 26th, 1862, and was in com- 
mand of the regiment during its nine months' campaign in 
1862-3, ami its hundred days' campaign in 1864 ; Brig- 
adier-General, July 26th, 1866 to 1876. 

Genera] Pekson has enjoyed the respect and esteem of 
his fellow officers durum his long' service in the militia, and 
by his even disposition and clear perception of the duties 
of the soldier, won the merited position which he held at 
the time of his discharge from the militia. 

He has licit! many important military commissions din- 
ing his term of service, being President of a Military Com- 
mission, and General Court Martial during the hundred 
days' service in Baltimore, Md., 1£64. He was elected 
Commander of the Ancients and Honorables, for 1870- 
1871, and was the first Conor, nder of - Phil] " Sheridan 
Post G. A, R., of Salem, Mass. He has also held the office 
of Senior Vice Gominander of the G. A. R., Department 
of Massachusetts. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA, hi 

The citizens of Salem have attested to his worth, by 
electing him to various town offices, and he represented 
the people in the Legislature, in 1867—8. 

His valuable service to the country was recognized in 
1869, being appointed in that year as Postmaster at 
Salem, which position he holds at the present writing. 

There are few men in this State more honored and 
respected than General Feirson, and every advancement 
lie Lias received during his life has been worthily bestowed 
upon him. 

Man}- incidents could be mentioned of his kindness to 
Ins fellow men, both as an officer and in private life, and 
his cool judgment and forethought has often saved those 
who served under him many hardships and sufferings. 

It is but justice to General Peirson to say that he was 
one of the most popular Colonels of the Fifth Regiment, 
and the many favors shown the regiment during its term 
<>f service in the war was entirely due to his watchfulness 
ami care over his command, and being a thorough discipli- 
narian ami tactician, the Fifth o'&eu received the posts of 
honor on the weary march, or on the battle field. 

Roster of the Fifth: Regiment in the Nine 
Months' Campaign. 

Colonel . . George I!. Peirson, . . Salem. 

Lieutenant-Colonel, Joirx T. Boyd, . . . Charlestown. 
Major . . . William E. 0. Worcester, Marlboro'. 

Surgeon,. . . Willlam [ngalls, . . Winchester 

Assistant-Surgeon, Dixie O. Hoy't, . . . Milford. 

Adjutant . . William T. Eustis, 3d, . Charlestown. 

Quartermaster, . George A. Norton, . . Boston. 

Chaplain, . . Wn.i iam I'. Sxow, . . Soraerville. 

Sergeant- Major, James M. Siutte,. . . Soinerville. 

Qartermaster^erjjt;, William i. ! . Burrank, . Medford. 

Commissary Sergt., Exoen J. Clark, . . . Charlestown. 

Hospital Steward, Jonx M. Foster, . . Salem. 



58 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Company A — Charlestown 



Cai 
1st 

2d 

1st 



Coi 



Mas 

Priv 



i tain, James F. Green. 
Lieut., John McGrath. 

" James W. Dillon, 

Sergti, Garrett H. Roach. 

Michael Kelley, 

Matthew Welch. 

Michael O'Neil. 

Edward McElroy. 
porals, Daniel J. Sullivan. 

Jeremiah J. Ryan. 

Michael A. Neagle. 

Thomas Hinchey. 

George Hamilton. 

MiQhael S. Green. 
icians, Charles Kimball. 

Eugene K. Viles. 
ioner, James Reynolds, 
'ts, Anderson, Daniel, 1st 
Anderson, Daniel, 2d 
Aldrich, Benjamin P. 
Breen, Walter 
Rreiman, Michael 
Boyle, Michael 
Bonner, John * 
Brown, John * 
B.iki-r, William J,* 
Coyle, Peter y 
Cadogan, Daniel 
Croixhau, John 
Chase, Ede II. 
Clark, Joseph J. 
Carroll, John 
Carroll, William 
Carey, Thomas 
Conway, Thomas 
Devlin, Thomas 
Denipsey, John H. 
Donohoe, Michael 
Dalton, Michael 
Dowtis, John 
Donallen, Dennison 
Donovan, Timothy 
Donegau, Jeremiah 
Desmond, Peter 
Dunbar, John 



Priv'ts, Davis, Matthew II.* 
Deyine, John B. 
Farley, Patrick * 
Foley, Michael 
Flynn, John 
Grifttn, Martin 
Gragan, Charles 
. Gallagher, John 
Handloy, William 
Hall, Thomas 
Higgins, Thomas 
Hooper, George E. 
Hunter, Patrick H. 
Harding, Charles H.* 
Eeffe, William 
Keneftck, Patrick* 
Kenny, John 
Long, John 
Leonard, William A. 
Muheaney, Patrick 
Murphy, Michael 
Morley, Alexander 
Mulrooney, Will ia m 
Marshall, James 
McGrath, Patrick 
McDonald, Lawrence 
McLeod, Peter 
Me C arty, Daniel 
McLeod, James 
Malouey, Sylvester G. 
Mahoney, Jaie.es 
Murray, John * 
Morris, John * 
O'Xeil, Thomas 
Plunkett, James F. 
Filey, Matthew T. 
By an, Thomas* 
Sw eeney, John 
Shaw, Alhert 
Sheehan, John 
Sheehan, Timothy $ 
Shopland, Frank- 
Welsh, Patrick 
Welsh, J<Jm 
Wiggins, James. 






MASSAC SXTSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



59 



COMPAXY B— SOMERVILLE. 



Captain, Benjamin F. Parker. 
hi Lieut. Walter C. Bailey. 
•_M <; John Harrington. 
. • Sergt. Edward W. Denny. 

James E. Paul. 

Kingsley Wallace. 

Charles T. Robinson. 

Henry A. Angler. 
I rrporal, Ebenezer C. Mm a, Jr. 

Charles E. Davis. 

Granville W. Daniels. 

Natl i an iel D enn 3 fct . 

Edwin Turner. 

Cyrus B. Rowe. 

Willard L. Ilawes. 

William Shannon. 

William F. Snow. 

Tlioma 5 R. Watson. 
Musician, James 11". Flagg. 

Frank Waliberg. 
Wagoner, Henry II. Robinson, 2d 
Priv'ts, Austin, Joseph A. 
Aye is, William 
Aiken, William A. 
Adams, vMelvin 
A hbott, Nal hanie 1 T. 
Aim ild, Joseph 
Anderson, William W. 
Allen, Lewis A. 
Anthony, .Joseph 
Braekett, Charles K. 
Beers, Roman us E. 
Barnes, * Jeorge W. 
Brace, Calvin A. 
Barr, Thomas A. 
Butler, Alonzo 
Burroughs, George W. 
Briuj nail, Samuel R. 
Cashing, Frederic 
Cashin, Johu 
Cobb, Frederic R. 
Chamberlift, Russell T. 
Clausen, John * 
Cunningham, James * 



Priv'ts, Daniels, Ferdinand D. 
Dusseault, Adolpbus 
Dickson, William E. 
Dillaway, James H. 
Elliott, William 
Emmott, James 
GiLson, Henry E. 
Glidden, Alvin F. 
Greenwood, Moses F. 
Hollander, Charles 15. 
Haley, Peter 13. . 
Holland, Charles H. 
Huston, Wells W. 
Hadlahan, Daniel 
Hinckley, George W. 
Hayes, Patrick 
llavlin, Michael 
Hubbard, Edwin A. 
Hart well, Daniel A. 
Hanson, Joseph 
Jewell, James H. 
Kimball, George A. 
Lincoln, George P. 
Leavitt, John W. 
Loveless, Eli W. 
Locke, William E. 
Levitt, .John C. 
Minnaugh, Michael 
Maynard, George W. 
Moulton, Eleiiry M. 
Mitchell, George E. 
Mills, John \. 
Manning, William 
Nedtliiiger, Edward * 
Poor, John A. 
Pat tee, George E. 
Potter, John 11. 
Pressey, Charles A. 
Parsons, Benjamin B. 
Paul, Albert H. 
Roberts, John W. 
Ring, Gardner W. 
Robinson, Henry H. 
Sinclair, Joseph 



GO 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



COMPAlS i" 

Priv'ts, Sturteyant, George F. 
Sie, Nicholas 
SI j attack, E. L. 
Stoat, Edward *. 
Thayer, Samuel J. F. 
Tomson, Francis H. 
Tompkins, Samuel G. t 



B— Coxtj:\ui:d. 

Priv'ts, Woodwell, Charles If. 
Whiteomb, Francis E. 
White, Joseph A. 
Win slow, Edward E. 
"Williams, Albert 
Willett, George A. 
Youmi, John 



Company C — South Danvers. 



Captain, 
1st Lieut 
2d " 
1st Sergt 



Corporal, 



Robert S. Daniels. 

George F. Fames. 

\Vm. L. Thompson. 

John W. Stevens. 

Bcnj. F. Southwick. 

Lewis A. Manning. 

George H. Little. 

Charles If Kimhall. 

Joseph L. Nutter. 

Thomas W. Buxton. 

Horace S. Page. 

William F. Pingree. 

James Perkins. 

Joseph X. Bmrbeck. 

Perez L. Wim h ester. 

Nicholas M. Quint. 

Henry R. Holder. 

Charles A. Symonds. 

Albert Carleton. 
Priv'ts, Arnold, Frank T. 

Barnard, George W. 
Batchelder, George H. 
Bodge, Amos P. 
Boslge, Jacob G. 
Bush by, Joseph, jr. 
Buxton, George W. 
Boynton, John W. 
Beckett, \\ illinm C. 
Curtis, William P. 
Colby, Charles 
Carr, Cliarles E. 
Dodge, John C. 
Evans, Orrin R. 
Faruham, Andrew N 



Musician, 
Wagoner, 



Priv'ts, Foster, John 51. 
Graves, John, jr. 
Goodridge, George H. 
Gaiencia, Samson B. 
Galencia, Perley 
Gilbert, James 
Hildreth, William If. 
Harrington, William H. 
Hutchinson, Benjamin P 
Hutchinson, Cleaves K. 
Ham, Henry E. 
Hadley, Horace I). 
Hart, Samuel P. 
Ingalls, Amos 
Johnson, Frank E. 
Jacobs, George F. 
Jon? s, Geo; ?e W, 
Kimball, Hiram A. 
Kimhall, Charles E. 
Loa, George EL 
Hunt. William J. 
Larrabee, Henry 
Marsh, George E. 
McKay, Edward W- 
Manning, Charles L. 
Mackintire, Charles 
Moore, Benjamin X, 
Moore, George AT. 
M-ardon, John W. 
Xevers, Charles W. 
Osgood, Joseph H. 
Osbonne, Amos, 3d 
Pcasley, Austin J. 
Peaslev, Thomas W. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 61 

Company C — Continued. 
Priv'ts, Plummer, Enoch F. Priv'ts, Scarle, George 

Perkins, Albert H. Simonds, Benjamin R. 

Perkins, William H. Sumner, John A. P. 

Poor, George II. Soutlnvick, William H. 

l 3 emberton, Prank A. Teel, George C. 

Rhodes, Joseph Trask, Charles 

Rhodes, Alphonso P. Tufts, Albert 

Ray, Thomas A. , Tovroe, Charles A. 

Rust, Elbridge Upton, George A, 

Pose, Frederick J. Winchester, Benjamin J. 

Swett, Joseph H. Warner, Lorenzo D. 

Stone, Frederick T. Whidden, Albeit H. 

Sanborn, John F,- Wiggin, Andrew J. 

Small, Daniel A. Waterman, James L. 

Soutlnvick, Lewis B. Walkup, James Ti. 
Webster, Caleb A. f 

COMPAQ Y D— ClIAllLESTOWlN. 

Captain, Thomas F. Howard. Priv'ts, BoyntOn, William F. 

Hi Lieut., George If. Maiden, jr. Battisto, John B. 

2d li Charles P. Whittle. Brackett, Isaac W. 

IstSergt., "Valentine W T alburg. Branch, Hiram R. 

George W.Kilham. Bihrim, Joseph 

George Chell. Bailey, William 

John E, Harden. Bailey, Henry C. 

Edward G, Fox. Bowers, Charles E. 

GeorgeW'. Whittle. Colman, William 

Corporals, William G. Ash. Carney, Charles J. 

Albion B. Perhani. Cassidy, Phillip 

Joseph K. P'.vi ght. Collins, Daniel 

Samuel R. Marple. Clough, William 

Joseph A. Crawford, Chamberlin, John IT. 

Edward Farmiloe. Conlin, Peter 

Alexander F. Hews. Doyle, William 

Charles II. Arnold. Delano, Frank E. 

George H. MoLeed. Delaney, Daniel 

Musicians, Albert B. Whittle. Durg'm, John ,7. 

Albert Kelson, Dickson, Walter E. 

Priv'ts, Ahern, Michael Doyle, Michael B. 

Alden, .Jehu Evans, Kin-,' S. 

Abbott, Albert C. Ester, George J I. 

Abrams, Charles B. Ewing, Robert S. 

Avers, John II. Gabriel. William A. 



62 HJSTcitY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Company D — Conti.n uejj. 
Priv'ts, Green, Thomas B. Priv'ts, O'Brien, John * 

Hardy, William E, Poor, James W. 

Ham, Frederick Perley, Elbridge 0. 

Hitch-born; Henry Pierce, David H. 

Hitehings, Lawson Parker, Ch N rles 

Johnson, Lewis E. Palmer, Samuel* 

J.ackman, William* Bobbins, Samuel W. 

Jones, Charles Kodgers, Matthew II. 

King, Joseph F. t Randall, John C. 

Leighton, Thomas Richardson, George H. 

Lewis, Charles E. Sendall, Henry J. 

Lynch, John Smith, Charles* 

McLeod, John Sweeney, James* 

Murray, William F. Tannat, George S. 

McFarknid, William Thompson, Isaac 

Moulton, Frank B. Trumbull, John B. 

McEJroy, Edward Upton, Samuel 

Mai-din, Charles Ward, John 

Magmre, Thomas Williams, David O. 

Niles, James Winters, Richard M. 

O'Neil, Thomas Walden, William IT. 



Com] /any E — Boston. 

Captain, John Kent. Priv'ts, Ackers, John L, P. 

1st Lieut., George Myriek. Barrett, James 

2d " Andrew J. Holbroojc. Baker, Darius 

IstSergt., Edwin F. Wyer. Baker, Watson 

Isaac Myriek, jr. Baker, Charles P. 

George A. Deering. Baker, George H. 

Jarius Lincoln, jr. Baker, Sylvester F. 

Lewis H.Kingsbury. Brooks, Webster 

Corporals, Zoeth Snow, jr. Baker, Washington 1. 

Daniel Wing. Checkering, Francis H. 

Horatio Howes. Comey, Albert. £. 

Henry Perkins. Crosby, James F. 

Edmund Matthews. Coleman, Isaac 

Frank A. Wall. Chase, Lawrence 

Joseph n. Bragdon. Considine, John 

Alfred G. Finney. I Chase, Edwin 

George E, Hopkins. Chamherlin, George S. 

Musicians, Edward H. Lincoln. Davis, S. Augustus 

Robert W. Allen.* Ellis, George A. 



MASSAC I.CSETTS VOLUXTEF.lt MILITIA. 63 

Company E — Continued. 

■riv'ts, Ellis, Warren II. Priv'ts, MeAnaney, Thomas 

E. lis, Frederick N. Marchent, Allen 

Elbridge, Eben Mansir, John 

Elbridge, Thomas R. Myrick, Joseph A. 

Fairbanks, Levi Mecarta, Elon S. 

Frail, Henry M. Moulton, Elbridge 

Fisher, George S. Ockiiigton, Joseph P. 

Foss, Joseph Oler, Ilennon 

Finney, Charles E. Pollard, Charles C. 

Gowell, John W. Perry, Russell 

Gray, Edmund II. Payne, Dexter E. 

Greezileaf, John W. Paine, Benjamin F. 

Greenwood, ALareena M. Parker, John A. 

Hall, George G. Perkins, A.ugustus 

Hall, Hiram II. Fiehardson, George W. 

Hall, Luther Hiley, William J. 

Hall, Joseph W. Eouke, James E. 

Hall, Jeremiah O. Seabnry, Josiah W. 

Hartshorn, Joseph W. Smalley, Peter li. 

Howes, Henry F. Sharp, William 

Howes, Edwin Slocnm, Smith P. 

Harrimon, Henry G.* Stokoe, Robert II. 

Ives, Robert A. Scoboria, Peterly 

Junes, Eliphalet J. Skerry, Michael 

Junes, Enoch C. Spooner, Stephen 

Jones, James B. Snow, David 

Jenkins, Ellis Stiles, ArthUi W. 

Kingsley, Albert A. Thatcher, Franklin 

Libbey, Allen Wyman, Benjamin F. 

Morse, Ezra Wilkinson, William 

MeCurdy, George A. Weuzeli, Dana M. 
V Wheeler, William H. 



C OMPAN Y F — A [ ED FOLD . 

Captain, Charles Currier. Corporals, George M. Teel. 

1st Lieut. Alfred Haskell. Lyman M.Lee. 

2d (i Elisha X. Pierce. Everett X. whall. 

1st Sergt. James F. Ginn. Edwin C. Burbank. 

George N.Williamson. Josiah W. Parker. 

David O. Floyd. George U- Kimball. 



Francis A. Lander. Aug. G. Baxter, 

Charles Russell. SilasF. Wild. 



. 









64 



L:\STOKT OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Company F — Continued. 



Musician, Charles JI. Prentiss. 
Lucius L. Woolley. 

Wagoner, Charles C. Pierce. 

Priv'ts, Adams. Joseph D. 
Adams, Samuel 
Bagley, Alonzo I. 
Brown, Hiram 
Butters, Andrew 
Bragdon, George W. 
Black, Lewis 
Barker, William IT. S. 
B reo nulni 1 i, Jeremiah 
Clark, GorhamB. 
Gun-ell, ElbridgeG. 
Currell, Elbridge G., jr. 
Cur tin, Francis 
Curtin, Andrew 
Denham, David A. 
Davis, Samuel 
Darling, Theodore 
Dwyer, Thomas 
Fett, Jacob 
Farley. Thomas 
Gilson, William 
Gee, Nathaniel 
Gould, Thomas 
Garner, James 
Gray, Arthur W. 
Howard, .lames 
Hooker, David S., jr. 
Hayford, S'eth 
Hardin- William 
Harding, Stephen % 
Hartshorn, llollis 
Hervey, Frank 
Howe, Humphrey B. 
Hendarkin, Timothy * 
Hines, Ira 
Jones Vtilliam E. 
James, John 



Priv'ts, Kimball, Isaiah W. 
Keene, A! will C. 
Locke, James D. 
Litchfield, Joseph V. 
Lawrence, William 
Lord, Stephen 
Looney, Timothy * 
Mason, Edwin H. 
MeGillieuddy, James 
McAlear, James 
McKenney, Andrew 
Means, George W. 
Miller, George W. 
Mathews, Ehen B. 
MeGillieuddy, Daniel 
Miller, William* 
Oliver, Samuel F. 
O'Connell, Michael 
O'Brien, Michael 
Page, Ephraim C. 
Peak, Herat io X., jr. 
Powell, John F. 
Powers.. James ST. 
Rich, Siillman 
Reed, Alvin R. 
Riley, Michael 
Smith, Frank B. 
Stimson, Alden M. 
Stevens, Alfred 
Stock, Henry 
Sanborn, John H. 
(Sampson, George il. 
Towle, James 
Tay, Francis I. 
Tyler, Daniel * 
Wood, Dexter T. 
Willis. Calvin W. 
Walker, Judson 
White, John M. 
Wheeler, William M. 



MASSA :Hl0SETTS VOLUNTEER MILF1IA. 



65 



( OMl'ANY G — WOBTJRN. 



Captain. William T. Granimer 
1st Lieut., Charles S. Converse. 
2d " William A. Colgate. 
1st Sergt., Jolm P. Stevens. 

Horace N. Hastings. 
James Walker. 
Thomas Glynn. 
Oliver W. Rogers. 
Corporals, Samuel R. Dolliver. 
Thomas T. Ferguson. 
Josiah Brown. 
George K-. Home. 
Ephraim W. Iladley. 
Samuel J". Wyman. 
Joseph Johnson. 
Thomas J. Hall. 
Musicians, Thomas N. Sullivan. 

Samuel Finn. 
Wagoner, John B. Davis. 
I'riv'ts, Ames, Jacob 

Bancroft, George 
Rlaisdell, Irving 0. 
Bowers, Charles K. 
Buckman, Bowen, 2d. 
Buxton, Marshall F. 
Bultmeh, Henry 
Bulfinch, Edward 
Burns, John 
Carroll, Charles E. 
Carroll, Jerome 
Colegate, William C. C. 
Cottle, Edmund C. 
Cummings, William 11. 
Cummiiigs, Francis 
Crockett, Charles E. 
Champney, Fdu in G. 
Danforth, Daniel W. 
Dearborn. George W. 
Dean, Henry U. 
Flagg, Charles A. 
Flagg, George A. 
Fletcher, Bernard 
Foss, Charles 11. 
Fiench, Samuel R. 



Priv'ts, Fuller, Charles E. 
Gleason, Albert, jr. 
Hart, Henry T. 
Hall, AbiathaM. 
Hopkins, Leonard F. 
Hill, Charles 
J ameson, A nd rew 
Jones, Luther F. 
Johnson, John 3E 
Ivclley, George A. 
Kimball, George W. 
Kimball, Charles M. 
Kendall, William T. 
KilboTne, Walter A. 
Knowlton, James H. 
Knox, Joseph J. 
Lam on, George W. 
Lawrence, Eber IE 
LeBaron, Joseph F. S. 
EeBaron, John S. 
Einnell, Joseph 
Little, James 
Lord, Henry T. 
Lovejoy, Albert B. 
Marion, Horace E. 
Martin, Thomas 
Moore, Milton 
M unlock, Alexander 
Murphy, Michael K. 
Nickles, John R., jr. 
Patten, Weston S. 
Parker, George 
Barker, Charles 
Page, Alvin 
Richardson, Calvin W. 
Richardson, (lark T. 
Richardson, Johnson 
Richards, John M. 
Stowers, Thomas P. 
Staples, Fort 
Stevens, Orrin W. 
Stevens, Oscar F. 
Starkweather, Josiah F 
Spear, William II. 






. 






06 . HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Company G — Continued. 
Priv'ts, St-eley, Montressor Priv'ts, Wyman, Julia 

Spencer, Eben R. Walker, James IL, jr. 

Lay, John 15.. jr. Wade, Martin V. 

Tabor, Newell Z. Wood, Charles T. 

Taylor* Dennis Winn, Otis K. 

Tenney, Warren E. Winn. Abel T. 
Weston, Henry G. 

Company H — Chahlesto\vn t . 

Captain, Caleb Drew.} Priv'ts, ClaTidge, Frederick 

1st Lieut., Walter Everett. Davis, William W. 

2d " D. Webster Davis. Dearborn, Daniel .BE. 

1st Sergt., John 51. C all. Everett, Hoi ace S. 

Joseph Moulton. Emerson, Howard B. 

William Spaulding. Edgerly, Lyman W. 

Amos S. Hilton. Fowler, Henry P. 

Edward F. Everett. Goss, James F. 

Corporals, Jobn C- Can*. Gay, Jobn P. 

Thomas R. Roulstone. Gordon, Charles H. 

Charles H, Allen. Gary, Edwin F. 

Horatio X. Doyle. Harrington, Arthur 

George PrescotL Hunting, Herbert W. 

William D. F. Miller. Holmes^ Warner A. 

Edward L. LeFerre.| Hildreth, Renben 

Benj. 0. Biancbard, jr.} Hildreth, John F. 

Musicians, Joseph II. Knox. Harding, Alvin \Y. 

Joseph F. Mason. Hardin--, Frederick II. 

Wagoner, Joseph Daniels. Hardy, Henry C.J 

Priv'ts, Archer, William II. Ingalls, James F. 

Archer, Edwin W. James, George 

Allen, Frank E.| Kenaio Ezra E. 

Akins, John, jr. Leman, Frederick W. 

Barstow, E iward F. Lincoln, Charles E. 

Beddoe, Tl mas McAuslan, William H. 

Bibrini, William F.J Morrill, George E. 

Butts, Willi •;: D. Header, John K. 

Barrett, J >hn, jr. Mullett, Thomas W. 

Erazer, William EL Morse, James A. 

Bryant, Jol n Mallon, Andrew .L 

Conn, Meury : Mann, Charles H. 

(Vhr,:,, ( 1 tries A. Miskelley, Jaipcs W. 

Colbert, Lawrenee E..| Miskelley, Edward II. 

" Cross, Jobn Mason, Theodore L. 



I 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 07 

COMPAXY H — CONTINUED. 

Priv'te, Melvin, Williai W.J Priv'ts, Raymond, Joel, jr. 

Xash, William k, jr. Rice> Augustus II. I 

Newcomb, Edw, vd Stnodley, Joseph E.| 

Poor, Edwin H. Schillinger, Benjamin F. 

Pease, Albion P. Seavey, Albert 

Parshley, Alonzo V. Schwartz, James L. 

Parshley, Sylvester Sumner, Stephen 

Parker, Daniel T. Stevens, Edward 0. 

Prescott, Melvin Stiles, Samuel D. 

Pomroy, Thomas J. Titus, 1). Frank 

Plaisted, Greorge O. Varrell, John IT. 

Roulstone, Edwin A. "Webster, George A.J 

Feed, Thomas B. Williams, Samuel, jr. 

Robinson, Frank T. Whittembre, Tlieodosius, jr. 

Robertson, Charles M. Whiting, Henry L. 

Ramsey, Royal Wiley, Samuel A.t 
Whitney, Edward F.f 

i 

. 

Company I — Marlboro'. 

* aptain, Charles Ik Xewtoit. .Priv'ts, Babeock, William T. 

1st Lieut., Andrew A. Powers. Barker, JusdinD. 

-•I " William S. Frost Barnes, Joseph W. 

I A Sergt.j William D- Taylor. Bennett, Freeman R. 

Samuel L. Holt. Ferry, John E. 

George Balcom. Blake, Charles E. 

A. S. Trowbridge. Blair, John 

Henry 0. Ferry. Bliss* Charles II. 

Is! Sergt., Thomas W. Hazel. Bond, Edmund E. 

1 Tporals, Levi O. Cunningham. Bourdreau, Eusibee 

Henry A. Woodbury. Ik-ewer, Theodore M. 

John il. Sawyer. Brown, Edward A, 

Amory S. Baylies. / Bullard, James *5L 

William Alley. Fur-ess, John F. 

Francis Babeock. Chase, Benjamin 

William H. Larrabee. Claflin, James F. 

Flunk Lean. Crosby, Ariel 

Musicians, Lewis Y. Howe. Corser, George A. 

VYiJlard G. Ik lice. Dispeau, ..hones F. 

' rmer, Micah F. Priest. Dumas, Peter 

Priv'ts, Adams, Charles Ellis, George 

Andrews, Henry K. W. Farnsworth, Luther H. 

Babeock, Edmund Ik y^^-, George 

Babeock. Harrison T. Elynn, Jeremiah 



6$ HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Company I — Continued. 
Priv'ts, Gibbs, I vniaa Priv'ts, Pedrick, Joseph W. 

Gibbs, \ illiam Ferry, Edward A. 

Gronsich (ihrnVft** "'" : 'Pierce, "William D. 

Hartford Erastus G. Priest, George O. 

HastingSj Augustus L. Priest, Oilman 

Hastings," Edward M. Page, Frank W. 

Hill, Cbarles W. Sawyer, Rufus C. 

Holt, Stephen A. Smith, Augustus E, 

Howe, Ephraim D. Smith, George W. 

Howe, George W. Smith, .Stephen 

Howe, Wallace Spoesrel, George 

Hulburt, James D. Stratton, Isaac C. 

Jilson, James Starkoy, Charles B.| 

Jordan, James W- Temple, George L. 

eToiuclau, John ' Temple, Henry M. 

Kurt,'., Charles * Temple, Marshall H. 

Fancy, £;miuel O. Whitcomb, David P>. 

Loft us, Martin J. White, Charles H. 

Lowell, Frank II. White, Nathaniel H. 

Mclntire, John Wood, Henry 

Men-ill, John A . Wood, William W, 

Murphy, Richard Woodbury, Alfred I. 

New ton, Francis M. Works, George L. 

Nourse, Andrew L. Wright, Aaron W. 

Nourse, Joseph Wright, Albert A. 

O'Brien, John Wright, Charles E. 
Wright, Edward E. 

CoMPXKt; K — "VTatertowjSt. 

Captain, Joseph Crafts. Corporals, Zenas Winslow. 

1st Lieut., Florence C. Crowley. James A. Ellis. 

2d " Tra J. Osborne. Horace *W. Otis. 

1st Sergt., John II. Carter. ~ William F. Fiske, 

William F. Baldwin- Musicians, Thomas Miller. 

John H. Whelon. James Dunn. 

Otis A. Whitcomb. Wagoner. Lyman II. Chase. 

Charles Brigham. Priv'ts, Arnold, Ambrose 

Bai abridge S. Houghton. t Blanchard, James II 

Corporals, James G. Wormwood. Bent, J-udson 

Jacob G. Boyce. Brogan, Michael 

Charles Adams. Burns, Patrick 

Seldon II. Rosebrook. Collins, John 

Joseph S. Perkins. Curtis, John I). 



MASS AC HE S ETTS VOLUNTE EE M TL1T I A . 



C9 



Company K 


— Continued. 


Priv'ts, Crowley, "William 




Priv'ts, Mullaly, John 


Carsons, Elbridge C. 




McNaniara, J. IE* 


Carsons, Francis D. 




MeEride, Michael 


Derby, Atnoi.L. 




Nelson, Samuel 


Daley, John \ 




Nichols, George C. 


DeWyre, And ew 




Otis, Ward M. 


Dardiss, Thorn s 




Ober, Peter A. 


Dexter, George A. 




Ober, Oliver M. 


Fisher, Charles It. 




Parsons, William IE 


Foster, Charles 




Pond, John A. 


Garrity, Patrick 




Priest, Charles IE 


Gleason, Daniel W. 




Penderghast, Thomas 


Grant, Samuel 




Priest, Francis IE f 


Gillespie, John % 




Rand, Nahum 


Howe, Charles A, 




Ilichardson, Edward F. 


.Howes, Mi cajah C 




Pussell, Jeremiah, jr. 


Hill, Charles F. 




Ehoades, George L.* 


Harrington, George E. 




Stack pole, Edwin A. 


Hilton, Charles C. 




Smith, Thomas G. 


Horn, George W., jr. 




Sullivan, Dennis 


Howard, Frederick A * 


Sibley, Mark X. 


Ireland, Edward C 




Sanger, Charles E. 


Jones, William 




Stanley, John S. 


Joyce, Patrick 




Stanton, Jacob G, jr. 


Kennedy, James 




Shnte, James G. 


Lindley, Austin W. 




Tyghc, Joseph 


Lyman, J. D. 




Toole, Patrick 


McCabe, Jeams F. 




Wilson, Daniel H. 


W 


dson 


, James. 




Ba 


NI). 


J. Ke 


A.xiDY, Leader. 


H. K. Holder. 




G. A. McCurdy. 


Samuel Eitin. 




Weston. 


— — Erooks. 




Perkins. 


Morse. 




Wormwood. 


Sinclair. 




John Wyman. 


Parker- 




C. ^l. Prentiss. 


J. K. Header. 




L. L. Wooley. 


— 


-Whitcomb. 


* Deserted. 




tDiecl, 



70 HISTOKY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

The One HuNDBED-DAy's Men. 

Just before the midsummer of 18(34, the authorities at 
Washington^ feared a visit from Lee's troops when the 
army of the 1 . otomac should be placed on the South side 
of the James Liver. 

The contemplated point of diversion was the National 
Capitol, and the most feasible way to reach it, by Con- 
federate troops, seemed to be by the Shenandoah Valley 
across the Potomac into Maryland, taking it in reverse. 
This apparent movement, if undertaken, would call into 
use the whole available army in the .Middle Department, 
under General Lew Wallace, and foreseeing this, the Pres- 
ident called for one hundred-day volunteers. 

As usual, Massachusetts immediately recruited her 
quota, and the Fifth, under Cob Seorge H. Peirson, left 
camp July 28th, 1864, with 886 men, with orders to pro- 
ceed to Washington, but were detained, by order of Gen. 
Lew Wallace at Baltimore, and were sent by him into camp 
at " Manikin's Wood," some four miles from Baltimore. 
Soon after this, the entire regiment were ordered to Fort 
McHenry, commanded by General Morris, and under 
Col. Peirson, the regiment garrisoned the Fort for several 
weeks. Companies B, E, and II were Diddered to Fort 
Marshall, commanded by Cob Peirson, Major Grammer 
retaining command of those companies left in Fort Mc- 
Henry that were not detailed under Cob Worcester at 
Federal Hill. There ^YQv^' several details of companies 
and detachments at various times, Corporal Webster of 
Co. II, and seven men had charge of the Lazerette Maga- 
zine, Lieut. Fowler of Co. F, and 20 men were stationed 
at Fort Carrol, Capt. Marden of Co, D, had charge of a 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



portion of the recruits for distribution ; Capt. D. Webster 
Davis of Co. II, with several oilier Companies did some 
important duties at Monocacey, and, during election, most 
of the regiment was stationed at various points on the 
Eastern shore of Maryland. 

The regimen was assembled on the 1st of November, 
and prepared f>. r their return home. During their term 
of service they performed their duties with great satisfac- 
tion to the Commander of the 8th Arm)' Corps. General 
Lew Wallace, and General Morris in command of Fort 
McIIenry complimented Lieut. William H, Spaukling, of 
Co. 11, for the efficient manner in which lie hod performed 
the duties of Post Adjutant. 

Colonel George 11. Peirson was president of the Mili- 
tary Commission, and of the Court Martial in Baltimore. 

The Charlestown Companies were received in Boston, 
upon their arrival home on the morning of the 7th of No- 
vember, 1804, by a battalion of past members of the Artil- 
lery, City Guards, and Cadets, numbering 300 men, under 
command of Col. J, B. Norton as Chief Marshal, assisted 
by John M. Call, William \V. Davis, and James Swords. 
1 he line of march was taken up, and proceeded toward 
Charlestown, and upon reaching City Square, the Band 
struck up "Home, Sweet Home," and the companies 
marched to BreseoU Hall, where a bountiful collation was 
prepared by Enoch J. Clark. Mayor Stone welcomed the 
soldiers, and wa.s pleased that they had arrived home in 
lime to vote. 

The regiment was mustered out of service Nov. 16th, 
In hi, at Readville. 



79 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



OSTEIt OF THE FiFTH REGIMENT FOR ONE HUNDRED 

Days, 18(34. 
Field and Staff. 



Colonel, .... 
Lieutenant-Colonel, 

Major 

Surgeon, 

Assist.ant-Surg'On, 
Adjutant, . 
Quartermaster, . 
Sergeant-Major, 
Quartermaster-Sergeanl 
Commissary-Sergeant, 
Hospital Steward, 



Geoege II. Peieson. 
William E. C. Woecestee 
William T. Geammek. 
Joshua B. Ticeaiwell. 
Geoege H. Jones. 
Edwin Wyek. 
Chaeles Cueeiee. 
William IT. Hued. 

DANIEL W. LaYVKLNCE, 

Thomas T. FE!a;rsox. 

M.AUGLSTCS I 'l/LLEE. 



Company A — South Boston 



Captain, George H. Homer. 
1st Lieut., Charles J. Craibe. 
2d ' ; Edward P. Jackson. 
IstSergt., William tutted. 
J. C. Singer. 
Augustus Ray. 
John E. Walsh. 
David A. Nason. 
Corporals, George II. Tump. 
George X. Cragin. 
Lemuel H. S. I>welle 
Frederick Crowell. 
Charles Spear. 
Alexander Peterson. 
Joseph W. Finney. 
Charles E. Jackson. 
Musicians, Lyman R. Whitcoml 
Charles M. Melville. 
Priv'ts, Atkinson, F. E. 
Barnard, B. W. 
Bartlett, C. W. 
Baumeister, John 
Burns, W illiam 
Calif?, W. S. 
Callahan, J. F. 
Chipman, Samuel K. 
Churchill, E. R. 



Priv'ts, Clark, C. S. 
Colton, I). S. 
Conway, T. 
Cracklin, J. F. 
Crook, CJiarles 
Cutter, James R. 
Dean, John 
Degam, Phillip 
Doherty, P. 
Earnest, Anel 
Fernald, II.' 
Fitzgerald, John. 
French, J>. F. 
Frizzel, James 



Fh 



J. 



Digby, O. J. 
Goodwin, Benjamin 
Goodwin, Charles A 
Grant, John 
Griffin, Frank 
Gurry, John 
Harold, Bernard E. 
Howes, A Kin C. 
Howe, Frederick 
Kin-, Louis 11. 
KilduiY. William T. 
Lamb, Edward C. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA . 

COAU'AN Y A — COXTI.X I'llTi 

Priv'ts, Lang, Alfred T. Priv'ts, Robinson, Edwin 

Ledwitlij Bernard Roe, Walter W. 

Leonard, Wendell Schromm, John 

Lincoln. George W. Sheehan, C. H. 

Love, Walter W. Stevens, Charles E. 

Macon, Michael Stevens, George 

Mason, William Sullivan, Daniel S. 

McGilpin, John Sullivan, Patrick 

Mclntlre, George A. Swallow, Thomas J. 

McKeo'h, Frank Tenney, G. L. 

McNamara, Frank Tibbets, G. W. 

Mundy, Thomas B. Thompson, James E. 

Norton, John Tinker. George A. 

Otis, James Turner, William J. 

Phinney, Prince A. Tyree, John C. 

Pike, William F. Williams, Henry 

Plympton, William Wright, Joseph R. 



Company B — Someryille. 

Captain, John N. Coffin. Priv'ts, Breenen, J. E. 

1st Lieut., Chas. T. Robinson. Batman, William 

2d " Granville W. Daniels. Calef, II. S. 

1st Sergt., George W. Burrows. Carter, H. F. 

Win. E. Dixon. Cochrane, Ik W. 

Wallace M. Wotten. Crown, W. S. 

C. E. Jlobbs. Curran, Timothy 

Philip O. Woodberry. Davenport, C. H, 

Corporals, Edward H. Aiken. Davis, James 

Jabez P. Dili. Dennis, John 

George II. Hale. Draper, G. L. 

Fred. W. Johnson. Dunn, James 

John McMaster. Ellis, J. W. 

O.M. Ober. Flanders, C. E. 

Amos Pettihgell. Freeman, C. II. 

Frank G. Williams. Ike-man, S. Fran! 

Musicians, E. s. Hopkins. Furfey, Patrick 

P. Walburg. Goodrich, II. D. 

Priv'ts, .Mhm, S. J. Goodwin, W. H. 

Bailey, Akin P. Hall, S. S. 

Pull, tt, II. A. Hart, Edward 

Blanchard, A. P. Hatch, John W. 

Bradley, J. P. Heath, T. II. 



74 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Company B — Continued. 
Priv'ts, Hudson, Henry Priv'ts, Prescott, Warren R. 

Holman, Alvin Powers, Joseph E. 

Hopkins, L. P. Pratt, Thos. S. 

Hard, Luther Preston, L. II. 

Ireland, James L. Putney, Alverdo 

James, Frank Randall, William 

Knapp, Samuel Picker, George F. 

Lewis, Geo. F. Richmond, James 

Lovering, Henry Robinson, J. Warner 

McCart, James Rood, Charles II. 

McCormick, J. II. Russell* Win. O. 

McCurdy, James Sanborn, Tudor 

McDermotr, Frank Stevens, S. H. 

Miller, W- A. Stone, Frank S. 

Morgan, C. C. Taft, Albert M. 

Neiss, Geo. B. Tufts, Albert 

O'Leary, Arthur W. Tyler, C. II. 

Packard, Join. A. Vibbert, A. H. 

Page, Caleb A. Wellington, Edwin IC 

Palmer, G. F. Wellington, S. L. 

Peacock, Edward White, Fred. A. 

Pond, John F. Winnard, Edwin. 



Company C — Dan vers. 

Captain, Geo. F. Barnes. Priv'ts, Abbott, A. B. 

1st Lieut., Wm. L. Thompson. Beckett, William C. 

2d •'•' P>. F. Southwick. Bodge, William H. 

1st Sergt., Fouls A. Manning. Bos worth, F. 

Geo. H. Little. Brown, Andrew IC. 

Jos. N. Burbeck. Buxton, s. P. 

Wm. H. Hildreth, Carr, Charles F. 

Henry 11. Waugh. Durant, L. S. 

Corporals, Frank D. Tripp. Eldridge, Lewis Y. 

James L. Waterman. Estes, K. G'. 

EdwardB. Durfee. Farnum, George A. 

Frank 1'. Peed. Finley, John W. 

Thos. L. Putnam. Gage, George L. 

Benj. X. Moore. Galeucia, S. P. 

Joseph H. Swett. Graham, George S. 

Isaac D. Paul. Gdinn, Charles F. 

Musicians, Charles L. Mason, Hall, William 11. 

Arthur G. Leonard. Hamilton, Charles L 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MELTTIA. K> 

Company C — Continued. 

Priy'ts, Harrington, George -E. Priv'ts, Rounds, H. F. 

Haven, L. C. Rounds, Ira F. 

Elildreth, Stephen G. Rowell, G. 

Hill, John Q. Rudderham, Charles 

Holland, Henry, jr. Russell, John H. 

Howes, M. G, Safford, Asa 

Jacobs, Andrew N. Shannon, John F. 

Johnson, F. E. Shove, Edward 

Leonard, M. 13. Smith, Richard E. 

Lonsdale, James Stackpole, William A. 

Marsh, George A. Stanley, Gustavus 

Meek, Henry M. • Stiles, Augustas 

Merrill, Henry A. Stiles, Charles 

Metzger; William Studley, Timothy R. 

Morse, Charles S. Sweet, Horace W. 

Motley, Patrick _ Symonds, Charles A. 

Mnnroe, B. F. T'eel, George C. 

Nichols, Enoch Thatcher, Thomas N. 

Nourse, Samuel W. Tilton, S. S. 

Osgood, George H. Trask, Samuel P. 

Paine, William H. Tuckerman, A. H. 

Parkinson, Jacob Turner, Erdix. T. 

Pearson, Amos "Ward well, Henry 

Perry, William A. Welch, William P. 

Place, Charles W. White, Edsoil IT. 

Poor, F. W. Whittemore, Henry 

Procter, Edward VY. Wiley, '/.. T. 

Kaddin, Albert Wordell, Uriah 

Rochester, 1). M. Wordell, Western 

Company D— Charlestown. 

Corporals, John Durgin. 

Elijah 1). Gossom. 
Eugene J. Miller. 
Howard F. Rowe. 
Musicians, James M. Jackson. J 

Daniel Coughlin. 
Priv'ts, Anderson, D. W. 
Badger, SI illman 
Bent, George H. 
Berry, Charles S. 
Flake, Charles W. 
Ballard, Charles D. 



Captain, 


G. 11. Marden, jr. 


1st Lieut. 


Charles P. Whittle. 


2d 


George W. Kilham. 


1st Sergt. 


George Chell. 




John E. Marden. 




Edward <i. Fox, 




Alex F. Hewes. 




Charles •). < 'arney. 


Corporals 


Albert C. Abbott. 




John Ward. 




William A. Stodder 




Philip E. Uassidy. 



70 HLSTOKY Or TIFF, FIFTH REGIMENT 

Company I) — Continued. 
Priv'ts, Colburn, Charles F. Priv'ts, Mack, Edward A. 

Cross, Eben M. Macomber, Charles 

Dooley, J. A. Madden, Thos. F. 

Drown, A. Tl. Mason, Daniel 

Ester, George H. McCabe, James F. 

Foster, William B- McDonald, Joseph H. 

Gabriel, Charles McEleney, Philip J. 

Ga; r e ( M. H. Mclntire, James 

Gahm, Joseph. Mclntire, John C. 

Gardner, George McLeod, John 

GilU-i t, Jolrn IL Mldd-Ieton, James W. 

G r a c e, William li, M i n o t , J ol i an 

Grant, George 'V. Poor, James W. 

Green, Daniel L. Putnam, Geor>re 

Hammond, George A. Putney, T!. 1>. 

Harney, James 31. Randall, John C. 

Harrington, John G. Richards, Charles II. 

Harrington, Thomas.!. Robinson, Charles 

Hatch, Seth Robie, Henry L. 

Hertel, Frederic IT. Sanderson, Frederic 

Hollis, Frederic A. Seavey, Albert 

Hollis, William L. Simonds, William F. 

Holmes, Edward A. Smith, Charles IT. 

Huff, ( teorge II, Smith, Edward F. 

Hunter, M. C. Stodder, J. F. 

Jcrnes, Howard Tibbetts, D. W. 

Keefe, James J. Tolman, B. J. 

Kennedy, E. H. Towne, II. M. 

Kimball, L. P.. Turnbull, J. IE 

Lake, A. A. Wemyss, Charles C. 

Lnnler, William D. "Whitney, Moses 

Lennehan, 31. W. Woodbury, Henry 

Libbey, Charles W. Wright, Thomas H. 



Com ivan y E — Marlboro'. 

Captain, David 1.. Brown. Corporals, John Brown. 

1st Lieut., Ge©nre L. Crosby. Henry \. Spring. 

2.1 « William B. Rice. Franli SCcKendry. 

IstSergt., Alfred D. Glcason. Fram-L (',. Carter. 

T. Augustus Hills. George P. Damon. 

s. li. Parker. George O. Priest. 

U. P. Rice. C. P. Fieri e. 

Ephraim Gates, jr. John 1- . Whiting 



M AS S ACH U S FT TS VOLUKT EER M ILITI A. 



77 



Company E 
PriV'ts, Agin, Thomas 
Albee, M. H. 
Alley, E. R. 
Baird, J. IT. 
Barnard, George D. 
Barrows, Joel E. 
Bennett, A. A. 
Bennett, G. L. 
Bingham, Charles G. 
Blaekington, George D. 
Brewer, Henry G. 
Brigham, A. M. 
Brown, E. A. 
Brown. G. F. 
Bullard, W. H. 
Butter worth, A. D. 
Butterworth, L. N. 
Clark, C. W. 
Conant, H. C. 
Cook, Aldrich 
Co>:. L. A. 
Cummings, A. P. 
Cunningham, C. 0. 
Davidson; Edward A.J 
Ponally, Thomas 
Driver, George a". 
Drumey, John 
Dugan, Michael 
Ellwell, H.W. 
Fairbanks, A. P. 
Felton, H. F. 
Fitzgerald, John 
Franklin, Asa M. 
Gates, Jerome S. 
Hastings, E. Murton 
Henry, William E. 
Hinckley, Dexter B. 
Hudson, Herbert A. 
Junes, Edward 
Kirby, Jol n W. 
Larreau, Edward 



— Continued. 
Priv'ts, Lawrence* Samuel A. 

Lowd, George W. 

Mace, IT. W. 

McAuslan, James 

McGee, John 

Miles, Alonzo 

Miles, L. II . 

Morgan, Thomas 

Morse, J. T. 

Murray, Thomas 

NewUm, F. B. 

NieJiolls, John M. 

Xourse, Adrian T. 

Xoorse, Fred. F.J 

Xourse, Parkman 

Xourse, Roseoe 

Oaks, J. G. 

O'Connell, Daniel 

Oivois, John F. 

Parker, George IT. 

Perry, Crosby A. 

Piper, Fred. G. 

Proctor, William T. 

Quigg, John 

Peed, Henry 

Richardson, George A 

Russell. A. W. 

Russell, George S. 

Smith, G. C. 

Stevens, F..E. 

Tebo, Peter 

Thompson, George E. 

Tucker, Nathan T. 

Wallace, Charles E. 

Wheeler, J. W. 

Whiting, iihamar 

Whitney, Edward 

Whitney, J. W. 

Wilder, Granville W 

Wilder, J. W. 

Wollmer, John A. 



78 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



C O M P AN Y F — B O S TON . 



Captain, Philip J. Cootey, 
1st Lieut., William C. Sough. 
2d " Walter S. Fowler. 
1st Sergt., A. Jacobs. 

Edward W, Trescott. 

Loring A. Chase. 

George P.Walcott. 

Charles E. Cook. 
Corporals, William A. Gould. 

George B. Boles. 

George J. Morse. 

Winslo-\v Herrick. 

Edward D. Cornish. 

Gyrus A. Page. 

George C. Appleton. 

George C. G Sturtevant. 
Priv'ts, Arnold, Alfred E. 

Atkinson, William D. 
Averiil, George it. 
Baker, B. F. 
Bartlett, C. E. 
Barton, Alfred 
Blood, C. F. 
Bond, F. IE 
Bridge, Samuel G. 
Bruce, Samuel G. 
frnuam, E. E. 
Bunton, William H. 
Carter, Frank 
Cheever, Joseph W. 
Cla,.]., E. A. 
Clark, C. D. 
Claridge, A. S. 
Cobb, Charles IE 
Crocker, J. T. 
dishing, Robert 
Dan forth, Noblo 
Dearborn, L. 
Dennison, J. W. 
Dudley, J. V. 
Ewer, G. E. 
Evans, William D. 
Feuiioc, W. H. 



Priv'ts, Ferguson, IT. C 
Fisk, Wilbur A. 
Foss, G. 0. 
Gay, E. W. 
Grant, C. Ik 
Gustiu, Lorenzo 
Handy, C. F. 
Hardy, Stephen 
Harrington, George S 
Herrick, Charles F. 
Jliggmsoii, Lewis 
Hill, J. G, 
Hillard, E. S. 
Holland, W. A., jr. 
Jones, Oscar 
Keith, H. A. 
Kingsbury, George C.f 
Kimball, Charles L. 
Lawrence, W. H. IE 
Lethbridge, William LI 
Lincoln, Revere 
LoTett, F. H. 
Lyons, Charles E. 
Lyon, W. A. 
Mansfield, Ezra A. 
Mansfield, T. F. 
Maynard, J. F. 
McClannih, Joseph W. 
McLean, John F. 
Norcross, Arthur 
Palmer, Cliarles D. 
Perry, C. W. B. 
Pierce, Nicholas 
Prouty, A. B. 
Rand, J. II. 
Richards, Edward !E 
Rogers, Eugeu L. 
Salisbury, W. G. 
Saunders, Sidney 
Shaw, J. G. 
Slattery, J. J. 
Smith, s. L. 
Stoddard, Etliot 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



Company F — Conttn t ns d . 



Priv'ts, Tisdale, William 

Townsend, Edward A. 
Underbill, A. S. 
Yinal, George E. 
Weeks, Henry 



Priv'ts, Weeks, 1ST. O. 

Whitney, Charles J. 
Whitaker, George L 
Wills, Robert 
Young, Carlos G. 



Young, Frank A. 



Company G -—Woe urn. 



Captain, Charles S. Converse. 
1st Lieut.. Edwin F. Wyer. 

Charles E. Fuller. 
2d " Charles E. Fuller. 
" " ftfontresser Seeley. 
1st Sergt., Samuel R. Dolliver. 
Montresser Seeley. 
Thomas.]. Hall. 
Horace E. Marion. 
Samuel E. Wyman. 
Charles Parker. 
Thomas T. Ferguson. 
Corporals, Otis K. Winn. 

Edward G. Champney. 
Edmund C. Cottle. 
Webster Brooks. 
Charles E. Wood. 
E. W. Hartley. 
Samuel R. French. 
George A. Kelley. 
George A. Flagg4 
Priv'ts, Adams, Henry 

Allen, Montresser T. 
Alley. William 
Bartlett, Charles A. 
Bennett, D. F. 
Bidwell, .1.1'. 
Li ad ford, C. W. 
Brigham, S. T. 
Brown, J. S. 
Bullard, E. P. 
Burbauk, Charles 
Butters, George S. 
Carter. C. W. 



Priv'ts, Carton, Richard. 

Chadbourn, Humphrey 
Cheney, A. F. 
Chamberlain, E. C. 
Coffin, Eben M. 
Cook, E. IE 
Cook, IE E. 
Cook, P. X. 
Cormiek, Peter 
Cummings, Everett 
Curtis, J. W. 
Cutter, Stephen IE 
Dean; H. U. 
Duren, G. W. 
Eaton, Marshall 
Ellis, .lames K. 
Folger, J. H. 
Franklin, B A., jr. 
Frye, Timothy 
Green, John Ik 
IP. diey. Henry 
Hall, Joseph W. 
Hail. Luther 
Ualliday, Frederic P. 
Harriman, Hiram 
Heath, Benjamin 
Hooper, Charles O. 
Hunt, Perley M. 
Kimball. G. W. 
Knowlton, J. H. 
Knox, J. J. 
Law rence, Ik EI. 
Leach, A. .\. 
Leonard, William 



SO HISTORY OF TUP: FIFTH REGIMENT 

Company G. — Continued. 

Priv'ts, Litchtmld, Lorenzo Priv'ts, Richardson, G. W. 

Lit t h fi el 1 1, C la rence Saw telle, '.V . II. 

Matden, David Smith, Norroan 

Merriam, F. E. Sullivan, T. V. 

Moulton, Elbridge Sweet, Albert A. 

Newell, Frank A. Taylor, Dennis 

Newell, Frederic A. Tufts, C. W. 

Ncwhall, A. A. Wade, Martin Y. B. 

Pnrkhurst, Herbert Walker, James If. 

Pearsons, Horace R. | Ward, George F. 

Perrego, J. G. Waugh, W. W, 

Perry, E. P>. Wheeler, John S. 

Perry, H. W. Whitten, Ruins R. 

Pettee, li. A. Williams, Fred. G. 

Pierce, Warren T. Williams, George F 

Poole, P. T. Wood, Fred. H. 

Pond, F. A. Wright, Daniel, jr. 
York, William S. 



Company H — Charlestown. 

Captain, I). Webster Davis. Priv'ts, Caryl, Henry 

1st Lieut., William Spanieling, Caswell. Jacob A. 

2d " Andrew J- Bailey. Cheney, Benjamin F. 

lst'Sergt., James K. Churchill. Chesley, William 

William II. Macauslan. Clark, George E. 

Thomas R. Ronlstone. Colbert, Lawrence E. 

M i'lliam D. F. Miller. Cole, Albert G.J 

Alonzo Parshly. Oolson, Charles A. 

Corporals, EzraB. Kenah. Crowniiigshiold, Jacob 

Geor-e A. Webster. Cottle, Albert 

William H. Archer. Ciinimings, Lyman W. 

Thomas W. Mullett. Cutter, William P. 

Henry 0. Cotter. Davis, Henry 

Benjamin D. VVilley. Davis, John 

Eben White, jr. Downing, Washington J. 

George F. Eaton. Draper, Samuel 

Musicians, Charles 1L. Prentiss. Edmonds, Dexter A. 

Walter C Kelley. Flannagin, Matthew J. 

Priv'ts, Barstow, F. F. French, Samuel A. 

Barnard, Henry Gadd, George W. 

Bntehelder, George Gilman, Granville 

Blaisdell, Charles II. Goldsmith, Howard 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 81 

Company II — Coxtix j;ed. 
rriv'ts, Gowen, John Priv'ts, Norwood, II. J. 
Fladlook, William E. Osgood, A. G. 
Hammond, D. P. Palmer, Samuel, jr. 
Harding, F. H. Poole, Charles P. 
Hatch, John Q. Preseott, George W. 
Hichborn, H. G. Peed, W. C. B 
Hill, Frank Richardson, George II. 
Jordan, Henry L. Roberts, John W.- 
Kidder, A.. F. Robertson, W. H. C. 
Lewis, Charles IT. Sargent, Andrew J. 
Loring, George H. M. Sewall, A. C. 
Loureiro, Constantine Seymour, Herbert F. 
Lovejoy, Fred, A. Simonds, IV. P. 
McDonald, James P. Stone, Charles II. 
IUcA]la--ter, 13. F. Taggard, George £. 
Merritt, O. P. Titus, George F. 
Miller, J. F. Vottier, Alexander G. 
Murrey, Edward Waterman, Anthony 
Murrey, Michael Waterman, Frank O. 
Newhall, George W. Wilson, George E. 



Company I — Hudson. 

Captain, Andrew A. Powers. Priv'ts, Andrews, J. A. 

isi Lieut., William S. Frost. Atkinson, George 

2d i( Luther H. Farnsworth. Ball, Elliott II. 

I,; Sergt, Levi O. Cunningham. Pond, F. F. 

John IV. Sawyer. Bordreau, Peter 

Amory S. lio'yii*^ Bride, J. W. 

Frank Bean. Brigharn, A. A. 

David IF Whiteomb. Brigliam, Wilbur I' 

Corporal*,, Albert A. Wright. Frown, Frank E. 

William T. Babcock. Brown, Henry F. 

J. 11. Ferry. Bryant, Joseph A. 

Henry K. W. Andrews. Carr, Thomas 

Edward F. Wright. Cavanaugh, James 

John I'. Rose. Clark, G. Alonzo 

Arc! Crosby* Coburn, Cyrus E. 

William W. Wood. Crosby, George O. 

Musicians, W. G. Bruce. Darling, George 

J. Francis Whitney. Darling, Seth W. 

Priv'ts, Albee, Charles II. Davison* F. J. 

Aldrich, George Dyar, Edward F. 



S2 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Company I 

Priv'ts, Eager, Frank R. 

Emerson, Edwin R. 
Fay, Frederic 
Fisher, Lyman 
Gates, Lyman B« 
Goode, Thomas 
Gott, Lemuel, jr. J 
Hartshorn, E. 11. 
Hastings, A. L. 
Holden, L. C. 
Horton, James A. 
Howe, E. L. 
Howe, George A. 
Howe, George L. 
Howe, John H. 
Johnston, James R. 
Keyes, Sumner W. 
Latham, S. B. 
Laval ly, Lewis 
Lawrence, Rosswell 
Lyman, E. F. 
Moore, J. A. 
Newton, 0. CM. 
Ordway, T. C. 
Parmemer, H. L. 

Wright, 



—Continued. 
Priv'ts, Parmenter, J. W. 

Parmenter, W. A. 

Powers, Amos P. 

Powers, Edward L. 

Randal!, H.N. 

Rice, Cli a vies W. 

Rice, Henry 

Roe, C. E. 

Scott, Henry 

Smith, S. F. 

Spoerel, George 

Stone, OrvilleE. 

Stratton, I. C. 

Tenner, W. II. 

Tolman, II. J. 

Trowbridge, J. 0. 

Underwood, G. 

Weed, G. C. 

Wheeler, L. F. 

WilMns, Lewis 

Wilson, Henry 

Wood, Charles A. 

Wood, Charles T. 

Wood, Still man P. 

Woodbury, Alfred I. 
Charles E. 



Company K — Stoneham. 



Captain, Francis M. Sweetser. 
1st Lieut., Marshall P. Sweetser 
2d " Mos.es Downs, jr. 
1st Sergt., Jefferson Hayes. 

Joseph W. Fields. 

George Jones. 

Andrew M. Latham. 

John B. Cloiigh. 

William 11. Hard. 
Corporals, Eli N. Cotton. 

31. J. iVn-en. 

M. Lahey. 

Henry C. Keen. 



Corporals, Charles Lane. 
Ira G. Perry. 
Alvin E. llersey. 
John Kingman. 
Musicians, Dennis A. Barnes. 

Roscoe JM. Flanders. 
Priv'ts, Atkinson, Benjamin 
.Austin, F. H. 
Briggs, Jeff. L. 
Bonville, Lewis 
Brown, George B. 
Brown, Robert K. 
Bruce, George W. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



83 



Company K 

Priv'ts, Butterfield, W* G. 

Churchill, A. K. 
Clark, Moses 
Clement, J. H. 
Cobb, F. E. 
Coffin, James 
Cook, John O. 
Coney. George A. 
Converse, Cyrus 
Crosby, 1). G. 
Cummings, W. F. 
Edwards. Wesley 
Elliott, W. F. 
Flanders, E. P. 
Ford, William E. 
Gil more. J. S. 
G rover, G. H. 
G rover, William W. 
Hadley, Aaron S. 
Hadley, G, H. 
Hall, J. H. 
Harriman, Archibald 
IJarriman, Franklin 
Hawkins, E. D. 
Hewitt, Henry 
Holden, Albert X. 
Hooper, G. E. 
Howard. B. W. 
Jewell, C. H. 
Jones, Andros B. 
Jones, John F. 
Jones, P. 0. 
Kelley, Owen 
Keen, Alonzo 
Keen an. James 



— CONTINUED. 

Priv'ts, Lynde, Granville 
Martin, John W. 
McCall, F. 
McKay, John 
McNamara. John 
Moran, John 
Morse, Sanford A. 
Murraj , George 
Newhall, S. H. 
Norm, True L. 
Paige, Orra 
Peabody, D. D. 
Pcnnell, J. W. 
Perry, A. E. 
Peyton, James 
Phillip,, H. L. 
Poor, Charles 
Quimby, L, T. 
Raverty, Hugh 
Pichndson, D. K. 
Robbins, Andrew 
Robertson, L. O. 
Powe, Henry 
Skinner, J. H. 
Smith, Stephen F. 
Stearnes, E. W. 
Sturt-evant, George E. 
Taylor, Seth E, 
T ion-low, S. A. 
Till son, Elijah A. 
White, H. M. 
White, H. H. 
White, W. E. 
Wilson, Joseph W. 
Woodman, Milton C. 



t Died. 



84 HISTOKY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Re-Okgaxtzatlox. 

The regiment was not disbanded upon its return from 
one hundred doys' service, many of the old organization 
still' holding on to their membership under Col. George 
H. Peirson, and on several occasions performed escort, and 
other military duties. 

On the 18th of May, 1866, the regiments of the State 
were re-organized, and the companies were reduced from 
101, rank and file, to GO. 

Field and Staff, I860. 

Colonel, Wieeiam T. Crammer. 

Lieutenant-ColoneL . George A. Meacham. 

Major George II. Marden, Jr. 

Adjutant, .... Waeteh Evki:i:tt. 

Quartermaster, . . . Daniel W. Lawrence. 

Assistant-Surgeon, . . — 

Chaplain, .... — 

The following companies constituted the Fifth under 

the re-organization, and were a part of the 2d Brigade. 

Co. A, Capt. George Y. Chat-in, (2Gth unattached Co.). . .Charlestown. 

Co. B, Capt. ( : iiAvv!f.i.!AV. Daniees Somervifie. 

Co. C, Capt. George A. Meaciiam (12th unattach.Co.).. .Cambridge- 
Co. 1), Capt. George II. MaRden, jr, Charlestown. 

Co. E, Capt. Isaac F. R. [Iosea,... Bedford. 

Co. I', Capt. Godfrey Ryder, jr., (39th unattach. Co.)...Aledford. 

Co. G, Capt. Cviii s Tay Woburn. 

Co. il, Capt. D. Webster Davis, Charlestown. 

Co. F Capt. Andrew A. Powers, Marlboro'. 

Co. K, Cape. C F. Harrington (34th unattached Co.) Cambridge. 

Companies C, E, F, and E, Lite of this regiment and 
recruited for one hundred days 1 service, were disbanded. 

In the latter part of this year, 18GG, Col. Peirson re- 
■timl from the regiment, and was promoted to Brigadier- 






-- > -- .-• i» ■ - 









>■-■■ 



• 



^. 



1 / ' 

/ 




>*>* 



I I 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILIT CA. 



85 



General, and his former position was tilled by Col. William 
T. Crammer. 



Colonel Wtlmaisi T. Grammer. 

4th Colonel of the Fifth Regiment, M. V. M. 
Colonel William T. Crammer was horn in Boston, in 
1822, and, with his parents in the same year, moved to 
Woburn, where lie lias resided ever since, lie received 
his early education in the common schools, and later in life 
attendee] the Warren Academy in Woburn. lie inherited 
a taste for military life from his father, who was connected 
with the militia, in various capacities during his life. At 
the age of 18 years, 1840, Col. G rammer joined the 
Woburn Mechanics' Phalanx, and the following is his mil- 
it ary record; His first commission bears the date of Au- 
gust 3d, 1849, when he was elected to till 1st Lieutenant's 
position in Company G. Woburn Phalanx, 4th Regiment, 
3d Brigade, 2d Division, M. Y. M. ; promoted Captain, 
March 8th, J. 851, resigned Dec. 1-1 th, .1.852; commissioned 
24 Lieutenant Company G, 5th Regiment, March 19th, 
1855, resigned March 24th, 1857; commissioned 1st Lieu- 
tenant, April 11th, 1859, -resigned May 10th, 1860; re- 
commissioned May 2d, 1861, and resigned July 6th, 1861. 
At this time the Company was transferred to the 16th Reg- 
iment, M. V. M., and he was commissioned Captain of the 
newCompany G. Aug. 27th, 1862, and .served in the nine- 
months' troops; promoted Juh 22d, 1864, to Major, and 
served in this capacity in the one hundred-days' troops ; 
resigned March 10th, 1865, and was re-commissioned Major 
May 80th, 1866 : promoted Colonel Sept. 5th. 1866, serv- 
ing in this position until Jan. 4th, 1808, making a period 
ol service of 28 years, and at the time of his discharge, was 



86 HISTOEY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

the oldest commissioned officer then in the State Militia. 
Col. Grammar has always been highly esteemed by his 
fellow townsmen, having filled the various town officer 
many years, and lias been chosen four terms to the Massa- 
chusetts Legislature, and. has held the Chairmanship of 
the Committee on Military and Prisons. He has often 
been appointed by the Court, on the board of Referees, to 
settle important matters, and for six years was a member 
of the Harbor Commissioners. 

For many years Col. G rammer has successfully followed 
'the shoe manufacturing interests, and 1>\ his honorable 
method in the transaction of his business, he has won man} 
life-long friends. 

]n all the circles of life in which he has moved, be it 
social, political or military, he has made many friends, and 
by his fail', candid treatment of his fellow men, has won a 
well-deserved and lasting popularity. 

Col. Gra miner was almost perfect in discipline, and he 
ordered frequen'. company drills and inspections, in which 
latter dufrj he was quite thorough. Following is a General 
Order, showing the methods used by Col. Grammer to 
stimulate the men to better work. 

HeaikQuartehs 6th Begimeht, m. V. M. 

Gknehal Order No. 2. 

Wobuen, ; April 19, 1867. 

Agreeable to General Order No. J, the Colonel com- 
manding and Staff have inspected the several Compani s 
in tlit* Regiment. 

The following statement is published for the informa- 
tion of the Command. 



MASS ACHtTSETTS VOLTJNTEEE MILITIA 



87 



Probably some items in the Report, not 'appearing to 
the advantage of the companies, might be reasonably 

accounted for. It is deemed proper, however, to state the 
condition of each, as it was found at Us inspection. 



I.KTTER 


Aggregate. i ~ 

l Condition 


Official 

Records. 




OF 
COMPANY 


i 
Strength. Present. 

i 


Absent 
with 
Leave 


Absent { ok 
without] MusKtfre. 

Leave.l 


Drill. 


A 

B 
C 
I) 
E 
F 
G 
H 
I 
K 


57 
55 
51 

I 

5/ 
6S 

ss 

.-,7 
43 


53 
37 
31 
33 
52 
52 
50 
34 

- 

33 


3 

C 
8 
1 
8 

8 
10 


4 ! Excellent. 

IS i Bad. 

[ 

17 | Excellent. 

! 

18 Bad. 

Excellent. 

A Good, 
i 
i Good. 

1 i Excellent. 

6 i Fair. 

Fair. 

68 i 


Good. 
Fair. 
Good. 
Good. 
Best. 
Fair. 
Good. 
Good. 
Fa ir. 
Good. 


Best. 
Fair. 
Good- 
Good. 
Good. 
Good. 
Good. 

OCX", 

Fair. 

Fair. - 




533 1 416 

! 


47 





The general appearance and soldierly bearing of the 
Command is worthy of commendation, and it was a source 
of pleasure to the officers who took part in the inspection. 

With proper care and military spirit on the part of 
officers and men, together with the encouragement now 
offered by the State, there is no apparent reason why the 
Fifth Regiment should not continue Lo merit the good rep- 
utation it has had in years past. 

By command of Col. W. T. Guam.mku. 
Walter Everett, Adjutant* 



88 HISTORY OP THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Field axd Staff, 18G 



Colonel William T. &kammer. 

Lieutenant-Colonel . George A. Meacham. 

Major, George H. Harden, jr. 

Adjutant, .... Walter Everett. 
Quartermaster, • • . Daniel W. Lawrence. 
Surgeon, Joshua P>. Tijeadwell. 

Chaplain, .... EDWAED S. AtWOOD. 

Assistant-Surgeon, . . Amos JI. Johnson. 

Field and Staff, 1868. 

Colonel, George A. Meacham, 

Lieutenant-Colonel, . Walter Everett. 

Major, Andrew A. Powers. 

Adjutant, .... Henry L. Sy>, okds. 

Quartermaster, . . . Daniel W. Lawrence. 

Surgeon, Joshua B. Treadwell. 

Chaplain, .... Edw t ard S. At wood. 

Assistant-Surgeon, . . Amos IT. Johnson. 

Colonel George A. Meacham. 

5th Colonel of the Fifth regimen! , M. V. M. 

Colonel Meacham, from his youth upward, was always a 
military man. His early career in the militia was spent 
with the Cambridge City Guards, having served in M ■■ 
various offices, non-commissioned and commissioned, up to 
1851, when he was elected Captain of the Guards. On 
Sept. 28th, 1864, lie was elected Captain of the 12th unat- 
tached Company, and in 1866, when the Company was 
attached to the Fifth, he was still in command, and con- 
tinued so until elected Lieut. -Colonel, Nov. 7th, LS66 
Upon the retirement of Colonel William T. Grammer, he 
was elected Colonel Feb. 12th, 1868, and continued as 
such until April, 1871, when he was succeeded by Colonel 
Walt< r Everett. 

Throughout his whole military career, it is difficult to 
place against him an act that was ungentle manlv or unbe- 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 89 

coming in an officer. His ability to command was often 
brought to the t(^x, and he never failed to do his whole 
duty like a true soldier. Upon Ids retirement from com- 
mand, there were many expressions of regret on account 
of the regiment's losing" so efficient an officer. 

The interest in militia duties was not very deep for 
several years, and the members composing the Fifth must 
have been fond of their officers, and the regiment, for the 
gells show, but a slight decrease in numbers from 1807, to 
1870. The regular fall encampments were attended, and 
the routine of Inspections and drills was followed, and the 
regiment held its own in discipline and strength -from sea- 
son to season. 

Field axd Staff, 1869-70. 

Colonel, .... George A, Meacham, 

Lieutenant-Colonel, . Walter Everett. 

Major Andrew A. Powers. — Gyrus Tay, 1870. 

Adjutant, . . . Edward F. Everett. 

Quartermaster, . . Lewis A. Manning. 

Surgeon,. • • . Joshua B. Treadwell. 

i tiaplain, .... Edward S. At wood. — Charles E, Grin- 
keel, 1S70. 

AssistantbSurgeon, . Amos II. .Johnson. — Hugh Doherty, 1870. 

A new and young element was growing up in the com- 
munity, and the militia received quite an impetus in the 
latter part of 1871. It was at that time thoroughly in- 
spected, and the encampments were larger, with more of 
the true military spirit shown ; new companies were form- 
fed, and tin Fifth began to grow in numbers arid charac- 
ter. The regiment performed escort duty for distinguished 
visitor**, and gained quite a notoriety for their discipline 
and soldierl}* bearing. 

There may be some credit due to the exertions of the 
Mw Colonel, Walter Everett, but the young citizen sol- 
diers of the regiment are entitled to favorable mention. 



90 history of the fifth regiment 

Field asd Staff, 187.1. 

Colonel, Walter Everett. 

Lieutenant-Colonel, . Cyrus Tay. 

Major, Granvjeee v7. Daniels. 

Adjutant, . . ■-. . Ezra J. Trull. 
Quartermaster, - . .J. T. Bolton. 

Surgeon, . - . . Edward Jacob Foester 

Chaplain, .... Charles E. Grin'NELL. 

Assistant-Surgeon, . • Allen H. Sumner. 



Colonel TV alter Everett. 

6th Colonel of the Fifth Regiment, M. V. M. 

Early in life, this once popular Colonel of the Fifth, 
commenced his military career. In 18-30, he became a 
private in the Charlestown City Guards, and filled' the 
various non-commissioned positions until 11th April, 1861, 
when he received his first commission as 4th Lieutenant 
of Company II, 5th Regiment, and lias had the following 
promotions since : 3d Lieutenant, 30th April, 1861 ; 1st 
Lieutenant, Company 1L (nine-months' men) ; Captain, 
27th April, 1864 ; Adjutant, 8th Sept., 1866 ; Lieutenant- 
Colonel, 12th February, 1868; Colonel, 3d May, 1871; 
discharged January 19th, 1875. 

Col. Everett is entitled to great praise for many services 
rendered the Fifth during his command, and his resigna- 
tion was regretted by many of his old warrior friends. 

Field and Staff, 1872-3.-4. 

Colonel, .... Walter Everett. 

Lieutenant-Colonel, - Cyjrus Tay. — E. J. Trull; 1874. 

Major, .... Ezra J. Trull. --C. F. King, 1874. 

Adjutant, . . . Benjamln F. Stoddard. 

Quartermaster, . . J. T. Bolton.— Horace S. Perkins, 1873. 

Surgeon,. . . . Edward Jacob Forster. 

Chaplain, .... William T Stowe. — Vacant, 1873-4. 

Assistant-Surgeon, . A. H. Sumneu..— -B. A. Sawyer, 1873. 

Paymaster, • • • G. D. Putnam. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 91 

Field and Staff, l8r5-0-7. 

Colonel, .... Ezra J. Trull. 

Lieutenant-Colonel, . C. F. King. — L. 0. Lane, 1876. 

Major, .... Leonard C. Lane.— Henry G. Jordan, 1876. 

Adjutant, . * . HENRY Gr. JORDAN.— Gr. FjRANK FliOST, 1876 J 

Frank L. Stevenson, 1377. 
Quartermaster, . . Horaces. Perkins.— Frank G.Williams, 

1876, 
Surgeon, .... Edward Jacob Forster. 
Chaplain, .... W. T. Stowe. 

Assistant-Surgeon, . Horace E. Marion. —Samuel Howe, 1877. 
Paymaster, - . . G. D. Putnam. — C. A. Fairbanks, iS7G. 



Field a^d Staff, 1878. 

Colonel, .... Ezra J. Trull, 

Lieutenant-Colonel, . L, C. Lane. 

Major, . . . . Alonzo L. Richardson. 

Major, .... George F. Frost. 

Adjutant, .... Fra.nk L. Stevenson. 

Quartermaster, . . Frank G. Williams. 

Surgeon, .... Edward Jacob Forster. 

Assistant-Surgeon, . . Samuel Howe. 

Paymaster, . . . . 0. A. Fairbanks. 

Chaplain, .... William H. Eydee. 



UnIFOjOIS. 

The regiment received a new uniform from the State 
on the 28th of May. 1861), for which the various companies 
were obliged to pay about one half of the expense. It 
consisted of a French short skirt coat, of dark blue, three 
mws of brass buttons on the front, and was trimmed with 
white cord, and shoulder knots of white and Line braid. 
The hat was of the Shako pattern with a short white and 
blue tipped pompom. The pants were of light blue and 
white cord. In 1873, an alteration was made in the ac- 
couterments : white cross hells were adopted, and wings 
fringed with blue and white cord, and a white ostrich 
plume u>r the hat. 



92 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Iii 1875, this uniform was discarded, and the present one 1 
was adopted, which consists of the regular army dark blue 
coat, three rows of brass buttons on front, with red fac- 
ings, gilt trimmings, and white wings. The hat worn 
originally with this uniform was made of Astraehan fur, 
with a spread eagle on front, and figure 5 in centre, and a 
red and white ostrich plume on side, but \y&£ afterward 
changed to the Shako with white and red pompom. The 
pants were of light blue, with red stripe and white edging. 
The regiment always presents a solid appearance in this 
uniform, and is considered one of the best ever worn by 
them. 

In 1875, the regiment began to " pick up " in general 
discipline, and under Colonel Ezra J. Trull, -it steadily 
improved in numbers' and popularity. 

The militia were re-organized July, 1876, and companies 
I, of Hudson, Capt. Powers, and B, of Somerville, both 
of the Fifth, were disbanded. 

The regiment was attached to the 2d Brigade, under 
Brigadier-General Eben Sutton, in August 1876, and have 
held the same position in line, up to date. 

Fn 187ft, under ilu: re-organization of the militia, tin; 
various companies in the State, of which there were sixty 
in all, were formed into six regiments ; three regiments hav- 
ing two battalions of four companies each, and three n gi 
nients three battalions of four companies each. The Jaw 
previously reduced the Fifth from ten companies to eight. 
and Company D, of Charlestown, wad, at this time (Dee. 
3, 1878,) transferred to the 9th Regiment, and Company 
C, of Concord, to Company I, of 6th Regiment. In place 
of these two companies, there were '.elded Companies C, 
and <J, of the First Regiment to be Companies C and I). 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 93 

Col. Trull adopted many important measures, which 
brought the regiment into public notice, and not the least 
of these was the establishment of a regular head-quarters, 
where the officers might meet and become more thorough- 
ly acquainted with each other, and frequently discuss the 
welfare of the regimemt. This was an advantage which 
has shown itself to be of vast importance to the general 
Efood of the organization,- and the fact that Colonel Trull 
had risen from the ranks through various grades of offices, 
gave him an acquaintance aud knowledge of the wants of 
the regiment, that'Tiaee given evidence of his executive 
ability. 

At the time of the Centennial celebration in Charles- 
town, the regiment ranked very high in comparison with 
those from other States, and at inspections bv the State 
officials, their record has been excellent. The material 
composing the regiment, if not the best in the State, is cer- 
tainly as good as any other, and, at the present writing, is 
as popular as any command. 



Com-panv Sketches. 

The following companies have, at various dates, been con- 
nected with the Fifth, and it has been deemed advisable 
to give a sketch of each organization, with their various 
Commando's, date of organization, and such other inter- 
esting material that could be gathered. More details 
could have been added in some instances, but as there 
was great expense appertaining to such a duty, it was eon- 
eluded to give an epitome of each corps history, and, as 
near as possible, the cause of its origin or disbandment. 



94 



HIBTOBY of the fifth regiment 



CO. D, (INDEPENDENT FUSILEERS) BOSTON. 

This Company, better known as the "Independent Bos- 
toe Fusileers," was formerly attached to the 1st Regiment, 
but at the recent re-organization of the militia, General 
Order No. 7, Dec. 3d, 1878, was transferred to this regi- 
ment, as also was Company 0, of Newton. 

The history and record of the Fusileers has been a re- 
markable one, so much so that a brief reference to some of 
the principal events may here be interesting. 

The firstparade of this company occurred May 11, 1787, 
and was made eventful from the fact that they/paraded in 
the " -Identical rod coats" captured from the English at 
the battle of Bunker Hill, being loaned for the occasion 
from the old iron-chest of Mr. Thomas Kidder, a patriot* 
citizen, who had them in charge, and had preserved th< m 
in excellent condition. The parade caused great enthusi- 
asm, and contributed in a great measure towards the seh i - 
tion of " scarlet " color for uniform, which lias, through 
thick and thin, been adhered to, as the dress uniform of 
the corps. During the administration of Gov. Mccacock^ 
the "Fusileers performed the escort duty for the State Gov- 
ernment on all important occasions, and paraded (occupy- 
ing an imp;. riant position) on the occasion of his funeral, 
Oct. 9th, 1793, 

It participated in the escort and reception of General 
Washington, in 1789. had the honor of sole escort, by order 
of Gov. Samuel Adams, at the laying ol' the corner-stoni 
of the State House, in Hancock Pasture, in 1705. Parad- 
ed in honor of the ratification of the Federal Constituti »n, 
1 7 S ', i : participated in the war of 1812-181-1 ; participate < ! 
in the reception of Gen. Lafayette, Gen. Jackson, Presi- 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLtLSTEEK MILITIA. 95 

.s-nis Tyler, Polk, Filmore, Daniel Webster, and, in fact, 
the reception of every distinguished visitor whom Boston 
h us chosen to honor with public ovation. 

It lias probably participated in, and made more excur- 
sions than any other company in the New England States, 
was the first volunteer company to visit Washington in 
iS3o, marching a great part of the way, lias made two ex- 
cursions to Montreal, Canada, and numerous excursions to 
other places. 

It sent four full companies to active service in the late 
war, ami notwithstanding its own trials, and the changes 
of administration, the company has maintained its exist- 
ence to the present time, and has witnessed the rise and 
fall of nearly every other company that entered with it 
into competition for a patriotic existence, in the dark days 
of the revolution. It was the first company in Massachu- 
setts to volunteer for three years in the war of the Rebel- 
lion, and its first Lieutenant was the first commissioned 
officer that fell at the first battle of Bull Run. 

Capt. Snow, the present Commander, has grown grey in 
the service, having been attached to the company since 
i M i , having, for live separate times, been chosen to the 
command, and now takes as much interest as ever, and is 
a most excellent officer. Much more could be given in 
detail of this memorable corps, but its history is too Well 
known to elaborate its valuable record. That the Fifth 
were fortunate in having this company added to its ranks, 
cannot be doubted, and it may well be said that few com- 
panies in this State could have better billed the vacancy 
caused by the transfer of- the Charlestown Artillery, (old 
Co, D), the latter corps having also a valuable history. 



06 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Co. D, (Charlestown Artillery) Ckarlestown. 

This famous old corps, which has one of the most im- 
portant of histories, was originally organized on May 22d, 
1786, and was the first to celebrate the battle of Bunker 
Hill, June 17th, 1786. For a long period its ranks were 
idled with the best citizens of Charlestown, and up to 
1830, it enjoyed the highest reputation. About this year 
it was disbanded, but was re-organized by Capt. J. M. 
Robertson, Nov. 13th, 1831, and attached to the 1st Regi- 
ment Artillery as Co. I), and from that day until the pres- 
ent, the corps has enjoyed its usual prosperity. It took 
active part hi the dedication of Bunker Hill Monument, 
one of its gnus being fired from the summit. Many of its 
popular commanders have held positions of trust in City 
and State Government. The following have been its com- 
manders since it was attached to the Fifth : R. W. Lake- 
main, 1857 ; 0. W. Strout, 1859; W. R. Swan, 1860, (three- 
months* men) ; T. F. Howard, Aug., 1862, (nine-months' 
men) ; George 11. Marden, Jr., July. 1861, (hundred-days' 
men): C. P. Whittle, 1867; A. E. Hewes, Aug., 1868; 
U. R. Farmer. May, 1869; F. B. Bogan, March, 1872. 

The company during its terms of service, three-months 
(Co. C,) nine-months (Co. D,) and one hundred-days, bore 
an excellent name, and within the past few years has 
gained considerable attention tinder Captain F. B. Bogan, 
who has brought it to a high state of discipline. 

None can gainsay the fact that the Fifth lost a valuable 
company when under the law of reorganization of the 
militia, Dec. 3d, 1878, Co. I) was transferred as such to 
the Ninth Reffinient 



\ 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. VI 

Co. G, (WouuKx Mechanics' Phalanx), Woeuen. 

This notoriously popular company was organized as In- 
fantry in 1835, and was commanded by Capt. S. B. "White. 
Its uniform is familiar to most t i vevy one, having been 
extensive]}' copied by the militia, and lithographed for va- 
rious purposes. The company has made many excursions, 
and was always very hospitable to visitors. Its oflicersand 
men constituted the best elfuuent in t)io town, being most- 
ly business men, and from its ranks have gone forth many 
notable mem The company was a part of the old Fourth, 
ami was attached to the Fifth, in 1855. 

For many years there existed a good-natured rivalry 
between this corps and the Chariest-own City Guards, as 
to how many men could he turned out, and the general 
appearance Of the companies ; tht 1 Phalanx, according to 
one of Adjt.-Gen. Stone's reports, came off A 1, and we 
quote him as fallows : " This company (Phalanx) for the 
last nine years have averaged the largest number in the 
State militia.'* 

The following officers have commanded the Phalanx 
since its organization : 

Samuel B. White, 1835; Wm. Woodbury, 1838; Chas. 
Carter, 1841 ; Win. Woodbury, 1841 : J. B. Winn, 1843 ; 
Waiter Wyman, Is 15; Albert Thompson, 1846 ; William 
Woodbury, 1847; Timothy Winn, 1849; W. T. Gram- 
mar, 1851; Timothy Winn, 1853-55 ; A.F.Thompson, 
1856: .» . Franklin Bates, 1858; A. F. Thompson, April, 
l s -><i, (transferred to 2d Battalion Rifleman, Aug. 10, 
1800) ; Timothy Winn, May, 1861, (Company transfi rred 
to 16th Regiment, afterward, July 6th, 1861, disbanded). 
\\ iliiam T. G rammer commanded the new company, Gr, 



y& HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

being commissioned Aug. 27th, 1862, and was attached to 

the Fifth Regiment nine-months' troops. Capt. Grammer 
was promoted to Major* July 22d, 1802; C. S. Con verso.' 
July 20th, 1864, being commander during the one hun- 
dred-days' service of the Fifth. Capt. Converse was suc- 
ceeded by Capt. Cyrus Tay, Mar. 24th, 1865; Edwin F. 
Wyer, June, 1870; Luke R, Tidd, Sept., J 872; A. L. 
Richardson, November, 1873, (Major Feb. 2(3, 1879) ; 
John W. Ellard, November, 1868. This company is, and 
always has been considered, one of the most- reliable in 
the regiment for all duties, and at the various inspections, 
hits acquitted itself most creditably. 



Co. C, (Cokcoed Artillery) Concord. 

This company was incorporated on the petition of 
Charles Hammond and other-, Fob. 24th, 1804, and had 
its first public parade on the 4th of July, following. 

In 1812, the company was ordered to South Boston, 
where it remained in camp three months. Ti marched to 
Boston under command of Cant. Reuben Brown, Jr.. with 
the Concord Light Infantry and Acton Blues. It entered 
the United States service twice during the war of tie 1 
'Rebellion. Orders were r< ceived before Light on the 19th 
of April, 1861, to report on Boston Common, and at noon 
on that davit left Concord under command of Captain 
Geo. L. Prescott. It left Boston with the 6th Regiment, 
M. V. M., on the 21st, as Co. A, but was changed in 
Washington to Co. G. 

In the battle of Bull Run, five of its members were 
taken prisoners. It served three months at this time, and 
tn l^o:', it was recruited b> Capt. Richard Barrett, and 
attached to the 47th Regiment, M. V. M.. Col. Marsh, as 


















. 









MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 99 

Co. Gr. It left Boston in December, 1862, with this regi- 
ment, with 101 members. It enlisted for nine months, but 
served nearly a year, most of the time in New Orleans and 
vicinity. 

In 1866, the company was re-organized, and Richard 
Barrett was chosen Captain, H. H. But trick First Lieuten- 
ant, and Geo, F. Hall, Second Lieutenant, It was attached 
to the 6th Regiment, M. V. M., as Co. F, and remained in it 
until the Spring of IS*.') 9, when it was transferred to its old 
regiment, the -5th, as Co. L ; in 18ioy (Feb. 18,) its letter 
was changed to " C. ;r In the re-organization of the Mas-. 
saclmsetts Militia in 1ST8, it was again transferred to the 
6th Regiment as Company I, much to the regret of the 
officers of the Fifth. 

Its Captains have successively been : 

Thomas Heald, 1804; Jesse Churchill ; Henry Saunder- 
son ; Reuben Brown, Jr., 181- ; Francis Wheeler; Cyrus 
Wheeler ; Elisha Wheeler; Eli Brown; William Whit- 
ing; .John Stacy; Joshua Buttrick; Abel B. Heywood, 
1882; Bowman W.Dennis, 1833; Isaac Buttrick, 1835; 
Charles .Bowers: Richard Barrett; James Jones, Jr.; 
Richard Barrett; James B. Wood; John H. Calbert- 
son ; George Heywood; Richard Barrett, 1854; (■c(>r^c: 
L. Prescott, 1861; Richard Barrett, 1862; Humphrey 
II. Buttrick, 1864; Caleb IL Wheeler, 1868 ; James 
W. Carter, 1869; Richard Barrett, 18(59; George T. 
Howe, 1872; Richard F. Barrett, 1876; Alfred B. C. 
Dakiu, 1.877 : William II. Benjamin, 1879. 

Co. II, Chaklestown City Guards. 

This body: of citizen soldiery was organized in 1850, and 

celebrated its first anniversary on the 17th of June, 1851. 

It was them commanded by the Hon. Geo. P. Sanger, who 

was followed by Capt. W. \V. Pierce ; C B. Rogers; G. P. 



100 HISTOIIY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Kettell ; John T. Boyd; J. B. Norton, 1861 ; Caleb Drew, 

1802; Walter Everett: 1). Webster Davis, 1 804 ; Win. 
Spaujding, 1867 ; G. S. Ladcl, 1807 ; Edward F. Everett. 
June, 1868; Samuel E. Marple, Jr., April, J 871 ; G. S. 
Ladd, June, 1873; J. M. Foster, Feb. 1875; F. D. Wood- 
burr, July, 1875; J. W. Derby. April, 1877; J. Henry 
Brown, June, 1878. 

The corps has always enjoyed a high state of prosperity 
from its organization \o the present time, audits fine mem- 
ber list contained at one time over 850 members. Five of 
tbe members of this corps were left behind at the battle 
of Bull Run, Samuel E. Chandler, Henry A. Angier, and 
C. A. Babcock, who were wounded at Manassas, and with 
George T. Childs, were taken prisoners. Sumner Fish was 
reported killed or taken prisoner, and was never heard 
from after. The company letter was. during the three- 
months' campaign, 1861, K, but was changed to II, upon 
its return, and has held the same ever since. 

This company was one of the best in the nine-months' 
campaign, 1862, under Cunt. Caleb Drew, and received 
many special favors during its terra of service ; it also 
serve] in the one hundred-days' troops, 1864, under Capt. 
1). Webster Davis with marked distinction. Its war record 
is excellent, and its roll of honor is as large as any oth< L' 
company in the regiment. 

The City Guards were notoriously hospitable, and re- 
ceived many organizations visiting Boston; among the 
most notable being the Ellsworth Zouaves, Baltimore City 
Guards, Putnam Phalanx, Hartford, Woburn Mechanics' 
Phalanx, and others. The Guards attended the inaugura- 
tion of President Buchanan in March, 1857, and were 
received with great display by the military and United 



M A SS ACII USETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



10.1 



Rtates Officers at the Capitol, and were presented with a 
gold medal by the President and other New Englanders, 
paleb Gushing making the presentation speech. 

I have obtained the following important sketch, a part 
of a memorable speech furnished by Mr. \V. W. Davis, and 
was delivered by Jefferson Davis, then Secretary of War, at 
a banquet given in his honor by the Guards, after a grand 
target shoot in Oct., 1858. Jefferson Davis, in response 
to the toast of " The Army of the United States," said: 

.... 'vIf ever the Liberties oe this glorious 
iei.ox are in danger , i know of no body of citizen 
soldiery that i shall tern with gr eater reliance 
for, their protection, than the soldiers of the 
grand old state of massachusetts* and, more es- 
pecially, the nolle land who haa t e entertained 
me this day.' 

One of the Guards' "big days" occurred when, with 92 
men under Oapt. John T. Boyd, they formed a battalion 
with the 2d Battalion of Boston, commanded by Major II. 
Ritchie, and. paraded as such to receive the Prince of 
Wales. There was considerable " tracing up " that day, 
and as the uniform of the 2d Battalion was much the 
same as the Guards, it was only by excellent marching 
and discipline that the Guards could be distinguished. 

The Guards had, as rivals, in their earlier days, the 
Mechanics' Phalanx of Woburn, and the Lowell Phalanx, 
and it used often to be a difficult question which of these 
two corps were the most popular in the State. From the 
ranks of the Guards there have riseu many prominent 
men, and there are few offices in the regiment that have 
not been filled by members of tins popular company. 

Great credit is due to the present Captain, J. Henry 
Brown", for the efficient manner in which he manages his 



102 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

company, and its recent inspections have been very credit- 
able to both officers and men. 

Co. C, (Cambridge City Guard,) Cambridge. 
This company was at the height of its popularity in 
1849, when it was commanded by Capt. J. Durrell Green, 

and was attached to the Fourth Regiment as Co. C. 
George A. Meacham was elected Captain in 1851, and he 
was succeeded by T. 0. Barri, in 1854. In 1855, it was 
attached to the Fifth as Co. F, and was disbanded June 
24th, 1857. It was re-organized in 1861, and served under 
command of Capt. J. P. Richardson during the three- 
months' campaign. Not being able to recruit in season for 
the nine-months' men, the company disbanded Sept. 30th, 
18G2. Capt. George A. Meacham, 12th Unattached Com- 
pany, assumed command when the company was restored 
to the Fifth, as Co. C, in 1866. Daniel F. S. Leland was 
commissioned as Captain, Oct. 22d, 1866, and in May 22d, 
1S07, Alfred Ilodsdon succeeded him. Robert L. B. Fox 
assumed command May 4th, 1868, and, upon his discharge, 
Capt. M. A. Dalton was elected Dec. 13th, 1871. The 
Company letter was changed in 1878, to L, and George 
A. Kceler was elected Captain, April 8th, 1873. Captain 
Keeler took command under a re-organization oi the com- 
pany, it having been disbanded Feb. 13th, 1873. By Gen- 
eral Orders, No. 4, May 12th, 1873, the Company letter 
was again changed to K : Captain W. L. B. Robinson took 
command, July 19th, 1*75, and when the militia were 
re-organized in Dec. 3d, 1878, by General Orders, No. 7, 
the company letter was changed to B. The present Com- 
mander, Capt. \Y. A. Bancroft, was commissioned March 
23d, 1879, and at this writing, the company is one of the 
most nourishing in the regiment. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 103 

CO. K, CAMBRIDGE, 

Under the re-organization of the militia in 18G6, this 
company (34th unattached) was added to the Fifth under 
command of Capt. Charles F. Harrington, who was com- 
missioned May 18th, 1866. The company was disbanded 
the latter part of 1806. 

Co. E, (Lawrence Light Guards) Medford. 

This company was organized Feb. 12th, 1851; and des- 
ignated as Co. E, 4th Regiment. It was composed of citi- 
zens of Winchester and vicinity, and F. O. Prince, now 
(1879) Mayor of Boston, was the first commander. Their 
uniform consisted of scarlet coats, Line pants, and bell- 
crowned hats. Of the first few years, hut little record 
can be found. Between 1801 and 1854, Capt. Prince re- 
signed, and was succeeded by Capt. Pratt. 

Military enthusiasm being at a low ebb in Winchester, 
in 1854, about 35 members of an independent company in 
Medford went to Winchester, and joined Co. E : then by 
a vote of the company, it was transferred from Winchester 
to Medford, and given the name of " Lawrence Light 
Guard," taking the name from Mr. Daniel Lawrence. 

Capt. Pratt having resigned, and the company trans- 
ferred to Medford, Henry Usher, brother of the late United 
States Marshal, Roland G. Usher, was elected in Captain 
Pratt's place: Capt. Usher was succeeded in 1856, by Asa 
Law, and in 1866, Capt. Law having resigned, Samuel C. 
Lawrence, now Brigadier-General, was elected to succeed 
him. 

August 8th, 1859, Colonel Charles B. Rogers presiding, 
John Ilutchins was elected Captain, vice Lawrence pro- 
moted Major. After election. Maj. Lawrence was presented 



104 . HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

with the complete insignia of his office, and Capt. Hutch- 
ins with sword, sword-belt and epauletts by friends of the 
company. At this time, the company were obliged to 
uniform, arm and support themselves. Major Lawrence, 
late Captain, was placed in command of the regiment July 
11th, 1860, pending - election of Colonel. 

A new uniform was adopted Oct. 1860, grey cloth with 
black bars and trimmings, and white wings. This uniform 
was worn by them in the three-months' service. In Sep- 
tember and December, the armory took fire, and at the 
last one, most of the company property was destroyed. 
On Wednesday, April 17th, orders were received for the 
company to hold themselves in readiness to report at short 
notice to Washington for the defense of the Capitol. The 
citizens therefore held a meeting to assist them in their 
outfit, and make provision for taking care of their families. 
About $6,000 was raised for their benefit. 

April 19th, 1861, the company left Medford, carrying 
103 guns, followed by a large concourse of citizens, and 
proceeded to Boston Common and reported for duty. On 
Sunday, 21st inst., formed regimental line, and left Boston 
for New York at 6, F. M. Arrived in New York next 
morning, and after a bountiful collation, went on board 
Steamship " De Soto.' 1 Left New York on Monday 
morning for Annapolis, Md., touching at Fortress Monroe. 
After a very rough passage, arrived at Annapolis, April 
24th; camped over night, and next morning marched to 
Annapolis Junction, 20 miles a. way. Left Annapolis Junc- 
tion on Saturday, for Washington, arrived there at night, 
and were quartered in the Treasury Building. 

The company served with the 5th Regiment all through 
the three-months' enlistment, and participated in the bat- 
tle of Bull Run, July 21st. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA, 



105 



Company E was the color company at that time. The old 
company flag, which was presented to the company by 
the ladies of Medford, was carried at Bull Run, and now, 
pierced with bullets arid stained with the blood of Serg't 
Win. Lawrence, Co. E, who was color-bearer, and wdio was 
killed, pierced through the heart by a minie ball, hangs in 
a handsome case in the present armory. The sword worn 
by Serg't Samuel M. Stevens, killed at Spotsylvania, is also 
in the same case. 

On Sunday, July 28th, 1861, the regiment left Washing- 
ton, and arrived in Boston on Tuesday, July 30th, and, be- 
ing dismissed on the Common, were escorted home by the 
citizens, en mass:-, preceded by the Fire Department and 
Band. During the regiment's stay in Washington, they 
were very hospitably entertained by the citizens, and Co. 
E received many favors from Messrs. Wm. Blanchard and 
Samuel Lewis and families, to whom they became very 
much attached. 

When the company reported for duty, April 19th, the 
grey uniforms had not been paid for, but it was understood 
at the citizen's meeting, held April 17th, that the amount 
due would be paid for from the subscriptions. Therefore 
the company was very much surprised, upon coming home, 
to find the bill still due. They applied to the Town to pay 
it, and in Nov., 1861, an injunction was served against the 
Town Treasurer: against paying the money, §1,100, to the 
company by thirteen prominent citizens of Medford. The 
affair was finally settled in the courts, and the Town paid 
the amount of the bill to the company. 

March ~Sth, 1815:2, the company moved into a new arm- 
ory in Usher's Building, then called Medford Exchange, 
and on April 19th, the anniversary of their departure for 



10G HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Washington, dedicated it, on which occasion they were 
honored with the presence of Messrs. Blanchard and Lewis 
and families from Washington. Capt. Hutchins was pro- 
moted Major, July 9th, 1862. July 23d, Col. George II. 
Peirson presiding, Lieut. Perry Coleman Vv"as elected 
Captain, vice Hutchins. 

A communication was received from the Selectmen of 
Medford, July 29th, 1862, asking the company to volun- 
teer their services as part of the quota called for by 
President Lincoln, and Aug. 1st, the company voted to do 
so, reserving the privilege of electing their own commis- 
sioned officers. Major Hutchins was appointed recruiting 
officer for Medford. 

Capt. Coleman resigned his position in favor of Major 
Hutchins, who resigned his commission in the 5th, to take 
command of the company which was mustered into the 
Linited States service, Aug. loth. 1802, for three years. 
The company was now assigned to the 39th Regiment Mas- 
sachusetts Volunteers, and designated as Co. C. Co. E was 
the only militia company in Massachusetts who, as a com- 
pany, volunteered for three years, and from tin's fact, 
together with their previous three-months' service, a spec- 
ial Act of Legislature, through the influenceof Brig. -Gen. 
Samuel C. Lawrence, was passed, allowing the company to 
assume their old letter and position in the 5th, upon their 
return from war. 

The company served in the 39th Regiment all through 
the war, and participated in tlic following engagements: 
Mine Run, Spotsylvania, Wilderness, Laurel Hill, North 
Anna, Tolopotomy, Bethesda Church* Petersburg, Wei don 
Railroad. Dabney's Mills, Gravelly Run, Live Forks, and 
were ;t in at the death r " April 0th, Lee's surrender. After 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLtjNTEER MIH/ITIA. 107 

a ; bsenee of 34 months, orders were received Sunday, 
June 4th, 1865, for regiment to break camp on Munson's 
Hill, near Ball's Cross Roads, Va., and march td Washing- 
ton where transportation was ready to take them to Mas- 
sachusetts, there to be paid off and mustered out of the 
service. 

While in camp near Washington, the regiment partici- 
pated in the grand review of the Army of the Potomac. 
Left camp at 5, A. M., June 4th, and arrived at Readville, 
Mass.. Tuesday, June 6th, being received with hearty ova- 
lions all the Way. Company was furloughed June 9th, 
and went home, when 1 they were welcomed in a manner 
befitting men who, for three long years, had risked their 
lives in defense of their Country and Flag. June 12th, 
again reported at Reaclville, and were paid off and mus- 
tered out of United States sendee, and discharged as Co. 
C, 39th Regiment. Actual time in service of United 
States, 38 months. 

Bv the special Act of Legislature before referred to, the 
company resumed their old letter " E," and its position in 
5th Regiment. Meetings were held in Town Hall, Capt. 
Hutchins still in command. In October, 1866, it was pro- 
posed to join wiili the Lawrence Rifles, Co. F, hut it was 
deemed inexpedient to do so. 

January, 1866, meetings were held in rooms of Army 
and Navy Union; Capt; Hutchins having resigned, Isaac 
F. R. Hosea was elected Captain on February t'th, 1866. 
The use 1 of Co. FY. drill room was granted them by the 
Town, and on Juke 20th, 1866, moved into new Armory, 
Usher's Building, being the same winch are now occupied. 
Capt. Hosea resigned Feb., 1874, and in May following, 
Co\s E and F were consolidated under new Militia Law, 
and the new company was still Co. E, thereby retaining 



103 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH HFGIMENT 

their Charter, which is claimed as the oldest militia company 
charter in the United States, and which has never been 
transferred. Co. ¥ was transferred to Waltham in com- 
mand of Lieut. J. H. Whitney, pending election. May 
5th, Colonel Everett presiding, Warren W. Manning was 
elected Captain of consolidated company. 

Captain Manning having resigned on Jan. 24th, 1870, 
Lieut. J. If. Whitney was unanimously elected Captain, 
Col. Trull presiding. The company have passed through 
24 musters, and paraded and done service at the follow- 
ing : Annual Regimental Inspections ; reception of Gen. 
Sheridan, Oct. 7th, 18G7 ; reception of President Grant, 
June 16th, 18(59 ; reception of 9th Regiment N. Y. N. G., 
June 17th, 1871 ; performed three days guard duty at Bos- 
ton fire, Nov., 1872 ; at Concord and Lexington celebra- 
tion, April 19th, and Bunker Hill celebration, June 17th, 
1875. Also at the funerals of Manville Richards, 1861 : 
Samuel Joyce, 1865; Geo. II. Champlin and Gee. II. 
Lewis, killed in Ya., and brought home ; Samuel Davis, 
1867; Musician Benj, F. Keyon, 1872; and Albert W. 
Turner in May, 1875. 

The present company has its armory in Small's Block, 
Medford, and is officered by Capt. Jophanus 11. Whitney, 
Charles R. Dawson, 1st Lieut. Is out of debt, and in a 
fairly prosperous condition. At the present time it is color 
company of the regiment. In July, 1879,Mr. Daniel Law- 
rence, from whom the company was named, died. A large 
portrait of Mr. Lawrence adorns the walls of the Armory, 
which was presented to the company Nov. 26th, 1866. 

To Daniel Lawrence and his son, Brig.-Gen. S. C. Law- 
rence, who was twice Captain of Co. E, the success of the 
company is in a great measure due. From the first or- 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA; 109 

ganization, they have been identified with the interests of 
the company, and, in many ways, have proved themselves 
the best supporters of the eorapairj*. 

Co. C, (South Danvers.) 
Co. C was raised in South Pan vers for the nine-months' 
service, and was ably commanded by Capt. Robert S. Dan- 
iels. It retained the same letter during its one hundred- 
days' service, and was then commanded by Capt. George 
F. Barnes. In February, 1865, the company was known 
as Co. lv, Fifth, Capt. J. W. Stevens, who was succeeded 
July 12th,,1867, by Capt, 3.5. F. Southwick. The com- 
pany after this was registered from Peabody, and on June 
1st, 1808, was commanded by Capt. Benj. Beeket, Jr., who 
was followed by W. II. Hildreth, July 7th, 1809. The 
company failed to organize under the provision of Chapter 
318, Aets 1873. and was disbanded, much to the regret of 
the officers and men composing the Fifth. 

Co. I>. (Richardson Light Guard) So. Reading. 

This corps was formerly Co. E, of the 7th, ami during 
its three-months, 1861, connection with the Fifth, was 
commanded by Capt. J. W. Locke. 

It returned to its old position at time of expiration of 
service. 

Co. 1), (Haverhill Light Infantry) Havkrhill. 

Co. D was organized in 1853, and was known as Co. Gr, 
7th Regiment. It served with the 5th during the three 
months' campaign in 1861, and was under command of C. 
P. Messer. It was an excellent company, and was always 
popular with the other companies of the regiment. 



110 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT. 



Co I. (Hudson LightHGJ-uaed) Hudson. 
ThU company was organized May 27th, 1862, under 
ami; rin of Gen. Order, No. 100, Adjt.-Gen/s Office, Bos- 
ton, h\ Capt. W. E, C. Worcester, who was elected Major 
of the regiment., Aug. 28th, and afterwards be.eame Lt.- 
Col during the one hundred-days 1 service. It was mus- 
tered in under command of Capt. Chas. B. Newton, as Co. 
I, 5th Regiment, and served with the regiment nine months, 
participating in all its doings, and was mustered out Jul\ 
2d, 1868, at Wenhain. It again entered the service with 
the 5th, and was mustered for one hundred days, July 28th, 
1864, under Andrew A. Powers, and done duty in Mary- 
land, and was mustered out Nov. 16th, 1864, at Readville. 
It was re-organized in the spring of 1866, by Capt Powers, 
and became a part of the 5th Regiment Massachusetts 
Militia, then commanded by Col. Peirson. Capt. Powers 
retained command of the company until promoted Major, 
May 17th, 1808, which position he filled until forced by 
failing health to resign. A. S. Trowbridge succeeded Pow- 
ers in the command of the company, and was commission- 
ed Captain, June 11th, 1868; he resigned and was dis- 
charged in the fall of the same year. lie was followed 
by Joseph VV. Pedrick, who was commissioned Captain, 
Feb, 20th, 1860, and resigned in the winter, 1871-2. Henry 
S, Moore uas the next commander, whose commission as 
Captain k d;i\t><{ May 15th, 1872, resigned and discharged 
March 8th, 1878. Moore was followed by John F. Dolan, 
who was commissioned May P'th, 1873, and resigned and 
t\iseharged Jan. 22d, 1876 ; E. L. Powers, son of Major 
Powers, was commissioned Captain, April 14th, 1876, and 
remained in command until, the disbandment of the com- 
pany. 



MASSACH (JSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



Ill 



The 5th Regiment never contained a company more 
prompt in the discharge of its duty, or more earnest in the 

effort tn place the regiment in the front rank of the mil- 
itia, than the Hudson Light Guard, and though it was 
forced, through nearly its entire existence, to rely on its 
own exertions — having no support to speak of — it was 
not until both officers and men became fully aware of the 
influence at work both at home and in the regiment, to 
destroy its organization, that they at last lost heart, and 
ceased to struggle against their doom already decreed. 

How it compared in point of numbers with other com- 
panies, whenever called upon, no matter how short the 
notice, let the records tell. 

Co. E, Marlborough. 
There was a company recruited in Marlborough, and 
commanded by Capt. David L. Brown, which served with 
the Fifth during its one hundred-days' service. The same- 
was disbanded November, 1864. 

Co. A, South Boston. 
This corps was recruited for the one hundred-days' men 

in 1864, and during their term of service were commanded 
by Capt. George it. Homer. The corps was disbanded 
ii])on its return from war, its term of service having ex- 
pired in November, 1804. 



Co. F, Boston. 
This company was recruited especially for the Fifth, and 
served one hundred days in 1864, under command of Capt. 
Philip J. Cootey. It was disbanded November, 1864. 



112 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Co. K, Stoneiiam. 

Company K was recruited for the one hundred-days' 
regiment, iii July, 1864, and was attached to the Fifth dur- 
ing its term of service in that year. It was commanded 
by Capt. T. M. Sweetser, and was disbanded in Novem- 
ber, 1 804. 

Co. A. (CharTuEstown Cadets,) Charlestown. 

This is one of the youngest companies in the Fifth, and 
its record compares favorably with any other in the Suite. 
It had its origin in a drill-club of boys, who were regularly 
uniformed and officered in 1858. On the 17th of May, 
1861, the corps was enlarged, and some old flint-locks took 
the place of wooden guns they were using, and Charles 
Morris was made captain. The corps thrived from this 
time out. In July, 1861, George F. Ghapin was elected 
captain, and during his term of command, with Captain 
Francis W. Pray as drill-master, the company won two 
prizes in a competition drill at Music Hall, Boston. J. E. 
Phipps succeeded Capt. Chapin, in April, 1863. During 
the war the company did escort and other duties at home, 
always acquitting themselves most admirably. The com- 
pany from time to time was reduced in numbers, many of 
its members enlisting for the war, but it was continually 
being added to, enough members being present at regular 
meeting to keep up. the organization. The company sent 
over one hundred of its men to the front, and of its origi- 
nal members, Wesley Packard and James Doughty were 
killed while attached to the 36th Regiment,. On the 5th 
of October, 1864, the Cadets were made the 26th Unat- 
tached Company, M. V. M., and George F. Chapin was 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 113 



elected its first Militia Captain on the above date. The 
company was attached to the 5th Regiment, M. V. M., 
Col. George 11. Peirson, at the time of the re-organization 
of the State Regiments, May 18th, 1865, and received as 
their Company letter " A." 

Capt. Chapin resigned Ins position Oct. 7th, I860, and 
was succeeded by Lieut. Henry C. Cutter, who brought the 
company to the highest standard of military discipline. 
Capt. Cutter held Ids position until May, 1871, when he was 
succeeded by Lieut. Frank Todd, who was honorably dis- 
charged September, 1871, and was succeeded by Captain 
Francis T\ r . Pray, Jan., 1872, "the father of the company." 
Capt. Pray did the corps great service by condescending 
to become its commander, and he did not give up the 
position until it could be left in good hands, which oc- 
curred Nov. 23d, 1874, upon the election of Capt. John E. 
Phipps. Capt. Phipps has held the position ever since, 
with a marked degree of ability, and while under his com- 
mand, the corps have received the highest mark at the 
State inspection, A. 1, and have taken the grand prize at 
the Massachusetts Militia rifle competition. The company 
has made a national reputation for their hospitality, hav- 
ing entertained the following organizations : A battalion 
of the 22d Regiment,^. G., New York, the 5th Maryland 
regiment, Washington Light Infantry, Washington, D. C, 
Governor's Foot Guard, of Hartford, Conn., and New 
Haven Grays of 2d Conn. N. G. The company has visited 
New York, New Haven and Lawrence, and own one of the 
most costly com pany uniforms it: the State; they also occupy 
one of the best armories in this country. Every office in 
this regiment has been held by graduates from this corps. 



114 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Co. B. ^Somerville Light Infantry,) Somerville. 
Co, B was organized in 1S.>3, and was first commanded 
by Capt. George Q, Brastow. Francis Tufts succeeded in 
command in 1854, and the company was attached to the 
Fifth as Co. 1). in 1855. The company served it) the first 
three months men as Co. I, under Capt. George 0. Bras- 
tow, who was commissioned August, 1859. W. E. Robin- 
son assumed command in May, 1862, and was succeeded 
by Capt. B, F. Parker, who was commissioned Septem- 
ber, 1862, and the old company letter, B, was resumed, 
The company served during the nine mouths 1 campaign, 
under his command, and, during the one hundred days' 
service was under Capt. J. N. Coffin, who was commis- 
sioned July. 1864. In April, 1865, Capt. G. VY. Daniels 
took command, and he was succeeded by Capt. C. F. 
King, June 7th, 1871. Rudolph Kramer was elected cap- 
tain, August 4th, 1874, and continued as such until the 
company was disbanded on July 6th, 1876, " being the 
lowest in order of inspection." At the time of this (lis- 
bandment there was considerable talk among military gen- 
tlemen as to the propriety of such an action by the State 
officials, audi it was believed then and is to-day that there 
was no need of breaking up this company which possessed 
such a brilliant war record. 

The Company was always composed of wide-awake men, 
and had among its commanders some of the most popular 
and honorable men in Somerville, and it was with surprise 
and regret that the company was legislated out of ex- 
istence. 



Co. C, (Claflin (tcakus.) Newton* 
This corps was organized agreeable to a petition of 
Fred'k P. Barnes and 49 others, of Newton, October 4th, 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



11 



1.870, and were attached as Co. L, to the First Regiment, 
M. V\ M. Its first commander was dipt. Isaac F. Kings- 
Lury-, now Assistant Adjutant-General, who was elected 
Oct. 10th, 1870. The company letter was changed to G, 
["eh. 20th, 1872, by General Orders, No. 3. Frank N". 
Drown took command Sept. 22d, 1873 ; Arthur C. Wal- 
worth, Jan. 25th, 1875; F. N. Brown, Nov. 24th, 1875, 
to Jan. 3d, 1877. In the re-organization of the Militia in 
IS7G; this corps was attached to the 1st Battalion Infan- 
try, and on Dec. 8d, 1878, was transferred as Co. C, Fifth 
Regiment. G. M. B. Cousens was placed, in command, 
Feb. 5th, 1877, and served until Not, 29-th, L878, when lie 
was succeeded by Capt. John A. Ken rick, Jan. 25th, 1879. 
The company lias had its reverses, as well as good for- 
tunes, and its ranks have always contained the best ele- 
ments in Newton. The corps was named in honor of 
Governor Clailin, and its reputation is now A. 1. The 
Fifth were fortunate in having this company added to its 
ranl;s. 



Co. F, Med ford. 
This organization was attached to the Fifth, a1 the time 
of the re-organization of the militia in 18GG, and on May 
iOth, 1866, Capt. Godfrey Ryder, Jr., was commissioned as 
commander. The following arc the names of the various 
Captains, and the dates of their commissions : YV. 11. Dane, 
May 20th, 1867; C. O. Bui-bank, Jan. 2d; 1872, W. W. 
Manning, May 22d, 1873. In 1874, the company was 
transferred to Walt 'nam. During its term of -service while 
attached to the Fifth, its officers and men enjoyed the 
respect of the other companies, and were very popular, 
turning out with full ranks on all occasions. 



116 HISTORY OF TUT FIFTH EEGIMENT 

Co. E, Winchester, 

This company was attached to the Fifth in 1855, and 
in 1861 was commanded by Capt. Fred. 0. Prince ; it was, 
however, transferred to Medford in 1856. 

Co. C, Wateetown. 
This corps was organized as artillery in 1786, and was 
first commanded by Capt. Ebenezer Kent. It was at one 
time attached to the Fiftli as Co. C, and served under 
Capt. Joseph Crafts during the nine months' campaign, as 
Company K. 

Co. II, (Salem City Gttabps,) Salem. 

This company served in the Fifth Regiment during the 
first three months of the war. 1861, and was commanded 
by Capt. Henry Danforth. It was organized Nov. 14th, 
1816, and was a part of the 7th Regiment, to which it re- 
turned upon the expiration of its term of service. 

Co. A, (Mechanics Light Infantry,) Salem. 
Co. A wa.s attached to the 5th in 1861, and was com- 
manded by Capt. George 11. Peirson, promoted to Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel, Colonel, and Brigadier General. It was 
originally attached to the 7th Regiment as Co. B, and 
after its three months' service, returned <o its old posi- 
tion in that regiment. The company was organized Feb. 
26th, 1807, and made its first parade July 4th, same year, 
under Capt. Perley Putnam. 

Co. F, (WakdweeL Tigers,) Boston. 
This company was raised for the three months' regi- 
ment, and was commanded by Capt. 1). K. Ward well. It 
was disbanded at the expiration of its term of service. 



. 









MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA . 



117 



Co. F, Waltham. 
This is a comparatively new company, and was organ- 
ized and attached to (lie Fifth, in the early part of 1874. 
The Company Charter of old Co. F, of Med ford, i; The 
Lawrence Rifles," was transferred to Waltham, and a ma- 
jority of the members were recruited originally from Med- 
ford under Leonard C. Lane, and five others, of Waltham, 
and were sanctioned by Colonel Walter Everett, Leonard 
0. Lone was its first captain, being elected June 24th, 
1874 ; he was succeeded by Capt. Laroy Browne, Jan. 21st, 
1X70: and he in turn, was followed by Capt. George F. 
Frost, Dec. loth, 1.877, and on the 10th of April, 3 870, he 
was succeeded by Capt. C. 11. D. Stochbridge. Capt. Lane 
now holds the position of Lieut.-Colonel, and Capt. Frost 
that of Major in the Fifth. The company always turns 
out with fud ranks, and Col. Trull has expre^st-d the opin- 
ion tli.it this corps is in as good condition as any other in 
the Fifth Regiment, and that they are always on hand for 
duty. 



Co. A, 11a Milton Guards (Nine Months' Men) 
Charle&town. 

Co. A was recruited for the Fifth Regiment during the 
summer of 1862, and was attached to t lie Fifth during its 
nine months' service in North Carolina Its Captain was 
James P. Green, who Was commissioned Sept. 25th, 1862. 

The company thrived until Sept. 1805, when if was dis- 
banded. 

Inter esting N otes. 
Private S. J. F. Thayer of Co. B, upon his return from 
(he 1 nine months' campaign, published an admirable litho- 
graph of Fort Peirson, the camp of the Fifth Regiment 



J18 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



while at New Berne, North Carolina, and dedicated the 
same to Col. George II. Peirson. The lithographs had a 

huge sale, and are now of considerable value to those who 
possess them. 

Regimental Seal. 

The regimental seal now used by the Fifth was adopted 
at a meeting of the officers held in the armory of Co. II, 
when the regiment was commanded by Lieut. -Col. Ezra 
J. Trull. Surgeon Edward J. Forster was the designer, and 
for simplicity and beauty it will compare favorably with 
any other in the Stale. It is composed of the following 
significant emblems : A garter enclosing a field of blue 
bearing on its centre a golden bugle with a silver arabic 
figure 5 in ihe turn. The held of blue and the bugle indi- 
cate arm — Infantry ; above the bugle the field bears a red 
qaatre-feuilh, below a silver six-pointed star; the former 
denoting 1st Division, 18th Army Corps, the latter the 2d 
Division, 8th Army Corps. 

The garter bears the legend in Roman capitals : — 

"fifth regiment of infantry, m. y. m." 

Fall Encampments of the Fifth Regiment from 
1866 to 1879, Inclusive. 

North Andover, 3 days, Sept. 18, 18G0 Col. W. T. Ghammek. 

Swampscott, . .5 days, Sept. 3,1867, " " ;: 

Nlewburyport,.. .5 days, Aug. 25, ISfjS, Col. Geo. A. Meaciiam. 

Boxford, ...5 days, Aug. 25, 18U9, " '< - 

Concord, 5 days, Sept 6,1870, " " " 

Swatnpscot t, 5 days, Aug. 25, 1871 Col. Waltek Everett. 

Swaiupscott, 5 days* A/ng. 10, 1872, " ' ; ' ; 



On the 3d day of August, 187.3, the annual encampment 
was held on the State grounds at South Framinghani, and 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



119 



every year since, the Regiment Jias, with its Brigade, 
either in August or September, been present at the re- 
gular fall muster. 

Colonels of the Fifth. 

At the time of this writing, all of the Colonels of the 
Fifth, from 1855. are living, and enjoying excellent health, 
and apparently fair prosperity. 

General Benjamin F. Butler was, at the time of the re- 
organization of the Militia, 1865, Colonel of the Old 
Fifth, and. for many years afterwards, commanded the 
Brigade of which the New Fifth was a part. Many inter- 
esting- incident have been told to the writer concerning 
the able General, but the present volume has not space 
enough to enumerate them. 

Killed axe Wound&b. 

TitKi.i: Months' Men. Nine Months' Men. 

Killed in action, . S Killed in a< tion, ... 1 

Died of wounds, ... 2 Died Of wounds, . . 12 

10 13 

Several Crack Organizations. 
it does not seem out of place here, to mention two of 
the Old Fourth's Craclc Companies. The uniforms worn 
by the Old Militia Companies were often magnificent. 
The general inclination in color was dark blue with huff 
trimmings. The coat was usually of the dress pattern, 
the hat or cap was a gorgeous affair, and if worn by the 
young - men of to-day would, doubtless, •• topple" them (n er. 
The companies usually numbered about 1<' |(> members, and 
as they wore mostly business men, they could afford costly 
uniforms. At May inspections and receptions, their ap- 
pearance was always, grand and imposing, and used to have 
an inspiring effect on those who tvituessed their evolutions. 



120 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

The following is a full description of one of the finest uni- 
forms, and was worn by the Warren Phalanx, when 
commanded by Capt. Nehemiah Wyman, and at the time, 
ls-2:). was attached to the Fifth Regiment, 1st Brigade, 3d 
Division. 

The Uniform. 
Cap — of fur body with leather frontpiece, trimmed with 
brass scales, yellow metal chains, gilt eagle in front, with 
an 18 in. black plume. 
Coat — of bine cloth, standing collar, single breasted, 
three rows of eleven each, of yellow metal buttons in 
front, three buttons on each cuff, twelve buttons on the 
folds, one button on each side of the collar, trimmed 
wiili black silk cord, the edges of the collar with gold 
lace, with a diamond of lace on the folds. 
IJneee-Dress — White drilling pantaloons, with half 
boots. 

Music. 

Twobiigies, two fifes, two drums, and one trutnbone. 

This company, in 1844, owned one of the most elaborate 
uniforms ever worn, being literally covered with gold, and 
was styled the " Napoleon." 

Chaelestown Light Infantry. 
This company once belonged to the ' ; Old Fourth," and 
in its time was a crack organization, uml wore a most gor- 
geous uniform. Its letter was i> and in 1841, was com- 
manded by Stephen Whittemore, Jr. Among the popular 
commanders might be named A. Aaron Hadley, dames K. 
Frothingham, J. Deblois, A. P. Pritehard, Edward Carnes, 
Chas. Ppoi, Oliver Cutter, and Timothy T. Sawyer. The 
latter was made captain in August, 1842, and served as 
such until tin- company was disbanded Sept. 1846. 



' ■■-• •. 
( 

: 






i 












■ 






' 



.... 




(Ji Sc^: «7>w^ f<£ Wy£h3:\ 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 121 

Columbian G ejae ds . 

This corps was a popular one, and was first commanded 
by Oapt. Joseph P. Boyd, who was a remarkably fine sol- 
dier. Its letter was D in the old Fourth, and was dis- 
banded Nov. 1846. In October 1850, the Light Infantry 
and old members of this corps consolidated and formed 
what is now known as the City Guards. 

There were four companies at one time in Charlestown 
belonging to the Fourth Regiment, and when in line of 
battle, they would take up more space than a regiment 
does now, which shows, perhaps, that the larger the com- 
pany the deeper the interest taken in its affairs and the 
higher tlie standard of pride 'and discipline. 



Col. Ezra J. Tehee. 
Seventh Colonel of the Fifth Regiment, M. Y. 3l. 
Col. Ezra J. Trull was born in Boston, and when but a 
boy became inspired with the display of the military and the 
strains of martial music. As early as 1858, when sixteen 
years of age, he joined the Boston City Guards, and was 
connected with that body until 1860. In 1861 he joined 
the 4th Battalion oi Rifles, and went to the war in the 
loth Regiment, 16th. July, 1861, and was commissioned 
as Captain in the 30th Mass. "Volunteers (9th Aug. 1862) 
ami served in that position through the rest of the war 
with marked ability for so young an officer, and was dis- 
charged Ju]^' 2d, 1865. l)> August, 1865, notfeeling easy 
away from the military, he joined the Charlestown Cadets, 
5th Regiment, M. Y. M., and won the position of a corpo- 
ral in a competition drill, 2*2d November, 1865. On the 
28th of May, 1868, he took his discharge Prom the Cadets, 



122 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

and on July lst,1872, was appointed Adjutant of the Fifth. 

This position he filled with such noticeable efficiency, that 
at an election of major lie was chosen to fill the vacancy, 
and was commissioned Lieut.-Col., July 19tb, 1874. On 
the 6th of March, 1875, he was chosen Colonel of the 
Fifth, and lias held that position ever since, except for a 
short period during the reorganization of the militia from 
the 28th April, 1876, to 24th July, 1STG. Col. Trull has 
been of late years a partner in a successful concern, and 
is much respected by his business associates, as well as by 
the officers and men of the Fifth Regiment. 

He has held positions of trust in the City Government, 
and is highly esteemed by a large circle of friends. His 
record is excellent as a soldier, not only as a private and 
officer in the late war, but as Colonel of the Fifth, To him 
the regiment is greatly indebted for many valuable im- 
provements in the management of its affairs. It is not out 
of place here to say "that Colonel Trull ranks high among 
the best officers of the State, and is considered as good a 
regimental commander and tactician as there is now in the 
State militia. 

Excursion of the Fifth M. V. M., to New Haven. 

Who of the Fifth, that participated in the excursion of 
the regiment to New Haven, Connecticut, on July 4th, 
1879, will ever forget the pleasures of that visit? who will 
not look back upon this occasion as one of the brightest 
in their military career? 

'Die Fifth Regiment have a fair record for hospitality, 
and among the organizations they have entertained, are .the 
following: Ninth Regiment, N. G. S., New iTork, Colonel 
James Fisk, Jr., June 17th, 1871, Fifth Maryland (escort), 
J vine 17 tii. 1875. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLTJNTEEK MILITIA, 



128 



It may be well here to relate an interesting incident 
connected with the reception of this regiment. In 1864, 
when the Fifth were doing garrison duty at Fort Marshall 
in the vicinity of Baltimore, Mil., a detachment was or- 
dered under Major William T. Grammer to occupy Fort 
McHenry. While performing this duty, Major G rammer 
received orders* from General Morris to erect a gallows in 
the Fort yard, and on Monday, at sunrise, to execute three 
spys, but at midnight, Sunday, a reprieve came from the 
President, and the prisoners were sent to Albany. It hap- 
pened strangely that one of the three prisoners was a 
Lieutenanl in one of the companies of the Fifth Maryland 
during its visit to Boston, and he eagerly sought out ''Major 
Grammer,-' to whom lie was introduced, and it may be 
well imagined that an interesting interview followed ; in 
fact, during the stay of the Mary landers, these two military 
gentlemen were seen constantly together, and a better 
illustration of "shaking hands across the blood}' chasm" 
could not have been found. 

The Fifth also received the Second Connecticut on the 
occasion of their Visit to Charlestown, June 17th, 1878, and 
this was an event long to be remembered by the military 
and citizens of that District. Although the rain fell in 
torrents most of the day, the programme laid out for the 
visitors was fully carried out, and were satisfactory tv the 
participants, and the courtesies extended to them by the 
officers and men of the Fifth were deeply appreciated by 
the Second. Tie:' appearance of the Connecticut troops 
in Churiesiown created considerable enthusiasm ; their 
marching was of the best, and their discipline was per- 
fect, insomuch that the military critics of the press ac- 
corded them a hi'-h standard of excellence. 



124 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



The officers of the Second, in full appreciation of the 
kindness shown them on this occasion, cordially invited 
the Fifth to visit Connecticut the next year, and so earnest 
were they in their expressions^ that a favorable answer 
was given then) before they left the State. 

How scon are the good deeds of a patriotic people for- 
gotten, and it is only by referring; to the history of that 
early period of the war when our Fifth were received at 
New Haven on their way to Washington, that we find a 
slight mention of the hospitable manner in which they were 
entertained. One of the Fifth's volunteers who was present 
on that grand occasion, recently told the writer the follow- 
ing particulars, which would doubtless never have been 
recorded, but for his timely utterances. He said, " Yon 
say the Fifth were received in grand style on your recent 
excursion: well, I can assure you that your reception did 
not amount to a penny whistle beside the one we received 
when stopping" here for an hour's refreshment on our way 
to the war. hong- before we reached the city, on the house- 
tops and beside the railroad we could see the people in 
throngs waving their handkerchiefs, cheering and making 
the wildest demonstrations as we passed, and when we 
arrived in New Haven, 1 saw a sight there I shall hot for- 
get to mv dying day. Everywhere about the depot and 
streets there was not an inch of ground but what was cov- 
ered by the swaying- multitude, with eager faces all up- 
turned like coins to pay us a tribute. Bells were rung, 
the cannon- belched, and the din was raging wild. After 
we landed, we were feasted and honored like kings. Ham- 
pers of champagne, brandy, and such things were loaded 
on to the train, haversacks were crowded with goodies and 
solid food, the thoughtful people thus testified in 



a sma 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLTJNTEEK MILITIA* 125 

way that their hearts were with us. The ladies and chil- 
dren took part in the grand ovation, bottles of cologne, 
soap, letter paper, handkerchiefs, towels and the like were 
showered upon us, and wlien we left that city, we felt that 
such people did not belong to this earth ; indeed, it was a 
difficult thing' to break away from them. The tears that 
were shed, and the " God bless you ** said on that occasion 
were from the hearts of the most patriotic and generous 
people 1 ever met, nor have 1 seen their like since. When 
1 heard that the old Fifth were going to New Haven again. 
I said, to myself as a tear started to my eye in remembrance 
of the days gone by. well, they are going to a people that 
will not allow them to rest until they have had one of the 
most glorious receptions they ever experienced." 

As early as October loth, 1878, Col. Trull of the Fifth, 
at a meeting held at headquarters, introduced the idea of 
an extended excursion, to occur some time in June, L8T9, 
and it Mas seriously discussed and finally agreed to visit 
Baltimore and New Haven. A committee was appointed 
to take the matter into consideration, and consisted of the 
following officers: Col. Ezra J. Trull, Paymaster Chas. 
A.Fairbanks, Captains F. B. Bogan, J. E. Phipps, and 
J. Jlenry Brown. This committee reported at a subse- 
quent meeting of the officers, and it Mas deemed inexpedi- 
ent to go to Baltimore, owing to the great expense, and the 
time that would be consumed. The following circuku 
was issued by Col. Trull, and explains itself. 

ITEABQrAIiTEItS FIFTH REOIMEXT OF Ima.Viky. M. "V. 51. 

Boston, February 14, 1879. 
Cusculak. 
The next Regular Meeting of the Officers of the Regi- 
ment will occur on Wednesday Evening February 10th, 






126 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



at 8 o'clock. The Commander of the Regiment expects 
every officer to he present, as business of importance will be 
transacted. Commanders of Companies will be ready to 
report at this meeting the action of their commands in re- 
gard to the Xew Haven trip in June next. The Commit- 
tee on Xew Haven trip will be ready to report, so far as 
is possible; also, the Committee on Revision of "Rules 
and Regulations." A meeting of the Field and Staff will 
be held during the evening. 

By Command of Col. Ezra J. Trull. 
Thank L. Stevenson, First Lieut, and Adft. 

At this meeting there was a very full attendance, and the 
committee reported favorable to the proposed visit. On 
the 19th of March, an adjourned meeting of the committee 
-was held, and it was voted that the visit to Xew Haven in 
June he made on the 19th, 20th, and 21st, instead of the 
16th, 17th, and 18th, as was previously voted. This 
change was made so as to allow the Chariest own Compa- 
nies to participate in the 17th of June celebrations. 

The following genera,! order was issued in regard to the 
proposed excursion, and shows the determination of Col. 
Truli to place his command in a thorough condition before 
the departure . 



Headquarters Fifth Regiment Infantry, M. Y. 31. 

Boston^ March ti, LS79. 

General Orders, No. 1. 

As the Regiment has full}' decided to visit Xew Haven, 

Conn. v in June next, every officer and man must see the 

necessity of constant and t/torouyh drill, in order that they 

niay do credit to themselves and the State they represent. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 127 

Every member must feci that on him individually rests the 
success of the excursion and the honor of the Regiment, 
and the Commander expects that all will earnestly labor 
to bring our organization up to a high standard of drill 
and discipline. An Inspection in full dress uniform (white 
gloves), heavy marching order, will take place as follows: 

Company H, Thursday evening, March 20th, 1879, at 
8 o'clock; Company F, Thursday evening, March 27th, 
1879, at 8 o'clock: Company D, Monday evening, March 
Slsfr, 1879, at 8 o'clock; Company B, Monday evening, 
April 7th, 1879, at 8 o'clock; Company K, Friday even- 
ing, April 11th, 1879, at 8 o'clock ; Company A, Monday? 
evening, April 14th, 1879, at 8 o'clock: Company G, 
Wednesday evening, April 23d, 1879, at 8 o'clock ; Com- 
pany C, Monday evening, April 28th, 1879, at 8 o'clock. 

After inspection the Companies will be drilled in all the 
Company movements, and loadings and firings. All Non- 
commissioned Officers, who have not keen examined, will 
come before the Board at this time. Commanders of 
Companies will fill all vacancies of Kon-Commissioned Of- 
ficers, and forward their names to these Headquarters. 
The Commander of the Regiment expects every officer 
and man to be present, and no erne will he excused except 
by written request addressed to these Headquarters, favor 
ably endorsed by Company Commanders. 

By Command of Cot,. Ezra J. Trull. 
Frank L. Stevenson, First Lieut, and Adjutant. 

The result of the above inspection was highly grati- 
fying to the Commander, and active preparations were 
immediately begun. In April the following order ap- 
peared. 



Mb HLSTOKY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

il: Li^OAfirrEBS Fifth kegtmkxt Ixfantry, M. V. M. 

Boston, April s, 1S79. 

Gl 5EKAL OP.DEJSS, No. 2. 

i he inspection of Company A is hereby postponed from 
Monday evening April 14th, 1879, at 8 o'clock, to Monday 
evening, .May oth, L879, at 8 o'clock. 

The Commander of the Regiment desires to impress 
upon every membei of the Regiment the necessity of con- 
stant and thorough drill, in order that the Regiment may 
make a good appearance on its excursion to Xew Haven. 
Every officer an ! man must-do his best to till up the ranks 
with good mew, and leave nothing undone that will tend 
to advance the interests of the Regiment in drill discipline 
and member's. 

There arc now but a few weeks before the excursion 
takes place,. and the Commander expects that all will work 
hard to make the Regiment second to nunc. 

By Command of Col. Ezra J. Tilijll. 
Frank L. Stevenson, First LieuL md Adjutant. 

The Committee visited New Haven, Tuesday, April 
loth, and were accompanied by several of the officers of 
the regiment. They were magmueejitiy entertained by 
the officers ol the Second, and ware given assurance of a 
soldier's welcome for the' entire regiment. The New 
Haven ( rru/yts e,i\ c a ball on the occasion of their visit, and 
in many other wv,y : \ favorably noticed the committee ; one 
or two subsequent visits to perfect arrangements were 
m i do, and at one of them the City Authorities expressed a 
desire thai the \ i lit be postponed until the Fourth of July, 
when they proposed to have a large military display, it 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER 31 ILITIA. 



120 



being the occasion of the celebration of tlm one hundredth 
anniversary of the evacuation of the city by the British. 

Of course this was acceeded to, and such active meas- 
ures as were necessary were immediately began. The fol- 
lowing orders were issued bj the Commander, and show 
the earnest manner in which he entered into the proposed 
excursion, being determined to place the regiment on the 
most solid footing. 



Headquarters Fifth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M. 

Boston, June 9, 1879. 
General Orders, Xo. 7. 

1. The Regiment having adopted the American Band 
of Boston, as Regimental Band, it will hereafter be 
known as " The Fifth Regiment Band of Boston." 

2. Musician Wm. W. Keith, Jr., Co. C, is hereby ap- 
pointed Drum-Sergeant, and will have charge of all Com- 
pany Musicians, under the supervision of the Drum Major. 
All the Drummers (with their drums) will report to Ser- 
geant Keith at the armory of Co. D, Fifth Regiment, No. 
848 \\ asMngtou Street, Boston, on Wednesday Evenings, 
June 18th, and 25th, 1879, at 8 o'clock, for instruction and 
drill. 

By Command of Col. Ezra J. Tiiull. 
Frank L. Stevenson, First Lieut, and Ad/L 

Headquarters Fifth Regiment Jxkantky, 31. V. >!• 

Boston, June 14. 1879. 
General Orders, No. 8. 
Commanders of Companies with their Commissioned 
Officers, Five Sergeants, Four Corporals and Eight Pri- 
vates (a private will take the place of any absent Non- 
Commissioned Officer) in undress uniform, will soport to 



130 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH 



the Adjutant at Institute of Teexn I«>z] ..." 
Wednesday Evening, June 18th, 1ST?, ."-._.' '' '. k. I r 
Battalion Drill. 

Field Officers, Adjutant, and .S-.v. .-..:-' I - - 
port at same time and place to the net. 

Captain Phipps, Company A. aod \ , - EI; : :. Com- 
pany G, will have the markers with -'..-... 

Color Bearers will be with their € :. Dies and carry 
rifles. 

By Order of Col. Ezka J. Tbull. 
FpvAnk L. Stevenson, Jfy'rs/ £&k/. • n : A 1ft 



Headquarters Fifth Regime- tbv, M. V. M. 

General Orders, >: 
Commanders of Companies with \.-s < ^missioned 
Officers, five St-rgcauts, lour Cor, ; - . .A; Privati 3, 

(a private will take the plae< of - 5 Xon-Commis- 

sioned Officer,) in undress unifon .. ~ ... : :\ n to the Ad- 
jutant at Institute of Technology Dril: ^ - VTedues- 
day Evening, June 25th, 1.879, n -■'-■' o'clock, sharp, 
for Battalion Drill. 

Field' Officers and Adjutant will r* be Colonel 

at the same time and place. 

Captain Phipps, Company A. -.- . ■. 1 Ellard, 

Company G, will have the regular! \ rkerswith 

them. Drummers, in undress inn . .. heir drums 

will report to Drum-Sergeant Keith t An n Company 
D, No. 348 Washington Street, ai - ' . k, i rinstruction 
and drill. Company Commander* . that ' : '-<r drum- 

riiers ul' end. 

As this is the last opportunity • . ... have for drill 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



181 



before going to New Haven, the Commander expects each 
Company to have the full number detailed, and that all 
will endeavor to improve themselves in their several duties. 
By Order of Col. Ezra J. Trull. 
Frank L. Stevenson, First Lieut, and AdjH. 

The Commanders of each Company were untiring in 
their efforts to make each maa perfectly acquainted with 

his duties, and no new recruits were taken, who could 
in;) t 1 » e pi a e ed in 1 1 1 e ( fro nt ra n les . 

The men seemed imbued with the same feeling that 
possessed their popular Colonel, and to make a fine ap- 
pearance in the City of Elms, was uppermost in the 
minds of each. 

The following valuable order was issued, and contains 
the very essence of compactness in information and knowl- 
edge of the requirements of excursionists. 

Headquarters Fifth Regimekt Enfaxtky, M. Y. M. 

Boston, June 2C, 1879. 
Gexi:k.\l Orders, No. NX 

Tliis Regiment having decided by unanimous vote to 
make an excursion to New Haven. Conn., on July 4th, 
1879, the following orders are issued for the information 
and guidance of tin' members, end will be obeyed: 

I. Commanders of Companies with their Commands, in 
full dress uniform, heavy marching order, overcoats on top 
knapsacks, will report to the Adjutant cm the Parade 
Ground of Boston Common, at 10 o'clock on the night of 
July 3d, 1879. Neither collars nor white gloves will lie 
worn. Commander of Company H, will escort the col- 
or.- to the ground. Field, Staff and Band will report at 
same time and place to the Commander d' the Regiment. 



132 



HISTOTIY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



II. Each man will carry in his knapsack, neatly packed, 
Blouse, Fatigue Cap, White Pants, Collars, White Gloves, 
and Toilet Articles. Commanders are again notified to 
see that Arms, Equipments, Knapsacks and Clothing, (es- 
pecially blouses) are in the best of order. 

III. Commanders of Companies will hand io the Adju- 
tant, on reporting, the number of Officers and men in 
their Commands, made on morning report blanks. They 
will hand to t]ie Paymaster Two Dollars and Fifty Cents 
(if2.50), for each officer and man in their Commands, and 
for each of their guests. .No person will be allowed oil 
the train without a ticket received! through the Paymaster. 
Each Company will be allowed two servants. 

IV. There will be one or more sleeping cars attached 
to the train, and Company Commanders will notify the 
Commander of the Regiment of the number of guests and 
men who will want berths, on or before July 1st. Each 
berth will accommodate two persons. The cost will bo 
extra, 81.25 each way, or $2,00 the round trip. Tickets 
arc good only on the'-excursion train. All baggage, plainly 
marked, will b< senl to the Boston and Providence Rail- 
road Station, by ten o'clock on the even in;. 1 ; of July 3d. 

V. Company Commanders will see licit during the trip 
the men remain in the cars, and arc not allowed on 
the platform, or to pass from one car to another. The 
greatest care will be taken of arms and equipments, and 
officers an 1 referred to Section 3, Article 22, ami Sections 
1 and 2, Article 18, Regulations, M. V. M. 

VI. The following details are made, and they will re- 
port to the Adjutant on the Common, who will take their 
names and Company letter. One Corporal from Compa- 
nies B, C, i), E, F and ]\, for Color Guard ; two privates 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 133 

each from Companies A unci G for Markers. Color Ser- 
geants Cutler and Ballard will report with the colors to 
Captain Brown, Company H, at his Armory on Thursday 
Evening, July 8d, 1879, at 8:45 o'clock. 

VII. The following named Captains will act as Officers 
of the Day for the time mentioned, and will report to the 
Commander of the Regiment for instructions: Captain 
Brown, Company H, from Boston to New Haven ; Cap- 
tain Phipps, Company A, from 6 o'clock, July 4th, 1871', 
to '2 o'clock, July -4th, 1879; Captain Bancroft, Company 
B, from 2 o'clock, July 4th, 187.9, to 8 o'clock, July 4th, 
1879; Captain Whitney, Company E, from 8 o'clock, July 
4th, 1879, to G o'clock, A. m., July 5th, 1879; Captain 
Snow, Company 1), from G o'clock, a. m., July 5th, till 
arrived in Boston. Officers and men will implicitly obey 
all orders received from the above-mentioned officers. 

VIII. The Regiment will be quartered as follows: 
Headquarters, Tontine Hotel ; Field, Staff, Non-Com- 
iriissioneel Staff and Invited Guests of the Regiment, Ton- 
time Hotel ; -kmd, Yale Dining Rooms ; Company A, Tivm- 
ont House, Company B, Union House, Company C, Austin 
House, Company D, Yale Dining Rooms, Company E, 
Sleep in Germania Hall, Meals at Florence Douse. Corn- 
pan} D, Sleep in City Hotel, Meak at Florence House, 
Company G, Sleep in Germania Hall. Meak at Florence 
Douse, Com] >any D, Nesbitt's Hotel. Commanders of 
Companies will sec thai arms, equipments and clothing 
are in a safe place, under lock and key. when not in use, 
and will themselves settle with the Hotel proprietors for 
board and lodgings. The Commander of tl"' Regiment 
hopes that each Company will have with them two good 
drummers. 

IX. Every member of tot: Regiments must remember 



131 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

that we represent the State of Massachusetts, and that on 
your drill, discipline, obedience to orders, promptness, 
and individual behavior rests the reputation of the State 
and Regiment. Officers and men will salute at all times, 
and the Commander expects that all will remember they 
are gentlemen and soldiers. 

By Order of Con. Ezra J. Trull. 
Frank L. Stevenson, First Lieut, and AdfL 

These last words of Colonel Trull had their desired ef- 
fect, as subsequent mention will prove. 

Headquarters Fifth Regiment Infantry, 2vL V. M\ 

Boston, June BO, 1S79. 
Circular. 
The Regiment will leave Boston abont 10: 80 o'clock on 
the evening - of July 3d, 1879, arriving in New Haven 
;i] ",>ni b' o'clock, a. M., July 4th, where it will Ire met at 
the depot by a delegation of Officers of the 2d Regiment 
Connecticut National Guard, and will immediately march 
to the Headquarters of the 5th, where it will he dismissed 
to go to quarters for breakfast, and prepare for the parade. 
About S: 80 o'clock, the Regiment (in full dress uniform, 
whit-. 1 pants, collars and gloves, without knapsacks), will 
assemble and be formally received by the 2d Regiment 
Connecticut National Guard, Colonel Charles P. Graham, 
commanding, and escorted by them t<> their place in lino 
After participating in the procession, they will pass in 
review before the Governor of Connecticut, General 
Smith, City Authorities and Invited Guests; they will 
then form in line of masses, and eu through Brigade Dress 
Parade, General Smith commanding, after which they will 
he dismissed for dinner, and from that time until 7:80 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 135 

the next morning, officers and men will associate with 
their brother soldiers of Connecticut, At 7 : 30 o'clock 
on the morning of July 5th, the companies will be 

ready to '• fall in," heavy marching order (every man), and 
we shall go through a Regimental Dress Parade on the 
Green, marching- from thence to the depot to take the cars 
for home at 9 o'clock, A. M., where we shall arrive about 
3 : 80 o'clock, P. M, We shall make a short parade, giving 
General Sutton and the Mavor a marching salute, and 
have a Dress Parade on the Common. 

1 expect that every offieer and man will be posted in 
his duties, obey all orders promptly and cheerfully, and 
be on hand every time when we fall in. I don't want any 
stragglers or any men left behind, when we leave New 
Haven. Each man must feel that on him, individually, 
and on his behavior rests the success of the excursion and 
the good name of the Regiment. You cannot be too care- 
ful. Commanders of Companies will instruct their men 
about saluting, and caution them to salute every Officer 
they meet, ami every time they meet him. After the pa- 
rade is over, July 4th, officers and men will appear on the 
street in undress uniform, white pants, no citizens eloth- 
irg of any description to be worn. 

Now soldiers, 1 Leave it io you to see ih.it everything 

is carried out in good shape, and nothing occurs to mar 

the credit of the Regiment, or the pleasure of the occasion. 

Yours truly, Ezra J. Tiu'im. 

Colonel Commanding dih llegiment Infant 77/, M. V. M. 

The following circular was Issued by Colonel Graham, 
of the Second Connecticut Regiment, which gives the pro- 
gramme of their Command, in its enU'riainment of the 
Fifth, and will not appear out of place here. 



136 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Headqartek.s Second Regiment, Connecticut National Guaiid. 

MlDDLETOWN, June 24, 1ST:). 
ClRCTJEAR, No. I. 

The Fifth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 
Colonel Ezra J, Trull, Commanding, will visit N^ew Haven 
on July 4th, 1870, remaining until the next day. The 
Regiment is expected to arrive at 6 o'clock on the morn- 
ing" of the Fourth, and will participate in the grand cele- 
bration to take place on that day. 

The courtesies extended to the Second while they were 
in Boston last year, by Colonel Trull and his Command, 
will be gratefully remembered by every Officer and mem- 
ber of this Regiment. The Board of Officers of this Com- 
mand desire to make the visit of the Fifth, one that shall 
ever be remembered by them with gratification, and to 
give them a reception that will make their short stay 
pleasant and their excursion a success. They have there- 
fore arranged the following programme: 

The field and staff and commissioned officers of New 
Haven companies will meet the Fifth and its distinguished 
guests at the depot upon their arrival, and escort them 
to their headquarters. 

At 10 : 30 o'clock, the Second will formally receive the 
Fifth on Elm street, ami escort them to their position in 
line for the parade, immediately after the parade, both 
regiments will form on the public square for review and 
brigade dress parade, Brigadier-General Stephen R, Smith 
in command, after which both regiments will be dismissed 
for the day. 

in the evening the band of the Fifth will give a grand 
concert on the public square, during which the oft] 
and guests of both regiments will partake of a. banquet, 
given by the Second, in honor of the visitors. Members of 



MASSACHUSETTS VOJjUNTEER MILITIA. 187 

the various companies of the visiting regiment will par- 
take of collation at the armories of the city companies at 
the same time. 

On Saturday morning, July 5th, the Fifth will have a 
ilrcs- parade on the public square, after which they will 
mare]) to the depot, and embark for home. 
Charles P. Graham, 

Colonel Commanding Second Regiment, C. X. G. 

Owing to the transfer of the Charlestown Artillery 
Company D, Captain F. 15. Bogan, to the 9th Regiment, 
Captain H. A. Snow of the Fusileers, was placed on the 
Committee of Arrangements. 

According to custom and law, a regiment leaving- the 
State under arms, are required to gain permission of the 
Cornnuuxler of the State to do so ; they are also obliged to 
have authority to pass through the states on their route. 

It is thought best to publish the following grants, that 
there may be a complete record of the details of the ex- 
cursion. 



Commonwealth of Massachuset ds. 

Adjutant-General's Office, 
Boston, June 1G, 1879. 
Special Order, No. 75. 

EXTRACT. 

III. Permission is hereby granted the 5th Regiment 
Infantry. M. V. M., Colonel E. J. Trull, Commander, to 
leave the State on a visit to New Haven, Conn., ou the 8d 
July next, to return on the following 5th July. 
By order of the Commander-in-Chief. 

A. HUN JjBKKY, Adjutant- General 



133 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

State of Rhode Island. 
Adjutant-General's Office, Providence, June 21, 1^70. 

Special Orders, No. 24. 
Permission is hereby granted to the 5th Regiment, Mas- 
sachusetts Volunteer Militia to enter this State, armed and 
equipped as a military body, and remain therein July §d to 
5th, 1879. - . 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief. 

C. H. Barney, Adjutant-General. 

Colonel Ezra J. TRULL, Commander Fifth M. F. M. 
Official : A. Hun Berry, AdjUtcLrU-GeneraL 

General Head quarters, State of Connecticut. 

Adjutant-General's Office, Hartford, July 18, 1879. 
Special Orders, No. 47. 
Peimission is hereby accorded the 5th Regiment Massa- 
chusetts 1 \ oluirteer Militia, to enter this State, armed and 
equipped as a military body, on a visit to Now Haven, 
July 3d, to 5tn proximo. 

l>\ r order of the Commander-in-Chief. 

EmVAB !) HARLAND, Adjutant- Gent ml 

The Start* 

Agreeable to orders, the regiment assembled on Boston 
Common, at 10:3.0 i\ M. 3 on the night of July 3d, 1879. 
It was a delightful evening; the air was eool, and ili; ; 
officers and men were in The best of spirits. 

Soon after, the regiment and its invited guests marched 
to the Providence Railroad depot, and embarked on i\ 
special train of thirteen cars, at eleven o'clock, ft r New 
Haven. 

A large and enthusiastic crowd oi citizens and friends 
of the regiment were present to see tin m off, and as the 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



139 



train left the -depot, cheer after cheer rent the air, and the 
journey began. The various companies wore quartered 
in a com tor table manner, and many pleasant features added 
to the excitement and enjoyment of the trip. All along 
the line, the boys were greeted with rockets and cheers, 
and when the first stop was made at Mansfield, the citi- 
zens were at the depot, and with fish-horns and < xplosives, 
gave vent to their patriotism, and put the soldiers into a 
corresponding humor. All night long the hoys were wide- 
awake, and lie who dared to sleep was the victim of some 
trick from the busy minds of his more wakeful comrades. 
A few there were who stowed, away - ; forty winks./' and 
Capfc. Brown, the officer of the night, reported "every- 
thing oil the stir, but no one troublesome A 

And so the night wore on,. and at day-break, the beys 
were putting themselves in trim, preparatory to the arrival. 



Arrival in Xkw Haven. 

On the arrival of the train at New Haven, which was at 
about G o'clock., a. m., the air was rent with cheers, and 
the •' r\ utmegers " were alive, and greai throngs were in 
and about the depot, awaiting the Massachusetts 1 soldiers. 

Among those at the depot who were in waning to re- 
ceive tii- 1 troop.--, were- the " Mystic Men." In other words, 
half a hundred (J rays, sporting white plug hats of all shapes 
and ages, and commanded, by General Beers and Colonel 
Catlin, marched from the armory to the depot, and were 
on hand to welcome the visitors, but, moo especially, the 
Charlestowu Cadets. 

The field, staff, and commanding officers of the Second 
C. X. Q. were present, and. under their escort, the reg- 
iment were soon on the march with the Fifth Regimen! il 
l>aml at the head, playing their prettiest music. 



140 



HISTOKY OF TH^FIITH REGIMENT 



Crowds were assembled all along the line of march, and 
the gay colors and decorations with banners printed "Wel- 
come 5th, M. V. M." ; the applause and cheers which 
greeted the 5th, gave evidence that a royal reception 
was awaiting them. On they marched, and at every turn 
new sights and sounds of welcome greeted them, which 
made the boys " brace up," and though they had had hid 
little sleep, the excitement gave them " vim ?1 and cour- 
age. After a comfortable march through seme of the prin- 
cipal streets, the escort halted in front of the Tontine 
House, Regimental Headquarters, and the entire command 
was then dismissed to go to their assigned quarters. 

The boys betook themselves to their rooms, and after 
performing-Ttblutions, were ready for their "grub." The 
Fifth, being in heavy marching order upon their arrival, 
and marching in columns of fours, did not show themselves 
off to particular advantage; but before the hour for form- 
ing line, they were clad in white pants and gloves, and 
every man saw to it that his uniform and hoots were in a 
perfect condition. At 10 : 30 o'clock, the regiment assem- 
bled in front of the Tontine House, and were there form- 
ally receive'! by the Second Regiment. 

The day opened and continued to be pleasant, although 
the sun was shining hot the grateful shades of the mag- 
nificent elms allayed, in a degree, the intense heat, The 
Second shortly escorted their visitors to the right of line 
in the procession, taking a position succeeding the Second 
C. N. G. The route was an extensive one, and covered, 
at least, three miles in length. At 11 o'clock, the column 
began to move, and, for four hours, the steady tread of 
marshal men was heard through the crowded streets. 

It is not for us to say who did the best on the march ; 
but that the Fifth did nobly, no one can deny, and we. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA, 



III 



leave it to others, as will be seen in .this history, to give 
the Fifth the ir just dues. 

The concourse of spectators was simply immense ; they 

lined the sidewalks, windows, and grand stands, and in 
many ways gave evidence of their pleasure at sight of the 
Fifth; The regiment marched in a steady, magnificently 
easy manner, and each company, when it made a wheel, 
was loudly applauded in their efforts. Suffice it to say, 
that their march through New- Haven streets was one of 
the grandest and most perfect, since the regiment was or- 
ganized. 

After the din and excitement of the march, a 



Grand Review 

was then held before the Governor, Mayer, and other cele- 
brities, under command of Brigatlier-General Stephen R. 
Smith, commanding Connecticut National Guard. Upon 
the staff were the following officers, whose familiar faces 
were happily recognized by the troops: Colonel Kingsbury, 
Assistant-Adjutant-General ; Colonels Parker and Fisk, 
Assistant-Quartermaster-Generals. The Connecticut troops 
made a fine display, and the Fifth held the same honora- 
ble position in soldierly appearance that they had main- 
tained during the long march. The review was a great 
success, and the military had. a fine opportunity to witness 
the other eight Divisions as they marched past. The pro- 
cession over, the regiment was dismissed, and the tired 
soldiers went to their respective quarters, and did ample 
justice to the various repasts. There was nothing now for 
the visitors to do bnl to take things easy. Tins opportu- 
nity was happily availed of by the members of the Fifth, 
and there is no knowing what might, have happened had 



U2 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



not a heavy shower dampened their ardor, and kepi them 
ii --doors. 

The procession was composed of nine Divisions, and was 
about three miles long'. We give below the military posi- 
tion of the column: — 

Police. 
American Hand of New Haven, George Streit, Leader. 
Captain George M. Harmon, Chief Marshal. 
Assistant Marshals. 
Enos A. Hale, Major William A. Lincoln. Dwight X. Moore, Arthur 
C. Shelton, Thomas F. McGrail, Julias C. Cable, Frank T. Lee, 
Robert F. Burwell, L. F. Dudley, George A. Tyler, William II. Hull, 
Henry W. Ciark, Louis IT. Frost, Captain Lawrence Q'Brien, Colonel 
Charles T. Morse, Milo D. Sperry, Charles W. Scranton, Frank Bige- 
Iow, Peter Terhune, Paul Wright, Lieutenant A ndrew Allen, Cha ; i - 
■Turtle, F. S. Andrew. 



First Division. 

Military. 

Brigadier-General, Stephen K. Smith, 

Commanding Connecticut National Guard, and Staff. 

Toll's Band of Hartford, Captain T. G. Adkins, Leader. 

Second Regiment Drum Corps and Trumpeters. 

Colonel Charles P. Graham, Commanding Second Regiment, C. X. 

G., and Staff* 
Second Regiment, C. N. G. (ten companies), as follows:- 1 - 
Co. G, Sedgewkk Guards, Waterhury, Captain Charles R. Bannon. 
Co. A, Chat.field Guards, Waterbury, Captain Fred A. Spencer. 
Co. 11. Mansfield Guards, Middletown, Captain Fred E. Camp. 
Co. B, City Guards, New Haven, Captain F. VV. r J iesing. 
Co. D, Xatioiml Blues, New Haven, (Colors), Captain 11. D. Phillips. 
Co. F, Xew Haven Grays, New Haven, Captain Charles E. Rounds. 
Co. K, Light Guards, Wallingford, Captain William X. Mix. 
Co. E, Li-hl Guards, New Haven. Captain H. R. Loomis. 
Co. 1, Eaton Guards, Meriden, Captain H. B. Wo id 
< 'o. C, Sarsfield Guards, New Haven, Captain M. J-'. Brennan. 
Non-Commissii med St all". 
Fiftli Regiment Hand o\' Boston, Mass. 
Fifth Regiment Brum Corps. 
Col. Ezra .!. Tkiti.i., ' 'ommamlin^ Fifth Regiment M. V. M., and Staff. 
Fifth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia (Headquarters, Bost i . 
eight Companies, as follows: — 



M ASSACHUSETTS VOLTJ N TE ER MI PIT 1 A . 



143 



Co. A, Charlestown Cadets, Boston, Captain .1. E. Phipps. 

Co. IT, Charlestown City Guards, Boston; Captain J. H. Drown. 

Co. F, , Waltham, Captain C. II. T). Stockbridge. 

Co. E, Lawrence Light Guard, Medford, ("it;, tain ,1. li. Whitney. 
Co. D, Independent Fusileers, Boston, Captain FT. A. Snow. 
Co. <", Claflin Guards, New ton, Captain J. A. Ken rick. 
Co. ]>. Cambridge City Guard, Cambridge, Captain W. A. Bancroft. 
Co. G, Woburn Mechanics' Phalanx, Woburn, Captain J\ W. Ellard. 
Non-Commissioned Staff. 
Band. 
Bnrnside Guards, Norwalk, (Co D, 4th Regiment, C. N. G.), Captain 
James C. Crowe, with a battalion of probably six companies of the 
Fourth Regiment, C. X. G., under command of Colonel George S. 
Crofl'T, commanding Regiment. 
Wheeler <v Wilson's Band of Bridgeport, S. C Rosenberg Leader. 
i!<l Co. Governor's tool Guards, New Haven, (organized 1.775), ( aptahi J. 

G. Phile. 

Steele's Drum Corps of Hartford. 

1st Co. Governor's Foot Guard, Hartford (organized 1771), Major W. FI. 

Talcott. 
Band. 
Robinson's Zouaves, Bridgi port, Captain H. M. Iioyt. 
Sarsfield Temperance Hi h ;, Water.bury, Captain J). J. Casey. 
Drum Corps. 
Battalion, C. C. Institute, New Haven, Major W. II. Stowe, Com- 
manding. 
Co. A. Captain Walter R. Downes. 

(\<. B, Veteran, Captain . 

First Section Light Artillery, 0. X. (',.. Guilford, Li eat. W. II. Pec 

Bristol Baud. 

§d Co. Governor's Horse Guards, New Haven.. Major C. W. Blakeslee, Jr. 

Band. 



Roster of tiii; Fifth Regiment 



Coir, neb . 

Lieutenant-Colonel, 
Major, . 

Major, . . . 
Quartermaster, . 
Surgeon, . 
Assistant-Surgeon, 
Adjutant, . 
Paymaster . 
Chaplain, . 



Ezra J. Tin i.i, 

Li:<>\'A RD < !. J. AN E. 

G. F. Frost. 

A. L. R(CIJ m:i>s.)\. 

!•■. G. Wiixiams. 

Er>\v a i;n .). b'ofjs'i er. 

(Vacant.) 

V. 1 . S r even* IX. 

('. A. Faiicii \ N'KS. 

W. li. Rypi u. 



144 



HISTOttY OF Till, FIFTH REGIMENT. 



Non-Comm issk >n i:d Staff. 
Sergeant- Major, . . . T). L. Weeks. 
Quartermaster's Sergt, . Fred. W. Johnson. 
Hospital Steward, • • S. S. Bradford. 
Co. A, Captain. J. E. Phinps: Lieutenant, G. F. Clarridges Lieutenant, 

William 15. Ilawes. 
Co. B, Captain, William A. Bancroft; Lieutenant, J. II. Henderson; 

Lieutenant, John K. Perkins. 
Co. C, Captain, Jolin A. Kenriek; Lieutenant, IF W. Do wires; Lieut< ri- 
ant P. F. Barnes. 
Co. D, Captain, Henry A. Snow; Lieutenant, G. U. Lincoln; Lieuten- 
ant, Frank A. Boise. 

Co. E, Captain, J. IF Whitney; Lieutenant, C. R. Dawson; Lieut. 

Co. F, Captain, C, II. D. Stockbridi^e; Lieut. ; Lieut. . 

Co. G, Captain. John W. Ellard; Lieutenant, C. W. Converse; Lieuten- 
ant, Lyman P. Pell. 
Co. H, Captain, J. Henry Brown; Lieutenant, J. IF Martin; Lieuten- 
ant, J. F. Clark. 



E NTERTA 1 503 EK.T OF COM PAjS i Fs. 
COMPANi* A, ClIARLESTOWN. 

When, in 1878, it became known that the 2d Connecti- 
cut Regiment though 1 of visiting Boston, the Charlestown 
Cadets, with their usual spirit of hospitality, determined 
to extend some courtesy to one or more companies of the 
visiting organization. But the time was so Limited, win n 
the rejrimeui definitely decided to come, that nothing of 
the nature of a formal reception \\ ns attempted, save in 
an informal way, to fraternize, and, by individual courte- 
sies, to make their visit ns pleasing as possible. 

The New Haven Grays were finally decided upon as I 
company to be noticed, and on the dismissal of the parade, 
they were quickly conducted to the armory of the Cadets, 
where an opportunity was afforded them to clear the mud 
from their uniforms, to moisten their parched lips, and Lo 
smoke the health of the Charlestown Companies, as they 
were escorted about the town, viewing the several points; 
of interest, while waiting for the '"Assembly " to be beat, 
tic they were escorted to their quarters in the city proper. 



MAssAoiicsirrrs volunteer militia. 145 

This Courtesy, slight as it was, it seems, was not mis- 
spent, nor did the Grays forget the" fact, as one of them 
expressed it, li that they had been singled out from the 
other companies of the regiment, and made the recipient 
of any special courtesy at the hands of the Charlestown 
Cadets." A letter from the Secretary of the Grays, Mr. 
G. H. Lowe, some two weeks before the trip, extending 
the freedom of their Armory to the Cadets, and stating 
that a Committee would meet them at the depot on their 
arrival, gave the Cadets to understand that some slight 
Courtesy was intended, but the result proved that the ex- 
pectations of the most sanguine had been more than real- 
ized: Their welcome was outspoken, and loud in everj 
respect. Upon the arrival of the train at New Haven, and 
subsequent dismissal of the regiment, the Cadets were 
taken in hand by a Committee of the Grays, antiquely, and 
in many cases, horribly costumed, and escorted to their 
Armory for a " light lunch, 1 ' as an appetizer for their 
more substantial and solid repast at the Hotel. Had the 
procession been dismissed at the hour named, it was the 
intention of the New Haven Grays to have taken the 
Cadets •- down to tin shore/' but the military portion of 
the programme occupied so large a, part of the day, that 
the idea was abandoned, and the Cadets entertained in 
arid about the city. When the procession was finally 
dismissed, dinner served, and the boys attired in fatigue, 
delegations from the Grays put in an appearance at the 
Cadets 1 quarters, and conducted them to their elegant 
Armory, which was thrown open to them, and the Cadets 
invited to make o their headquarters during thoii stay in 
the city. The inside of the Armory was decked ha- the 
occasion, and prominently displayed en (he front of the 
balcony, at the head of the Hall, were the shields v^: the 



146 HISTOEY OF THE FIFTH IlEGIME^l 

Grays and Cadets, oiie above the other, the monogram oi 
the Cadets being so placed/ upon an ingenious piece of 
scroll work, as to form the middle letter of the word 
u web — C — ome." This was the work of one of the mem- 
bers, and was presented to the Cadets by the artist, and. 
is now in position in their Armory, as a souvenir of their 
rnoie than pleasant visit to New Haven. After viewing the 
various appointments of the Grays' comfortable Armory, 
the Cadets were conducted to the refreshment room, where 
a nice little lunch was spread for their delectation and deg- 
lutition, and. despite the fact that they had just arisen from 
a bountiful dinner at the Hotel, the temptation was too 
great to be resisted, and iho good things, liquid and solid, 
rapidly disappeared, only to be replenished from some in- 
visible source. Eating and drinking, singing and talking, 
and general merrymaking occupied a large share of the 
evening's pleasures, interrupted, or rathei h ! tened, by 
numerous private and public excursions into the adjacent 
country, the .most noticable of which Was the gr< nd •• dress 
parade,' 5 participated in by both companies, arranged in 
gorgeous costume. Headed bv two drummers, and a tin 
whistle, and led by a curious personage, helmeted and 
bearing an ancient battle-axe, the process] >u moved over 
the route to the Tontine House, where an original dress 
parade was effected, and the march resumed. After pay- 
ing a marching salute in passing the department of Police, 
and one or two stops, the procession was returned safely 
to its original point of departure, where ii was dismissed, 
and the k * veterans * ? resumed their festivities, so inoppor- 
tunely interrupted. During the evening's festivities, Ex- 
Mayor Lewis was introduced by one of the Xew Haven 
Grays, as being desirous of saying a few words to the 
boys from Hunker Hill. 



JNI A.SSAC HITRETTS YOLU.N 1 EEK M ILIT I A. 



147 






Ex-Mayor Lewis, in replying, s$id that, while he had 
had no intention of saying anything, since he had been 
introduced, he would say a few words in regard to the day 
we celebrate, and the events to be commemorated — how 
the British invaded New Haven — how the Tory sympa- 
thizers had prepared a feast .for the British, and how they 
were prevented, and driven out of the city and into their 
ships, without tasting a morsel. He spoke of his love for 
t)ie New Haven Grays, and thought it, especially fitting 
that the sons of those patriots who repelled the invaders 
from the g v ood old City of Elms in 1779, should receive 
and entertain those who live under and within the shadow 
of that noble shaft, erected to commemorate the valiant 
deeds and patriotism of our fathers, who participated in the 
first great struggle for liberty on Bunker Hill, only three 
years before — especially fitting, too, when we remember 
that Putuam stood side: by side with Prescott, and fought 
that Ins country might be tree. Ex- Mayor Lewis closed 
with the hone that the Cadets' visit in the City of Elms 
would he full of pleasure ; and sat down amid the cheers of 
the Cadets. Corporal Hunt responded for the Cadets, ami 
said that, while he was sorry that the Commander of the 
company was not present to fittingly reply to the eloquent 
remarks of Mayor Lewis, still, if he — ia mere Corporal — 
were allowed to say anything, lie would, in behalf of the 
Charlestown Cadets, thank the Mayor for the kind words 
lie had spoken, and would say that ihe Cadets were well 
pleased with their visit to the City of Kims, and delighted 
with tin- reception they had received on all bands, and 
especially by the New [laven Grays, and knew of nothing 
more appropriate for him to say, than to propose the 
health of Mayor Lewis, and the New Haven Grays, kk May 
they all live to a ripe old age." 



148 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

At a? late hour of tire night^the Cadets started for their 
Quarters, Lidding the Grays a hearty good night; and with 
the hope that the friendship so well begun, might on some 
fitting occasion, be further cemented and made lasting. 

Roll of Co. A, Charlestown. 

Captain, J. E. Phipps. Priv'ts, Fernald, II. F. 

Lieuts. G. F. Clarridge. Folsoni, &. E. 

W. B. Hawes. Hollis, W. F. 

Sergeants, C. F. Pierce. Locke, C. B. 

G. C. Wemyss. Miliar, W. S. 

W. R. Faiince. Mission, IL IF 

H. E. Bellew/ Koyes, II. Q. 

G. S. Rich. Pierce, 1. F. 

Corporals, W. C. Hunt. Reedy H. 

U. \V. Baldwin. Taylor, J. IF 

G. M. Hodgclon. Tirnson, L. E. 

Musicians, B. Moody. "Underbill, C. IF 

Charles s. Goldtluvjiite. WMttemore, F. L. 

Priv'ts, Burbeck, E. Wolters, G. H. 

Benedii t, E. S. Sliedd, F. A. 

Bagley, M. W- Barber, W. L. 

Coburn, 0. H. Cutter, F. E. 

Canterbury, CT. Elliott, J. 

Chandler, W. K. Fowle, C. H. 

Condell, P. H. Piper, G. IF 
Wtmyss, A. J. 

Invited Guests:— Charles N. Perkins. James G. Hill, 
Frank T. Robinson (Regimental Historian), Lieut. John 
L. Curtiss, Charles R. By-ram, (Editor Charlestown News). 

Co. B, Cambridge. 
I'liis popular Company turned out with full ranks, and 
made a magnificent display of their ability to perform the 
duties of the soldier. The Company attracted eonsidi ra- 
bl< attention, not only on account of their manoeuvres, but 
from the i'.-ut that wax. well known, that their Commander 
had gained a considerable notoriety in boating contests, 






MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



140 



and it was presumable that such a man would make a 
fine officer, and would present an excellent Company, 
which met with no disappointment. The men composing 
the Company were fully aware of the notice taken of them,. 
and never once were they out of place, whether on the 
march, or off duty, and if. the honor of the Regiment de- 
pended on them, it might have safely rested there. The 
Company were quartered at the Union House, and were 
well satisfied with the manner in which they were treated, 
and were the recipients of many kind attentions from the 
members of the Second, as well as the citizens. They all 
enjoyed their trip exceedingly, and as one of their officers 
said, " if the Fifth Regiment ever make another visit, rest 
assure'.! that our Company will be present with full ranks." 
Each member made the most of the Excursion, and e\- 
eiything that indicated fun in it was "taken in.' 1 They 
manag< d to stow away enough sleep to keep them in good 
condition, and the memory of the Excursion will be last- 
ing*. 

Roll of Co. B, Cambridge. 



Ca] tain, William A. Bancroft. 
1st Lieut., Thomas C. Seiidersu] 
2d " John K. Perkins. 
1st Sergt , R. L. B. Fox. 

< rcor n A. L. Snow. 
Charles n. Cutler. 
Frank H. Miles. 
N~. J. Wadden. 
Corporals, F. W. Bettinson. 
James A. Gilman. 
E. C. Whalen. 
Musician, 1.. C. Gayetty. 
Priv'ts, Bettinson, William 
( abot, ( 'harles n. 
Chandler, Charles P. 
Cutler,- George If., jr. 
Day, John K. 
Ellis, Fred. II. 
Fal '. :•;■". l£ol 
Fellows, Frank I. 



Priv'ts, Fischer, William F. 
Garrity, Thomas F. 
Gibson, John 1. 
Gray, Joshua P. 
Jackson, ( liarles II. 
Jefferson, Jaine 
Miller, Edward W. 
Mumler, Chester F. 
Nevons, Leroy S. 
Pasco, Louis A. 
Fees, Frank 
Scales, Frank 
Smiley, F. M. 
Smith, George VV. 
Staeey, (George W. 
Sullivan, ( leorge A . 
Sutton. l.\ W. 
Swett, Frank 
Wardwell, Walter < .'. 
Wore< ster, Henry IF 



ISO 



HISTORY OF THE 1/1 FT II REGIMENT 



Company C. 

This Company were quartered at the Austin House, and 
it; Mas theirsecond appearance as a part of the Fifth Regi- 
ment, having been recently transformed from the First 
Regiment. They acquitted themselves much to their ova n 
honor as well as the Filth's, and received considerable 
attention! Their marching was all Unit could be desired, 
and great credit is due, not only to the efficient officers, but 
to each individual member, for their promptness in obey- 
ing orders, and their gentlemanly deportment, the latter 
being noticeable, and occasioning favorahle remarks. 

The following is an account of the manner in which the 
Company enjoyed themselves during their visit. 

On leaving Boston, and after devoting a few hours to 
enjoyment, the boys were very considerate, and showed 
good judgment in allowing the car to be darkened, in order 
to obtain proper sleep, which was so milch needed, pre- 
paratory to the long inarch on the next day, 

There was no disorder during the night, and every man 
obeyed the orders of the offi r of the day, regarding men 
remaining in the ear during the trip. 

On dismissal of the Regiment at Headquarters in Xo- 
Haven, the company marched to the Austin House, v\ 
the\ were to remain during their stay. They responded 
promptly to tin breakfast call, and were unfortunate on 
being served, with a very unsatisfactory meal; boiled 
chickens in the shell (jwt of a recen-1 birth), were substi- 
tuted on orders for fresh .bailed eggs. This created much 
amusement, as well as disgust, .and one of their number 
composed a few Lines on the above incident, which eausi d 
much merriment in the evening. Tliev were as follows: 



MASSACHUSETTS YOLTJNTEEB MILITIA. 151 

There is an Austin House not far away 

Where they serve Western eggs tHree times a day; 

Oh ! How the Clauins yell 

When they hear the hreakfast bell, 

Oh ! How those chickens Smell, as in the shell they lay. 

(J. has an Adjutant, who serves without pay; 

He orders men about at night, instead of day; 

He knows what he's about 

And from windows hangs a latcher out. 

Oh! How that man did shout, take that away. 

The last verse was written in lienor of a midnight hare- 
shin parade, through the Hotel corridorsj one of the men 
being duly appointed Adjutant of the Command. He 
suspended from the window some furniture, much to the 
surprise of a periodical and ice cream vender, who discov- 
ered in the morning the aforesaid furniture (suspended 
by a sheet), just over his stove entrance, and demanded 
that it be removed at once. 

Company C, was on time at Headquarters, and partici- 
pated in the wait, preparatory to the long march, and the 
boys stood the latter in good shape, only one being obliged 
to succumb to the heat and fat; -ate. 

On arriving at their Hotel, after being dismissed, a 
change to fatigue uniform, and a peneral cleaning, pre- 
pared the boys for a good dinner, which — bv the way — 
was a great improvement on the fornu \ meal. 

They enjoyed a short call in the afternoon, (n^in Col- 
onel Trull and Quartermaster Williams, and also from the 
Colonel of the 2d Connecticut, who extended an invitation 
for the Company to visit the several Armories of his Com- 
mand, in the evening. Some twenty accepted the invita- 
tion, and visited three or four of the Armories, and were 
recognized as vi itors by officers and nren. 

A kind invitation to the armory of the 2d Company of 
New Haven Horse Guards bv Lieutenant Farntim. was 



152 HTSTOKY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

accepted, and although entire strangers to the gentleman 
and his associates, the v were most hospitably receb edand 
entertained, and the men of the Claflin Guard will long 
remember the kind and friendly treatment experienced 
from the officers and men of this organization. 

Every member of the company was in the Hotel, and in 
good condition, at 9 o'clock, 4th of July night, and after 
several hour's singing, retired to their respective rooms. 
Every man behaved himself with the utmost decorum, and 
did not forget thai lie represented Massachusetts militia. 
Company -C first suggested the subscription to the unfortu- 
nate soldier of Company G, and contributed cheerful!} a 
goodly sum." 

Nothing of importance transpired on the return, until 
their arrival at the Companies .Armory in Newton, where 
some kind friends had anticipated their wants, and pre- 
pared a fine banquet, which the boys did full justice to. 

Interesting speakers were present, and the first excur- 
sion with the Fifth, since the company re-organized, ter- 
minated most joyfully to all. 

Roll of Co. C, N kwton. 

Curtain, J. A. Kenrick. Coffin, C. B. 

1st Lieut., .11. \\". Dowries. Conant, A. 1.. 

Ls1 Sei - i ., W. K. G1< :■ < 'unnindiam, A. 

M. X. Bray. Cushman, \V. S. 

R. !>. Jones C ole, ii. 

A. L. Kershaw. Doane, I. I. 

Corporals, H. J. Preston. Davis, A. O. 

F. G. L. Renders >n. Fowle, II. S. 

Musicians, VV. iV. Keith. Farwell, I. I. 

Hazelton Gerould, C. L. 

Priv'ts, Barnes. C. L. . Hill, C. A. 

Harrows, F. A. Newell, A. G. 

Dart :.. F. ( . Xoyes, i ■ e 

Buckin-zlia u, VV. W. Oldreive, It. .V. 

Clark, G. F. Perkins, T. J. 

• See Company 0. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 153 

Roll ov Co. C, — Coxtinukh. 

Eriv'ts, Porter, W. D. Priv'ts, Stearns, M. E. 

Priest, J. Stearns, IT. S. 

Rowan, A. J, Warren* A. C 

Rowan, J. II. Warren, IE M 

Rice, W. T. Warren. T. IE 
YVardroup, D. W. 

Co. D, Boston. 
In pursuance of regimental orders, the compaivy reported 

on Boston Common on the evening' of July 3d, 1879, at 
10 o'clock, mustering -13 men and 3 ofneers, when it 
assumed its position in line, and was goon en route to 
the ears, destined for New Haven. The company was 
attended by the following gentlemen as Staff: Past-Com- 
manders, Colonel Alfred N. Proctor and Captain Albert E. 
Proctor ; Lieutenants W. IT. Marsh and J. Warren Merritt, 
who, upon reaching the regiment, were consolidated with 
the Staff of the Regiment on the right of the line. 

The discipline of the company on the trip was excellent, 
and each member thoroughly enjoyed himself, and were 
well satisfied with both officers and men of the regiment to 
which they were newly attached. Capt. Snow performed 
his duties as officer of the day, on the return, in a soldierly 
manner, arid gave w - tone " to the whole occasion; indeed, 
the regiment maybe considered fortunate in possessing, at 
least One orator, whose knowledge of human nature, and 
his after-dinner speeches gave him an enviable name in 
New Haven. 

Roll oe Co. J), Boston. 

Captain, Henry A, Snow. Samuel Porter. 

1st Lieut., Geor-e IE Lincoln, Elliott F. Soule. 

-d ,; Frank A. Boise. Corporals, Bernardin J. Murphy. 
1st Sergt-, Wiyiani EL Snow. Leonard F. Johnson. 

William A. Mason. Edwin M. Buxton. 

Thomas S. Ireland. Arthur W. Kimball. 



154 



HISTORY OF THE 1«TFTH KEGIMENT 



Roll of Co. 
Musicians, Robert X. Cutler. 
Walter T. No well. 
Priv'ts, Adams, Fred. IT. 

Bell, Robert R. B. 
■Butt-rick, Frederic A. 

Bagley, Harry 

Boyd, George \V. 

Conway, William E. 

Combs, Edward E. 

ttorabs, Fred. W. 

Coron, Louis J. 

Cox, Charles If. 

Chick, Albert J). 

Daly, John M. 

Dallow, William 

French, Charles R. 

Frost, John H. 

Fitzer, Frederick 

Greene, Henry E. 

Galvien, John Y. 

II o finer, Charles 

Hobart, Frank W. 

Hall, Harry \Y\ 

Harper, Samuel C. 

Haak, Charles F, 



I), — Co.xTixtr.i). 
Pliy'ts, Hunter, Frederick S. 
Harden. Cushman E- 
Jones, Frank B. 
Kuhl'.iian, Edward II. 
Lebbiuk, Charles F. 
Lebbink, Henry 
Lemon, Henry 3d. 
Mason, William F. 
Mur] hy, .Michael J. 
iSev.jiiarch, Alfred 
jSTutting, Andrew F. 
O'Brien, Thomas C. 
O'Brien, Francis 
PQOle, j.avkin W. 
Poole, 'I homas I). 
Pratt, James J. 
Paul din.-, Albert R. 
Sinnett, Christopher 
Stone, Arthur L. 
Walsh, Albert L. 
Williams. Charles M. 
Wright, Thomas J. 
Wilkins, Walter II. 
Wash burn, Edward P. 
"Via He, Charles A. 



Co. E, AfEDFOKI). 

Ou July 3d, 1 879, the- company assembled in their 
Armory in heavy marching order, to join the rest of the 
Regiment on Boston Common, to go on a long-talked-of 
trip to Nov,- Haven, Conn. They left Medford at 8: 30, 
P. m., carrying 39 guns, and two Commissioned officers. 
Marched through Sudbury, Tremont Row", and Tremont 
Streets, across the Common to the parade ground, where 
thcyreported to Col. Trull, Commanding Officer. After all 
the companies had arrived, line was formed, and marched 
to Boston and Provideuce depot, wllere a special train of 
twelve ears was in readiness, each Company having an 
entire ear. The bovs soon JH>t seated, and made them- 



r 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLU NTEER MILITIA. 



155 



selves e^rrifortable lor the night. Left Boston at 11 P. m., 
and passed through Providence at 1 A. M. Soon after, 
the corps reached Groton, Conn., where they enjoyed the 
pleasure of an ocean voyage across the Thames River, by 
ferry-boat. 

Reached New Haven at 6 A.M., July 4th, and were met 
by the officers of the 2d Connecticut National Guard, and 
escorted by them to regimental headquarters, Tontine 
Hotel, where the company were dismissed to their quar- 
ters. Companies G and E were quartered in Germania 
Hall, dining at Florence House. After a. slim breakfast, 
they prepared i\>r the parade, white pants and gloves. 
Reported at headquarters at 9 a. m., and procession started 
at 11 A. M. As they passed to their place in line, they 
were received with a salute from the 2d Regiment, C. X 
G., and were then escorted by them to their position. The 
route of march was about live miles in length. A drum- 
corps, just behind them, greatly added to their fatigue, 
by incessantly drumming, and invariably coming in on the 
wrong siep, thereby confusing them, and caused no small 
amount of grumbling from all in hearing. 

At the close of .the march, the regiment gave His Ex- 
cellency , the Governor of Connecticut, the Mayor of New 
Haven, and other dignitaries, a inarching salute, then 
marched on to the Common in front of Yale College 
buildings, where they had a short rest, preparatory to the 
dress parade. 

The Company were dismissed for dinner, and after that 
had all the time to themselves till 7 a. m. Capt. Whitney, 
Company E, had the misfortune to be officer of the day from 
<S r. m., Friday, till 6* A.M., Saturday. The men were very 
hospitably entertained at the different armories, especially 
at the Armory of Company E, C« N. G. They amused 
themselves during the evening in various ways, all hands 
being bent on making the: most of their short stay. 



156 HISTORY OF the fifth regiment 

At 6 a. M., July 5th, Captain Whitney, officer of the 
day, assembled the drum-corps, and beat the Reveille at 
the Florence House. Left New Haven at 9 a. m., and 
reached Boston at 3:80, p. m., marched lo the parade 
ground on the Common. Gave a short dress parade on the 
Common, and were dismissed in time to take the 5 : 25, v. 
M., train for Medford, Although feeling - pretty tired and 
hungry, yet al] agreed that they had had a splendid time, 
and one which they would remember with a great deal of 
pleasure. 

The following is a complete roster of Company E, Fifth 
Regiment, M. V. M., August 1st, 1879: 

Roll of Co E. 

Captain, Jophanus IT Whitney.* Coughlin, John 

1st Lieut., Charles R. Dawson, (.'rock well, John J. 

2d " George P* Chase. Diehl, Henry A. 

1st Sergt., George C. Chase. Drury, Thomas J. 

A. J. McKcnney. Donalme, Daniel 

Frank Farter. Duran, Joseph 

James K. Roddrick. Dwyer, Jolm J. 

William (i. Ewell. Dwyer, John F. 

Corporals, Charles H. Gushing* Enwright, Daniel B. 

Hugli Doherty. Fitzgerald, Charles F. 

William C. Russell. Gaily, John A. 

Musicians, George A. Carter. Grady, James 5M. 

Thomas F. Gould. Holmes, Edward P. 

Priv'ts, Anderson, Walter Janus, Ilenrj M. 

Abbott, Heuiy J. Law, Moses 

Bacon, Charles E. Lennox, Edward C. 

Berry, Thoma Lennox, William H. 

Barnnm, Frank L. Liddell, James J. 

Bresnehan, Jerre M. Martin, Joseph A. 

Bresnehan, Jolun J. Mar! in, T. Frank 

Carlton, George E. Mitehel, Thomas 

Chadbourne, Charles \V. Morse, Harvey B. 

Cincere, Natt E. New hall. Eugene 11. 

Chambers, Walter Rockwell, J. \V. 

Clark, Adam G. Sweeney, John J. 

Cooksori, Jehu S. Sweeney, Miles C. 

Coughlin, Owen* Thieler, John 1'. 

•Served three veins in this Company during the \\ ar. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLTJNTEEK MILITIA, 157 

Co. F. Waltham. 

This Company did gTeat credit to themselves, and won 
not a little praise for their prompt attention to orders, 
and their excellent marching. The Company is com- 
posed of as fine a looking set of soldiers, as any other 
company in the regiment. As might be expected from 
their appearance in line, not one fell iron] the ranks, 
although the heat was intense. They were quartered 
at the City Hotel, and t}i^ many* iiieidents that oc- 
curred there would make an interesting story. Every 
man understood that he was, in a measure, responsible for 
the good name of the Fifth, and as a result, the company 
acquitted themselves nobly. Like the other companies, 
they had their funny men, and were wide-awake to any 
sport going on, and if there was an opportunity to make 
a joke, they were not slow in taking advantage of the 
same. Man)' of them made friends with the Second Con- 
necticut boys, and were shown the interesting features of 
the City. 

There was no grumbling about their food, or the manner 
in which they were treated, and from the beginning to 
the end of the excursion, every man thoroughly enjoyed 
himself. 

Roll of Co. F. 

Captain, Chas. H. J). Stoekbridge. Priv'cs, Avery, Charles 

1st Lieut., Vacant. Ballard, George F. 

2d " Vacant. Barton, Charles A. 

1st Sergt., James H. Fisher. Boland, John II. 

Henry V. Ballard. Burke, Patrick J. 

Charles O. Morrell. Clay, Fred C. 

Eben VY\ Moshcr. Davis. Daniel A. 

William II. Stearns, jr. Davis, George A. 

Corporals, John T. Pownall. Donlan, ThomasE. 

Calvin 0. Nanss. Flint, Robert F. 

Fred. E. Draper. Furbush, George W. 

Musicians, Louis V. Forster. Griffiths-, John 

Frank 11. Tower. Gunihei*, Fred. 

Priv'ts, Akhed, Le\A is E. Iliit'machc i; Custian 



158 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Roll of Co. F, — Continued. 

Priv'ts, Lawrence, George HPs FriVts, Reynolds, George II. 

Morrissey, John Sewall, Benjamin B. 

Mosher, Thomas FL Symmes, Caleb C. 

Nichols, Henry F. Seevey, John E. 

Fatten, Benjamin F. Taylor, George W. 

Randall, Joseph Wisewell, Lowell M. 

CO. G, W 023 URN. 

Company G, left Wbburn on the 9:15, r. M., train on 
the 8d of -Inly, with 86 men, 3 officers, and some invited 
guests, as follows: Col. W. T. Grammer, Capt. Jolm P. 
Crane, Cant. Lake R. Tidd, Capt E. F. Wyer, Lieut. M. 
S. Seeley, Thomas II. Hill, Esq., and Dr. George P. Barfc- 
letfc. 

The company joined the regiment on Boston Common 
at about 10 : 15, P. mv, and was the last to report, on ac- 
count of the train accommodations. The trip on was one 
vastly enjoyed by the boys, and caused one of the Captains 
to remark, when on entering lite car occupied by this 
company, and being greeted with an overture of whistles 
and trumpets, "that the ends of the train were very much 
alike, everybody wide-awake, while the 'middle men' 
were asleep." Arrived in New Haven, and after being 
dismissed, the company went to their sleeping apart- 
ments (?) which they occupied jointly with Company 
E, in Germania Hall building. Their meals were taken 
at the Florence House. The company took part in the 
celebration, and did their level best, (in spite of a. drum- 
corps in their rear, who could not keep ^t(:\) with their 
own drumming), to keep up the reputation of the old 
Fifth. There was a drum-corps, however, under charge 
of a, colored Drum-Major, to whom the boys were 
greatly indebted on account of their excellent cadence. 
Nothing of importance occurred at tire quarters except 
the fun made by Lennox of Company E, ami Pickering of 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



159 



Company G ; those two liig'ti privates kept up a rattling 
lire of sport i from the time tlie company left home, until 
their return. 

On the train homeward-hound, the boys displayed 
numerous flags, given them (?) by the patriotic New 
Haveners, from the windows of the car, which gave them 
the appearance of being decorated for the occasion. 

One of the men of this company, Private J. H. Dean, 
received a telegram from home, stating that his house had 
been destroyed by fire on t\ic night of the 4th, and when 
tiu i train reached New London, the Newton Company (C,) 
presented him with a. sum of money, $30.00, raised among 
themselves. The example so generously set by this com- 
pany, all strangers to him, was followed by every other 
command in the regiment. 

Arriving at their armory in Woburn, at about 6 : 30 P. M., 
on the 5th, the company was addressed by Captains Tidd 
and Crane, Lieutenant M. S. Seeley, and Mr. Hill, the 
officers of the Company, and Private Pickering; the com- 
pany was then dismissed. 

Th-us closed the best time bhe company has enjoyed For 
many a year, and every member was satisfied with his 
trip, insomuch that they commenced asking one another 
before they left the armory, " can't we go somewhere next 
Year?*' 



Roll of Co. G, Woburn. 

Captain, John W. El lard. Musicians, Fred. A. Bryant. 

i it Lieut., Charles \\\ Converse. William 11. Emery 

" Lyman V. Pell. Priv'ts, Brower, William 11. 

lstSergtl, Geors< M. Bnckanan: Converse, George W. 

George X. Siminonds. Clark. Charles E. 

Corporals, Joseph T. Davis. • Carter, Henry W. 

Charles E. Flalliday. dishing, Frank II. 

Joseph M. nail. Collins, John ft. 

Charles Philbrook. Collins, Elmer S. 



1G0 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Roll of Co. G, -&jCoxtinued. 

Priv'ts, Davis, Andrew J. Priv'ts, JSTewcomb, Frank 

Davis, Reuben S. Nichols Charles E. 

Dean, Joshua EL Pickering, Geoi'ge E. 

Gleason. George 0. Pierce, Roscoe P. 

Leathe, Edward Vv\ LWce, Elbridge W. 

Lincoln, Charles H. Smith, W. A. 

Maddi.son, Mark R. Stewart, David C. 

Xason, Amasa W*. Slower*, Edward E. 

Nason, John E. Tabbutt, Frank X. 

Newcomb, William R. Warland, E. M. 
West, Edward D. 

CO. H , C H All L E S T W X . 

The Color Sergeants, with the colors, reported at the 
armory, at 6 : 45. The company loft the armory at 0: 10. 
amidst; the hearty applause of a large number of spectators 
who had assembled on Winthrop Street to wis!) the corn- 
pan} 7 a pleasant journey, and to urge upon them the neces- 
sity of upholding the honor of the District of Charlestown. 
On passing through the square, the company received 
hearty applause from the armory of the w * Jackson Guard," 
Company G, 9th Regiment, M. Y. M. On arrival of the 
company at the Common, Cap t. Brown reported to Col. 
Trull, as officer of the day, and was ordered to the Provi- 
dence Depot, to superintend the embarkation of the regi- 
ment. The company was left under the command of 
Lieutenant Martin. On the trip down, the men were sup- 
plied with sandwiches, which were relished by them in 
a way that showed that they would make good soldiers 
lor service, in respect to rations. 

The company was enlivened on their trip down by the 
singing of the Olee Club, and the actions of the " twins," 
whose funny savings kept every one a>wake. If any poor 

-•V-,. * ' L 

mortal happened to doze oiT, he was immediately awak- 
ened, and toid that he was doing just the right thing, that 



MA SS A H USETTS VO LUS TEEJ £ MI LIT! A. 



161 



was, to get all the sleep he could. When about a mile 
from X'/w Haven; a small lad stood on a stump, with his 
handover his head, giving cheers for the regiment ; but 
before the boys could return them, a large rooster ap- 
peared in view, mounted on a fence, and crowed lustily, 
which had the effect to draw the cheers from the boys, 
and a peal of laughter. 

On arriving at the Nesbit House, the company had 
trouble with their breakfast, which threatened to end in a 
mutual dislike, but by a little patience on the part of the 
company, they got enough to eat, and on their leaving 
Saturday morning, they gave the landlord three cheers for 
tint splendid way in which they were served, lie responded 
with a cigar for every man. So ended the Hotel business. 

After the parade and dinner in Xew Haven, the officers 
of the com;. any were taken in charge by Oapt. Camp, and 
Lieuts. Bacon and Nourse of Company 11, 2d Connecti- 
cut, and taken to ride to view the city, and partake of a 
supper. The men were entertained by the members of 
Meriden Company H, of the 2d, to lunch, and other favors. 
The men were very quiet at the Hotel after 12 o'clock, 
and got all the sleep they wanted. 

On the trip home, the men were furnished with sand- 
wiches oh tlie train, and were kept awake by the lively 
actions of the "twins," and fire-crackers, which were 
kept going till they reached Boston. 

At Xew London, the officer of tlie <lav told the" twins" 
to gel aboard the train, so they went and got a plank, and 
carried it to him, and said that they could get no board, 
and wanted to S(k)now b: if that would do." 

The company were second in line, and it may be safely 
said that they never did belter in marching, and received 
the applause o( the multitude who witnessed their perfect 
company fronts. 



1G2 HISTOBY OF THE FIFTH KEG1MENT 

KOLL OF CO. II. 

Captain, J. Henry Brown. Hoyt, C. II. 

1st Lieut., J. 11. Martin. Home, Frank M. 

2d " Joseph E. Clark. Johnson. Everett W. 

1st Sergt., T. W. Barbour. Johnquest, E. F. 

T. G. Pitman. Lockwood, William F. 

R. A. Khmd. McGrath, William G. 

G. F. Stratton. Martin, Ira F. 

J. II. Winsly. Meagher, John 

Corporals, J. J. Connelly. Miers, E. F. 

E. Neagle. Mitchell, R. J. 

Frank Smith. Norton, G. A., jr. 

Charles Hoyt. Sorter, I. H. 

1'riv'ts, Adam.?, Cbarles X. Sargent, E. A. 

Benan, B. Spear, Frank I 5 . 

Calbnrt, Frank Stearns, Frank F. 

Cleary, John L. Swift, FrankgA. 

Cone, Edgar H. Savoy, John A. 

Bow, George F. Shackford, Cbarles E. 

Edmands, F. A. Smith, E. H. 

Edwards, Ambrose A. Thompson, S. I). 

Ferrier, Charles IE Tyler, John 

Hamilton, \Y. E. Wilkins, William A. 

Hilton, Frank B. White, B. R. 

Messrs. diaries IT. Brown and Joseph II. Gleason, ac- 
(.■oi'iipani? id the Guards as Invited G&ests. 

The Banquet. 
This was the event of the excursion to the visiting offi- 
cers. The officers of the 5th, and guests, including in tin- 
latter, Major M. E. Webb, Surgeon of A. H. A., were' in- 
vited to a grand banquet, given in their honor by the 
officers of the Second C. N. G., which occurred at the 
Forbes House (Morris Cove), New Haven. Tlu i company, 
numbering about 100, assembled at the Tontine House, at 



jSo/it:: — The member of the City Guard, who lost his hat from the 
cars, while returning from New Haven Jurj DtU, recovered it two weeks 
after, it, being forwarded to him by express from the station where it 
was picked up. 



M ASS A C 1 1 1" S ETTS VOLTJ JS T E E R MILITIA. 



16: 



about 8 o'clock, p. m,, and under the direction of Lt.-Ool. 
3. N". Bacon, embarked on several barges, and proceeded 
to the Cove. The weather was cold and chilly, and every- 
body was more or less tired, but after a pleasant drive, 
and a little "shaking up," they arrived at the Hotel. 
After an "introduction" to the "proprietor," the entire 
company seated themselves at the sumptuously spread 
tables, and without a word of ceremony, each one helped 
himself to the various viands. Following is the menu : 



Banquet, Pi: id ay Evening, July 4th, 1ST 9. 



Sot; p. 

Oyster. 

Fisn. 

Boiled Salmon, Baked Blue Fish. 

Roast. 

Lamb, Mint Sauce, 

Ribs of Beef, Veal. 

BOILED. 

Ham, Tongue, 

Corned Beef and Cabbage. 
Mayonxai se. 
Lettuce, Fresh Tomatoes, i 

Entreks. 
Soft-Shell Crabs, Fried Oysters, I 
Little Neck Clams, 

Stewed Lobsters. ' 



VEGETABLES. 

Rice, boiled, Green Peas. 

Mashed Potatoes, 

Stewed Tomatoes. 
New Beets, Bermuda Onions. 

Pudding and Pastky. 

Farina Pudding, Wine Sauce. 

Apple Pie. Peach Pie. 

Dr.-sran. 

Chocolate Ice Cream, 

Fruit, Figs, Nuts, 

Chocolate. 

Tea, Coffee. 



The Speeches. 
After the inner man had been satisfied, Colonel Gra- 
ham of the 2d Connecticut Regiment arose -and introduced 
General Stephen R. Smith, as toast-master of the occa- 
sion, which announcement was received with quite an 
ovation. General Smith, in the most felicitous manner, 
accepted the position, ami called upon Hon. N. D. Spcrry 
for a few remarks. He complimented the troops from 



104 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Massachusetts, and thought lihe 2d Connecticut ought to 
have availed themselves of one thing, when they had the 
power, and that was to eclipse the 5th Massachusetts Reg- 
iment in military manoeuvres, but the} 7 " had signally failed, 
he was sorry to say. 

General Smith then brought Surgeon-General II. S. 
Fuller to his feet, to respond for the Governor. He com- 
menced his remarks by saying, that the Governor was un- 
able to be present, although he had expressed a desire to 
be with the officers of the two Regiments. The visit of 
the 5th Massachusetts lias been an honor to New Haven, 
and to the State. The day here has been more exten- 
sively celebrated than any ever held in your cherished 
city* When 1 looked over the military pag'eaiit to-day, 1 
thought to myself that the country need have no fear 
while it had throughout the length and breadth of this 
land, such a militia ; they could always- "be looked to for 
defence. Our militia were first to the front in the late 
war. and I am proud of the great record of Massachusetts 
troops.' 1 was edftcat&d in Ma-ssaehusetts,, and always 
felt a brotherly feeling for the sons of that State. The 
General paid a high compliment to the officers of the 5th 
Massachusetts, and amid great applause took his seat. 

General Smith then introduced Colonel Charles T. 
Morse, who said in substance : " We welcome you of Mas- 
sachusetts most heartily. We feel you have done us an 
honor on this, the celebration of the evacuation of the 
city, one hundred years ago, by the British* The plaudits 
of the people along the route of procession has convinced 
you, doubtless, of the kindly feeling toward you of the 
people. Gentlemen of the 5th Massachusetts, we owe to 
you a thousand times more thai* we eau repay, and heart- 
ily than!; you for jour presence here to-day." (Applause). 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 105 



General Smith then introduced "our honored Mayor, 
Hon. Hobart D. Bigelow .' 1 who said, " I am pleased to meet 
yon officers of the 5th Massachusetts. To-day, we eel- 
b rated our Centennial, and with the 5th Massachusetts, we 
Lave had a grand military display. I am glad that the 5th 
postponed their visit, so that we might have them to-day. 
Gentlemen, we are proud of the 2d Connecticut, perhaps 
too much so; they must look to their laurels, I am not 
a military man, but 1 could distinguish a marked differ- 
ence in your marching, compared with the '20,. Yi>ur Col- 
onel is to be complimented for his perseverence in bring- 
ing the Regiment to such a state of perfection/ 5 (('beers 
and applause). 

General Smith next called upon the 2d Connecticut 
Regiment's gallant Colonel, Charles P. Graham, who said : 
tk ] am with the rest of the gentlemen, who have spoken. 
T am thankful that the 5th Regiment, M. A'. M., lias been 
here to-day. They have showed us what kind of soldiers 
they have iti Massachusetts; they have shown us, that we 
must work hard to approximate their thoroughness in dis- 
cipline. The Fifth have acquitted themselves grandly. I 
firmly acknowledge the 5th to be the best in marching, 
as our officers have also said. Massachusetts and Connec- 
ticut stood side by side in the Revolution, and the hue 
war. The 6th Massachusetts, when fchev went through 
Baltimore, showed the valor and metal of Massachusetts 
men. I am happy to have been vanquished, since it hap- 
pened to be, by a Massachusetts Regiment. Gentlemen, 
1 hope you will all come again." (Applause). 

General Smith arose and said: " We have not forgotten 
the smiling face of that gentleman and soldier, who did so 
much tor us, during our visit to Charlestowu last year; 1 
refer to Colonel Ezra J. Trull of the 5th Massachusetts 



166 HISTORY OF THE FITTH REGOIEXT 

Regiment, and I propose three Aeers for him."' It is 

needless to say they were given - ritb i hearty will. 

Col. Trull arose and. said : t- 1 .: m grt : tiy obliged, officers 
and gentlemen of the 2d Connc :.'.■ it. for your kindness. 
You have done everything tl at . \ be done to enter- 
tain us. You have made oui visit the memorable event 
of the Regiment's history. My officers know of my ina- 
bility to express myself in public, except when command- 
ing my Regiment. 1 am bAppy to be here, and 1 thank 
you all a thousand limes, for your splendid hospitality 
showered upon my Command, since our arrival." 

Colonel William T. Granrmer was next introduced, and 
addressed the company, as follows: 

u Mr. Commander and gentlemen ; I found myself in a 
new vocation to-day,. 1 $tood as a sidewalk committee, 
to watch the grand military pageant, instead of being apart 
of it, as I usually am. The success of the celebration must 
be gratifying to you all. We of Massachusetts know what 
Centennial means, and we have had our grand military re- 
view, and there in Ohaiiestown, man hed side b\ side the 
military from many States. Ii is no new thing to see the 
Massachusetts troops march side by side with those of 
Connecticut. If I remember right, the Fifth was in the 
same Brigade with the 10th Go inecticut, in 1862, and my 
memory of its officers are most p] ;asant. J have been in 
the militia \'<>v over thirl}- years, and look back to the time 
when they were ridiculed, but the time came when they 
stepped forward, and saved this great nation. 

*■'• 1 1 ( >w different the militia of to-day; now we have 
men trained and ready for action, and as 1 witnessed the 
display, thai marched to martial music, i thought to my- 
self, this is well, and I hope we sltuuld not need their help 
in any future trouble, but it we should, thev are certainly 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



16' 



reapy. 1 appreciate your welcome most heartily, and 
shall never forget the hospitality of the citizens and mili- 
tary of New Haven." 

Captain George M. Harmon, Chief Marshal of the proces- 
sion, said. "That he was glad to meet Massachusetts men 
anywhere, and Ids associations with them to-day, were of 
the most pleasant kind." General Smith called upon. 
Captain Snow of the 5th, to make an address, and the ge- 
nial Captain replied in a most humorous vein, fairly con- 
vulsing his hearers, witli his peculiar logic. He said, "I 
am happy to he here to-night, and to have enjoyed your 
hospitality, and this occasion reminds me of a story of my 
youth : You all recollect the immortal Daniel Webster. 
Well, he arid T lived as neighbors when hoys, and it often 
used to occur, that we would make molasses candy to- 
gether ; so Ave made it, at ray house one night, and as he 
poured the molasses into the kettle, 1 poured in the pea- 
nuts. Well, after the molasses began to boil, Webster, 
who was stirring the stuff, suddenly stopped, raised a 
spoonful oi the lira candy in the air, and as it ran stream- 
ing doWn his hare arm, he turned and said, l Snow! ' Says 
1, ; What is it, Webster?'- Says lie again, -Snow, this is a 
great and glorious country, and we're haying a thundering 
good time to-night.' Those memorable words are appli- 
cable to this important gathering, and we can truly say 
that we are having a thundering good time to-night." 

Captain W. A. Bancroft of the Cambridge Company, 
when introduced as the stroke of the victorious Harvard 
Crew, responded as follows : 

'• I hardly expected this; wc haw experienced the ful- 
ness of your hospitality to-day, and not without profit to 
ns. 1 shall remember the day as a happy anniversary, 
and hope that you may give us an opportunity to recipro- 
cate \ our kindness." 



168 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH BEGIMENT 

Captain Wyer of the 5th-, ably responded to the call of 
General Smith, and Frank T. Robinson, an ex-member 
of the Charleston n Cadets, responded for the press* 

The following are the names of the able Committee of 
Arrangement: — Lieut. -Col. J, M. Bacon; Major Carl G. 
Engel; Captain if. D.Phillips; Captain H. II. Loomis ; 
Captain M. P. Brenati ; Captaiii C. E. Hound ; Lieuten- 
ant Henry Phillips. 

After the banquet, (lie entire company left the hotel, 
and strolled about the pleasant grounds, enjoying the cool 
atmosphere of the early morning, and the grand scenery 
of the Day, which could be distinctly seen, for the moon 
was at its full, and had come to view from behind the 
misty clouds, which had hid it from sight all the night, li 
was nearly three o'clock before the barges were ready, and 
at that hour ili-.^ party embarked for the City. Arriving 
at the hotels, the visitors found them very quiet, and were 
greeted only by the glimmering gas-jets in tin* corridors, 
the tired soldiers having sought their beds, for rest. 

Deeaetee e fiiom New J..Ia\ ex. 

At six o'clock, on the morning of the 5th of July, the 
boys were astir, and at 8 : 30, were in line on the Green. 

A dress parade occurred, which was witnessed by thous- 
ands of spectators, who frequently applauded the various 
evolutions. The X>'tr Haven Union, in speaking of this 
feature of tin; visit of the Fifth, says : — 

ki The thousand spectators who saw the dress parade of 
the Fifth Regiment of Massachusetts on the Green, this 
morning, before they marched to the depot to take the 
train for home, re-affirmed the oft-repeated opinion heard 
yesterday, that it vvas "a fine regiment." Considering all 
the men went Lhrough yesterday and hist ni-ht, thev 



. „ . 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 1G9 

looked wonderfully fresh this morning, and carried them- 
selves without any appearance of the fatigue they must 
have felt. 

" Ex-Major Jordan^ acting as Adjutant, formed tin? line 
and turned it over to Col. Trull. The eight companies 
presented a very pretty appearance as they stood stretched 
out iu one h>ng line from the band stand, northerly, nearly 
to (lie Elm street railing. When the band started off, and 
marched the length of the. line and back, the applause 
began, and the spectators found frequent occasion to re- 
peat it during the fifteen or twenty minutes the dress 
parade was in progress. The Adjutant spoke rather 
quick", and was in had voice, but after Col. Trull began \o 
give Itis orders, the men gave wonderfully prompt response, 
and a most gratifying exhibition of proficiency. The man- 
ual, especialhv the 'present,' 'right shoulder,' and ' sup- 
port ' was gone through with in excellent time, and when 
the commissioned officers marched to the front, and pro- 
t ceeded to where the Colonel stood, there was a round of 
applause from the spectators, at- the line line the officers 
showed. During the whole ceremony, t]\(^ men in tire 
ranks stood him and steady, and carried themselves like 
veterans. Among the spectators who enjoyed the really 
hue exhibition, wore Gen. Smith and Liout.-Col. Morgan 
of his staff, and the following Second Regiment officers: 
Col. Graham, Lieut. -Col. Bacon, Adjutant Thompson, 
Captains Philips, Spencer, and Mix, and Lieutenants 
Bacon and La-Barnes. 

" Aftej the parade, tin- regiment, preceded by tin 1 band 
playing the Second Regiment March, filed through the 
Temple street entrance, am) paraded <h<\\u Chapel street, 
through State, and to the depot to take a. special train for 
Boston. The regiment marched company front along 



170 



HISTORY. OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Chapel, street, and marched well. The applause {'rem the 
sidewalks was frequent, and the visitors departed with 
this last token of appreciation lingering in their ears, offi- 
cers and men alike declaring* that their New Haven visit 

had been, one of great enjoyment, whose memory would 
ion?; he held in kindly remembrance."' 



Homewa rij Bound. 

The return of the Fifth from the hospitable City of 
Elms was marked by several incidents which will be found 
nnds-r the head of iimidentals. When the cars left New 
Haven, many of the Second Regimeht men were present, 
and exchanged a "good bye," and " come again" villi 
their many friends of the Fifth. The boys made them- 
selves comfortable in the cars, and many of (hem could be 
seen, as one jostled through the train, stretched out, sound 
asleep : the majority of the regiment were, however, wide- 
awake, and were enjoying themselves in various ways, and 
seemed to desire the ball to be kept rolling, rather than 
lose a bit of fun by nodding. One of the boys said to the 
writer, when asked if he was not tired enough to go to 
sleep, iv I can g*e1 enough sleep in Boston, but such times 
as 1 have had are rare, so 1 am taking in everything. " 

This seemed to express the sentiment of every one 
tluroug.houl the entire trip, and as there A .vas no member 
of the regiment seen in any other condition than thai of 
a true soldier and gentleman, it will be understood thai 
each man felt it his duty to honor himself, his company, 
and his State. 

Id'*; train reached the Providence depot shortly 1 
4 o'clock, and the regime] I marched through Eliot;; Wash- 
ington, School and Beacon streets to the Common. The 
command marched in column of companies, the police 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



171 



having, in compliance with the law giving the militia the 
right of way, cleared the streets of all vehicles. The men 
appeared none the worse for their two day's jaunt, and 
all of the companies maintained excellent alignments, and 
the men were very steady. The parade ground Lad been 
roped off for the Military, and the vast throng' assembled 
to witness the evolutions of the Regiment, lined the edges 
of the park, and frequently gave w\ii to their admiration 
of the movements of the troops. Major Jordan officiated 
as Adjutant. Colonel Trull dismissed the regiment im 
mediately after the parade, and the colors were escorted 
to the headquarters in Charlestown District, by the 
Charlestown companies, accompanied by the band. The 
Cadets and City Guard then proceeded to their armories 
and were dismissed. 

Tims terminated one of the most successful excursions 
ever edven bv a regiment from this State, and it is no vain 
boast to sav that the regiment reflected as much honor on 
the old Commonwealth as any ol her organization that could 
have been selected. 

Much praise is due to Colonel Ezra J. Trull, for the ex- 
ample that' he set his men in the role of a true soldier. lie 
maintained the dignity his position demanded, and was at 
the same time familial with his command, and, asauatura] 
result, was very much respected and obej'ed. All. of khe 
staff officers of the regiment are of a, gentlemanly stamp, 
and were popular with the boys during the excursion. 



Incidentals. 

Company 11, the Charlestown City Guards, Capt. J. II . 
Brown, tinned out the largest company, 4o men and 3 
officers. 



1 i '-! II i STO R Y OF T f i E FJ FT J I R EG 1 »XEK T 

The New Haven newspaper men paid every attention 
to their Boston brethern, and kept a collation spread for 
{•hern all day in the ante-room of the Aldermen's room, at 
the City Hall. 

Adjt. Stevenson was unlucky enough to pet the fore- 
finger of his left hand caught in a ear door Thursday night, 
and on the trip his duties were most efficiently performed 
by Major II. \Y . Jordan. 

Room 07, at the Tremont House, the headquarters of 

the Cadets, was assigned to the use of the invited, guests 
of the company. Charles and James did the handsome 
thing, not once, but several times "Oh, where are they/' 
was asked several times during the evening at the banquet. 

Surgeon Edward J. Forster was unable io accompany 
the regiment, owing to sickness in his family. 

The City Guard Glee Club, composed of Messrs, Cone. 
Calburt, Clary. Miers and Martin furnished sonic excellent 
singing while the regiment was en route to New Haven, 
Thursday evening. 

Two pleasant episodes connected with the Crip are 
worthy of mention. The first occurred Friday afternoon, 
when, in behalf of the officers, Captain J. E. Phipps pre- 
sented the paymaster with an elegant goldbadge. composed 
of a pin, hearing the word " Paymaster" and the bars of a 
first lieutenant, from which depended the Fifth Regime] I 
badge, or seal, and a tiger's head, the latter having refer- 
ence to Lieut. Fairbanks's former connection with the 
"Tigers/' The second incident took place on the train 
Saturday, the men putting their hands in their pockets 
and presenting a purse of some 8-00 to a member of com- 
pany G, of Woburn, Horace Dean, wnoreceiveda telegram 



MASSACHUSETTS VOI/UNTEEK MILITIA. 173 

Friday night that his bouse and furniture had been des- 
troyed by lire. 

On the route from New Haven a member of company 
B was very severely injured by falling across the side or 
back of a seat. He was almost completely paralyzed for 
some time, and Dr. M. E. Webb, who accompanied the 
regiment as acting surgeon, thought the man's spine must 

O OCT >--> 1 

have been injured. He rallied, however, before reaching 
Boston, and was thought to be out of danger, but in the 
evening- there was a rumor that the injured man had died. 
The rumor lacked confirmation, and at this present writ- 
ing, is convalescent, 

Sergt. R. F. McKee of company G, Woburn, folded the 

overcoats for the whole regiment, thereby securing uni- 
formity as well as neatness. 

The Press Comments. 

Of course there was a great desire on the part of the 
regiment and friends of the Fifth to obtain the papers in 
which reports of the trip were chronicled. Many were 
finable to do so, and for that reason we append extracts 
from those papers winch directly refer to the excursion. 

As will be seen, they speak volumes for the brilliant 
record achieved by the glorious Fifth, and more than 
attest, what lias been previously said in its praise in this 
history, spreading the fame of the Fifth from east to west, 
or wherever the press is read. 

Boston Herald, July 5th, IST'J. 
In referring to the parade in New Haven, the Herald 
said: The column was a very long one, and the march 
was also lone;, and very fatieruins*. The companies v\ the 






' 









174 HISTOKY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT. 

Fifth all did well, ami there were man)' warm encomiums 
on their personal appearance and marching, al! along the 
route. Near the close of the route, the Mayor took a posi- 
tion in front of the City Hall, and the Second paid him a 
marching salute. Immediately after passing, Gen. Smith? 
commanding the escort, wheeled out with his staff and 
took position on the right of the Mayor. Colonels Kings- 
bury, Parker and Fiske of Gov. Talbot's staff, accompanied 
Gen. Smith, having the post of honor. The officers of the 
Fifth, and. in fa<-! : nearly all the other military bodies, 
seeing the mounted officers, supposed they were the ones 
to be saluted, and passed by the Mayor, utterly ignoring 
him. In the march by, the Fifth far surpassed the other 
organizations in the steadiness of the men, and, in correct- 
ness in saluting, nearly all the Second officers neglecting 
to look toward the reviewing officer. Both the Second 
and Fifth kept good alignments during' the passage, and 
the former kept ranks better closed. 

Same Paper, July Gtfi, 1870. 

Entering the parade ground, on Boston Common, on the 
return of the regiment, a good sized space was found roped 
off, and entirely cleared of people : an immense crowd was 
present, and the dress parade was given mexcclleni shape, 
Major Jordan officiating as Adjutant. 061. Trull expressed 
to the officers, and through them to the men, his thanks 
for the excellent conduct of the regiment, both as regards 
discipline and drill. The companies were dismissed im- 
mediately after dress parade, and they lost no time in 
getting home. The officers and men are to be congratu- 
lated upon the appearance of the regiuu nt, and, judging 
i'roiii the comments of the people in New I laven, everv- 
bodv there was delighted with the command. The cor- 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



175 



dial reception and entertainment by the Second Regiment 
was all that could be desired, and the men naturally feel 
pretty well satisfied with their trip. The Paymaster, 
Lieut. Charles A. Fairbanks, felt particularly pleased Sat- 
urday, as every bill Lad been paid in full. 

Banquet to Officers. 

New Haven Evening Register, July 5th, t c -70. 
The complimentary banquet given by the officers of the 
Second Regiment, to the officers of the Fifth Massachu- 
setts, was eaten at the Forbes "House, East Haven, last 
evening. The party of about 106 sat down about ten 
o'clock. There were present, Postmaster Speriy, Mayor 
Bigelow, Chief Marshal Harmon, Surgeon-General Fuller, 
Colonel Morse, General Smith and four or five of his staff. 
Colonel Graham, Lieutenant-Colonel Bacon and others of 
the Colonel's staff, and the officers of the Fifth Massachu- 
setts, don. Smith acted as toast-master, lie called upon 
Postmaster Sperry, as a representative of the general gov- 
ernment, and he responded in a pleasant vein. Gen. Ful- 
ler and Col. Morse, of tic governor's staff, responded for 
the State, -Mayor Blgeloiv for the City, and Chief Marshal 
Harmon for tin 1 procession. Col. Trull spoke at some 
length, laying stress upon the unexceptionable manner in 
which his command had been -received. Colonel Graham 
highly complimented the Fifth upon their appearance. 
Capt. Snow and Ex-Captain Weir, of the Fifth, responded 
to the toasts, and E x- Col. G rammer made a fine display of 
his speaking abilities. i; The Press" was responded to by 
Frank T. Robinson of Boston, the historian of the regi- 
ment. The banquet was finished abouj two o'clock this 
morning. The bill of fare was gotton up in line style by 
Pundeivon &. Crisand. 



170 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



The Fifth Massachusetts is a fine regiment, the men 
being notieable for their manly bearing and fine figures. 
The lines and evolutions of the Charlestown Cadets, the 
first company in line, were especially fine. 



MOKXIXG JoUKXAL AX1) Courier of New Haven, July 5tl>. 1879. 

A liner body of men than the Fifth Massachusetts Reg- 
iment is rarely seen, and it did not detract from its good 
reputation yesterday. The visiting organizations gave us 
much pleasure, and we hope that in the intervals of effort 
they received some. The thanks of the citizens arc due 
them, and ail who helped to make the day so notable. 
Before the bright rays of Old Sol had begun to stream 
down with fervid heat and melting fierceness, sounds of 
martial music were filling the air, as the various city com- 
panies of the Second Regiment were marching down to 
the ears to receive the visitors, the fine Fifth Massachu- 
setts Regiment, Colonel Trull, a gallant command, who 
did honor to the parade, and the Old Bay Slate. Soon 
the rich plumes of the officers of note and distinction 
waved in the earl}' morning breeze, and the march and 
tread of lie- visiting soldiers' feet, was heard upon our 
pavements', and people ran to the doorways and windows 
to see the soldiers pass by, already awake, if nor awake 
all night, through the din and clatter and phiz and snap 
of rockets and crackers, and the bang of small cannon. 
The military visitors came in promptly on time, no delay 
— and so it was with everything throughout the day — 
no delay, no mistakes, no bungling, everything in happy, 
systematic order. Tin visitors wore their fatigue dre: • . 
which they, after refreshment and welcome, changed, and 
donned their line blue uniform and white pants, in whii h 
they appeared in the procession, challenging admiration. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 177 

not alone in dress, bat in their fine s4.cn and soldierly ap- 
pearance. Xow the people were ready, all eager to see 
the grand display. With bond music filling the air, came 
tlie General in command, S. R. Smith, of ibis city, with 
his Staff Officers, and behind them came Colt's Band with 
music, whose superior character lighted up the eyes of the 
fair ladies at the balconies, and prepared them to see with 
even more eager anticipation, the bold soldier 'hoys of the 
Second and Fifth. First came the Second, looking every 
inch a fine command, With step and soldierly bearing, and 
looking worthy to bear the name of the Second . with its 
fine record. Then came the visiting Regiment, whose 
appearance provoked enthusiastic sentiments of approba- 
tion, eight companies strong, and nil having already a 
love for the old City of Elms, gained, from past pleasant 
acquaintance with the Second at Bunker Hill, and with 
hospitalites already afforded since their arrival. Among 
the officers of this command was Captain Bancroft, whose 
oar lately gave Yale so much trouble at New London. 

Xf.v, H.-wr.x Usiox, July '5th, 1879. 
While the officers of the Second and Fifth were enjoy- 
ing i heir banquet at Morn's Cove, the men of t)w two reg- 
iments mostly remained in the city, am"! were entertained 
at the three city armories and at Quartermaster RedneuTs. 
There were collations provided at the four places, and all 
the evening men in uniform were pa ;sing in and out, enjoy- 
ing the refreshments provided. Tin scenes in the armorie ; 
wert' striking and brilliant. The rooms were highly deco- 
rated and Hags and bunting were everywhere. The many 
lights shown on the showy uniforms oif (he soldiers and 
luc general effect was very striking. There were any 
number of informal speeches made, and glee clubs from 



ITS HISTORY' OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

many of the companies march ad from armory to armory or 
paraded the streets with locked arms singing, and apparent- 
ly enjoying themselves to the utmost. Prom what was left 
of the eatables, Quartermaster Redfield gathered several 
barrels of sandwiches, etc., which he thoughtfully sent 
this morning to the Orphan Asylum. 

.A i the press headquarters, besides members of the local 
press committee were the following:: E. A. Tucker of the 
Hartford Post, C. J. Perkins and J. F. Hill of Boston, Wil- 
liam IE Estey of the Boston JItruld, James. P. Frost of 
the Boston Globe, Charles B. Byram of the Boston Jour- 
nal, Frank T. Robinson, formally editor of the Bunker 
Hill Times (Historian of the Fifth M. V. M.,) A. S. 
Hotehkiss of the Hartford Covrant, Warren H. Burr of 
the Hartford Times, Ira K. Forbes of tic Hartford Peat, 
George D. Curtis of the New York Herald, Frank E. Beach 
of the Waterbury American, R. A. Lyon of the Bridge- 
port Far mer, I. Y\\ Storrs of the Derby Transcript, A. \Y. 
Vaill and Ralph I. Wright of the Shore Line Times. 

Boston Globe, July 5th, 1870. 
In mentioning the fee'viows the Globe said: The Ton- 
tine Hotel is but a few feet from the City Hall, and the 
troops iver- obliged in pass this house before reaching 
the reviewing point. As the Second pased the bote 1. It 
was in very bad shape. Alignments were broken, distances 
poorly preserved, and the nun were talking with each cri In v 
and with spectators uribn the curbstone; However, when 
they reached the City Hall, they had straightened out, and 
showed some fine marching, general] y good alignments and 
distances, and a commeudahh steadiness. Salutes, though, 
proved to be wretched. The officers seemed to have no 
conception of distances, and had almosi as saany styles as 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLTJNTEEB MILITIA. 179 

there were officers. The Fifth did finely, and had a tear- 
ing- ovation. The men seemed as fresh as when they 
started in the forenoon, and passed in a solid body with 
unbroken fronts, a magnificent steadiness and closing of 
ranks and admirable distances between companies. The 
salutes could hardly have been belter, for the distances 
were well judged. When it is taken into consideration that 
very few of the officers and men obtained rest or sleep 
last night, it is a wonder that they could have done so 
well. The Fifth held solidly toils work, and worthily up- 
held its honored name and reputation. 

Tut: New TTavi:x I'allawi/m, July 5th, 1879. 

The Fifth Massachusetts is a fine organization, and 
sustained the military reputation of the State. The Regi- 
ment numbered about 800. The marching, wheeling and 
genera] bearing of the different companies elicited ap- 
plause along the whole line of march. Colonel Trull had 
a regiment of which lie may well be proud. 

New Yoi;k Herald, liify 5th, LS79. 

The procession was a. grand, affair. It included not 
less than five thousand persons, was over two miles in 
length, and was more than an hour in passing a given 
point. The procession formed on Elm street, and at 
eleven o'clock started off on a march of nearly five miles, 
under the command of Chief Marshal Harmon. First 
came the military, the Light Gray of the Second Connec- 
ticut, the United States Regulation Uniform of the Fourth, 
and the nearly similar uniforms of the Fifth Massachusetts, 
whose marching was applauded again and again. 



180 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT. 



Army axp Xavv Journal. 
In referring to the grand Review, the Journal said of 
of (he 5th: The Fifth, Colonel Trull and Staff, wont by 
in splendid shape, with -nod salutes, alignments and dis- 
tances, rear ranks fairly closed and dressed. There were 
hut few blank files in the eight commands, The regiment 
was equalized with fronts of sixteen files. The command 
was applauded during its passage. The Fifth Regiment 
executed the close column formation with promptness, 
and moved to its proper distance in good shape. 



k "■•■•■ s f \ 






* i 



Campaign and other Reminiscences. 



The following Reminiscences of the various campaigns 
and other important incidents, relating to the history of 
the Fifth Regiment; are placed in this portion of the vol" 

lime in order that the search for actual dates and events 
might not be impeded, and further, that those who desire 
to pass over what is generally termed "dry reading," ma}', 
in a measure, be entertained by the narration of some of 
the most interesting events of the regimental service. 

That the Fifth have rendered the state and country emi- 
nent service within the past twenty years, the previous 
chapters fully testify, and it may well be said, that the 
regiment has always been fortunate in having lor its com- 
manding officers, men who have been honored, not only 
in social and military circles, bat in the service of the peo- 
pie oi the city Lev; state. 

The Ti!M'K Month's Volunteers. 

The regiment contained many companies at the break- 
ing out of the war in r86i, that had enviable local reputa- 
tions, and several oi them had received a national reputa- 
tion, so that when the Fifth went to Washington in r86i, 
at the cell for troops lo resist the invasion oi the Capitol, 
time did not go as strangers in a strange land ; the press 
pi tint' period was loud in its praise of the regiment and the 
lugh character ol the material oi which it was composed. 

\\ hen one reads over the old hies oi our local papers ol 



IbZ HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

that date and occasionally discovers a letter from a mem- 
ber of the Fifth while at Camp Andrew, the mind will im- 
mediately become fastened to the narration of the stirring 
events that then transpired. 

Such a letter might not be read by every one with that 
interest that a soldier reads it, but there would be enough. 
in it to prove to any mind that the writer was possessed 
of a valorous spirit. 

During the Fifth's stay at Camp Andrew, the citizen 
soldiers made everything as comfortable as the condition 
ol things would permit. Their tents were arranged in 
rows, forming a series of lan.es and avenues, while some 
furnished them with names, suggestive of those at home. 
In one company a large sign was inscribed "Craft's Cor- 
ner," on another, "Brastow Avenue." These little things 
impressed the visitors with, the feeling that the men, 
although uncertain of life and deprived of the usual com- 
forts of existence, had their thoughts continually on the 
conventional objects and associations of their homes. The 
patriotism of the troops and the intensified love of the old 
flag are well illustrated in a letter received from an officer 
while the Fifth was at Camp Massachusetts, near Alexan- 
dria, Van, which reads as follows : 

"Thursday evening, June 12th, 18.61. — To-day, the regi- 
ment received what has long been needed, namely, a new 
llag — the Stars and Stripes — and our colors are now com 
plete. The texture is silk. In the centre of the field is 
a golden eagle surrounded by a circle o( 34 stars of gold. 
I he statl is surmounted by a gilt spread eagle, with cord 
and tassels of the same royal substance. It is a verv beau- 
tiful affair, ami more beautiful waving here over the soil 
ol disloyal* Virginia. The sight of i1 puts us all 'on our 
fight.' God grant it mav never lead but to victorv." 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



The Fifth at Bull Run. 

There-are many excellent accounts of the famous "Bat- 
tle of Bull Run," and the author has taken the following 
narration from the most reliable of them all, as well as 
quoting extracts from letters of that date. 

For several days before the eventful engagements, the 
Fifth were continually hearing of a probable advance of 
the army, and whenever a runaway darkey from Howard 
County, Maryland, came into camp, he would be the cause, 
of circulating at least a half dozen stories about the strong 
position held by the rebels, and the frightened slave 
would actually convince himself that the " Kingdom " really 
"was coming." 

Every day woidd bring its commotion in camp, exciting 
rumors, and " said to be" reliable information from the 
war department, kept the boys on the tip-toe of hope and 
fear. At night, the regiment would be informed that the 
Union forces were,-— before day-light, to be attacked on all 
sides. Preparation was immediately begun; a signal of 
six guns was to announce the grand sortie, and every 
man was cautioned to leave everything except musket and 
ammunition at the sound of the long roll. Re-inforcements 
to the army were coming in fast, it was said, and with 
the understanding that the rebels were poorly armed and 
a set of sneaks, the boys dropped off into fitful dozes, to 
awake next morning with their throats dry and stomachs 
empty, and inhaling tire sweet scent from off the rich fields 
and mountain atmosphere. The " scare" subsided, the 
dread day was put off, and the cause was, that the Confed- 
erates were afraid to strike the Union army. And so the 
fever run from day to day; now the enemy had retreated, 
and a Peace Convention would "fix things." and then a 
distant rumbling would be heard as if the rebels were prac- 
ticing with their artillery. 



184 



HISTORY OF THE Firm. REGIMENT 



On Sunday, July 7th, 1861, news came that a general 
battle was certain]}" imminent, and that the troops were to 
march in a few hours with three days' rations for Manas- 
sas Junction ; though the news was premature, it proved 
to be the shadow of the event that was near at hand. At 
home, the mother, the father, and the wife watched with 
the deepest interest for the earliest news from the front, 
for the eve of battle was slowly but surely coming on. 

The forward movement of the great national army was 
soon to begin, and the feverish news was awaited in every 
city and town in the Union, causing intense excitement 
day and night. 

The following extract from one of the Union force in 
the field shows the sentiment of one member of the Fifth 
Regiment, 'and was undoubtedly the expression of them all. 

"July nth, 1 86t. — Dullness reigns to-day in our camp, 
' a calm before a storm,' notwithstanding the fresh issue 
of shoes and blankets to put us in good marching order. 
Our term" of service has nearly expired, and the regiment 
is slow in believing that we shah go forward to meet the 
enemy at this late day. But why not? Shall the benefit 
of three month's drill be thrown away? It will be jusl 
as eas) to march back from Fairfax or Manassas as from 
Alexandria." 

The grand move so long meditated begun on the 16th 
oi July, and the troops were enthusiastic enough at being 
relieved of their suspense. The force about to chasti ;c 
the " Secesh Army," consisted of five divisions, 30,000 
or more men, under Gen. Irvin McDowell, and were com- 
posed of Infantry, Artillery and Cavalry, besides theiisual 
baggage wagons and other pharaphernalia oi war. By sun- 
rise on trie morning of the 17th, the whole army moved in 
\o\iv columns, all in light marching order. 1 1 was anticipated 



MASSACHUSETTS VOL 



'1 EEIi 



18/5 



that the enemy were in strong force at Fairfax, and in order 
that the troops might be in good condition the next day, 
the Third Division, under Col. Heintzelman, encamped 
for the night near Sangster's Station. ' The next day the 
army moved on, and as no resistance was offered to their 
advance, the troops were in high spirits, and began to 
think their conquest was to be an easy one. 

" Many of the inhabitants on the line of march aban- 
doned their houses and fled in terror at the approach of 
the troops. Some of these houses were entered and plun- 
dered by the National soldiers, and some barns and out- 
houses in the outskirts of the vintages were burnt, one of 
the troops, it was said, having been shot by a man con- 
cealed in one of them. Some of the soldiers appeared in 
the streets in the evening, dressed in woman's apparel, 
which they had found in the houses ; and one man in the 
gown and bands of a clergyman, which lie found, went 
through the streets with an open book, reading the funeral 
service of the '-President of the Southern Confederacy."' 

A portion ol the first division, Genera! Tyler, was en- 
gaged with the enemy on the iSth in a reconnois^ance at 
Blackburn's Ford, and Ending them in strong force, th • 
were obliged to retreat after an hour's struggle, with a loss 
of about sixty killed and wounded. 

General McDowell felt the necessity of making a de'm- 
onstration on ike enemy before his army was weakened 
by the loss of the- three months' troops, many of the regi- 
ment's time of enlistment expiring on the 2 1st, and he 
accordingly ordered a reconnaissance to be made, and 
arranged ids plans to attack the Confederates the next 



Tliis reconnoissance proved th it a direct attack on the 
-• l.< Rsirur. 






' 






181 



TORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



enemy's front would bo disastrous, and he concluded to 
turn their left by driving them §*om Stone Bridge, where 
they were strongly fortified, and breaking their line there, 
force them from the Warrenton Turnpike, and sever this 
portion of their army from their main force. 

''General McDowell issued specific orders on the 20th 
for an advance and method of attack by three divisions 
chosen for the work. The troops were supplied with three 
days' rations. The columns were to move at about two 
o'clock on the morning of Sunday, the 2 1st. General Ty- 
ler was to be in position at four o'clock, or day-break, to 
menace the Confederates' left at the Stone Bridge, while 
the rear attack was to be made by Generals Hunter and 
Heintzelman about two hours later. Everything was in 
readiness by midnight. The camp-fires of forty regiments 
were burning dimly around Centreville, and the full moon 
was shining brightly, while the air was fresh and still. 

"Never was there a midnight so calm and beautiful ; 
never did a Sabbath morning approach with a more gentle 
aspect on the face of nature." * 

It was difficult to surmount unforseen obstacles, hence 
the man)- serious results to om best generals during the 
war, and General McDowell was no exception. At two 
o'clock in the morning, the long roll sounded, and there 
was now no doubt oi a march in the minds of any of the 
troops, and it was long before sunrise that our forces had 
passed with steady tread through Centreville, 

The second division, Col. David Hunter, and the third 
division, Col. Heintzelman, crossed Cub Run, turned to 
the right through the •' big woods/' and General Tyler 
with the first division, went by the Warrenton V'.:\J. Hun- 
ter and Heintzelman were to drive trie enemy from the 



E.se, 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER M I LLT1 A. 



18' 



right and rear upon General Tyler's forces, so that by sur- 
rounding them, a more speedy victory would be assured. 

" Oar troops went into the field tired and weary from 
long marching, and lack of rest, and the foe were fresh and 
well-fed, and intrenched behind rifle pits, and breastworks, 
and masked batteries and in forest groves, from which 
they were enabled to pour a murderous fire upon our ad- 
vancing" force, while our guns though replying vigorously, 
could have had but slight effect. The rebels under har- 
rangues and exordiums fought with wild yells and demon- 
strations. General McDowell and Staff accompanied the 
central attacking column, under Tyler. The field of bat- 
tle extended over a large area of country. The sun shone 
in all its magnificence and ' splendor. The battle was 
opened at half-past five in the morning, and our wearied 
troops began the conflict with resolution and courage. 
General Tyler's division made the first onslaught. The 
noise of the cannon was heard distinctly in Alexandria, 
and even Washington. Great was the suspense and anxi- 
ety. The smoke of the conflict darkened the air for a 
long distance. It was a heavy artillery duel at first." 



Gen Biifnsid 



:>eiiw nc 



,i\ i'lv en&asred v ith the Cor 



federate General Evans' brigade, and called for help. This 
part oj the conflict had been going on for about an hour, 
and the result was doubtful, when Porter's brigade was 
ordered to Ins relief. This re-enforcement caused Evans' 
line to gradually give way, although the enemy held man- 
fully to their position. At the critical moment a body of 
s were seen coining over the ridge, in direction ot 



ti 



kail Run, to the assistance of the Nationals, and the head 
oi Heintzelman's Division, which had not reached tiie 
ford above, when the battle commenced, was coming 
upon tlie field. "The column on the left was Sherman's 

* "Jerome H. I.ucke, I.. L. H. 



18S 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Brigade, from Tyler's right wing, led by Colonel Corcoran, 
with his New York Sixty-Ninth, sixteen hundred strong". 
Using a high tree for an observatory, an officer of Tyler's 
Staff had watched the movements of the columns of Hun- 
ter and Heintz'elman, from the moment when they crossed 
Bull Run; and when there seemed danger that -the. tide 
of battle might be turned against the attacking force of 
his Division, Tyler prompt])' ordered Sherman to cross 
just above the Stone Bridge, to their assistance. He did 
so without much molestation, when the advance (Sixty- 
Ninth), soon encountered some ol the Confederates flying 
before Hunter's force." * 

Sherman's approach was timely, his troops being fresh, 
they pressed the enemy, who finally fled in confusion up 
the slopes of the plateau, and across it. 

The conflict was fearful, and our forces were successful. 
Hunter and Heintzclman were in 'strong position. "At 
half-past twelve, an essential triumph had been gained by 
our army. Beauregard, himself, could hardly keep his 
forces up to their work. That at this point the Confeder- 
ates were virtually deleated, Was admitted by rebel jour- 
nals: 'Some oi our best officers,' said the Louisville 
Courier ) 'were slain, and the flower of the army lay 
strewn upon the held. McDowell was in the aet of pos- 
sessing himself of the railway to Richmond. Then all 
would have been lost. But at this critical moment, Gen. 
Johnston, with the remnant of his Division, re-appeared." 
The Richmond Dispatch, and the Charleston Mcratrr, 
confessed, with like testimony, to the narrow escape. 
Johnston's troops who had escaped from Winchester, had 
reached the battle-field by railroad. Our men heroicalh 
renew cd the attack." f 



Lo*>i 



'■ J.V, Luckc, I.. I.. !: 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 180 

The Union Reserves, consisting of the Fourth and Fifth 
Divisions; were then ordered forward, and if this force 
could have confronted the rebel reinforcement, at once, 
the result of the conflict might have been far different. 

"By three o'clock, there were no impediments in the 
way of the advance of re-enforcements from Centreville ; 
for at one o'clock, the National forces had possession of 
the Warrenton Turnpike, from near the bridge westward, 
which was one of the grand objectives of the movement 
against the Confederate left. 

"The Confederates were in commanding position, on 
the plateau, and to drive them from it, was the task imme- 
diately in hand. To accomplish tins, five brigades, includ- 
ing Colonel Franklin's, the Filth Massachusetts forming 
the right, were sent along the Sudley's Spring Road, to 
turn the Confederates' left. 

" Up the slope, south of the Warrenton Turnpike, 
these brigades moved, accompanied by McDowell, with. 
Heintzelman (whose division com, me need the action here) 
as chief lieutenant, on the held. They were severely 
galled by the batteries of the enemy, yet the)' pressed for- 
ward and were soon in possession of the western portion 
ol the plateau. There was a swell of •ground westward a 
short distance, occupied by the Confederates, the posses- 
sion of which was important, as it commanded the whole 
plateau. Two batteries were ordered to seize it, ami 
plain their guns there, and the Fifth and Eleventh Mas- 
sachusetts regiments, with others, were ordered to the left 
oi the batteries/' * 

Here the Fifth did noble duty, receiving their orders 
from Colonel Lawrence, they coolly fired upon the enemy, 

They were 
* Lossinjr. 



190 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

exposed to a terrible ambushed fire of the rebel batteries 
for a full half hour, and while in -their unprotected situa- 
tion, were liable to be cut to pieces, and doubtless would 
have been, but from the fact that .the Zouaves, who had 
advanced upon the enemy, and were suddenly met by an 
ambushed Alabama regiment, recoiled under the hot fire 
and fled in confusion, which saved the intended charge 
of the brigade, and caused another movement immediately. 

The struggle for the plateau was still going on, and the 
First Minnesota, Col. Gorman, was ordered to support the 
batteries, while the hifth acted as reserve. A double 
quick movement brought the two commands opposite to 
their original position, on the right, and they had hardly 
assumed the offensive, when they were suddenly confront- 
ed by a body of troops some fifty yards to their front. 
This embarrassing position continued for some moments, 
each command not knowing whether he was facing friend 
or foe ; but in a short time, the colors were seen, and the 
rattle of musketry "began in good earnest, resulting in the 
batteries and infantry retiring from their position under a 
murderous lire from five times their own iorce. 

The biith then moved with their brigade near their 
first position. In the mean time, McDowell ordered 
Sherman to sweep the hill, but alas, they were overpow- 
ered, and with fearful results were obliged to retreat, be- 
ing repuleed by a greater force than was anticipated. 

Johnston was shortly after re-enforced by General E. 
Kirbv Smith with a force oi over four thousand men, who 
laid comedown by the Manassus Gap Road. This was an 
opportunity oi which Johnston availed himself, and with 
tour brigades, lie bore heavily down on the right and rear 
oi McDowells forces, and cleared our troops from the 
slope and plateau, thus defeating our almost victorious 
army. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER .MILITIA. T9'1 

"The panic and the tumultuous bead-long rush to 
Washington, after the battle, is familiar to every one. 
A ceaseless tide of fugitives surged over the roads, and 
fields, and through the woods. The rebels had a chance 
of entering Washington, but they had been nearly beaten, 
and were really as badly demoralized as our own army. 
The path of our flying troops was a scene of havoc, lit- 
tered with guns, knapsacks, blankets, haversacks, and 
canteens, and choked with broken gun carriages, and the 
private carriages of Washington officers, and public men, 
who had driven dauvn to see the conflict from a suitable 
distance. And then, sad indeed, there were wounded and 
exhausted soldiers, and horses, crushed and mangled, who, 
unable to go further, dropped in their tracks. Attempts 
were made to stop the panic, but in vain. The resistless 
tide of fugitives rolled onward until Centreville was reached. 
Some stopped at Fairfax, some at Alexandria, and some 
kept on to Washington. Many of the Union dead and 
wounded lay exposed on the battle field." * 

The Fifth, -after leaving the battle-field, marched to 
Centreville, where an attempt was made to re-organize the 
panic-stricken troops, but this proved ineffectual, and the 
remnants proceeded to Washington, where they arrived, 
a forlorn and prostrated set of men, though not disheart- 
ened, tor they were conscious of having done their duty 
well, and received the merited [.raise of their commanding 
Generals. 

Their term of enlistment soon expired, their campaign 
days was over, and the thought of soon being with their 
friends at home, brought joy and comfort to their wear) 
hearts. Some, there were, who were left behind; dead, 
missing, and taken prisoners, but the hopes of all, were 

• 1 B. Lucke, 1 . !.. B. 






192 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

that time would bring most of them to the surface, and 
eventually to those who yearned" most dearly for them. 

Upon the arrival of the regiment in Boston, they re- 
ceived a reception worthy of such heroes. The people 
turned out en masse, and the cheers of the multitude that 
thronged the route of the inarch, were significant of the 
fact that their services had been appreciated, and that 
while away their every movement had been closely 
watched. 

When the prisoners returned, several months after, hav- 
ing been exchnru/cd, they also received a most fitting re- 
ception, not only from the people, but from the hands of 
their former comrades. The stories of the sufferings ex- 
perienced by the prisoners of war, have been read with 
interest, and their escape from death was remarkable, con- 
sidering the treatment they received. 

Killed, Wounded, and Prisoners. 
The following is the most correct list of the killed and 
wounded and those taken prisoners at the Battle of Bull 
Run, that could be gathered by the author. 
Colonel Samuel C. Lawrence, wounded. 

Company A, Salem, 
Henry T. Briggs, Prisoner, Exchanged 1862. 
Samuel A. Cate, 4i " 1862. 

Company B, South Reading. 
Sergeant George W.- Aborn, Prisoner, Exchanged 1S62. 
James II. Griggs, " " 1862. 

Frank L. Tibbetts, " " 1S62. 

Company C, Charlestown. 
Edward Foster, Prisoner, Exchanged [S62. 

Company D, IL\\ ERHiLr. 
Hiram S. C piling, Killed. 
James A. Shaw, Prisoner, parolled, 1S62. 









- 









MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA, 



193 



Company E, Medford. 
Sergeant William II. Laurence, Killed. 

John IF. Hoyt, Prisoner, Exchanged 1862. 

Company F, Boston. 
Sergeant Charles W. Cassebourne, Killed. 
Isaac M. Low " 

Thomas Hettler, ' ; . 

Edward J. Williams, 

Cyrus F. Wardwell, Prisoner, Exchanged 1862. 
Stephen O 'U ara, . " " 1S62. 

Bernard McSweeney, " " 1S62. 

William H. Richardson, accidentally shot. 

Company G. Concord. 
Sergeant Cyrus Hosmer, Prisoner, Exchanged 1S62. 



Win. S. Rice, 
Wi C. Bates, 
Edward S. Wheeler, 
llcnrv L. Wheeler, 



1862. 
1S62. 
1862. 

1862. 



Company H, Salem. 

George A. Thompson, Killed. 

William Shanley, Prisoner, Exchanged [862. 

George W. Dow, " " 1S62. 

Company L Somerville. 
Edward F. Ilannaford, Killed. 
William F. Moore, \\ ounded. 

< OMPANY K, ClIARLESTOWN. 

Henry A. Angier, Prisoner, Exchanged [S62. 
C. A. Babcock, " " 1S62. 

George T. Chikls, " " 1862. 

Samuel ]•'.. Chandler, " " 1S62. 

Sumner Fish, Killed — never seen since battle. 

R ECAPITUI.ATION. 
Killed, 9. Wounded, 2. Prisoners, 22. 

There wore- no bounties given wJien the Fifth went to 
Washington, nor wore any offered to the nine-month's 
volunteers at first, an evidence that the nien were actuated 
by pure patriotism in offering their lives at their country's 
call, and not for pecuniary considerations. 



194 history of the fifth regiment 

The Second Three Month's Enlistment. 

The regiment after its term of service expired, July 3 I s.t, 
1861, kept up its organization, and when on May 26th, 1862, 
a telegram was received from the President by Governor 
Andrew, to forward to Washington at once, all of the ac- 
tive militia of this State, the Fifth responded with its 
usual alacrity. General Banks had been driven from the 
Shenandoah valley, by a superior force of the enemy, and 
the Capitol of Washington was menaced. Orders were 
issued on the 26th of May to commanders of regiments 
to report forthwith with their commands on Boston Com- 
mon for active service. Again men bid farewell to their 
families, put on their uniforms, assembled in their armor- 
ies, and proceeded at once to Boston, many of them at 
great personal sacrifice. On the 27th, Boston was alive 
with troops, some four thousand men having responded 
to the call. The Fifth, on this occasion, was officered as 
follows : 

Colonel .... Samuel C. Lawrence- 

Licit. -Colonel . . GEORGE IT. PEIRSON, 
Major JOHN T. BOYD. 

Quaftermtister . . Joseph E. Billing?. 
Surgeon .... Samuel II. Huri>. 
Sergeant-Major . . Henry A. Quincy. 
Quartermaster-Sergeant Samuel C. Hunt, |r. 
Company A. Captain Richard Barrett, 

13. Lieut. William I:'. Robinson, 
" C. Captain John P. Richardson, . 
" I). Captain EIannibal 1'. Norton, 
" E. Captain John IFutchings, . 

F. Captain Ebhratm II. Brigiiam, 
" J I. Captain John B. Norton, . 

Late on the afternoon of the 27th, it was ascertained 
that man)- of the men who had responded to the call, be 



42 


men. 


36 


M 


3 2 


" 


95 




82 


" 


51 


" 


93 






4- y 9 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



195 



lieved the service which they bad volunteered to render 
Isvas but for three months, and had -.made their business 
and other arrangements accordingly. Upon arriving at 
Boston, they discovered that the three-month's term had 
been changed by an Act of Congress to a longer term ; 
Whereupon Gov Andrew telegraphed to the War Depart- 
ment for authority to muster the men in for three months' 
service, which authority was not given. The law was ex- 
plained to the men, and about (^nc half of them volun- 
teered to proceed, "law or no law," and every man was 
an.'-d'-ms to go for three months. The ne.vt day informa- 
tion was received from Washington that the immediate 
danger to the Capitol was passed, concentration of regular 
forees having been effected, and the militia were disbanded, 
many of them, however, enlisted in the three years' regi- 
ment then forming. 

T HE X I N E A 1 NT 1 1 S ' V L U X T E E R S . 

The Fifth did not remain inactive alter its second prof- 
fer for three months' service, but was immediately re- 
cruited, as will be seen by referring to page 29. Many in- 
cident:, could be related by the veterans of the nine 
moiuh.s' campaign, and if each member could add, his indi- 
vidual experience, the whole would make a book well worth 
reading. The writer, however, has not forgot ten Ins own 
experience, and being unable to obtain valuable items from 
others, will give Ins persona! recollections, together with 
gleanings from old letters and information from other re- 
liable sources. 

Many events occurred, the mere mention of which will 
be sufficient to recall to the mind the entire incident. 
*Vho of the Fifth that sailed away from Boston on the 
transport Mississippi, Capt. Baxter, will ever forget the 



^ 



J 



196 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

terrible fall of Claude Grenache of Co. [., who, having 
climbed to the fo.retop, lost hisiiold and fell to the deck, 
breaking his buck, and severely injuring a member of his 
company. His ambition to gain notoriety as an athlete 
brought him to an untimely end. His body was left at 
Holme's Hoik Doubtless the boys will not forget the 
rations of soup issued the second day out, salt ! that was 
no name for it ; the writer has ascertained that no one (?) 
was to blame for this calamity to the famished troops, it 
having occurred in the following manner : Joel Raymond 
and itoyal Ramsey of Co. H, together with one or two 
other celebrated cooks, had charge of the pottage, and, 
having a complete knowledge of the quantity of salt needed 
to a gallon of fresh water, etc., added the required amount 
oil the start, which was all right, but the supervising 
officer, whose name is well known in the regiment, .and 
whose love for the boys was proverbial, thinking there 
might be some mistake and thoughtlessness on the part 
of the cooks, made careful inquiries of them and thought 
everything all right ; the cooks, however, or some un- 
authorized panties, fearing that the stuff would not be salt 
enough, turned in a portion oi a barrel o! rock salt, and 
"let her bib:." The result was that the soup would not 
remain liquid but became solid with crystals of salt after 
five minutes' cooling. The winkle affair proved the truth 
O'i the ok! adage, "toe- man)" cooks spoil the broth." After 
the exclamations usual on an occasion of this kind, the 
boys settled down and had a "quiet game" by way oi 
pacification, 

(hi the 26th, an incident occurred which nearly resulted 
in the loss oi a life : it was as follows : After passing Fori 
Macon, X. C, we took a pilot and had hardl) sailed a mile 
when we were brought up hard and last on a sand bar, 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 197 

and had the pleasure of seeing the Forty-fourth disembark 
from the Merrimac on the wharf at* Morehead city. Capt. 
Baxter was a man of few words, some of them being oaths, 
and his harsh voice must have grated fearfully on the ears 
of that pilot when he roared, or rather hissed, " You south- 
ern hound, you '11 have us aground ! if you do, you J 11 

blow your brains out ! " It required the most earnest 

solicitations of several of the officers to prevent the cap- 
tain from carrying out his threat. As it .was, the pilot's 
boat which was made fast under our stern,, was crushed to 
atoms by the propeller. It being customary fur the pilot 
to make his skill fast to the stern of vessels, or side 
wheelers, and this being the first propeller that ever en- 
tered the harbor, his ignorance cost him dear. 

Mr. Fred. A. Barker, one of the ship's officers, and a 
resident of Charlestown, rendered many favors to the 
troops during the passage in the. way of provender, and 
his kindness was duly appreciated. 

We landed next day, in good condition, and the boys 
went for the big oysters, apples, (io cents each), and oth- 
er luxuries, and after hearing strange stories of " bullud " 
from the Ninth New jersey veterans, the platform cars 
soon carried us to New Berne, and we slept that night in 
our new quarters, the Sibley tents, having been pitched 
by that best of regiments, the Twenty-nfth Massachusetts. 
Beyond the city, and mound our camp, the country was 
low and marshy. The thermometer ranged from 70" to 
Bo° at midday, and at night, fell to 30° and 25 , there being 
no twilight, the heavy dew suddenly penetrated every- 
thing, and cautioned us about fever and ague ; but the 
boys were careful, and by using proper sanitary precau- 
tious, they escaped the malarial lexer, that swept ofj many 
members of the Forty-fifth and Forte-sixth regiments. 



198 history of the fifth regiment 

Fort Peirson. 
Fort Peirson was the name By which the camp of the 
Fifth Regiment was designated during their nine months' 

campaign, in New Berne, North Carolina : having been 
named in honor of Colonel George H. Peirson, of the 
Fifth. The accompanying lithograph gives a view sketched 
in May, 1863, and really presents a better idea of the gen- 
eral appearance of the camp, to those who were there, 
than the large publication taken when the water was high 
and in the winter. 

After the arrival of the regiment in New Berne, it was 
marched through the shady streets awhile, then gradual- 
ly bore to the right, and soon found out the nature of 
North Carolina soil, which was very sandy, being in 
much the same condition, as the grass sand of a beach. 
There were a number of Sibley tents pitched on a slightly 
raised patch of ground, about one mile in the rear of New 
Berne, audi as we turned the corner of the burying ground 
these cloth edifices caught the eyes oi the boys, and it 
was very soon known that they were pitched for the Fifth 
Regiment, and that was to be our home in the sunny 
South, A corduroy bridge was built, soon after our arri- 
val, near the entrance of our camp, as the swampy water 
was often too high for comfortable travelling. On the 
right, entering the ramp, was a swam]":', and beyond Fort 
Rowan, the flag of which was seen flying over the tree- 
tops. The railroad tracks lie a little beyond the fort, bore 
to the left, crossed tie." interval, and entered the woods in. 
the distance. The river Neuse was situated about a mile 
and a half to the right of the camp. In the rear of the 
fortification the land was of a marshy nature, and extended 
to the woods in the background. To the left was a rather 
damp tract of country, until the Trent -road was reached, 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 199 

which was located about a mile away, and rati parallel with 
the railroad tor several miles, and" was separated from it 
by about three-fourths of a mile of woods and swamp 
land. There was a considerable quantity of water on the 
left of the camp during the early part of the campaign, 
but most of it evaporated in time, and enlarged the grounds 
to some extent, not enough however for drilling purpose-. 

There were four tents to a company, used for the non- 
commissioned officers and privates, and two A tents for 
the three commissioned officers. The held and staff were 
located near the earthworks. The various companies had 
their own cook-houses, which were built of slabs, and had 
a long opening with, a shelf on one side, where the boys 
after falling in for grub, would "hog in." 
• The quartermaster's department was located to the 
right on entering the grounds, and in the rear of the Guard 
ten is. 

The following was the position of the companies in line, 
applying also to their position while in camp and service. 

Company H, Capt. Drew (i), held the right nearest 
headquarters, Company E, Capt. Kent (6) ; Company C, 
Capt. Daniels (4) : Company F, Capt. Currier (9) ; Com- 
pany G, Capt. Grammar (3) ; Company B, Capt. Parker (8) ; 
Company K, Capt. Crafts (5) ; Company A, Capt. Green 
(10); Company I, Capt. Newton (7); Company D, Capt. 
Howard (2). 

The cam]) was always kept in the best condition, by 
regularly detailed men. and often delinquents at. drill, and 
other transgressors were added to the force. During the 
early part oi mw service, we were terribly annoyed during 
the night bv the continuous baying of the blood-hounds, 
being penned on the outskirts of the city, and they onl) 
ceased their howls with the era\ heht of morning. 



200 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

The mortality of the regiment was smaller than that of 
any other in the department, and "the fine situation of our 
camp, and the stringent enforcement of sanitary rules 
doubtless was the cause ; Surgeon Ingalls is to be credit- 
ed fur his careful attention, and uniform kindness to the 
men, always having a smile arid cheerful word for those 
who were obliged to visit his tent at surgeon's call, in the 
morning. 

Our First Tramp. 

"Fall m boys," came the orderlies' call before we had 
had a decent southern hour's sleep, "fall in and get your 
rations," and we did, the same consisting of as much bard 
tack as was needed, a pound of salt pork, a small quantity 
of sugar and coffee, salt junk, {(del boss), an onion, etc., 
and when the regiment was in line we looked and felt 
more like recruits of war, than ever before during our en- 
listment. The cooks worked hard, and everything being 
in readiness, we started for the transports, which without 
special incident landed us in Washington, N. C, on the 
morning of Obtober 30th. 

We were assigned quarters in a dilar/idated barn, and 
were put through the various required company, and regi- 
mental evolutions. Sunday at 7 o'clock, a. if., the regiment 
was ordered to join the expedition to 'i arboro', and the line 
of march was taken up in the direction of Wiliiamstown. 
Towards sundown, the advance encountered the enemy, 
posted behind entrenchments, at a place called Rawles' 
rdills, who disputed their passage , but our forces s<><>n com- 
pelled them to beat a retreat, and the following morning 
we continued our advance towards Wiliiamstown, winch 
place the column reached at noon, having marched a dis- 
tance of twenty-three miles from Washington. 



MA 



ACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



201 



There were sights to be seen airing our route the re- 
membrance of which, makes one's heart siek. The 
North knew nothing of the effects of the war ; but there, 
war appeared in its fiercest aspect, and stared one in the 
face. Utter ruin and desolation was found on even' hand, 
hamlet and town and city witnessed the devastating effect 
oL civil war. Houses along our route were pillaged of 
everything, families fleeing in every direction ; foraging 
parties scouring the country and seizing all available 
property"; magnificent gardens and plantations trampled 
under fn./i, and woe to the man who lilted his hand in de- 
fense of his home and property. When we reached Wil- 
liarn.stown, the place was given over to pillage. The town 
was beautifully laid out, with cottage houses on either 
side of a broad street, many had homelike gardens in 
front. But the town was silent, the citizens with their 
flocks had fled precipitately, upon the approach of their 
foe, and in man}- places had left the table set for dinner. 
It was a nit)-, to see the splendid furniture, pianos, Crock- 
er}- ware and everything turned tops}- turvy. Civilized 
thieves we were, searching for relics and valuables, every 
one abandoned himself to pilfering whatever he could 
lay his hands on. I bring that scene to my mind, and 1 
behold a town being sacked by Massachusetts troops, Cav- 
alry charging on valuable pianos ; trie streets strewn with 
French china, with here and there a swallow-tail coat 
ripped up the back, women's clothes, etc., laving loosely 
about, and the peaceful columbines that grew over the 
porches oi those pleasant houses, torn down and trampled 
under foot. When we left the town there was not an en- 
tire article to be found. 

the sick and footsore were .-cut on board gun-boats in 
tlie river, and we bivouacked that nmht about three miles 



202 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

from the town. Next morning* November 4th, we 
pressed on to Hamilton, within -two miles of which, we 
were forced to build a bridge near a deserted breastwork, 
which extended from the woods across the main road to 
a fort on the river bank. Hamilton was reached near 
sundown, and like William stown, was found entirely de- 
serted. 

The same scenes were here enacted as at Williamstown, 
houses were turned inside out, hens, pigs and geese were 
bayoneted, cattle slaughtered, and to complete the ruin 
the 1 lawkin's Zouaves, in reveBge for being tired, upon, 
set fire to the town, and our line of march was lighted for 
several miles by the flames of the vast fire. The sick were 
sent aboard the gun-boats, and the column moved several 
miles out of Hamilton and bivouacked for the night. Nov. 
5th, we started early, the boys feeling somewhat rested, 
and alter lighting our pipes with cotton wads taken from 
the pods growing in the fields right and left, we journeyed 
on, taking the road to Tarboro'. We marched until night, 
when a halt was ordered, and the boys broke ranks and 
made lor the rail fences, which were a blessing to our 
troops all through the war, and without which we should 
have taken many a cold dinner; we were at this time 
within about nine miles of Tarboro'. The following morn- 
ing we commenced our return march, General Foster hav- 
ing learned from reliable sources that the enemy with 
their various communications open, and receiving large 
re-intorceinents, wore strongly posted behind earth-works 
at Tarboro'. We took a different road back to Hamilton, 
and what few deserted buildings remained standing wore 
used as barracks that night. Next morning, (the 7th), wo 
parted in a violent snow-storm, which however, did not 
delay <>uv march, although it continued all through the 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 208 

dav. We followed a road near the river to William stown, 
which we had not travelled before. We remained in WiL- 
liamstown until Sunday morning*, the 9th, when the march 
was resumed, and we reached Plymouth Monday morn- 
ing, the 10th. The regiment loft this beautiful town after 
foraging, and obtaining plenty of tobacco, and such valu- 
able things, and taking transports, reached New Berne on 
the 13th. 

'Idie expedition captured fifty prisoners, four hundred 
horse and mules, and one hundred teams. Many of the 
boys were without shoes, and were forced to march the 
entire distance, 160 miles, with stockings only as cover- 
ings to the feet. This was our first " frog," and " we want- 
ed to go home/ 1 but we did n't. 

In Camp Again. 
For several weeks ■ we took a rest from marching, but 
were required to drill regularly. In our spare time we 
perfected our habitation, by driving slabs into the sand, 
and raising our tents about two foot. This was luxurious 
enough, and with one exception answered our purpose, 
that ex'ceptioil was that on wind}- days the sand would drift 
through into cur butter, if we. had any, and on our food, 
which consisted o\ "soft tack" three times a week when 
in camp, stewed and baked beam-., hashed fish, hashed meat, 
and. other peculiar hashes. Many of the boys learned to 
plav simple (?) games of cards to pass away the time, most- 
ly on rubber blankets, by candle-light, using a bayonet for 
a candle-stick, as there was no hick of originalit) in the 
regiment, many amusements were continual!) occurring. 
" Sam " the adjutant's colored man, was a big wrestler, and 
threw every one except the adjutant and Henry Hardy ol 
Company II. "Sam" was a. queer follow, and we often 



204 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

plagued the poor fellow's life out of him, getting him 

"riled" at times so that he would suddenly turn on us, 
and striking us on the breast with the hack of Iris hand, 
would say at tin- same moment, " See yer ! boy, I'll break 
yer breastbone !" 

The monotony of camp life was frequently dispelled by 
tlu arrival from home of letters and great boxes, the latter 
containing- ail the home delicacies as well as solid food. 
When a box arrived by the Dudley Buck, there was fun in 
each tent, and generally the contents were divided, sol- 
diers being notoriously generous. Who will ever forget the 
smile that ever lurked on the pale face of our beloved chap- 
lain Snow, as he delivered the mail to the anxious ones 
who stood listening and waiting for the sound of their 
name? Poor Snow, he was a man of tender heart and 
most cheerlnl character, but the life of a soldier was not 
lor him, he being too frail to endure much hardship. 
Wooden cook-houses were built, and many important local 
events transpired, and all the while rumors would be sent 
the rounds that we would soon receive orders for another 
ma re It, and they came in good time. 

The "Frog" to Goldsboro'. 
The following narrative of the famous march to Golds- 
bore/ will be most interesting to those who participated in 
its hardships, and is made up from letters and memory. 
On the morning of Dec. i ith, 1S62, at about four o'clock, 
we were routed out, and alter an early breakfast, got 
ready, and formed the regimental line in front ol camp to 
join the Third Brigade, then being formed, on the Trent 
ro.ul. At 7 a.m., tin* entire available force of the 18th ar- 
my corps under command of General Foster, started at five 
o'clock in the afternoon, our regiment was one mile from 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILI'J IA. 



205 



our point of departure, although the advance was some 
ten or twelve miles off, well, we--" polywogged" along 
more than half the night, when we succumbed about 4, 
a. m., in a corn^eld six miles out of New Berne. Here 
we slept on the ground after building cam]) fires and get- 
ting supper. 

When, morning dawned, we were almost frozen, and 
hugged the bright, warm fires, made our coffee in dippers, 
and enjoyed coffee and hardtack. Some of the boys made 
"scouse" which is dime by crumbling hardtack into a 
dipper, cutting up pork, salt junk, arid, in fact, almost ev- 
erything that is fit to cut up, then adding a. little water, 
in order not to burn it, and stew until soft, very nice. 
After break last we took up our line of march and 
"froggecl it M all day, and at night halted in an open corn- 
field, audi were soon slumbering sweetly. 

December 14th, early in the morning, our regiment was 
ordered to throw out pickets on the different roads, and 
guard the luggage train. Company G, (Capt. Daniels), 
was posted on the road leading towards Wilmington. 
About i i p. m., they saw the enemy's cavalry coming 
up the road, but the bovs were wide-awake, and a few 
shot- dispersed the enemy. Upon examination, and in- 
quiry, the next morning, ir was found that there was 
about two hundred of them, undoubtedly on a scouting 
expedite mi. 

Companies G, (Capt. Grammar), and F, (Capt. Currier), 
were posted on the main road to Kinston, to guard the 
bridge over Southwest Creek. Company D, (Lieut. 
Marden commanding,) was posted to the rear, Companies 
Ik K, and 1 guarded the baggage train ; Company A at 



this I 



one was on 



tiled service ai 



\\ ashincton, V C. 



Companies*! - ! am! K were detailed to go ahead and assist 



200 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



the pioneers in building' a bridge, or to protect them while 
they worked. They started, taking the army road, trav- 
elled about four miles, under the direction of Adjutant 
Eustis, when suddenly they heard heavy firing in their 
front. A little further on, they found one company of 
Xew York Cavalry posted at a bend in the road. By this 
time the firing had ceased. The captain of the company 
informed them that a short distance in their front, a rebel 
force was posted, with two mounted guns, and if they 
could capture them, it would be a fine thing for them. 
They then filed into a field at the side of the road, threw off 
their overcoats, blankets and dippers ; one platoon of Com- 
pany H, marched to the front, with the cavalry, while the 
other platoon with Company E, hied to the left into a 
corn-field, and laid down to await the action of the cav- 
alry and first platoon of Co. H. The cavalry had one 
howitzer with which they played into the rebels to such 
effect, that they thought them the main army, and suddenly 
took " French leave." Obtaining their overcoats, they 
marched to the bridge, and found it torn down, and every- 
thing in a state of chaos, even the blunderbuss gun winch 
the.v could occasionally hear, when the rebels fired, was 
gone. The bridge was rebuilt in a couple of hours. The 
enemy's force consisted of upwards of six hundred men, 
while ours was but one hundred and seventy-five, all told. 
The companies pushed on to Kinston to join the rest 
of the army, the second platoon of Co. II, acting as skir- 
mishers, and tbey had advanced but a short distance be- 
fore tin.- cavalry men came living back, shouting, " King- 
ton is ours/' whereupon the Glee Club of the Charles- 
town City Guard gave " Kail) Round the Flag Boys," in 
fme style, a thing for which they were noted in the 
Eighteenth corps. After plundering an old farm house. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



207 



and getting the aged couple, who owned the place, rather 
intoxicated, by compelling them to taste the whiskey 
before they would drink it, for fear of poison, they 
journeyed .on, and after an hour's march reached Kinston 
long after dark. The men were conscious that a great 
fight had occurred at Kinston, from the fact that the 
roads right and left, wore filled with the bodies of the 
dead, and they would often stumble over them in their 
march. " The noble six hundred," 3 said to myself, 
"were driven into the jaws of death," for they came into 
the hands of our forces at Kinston. 

The field of battle was a new sight to rn) eyes, and one 
never to be forgotten, as 1 stood gazing upon it the next 
morning. Everywhere was rack and ruin ; the roads and 
fields were covered with everything of a warlike nature, 
shell, shot, bullets, knapsacks, cartridge boxes, and the 
dead of both armies. In the woods, trees were literally 
torn to shreds, here a giant tree bore the sears of some 
shell as it flew screeching by, there a tree shattered to 
splinters ; on one side you see a house with a hole as big 
as a window in the side, and on the other you behold the 
place where a house had been, and of which there was 
here and there a timber pointing silently like fingers ol 
kite at the >?a\ ruin. The sight that made my heart bleed 
was of a soldier lying on his back behind a tree ; in his 
lelt hand was a cartridge, in his right the ramrod, and 
across his breast Ins musket lav. There was a pleasant 
expression on his face in spite ol the end of the cartridge 
paper held between his teeth. Me belonged to the For- 
ty-fifth Regiment, and did not seem to me to be dead, 
but up >n examination, I found the fatal wound, which 
wa.s a half inch below the eagle and right in the centre of 
his cross belt. I assisted Chaplain Stone to carry him to 



20S HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

the school-house; where were found many clear] and dying 
of both armies. The Hundred and Third Pennsylvania 
suffered a considerable loss, in one place there were ten 
of them, side by side, with bullet holes in their foreheads; 
the firing must have been hot and quick. 

That morning we waited until our regiment came up, 
and joined it, burning the bridge behind us, a thing the 
rebels tided to do, and the attempt cost one man his life, 
lie being burned to death. On the way to Goldsboro' 
we foil in with a large force of the enemy at Whitehall. 
The Fifth were drawn upon a road supporting a battery, 
and as this was an artillery battle, our troops found little 
to do save dodging shut, or to feel humiliated at the sound 
of a shell bursting in too close proximity to ns. Only 
three of our regiment were wounded in this engagement. 
Idie noisy affair of one hundred or more guns tiring 
Simultaneously being over, and after a night's rest, we 
started for Goldsboro', our brigade having the advance, 
thus giving up the guarding of throe hundred baggage 
wagons, and lifting them out of ruts, and working hard 
day and night, which was a great relief. When we 
arrived within two and a half miles of a place called 
Everett's Mills,- on the morning of the 17th, we again 
smelled powder, and our brigade took a full hand in the 
final action. Co. II was detailed to protect the negroes 
who tore up the rails for about a mile, while a company oi 
cavalry kept them on the watch by continually threatening 
them. They soon returned to their regiment, which being 
on the left of the line, was the last to leave the field, we 
gave cheer upon cheer, knowing that the object of our 
cxpeditsm had been accomplished, but while thus happy 
we were startled by the wild yell of the rebels who had 
come from the cover ol the woods and appeared desirous 
of surrendering themselves. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



209 



Our regiment and the New York Cavalry were ordered 
to support Morrison's battery, assisted by the Fifth 
Rhode Island, and Seventeenth Massachusetts. Some 
of the battery boys shouted, "the}" don't mean fight, they 
want to surrender." Just then the rebel flag rose above 
their ranks, the battery commander shouted, " I' ve got 
the range of that flag, let her rip! The guns responded 
quickly, and down went the flag, the shed exploding right 
in front of the color hearer. The rebels then advanced 
with a yell; but they were mowed down with the shot, shelf 
and cannister that was hurled amongst them. We never 
saw such work before. Every discharge of the guns laid 
the rebels out in terrible confusion, and hundreds of them 
were stretched on the field never to tell the store of their 
grand charge.* The cavalry, seeing all the enemy waver, 
brandished their sabres in defiance, and our warriors gave 
three ringing cheers, fixed bayonets, and sprang to the 
right of the battery, where they were ordered to He down. 
The enemy paid dear for his efforts to draw us into the 
line of fire from his ambushed guns ; as it was, we suffered 
by having several men wounded and our ting and stafl 
torn by shell. After a while quiet reigned, and we turned 
to go back. But a new trial came upon us, either the 
rebels' or our own shells broke a mill-dam, and we were 
obliged to ford the rushing stream. f 



* During the one hundred days' service of. the Fifth Regiment in Mary- 
land, in 1S64, a detachment of three companies garrisoned Fort !NlcHenty, 
and frequently prisoners of war were brought there foi safe keeping. 
Among them, al one time, was a squad of North Carolina [nfantry, and it 
was ascertained from them, that the) were a part of the forces engaged in 
.the battle of Goldsboro', Dec. 1862, thai thew loss on the ! 1-; charge was ovci 
fuui bunds ed men- killed, and tU n hirtvdi ud w ounded. 

I The same prisoners stated thai their regiment cut th< mill dam, afi 1 
oar forces first left the field. 



210 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



One poor fellow, private R 



of Co. H, who 



thought to gain an advantage over his less fortunate 
companions, by striding a caisson wheel and thus ride 
safely through the stream; had his hopes doomed to dis- 
appointment, for the wheel was not keyed, and when in 

the middle of the stream it rolled Oil, and poor R 

got a thorough soaking. We travelled all night in our 
wet clothing and cold as Greenland. What is the need 
of further detail of this march ? suffice it to say, that 
our return was more rapid than our advance, our marches 
being always forced, and, being on the left, we got very 
little rest. Sore heels, chafing, colds and other ills, were 
noticeable among the bays ; provisions were scarce, five 
hardtacks for two days being" the order of rations, a fel- 
low could starve on this sort of food in a short time, but 
we had lots of sweet potatoes, and would occasionally 
" strike a pig." so that considering all things, we did not 
suffer as much, as the thousand or more poor stragglers. 
1 might tell of the blackened faces of our troops, caused 
by the smoke from the pine trees, of the sights that 
would thrih orm when beholding 20,QOO troops bivouacking 
on the sides of and between two hills ; the thousands of 
fires looking like stars twinkling here arid there, with an 
impenetrable background of blackness, with the moving 
forms of soldiers, the flashing bayonets of the guards,— 
well, one who is not much of a hand at description, cannot 
adequately express himself, but it is a sight never to be for- 
gotten. We finally reached our camp Sunday morning, and 
bodily repairs immediately began. " Aunt Susie" with her 
dumplings was a welcome guest that day, ami sweet potato 
pies made an excellent " top off" to our coarse meal. Wo 
had marched oxer (me. hundred and eighty miles in eleven 
days, and lust only one man, and ton wounded. Pioneer 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 211 

1 ■ Beestim " came out all right, despite the fact that he was 

frequently called into use, and often had to stand waist deep 
in water. There was one man, 1 remember, who probably 
gained more enemies in those eleven days' march than any 
other man could possibly gain in the same time. His name 
was Frank] e, a major, and a German. 11 is duty was to look 
after stragglers and keep the boys in line. " Go back to 
your regiment," he would shout fiercely in the ears of 
some unfortunate soldier, plodding along slowly, with sore 
heels or some like trouble. In one instance, the major 
made a mistake, he accosted a poor, diity looking soldier, 
belonging to the Twenty-fifth Mass., yelling at him in 
this wise, " Here, yon soldier, vat regiment do you belong 
to?" the fellow 'did not turn or make answer in any way. 
The major, infuriated, wheeled his horse in front of the 
soldier, and. bringing' the flat of his sword down smartly 
on the poor fellow's back, shouted again " Vat regiment 
do you belong to?" The man eooly took off his hat, put 
it on his bayonet, with the figure 2.5 outward, capped his 
piece, and raised it into the major's face, saying severely, 
" Damn vou, do you see ? " The major saw, and quietly 
rede off, amid the howls of the moving troops. 

(hie day, on the same march, '■ Beesnm " the pioneer 
of Co. F, had been hard at work in the road removing ob- 
structions, and as a matter of course, his regiment got 
considerably in the advance, insomuch that ho was obliged 
to hurry to catch up. " Beesum " was a droll fellow, and 
furnished the regiment with many jokes and sayings, 
and his replies 10 questions from superior officers would 
have made much trouble, if he haul not been well known. 
Well. " Beesum " was swinging along in good order by the 
roadside, humming an original To DeunV, when oi a sudden 
he heard the shrill voice of the "Major" from behind, 



212 HISTORY OF Tim FIFTH REGIMENT 

shouting. " Say you big fellow, vat regiment do you be- 
long to? go back to your regiment, or I'll shoot you." 
* Beesum " straightened up to his full length, six foot 
three, and half opening his mouth, his face looking like a 
frightened lamb, gazed at the "little man on the horse" 
for a moment, then slowly drawled out with a deep bass 
voice, "Where do you bury your dead." The " Major " 
rapidly cooled off, said something about " superior officers " 
and " that ish a bad soldier," and galloped off, much to 
the amusement of those who witnessed the incident. The 
"Major" was a necessary evil, however, and performed 
his duty faithfully ; at any rate he is forgiven now. 

Commissary Clarke was the cause of one incident that 
for the time being made considerable talk. It occurred 
the night before reaching Goldsboro'. It seems that Ser- 
geant Clark had made a trade with an old woman, whom 
he found in a cabin, giving her a quantity of salt for an old 
nuck of ham. Late in the evening, he foraged some on- 
ions, and with other fixings made a big soup. The boys 
could not help smelling the savory compound, and when 
it was cooked, the demand for it was so great, that he was 
Obliged to Serve those who came first, regardless of rank 
or regiment, and by the time it was all dished out, taking 
not over five minutes, it was noised all through the camp, 
and the sergeant was besieged by about two thousand 
hungry warriors, who finding they could obtain nothing, 
swore that he was saving it for his favorites ; which was 
rather rough on his benevolence, he not getting a taste of 
it himself. 

Archer's fiddle caused considerable comment on the 
Goldsboro' battle-field: It appears that one ol the foragers 
had captured it, and presented it to Private Archer, just 
before reach ins Goldsboro', and as the resriment lav in 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 21-j 

waiting behind the batteries for the rebels to advance, 
some one asked Archer to strike up a tune. Unfortu- 
nately, there were but two strings to the Instrument, but 
the musical nature of the soldiers would not rest, so he 
commenced that inspiring melody, " Yankee Doodle," and 
put the boys in -cod humor, so much so, that Gen. Lee, 
overhearing it, asked Col. Peirson "where the fiddler 
was." The Colonel, half suspecting the source of the lively 
air, rode toward Company H and said, "Stop that fiddle," 
orders were obeyed, and the violin was placed in its case, 
a haversack. The same instrument is used by the vet- 
eran on all occasions, even to this day. 

Life in Camp. 

January 9th, 1863, was full of incidents, and the follow- 
ing is a memorandum of that date. Major Jameson fin- 
ished paying off the regiment to October 31st, 1863; 
Sergeant B. S. Houghton, of Co. K, died in the hospital 
of typhoid fever; the Thirty-ninth Illinois and One Hun- 
dred and Seventy-sixth Pennsylvania regiments arrived 
iri New Berne ; and the Dudley Buck came in with boxes 
and letters from home. 

Lor several weeks, the regiment was engaged by details 
of one hundred or more men every day, in throwing up 
earth-works, or sand-works around our cam]), and in a 
month 01 so, a formidable fort protected our rear. 

This precaution was necessary, from the fact that, with 
the exception of Fort Toten and Rowan, there was 
nothing to prevent the enemy, in case of a grand sortie, 
from breaking the line and walking directly into New 
Berne. By the rst oi May there was a continuous line of 
breastworks from the Xeuse to the Trent river. The 
routine of camp life was followed until the 13th of March, 
interspersed with pleasures as well as toil. Passes were 



'2)4 , iTISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMHENT 

given to go "down town" or to visit the forts; briar root 
pipes were manufactured, bone rings and various orna- 
ments ; curious emblems were cut from the refuse shins 
of our soups, and the morning guard mounting, after- 
noon drill and dress parade, afforded some relief to the 
monotony of camp life. Our Band practiced and per- 
fected itself, and to such an extent, that their playing was 
the general theme of conversation, and added much to 
enliven the spirits of the soldiers. 

The relieved guard every morning shot at target, and 
the best marksmen were allowed a relief from duty When 
their turn came round again. The following privates had 
a very good average record ; C. Parker, of Co. G ; A. 
Simpson, Co. F ; Edwin W. Archer, and E. A. Roulstone, 
Co. H. 

At one time we had some trouble with a New York 
regiment, who were encamped about a mile away, on our 
left ; every morning their relief guard would discharge 
their guns in the direction of our camp, and frequently 
balls would buzz over us ; tins sort of carelessness was 
stopped after a while, however. 

Some et our regimental foragers w*ere noted for their 
pluck' and zead in procuring provender, and none are to be 
remembered with greater pleasure than Corporal Horatio 
N. Doyle of Co. II. 

Our Drum Corps should not be forgotten, and under 
Major "joe"' Knox, they attained a, considerable repu- 
tation. 

On Wednesday Feb. 23d, den. Foster reviewed all the 
troops in the department, on the south side of the Trent. 
The day was delightful, being eerv much like one of the 
hot days in Boston, with the wind out East. There were 
about 15,000 troops present, or all of the available organi- 
sations in the Eighteenth Armv Corps, including Artillery 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 21o 

and Cavalry. Each brigade was formed by itself, in col- 
umn of regiments, and all day long' we marched and 
countermarched, and were inspected in the manual and 
other military manoeuvres. The Twenty-filth Mass., Col. 
Pickett, was considered the best regiment in the depart- 
ment, and the Fifth Mass., Col. Peirson, was highly com- 
plimented, and' took the second lienors. 

Attack on New Berne. 

The intention of the enemy seems to have been to cap- 
ture the eitv of New Berne, on the memorable 14th of 
March, that being the anniversary clay on which General 
Burnside took it from them. Their plan was to attack 
the Union forces at three different points ; one being; Fort 
Anderson on the north side of the Neuse river, opposite 
the city ; one from the Trent road in. the rear of the city, 
and our camp, and the other from the south side near tire 
camp of the Seventeenth Mass. Regiment. General Fos- 
ter hod no notion of letting the "rebs" hold any such 
picnic within the realm of his domains, as the results 
proved. 

General Foster anticipated the attack, and on the after- 
noon of the 13th, six companies of the Twenty-fifth Mass. 
were ordered to the outposts near Deep Gully, that place 
being attacked by the enemy, in the evening, just as 
die boys were devouring their supper, tire order came for 
the Fifth to "fall in lively," and in fifteen minutes, the 
Regiment, in light marching order was in line, and with 
the entire brigade they double quicked about eight miles 
on the Trent road toward Deep Gully, and there halted 
for the night, resting on arms, without overcoats or fires. 

About 1 a. m. on the [4th, a demonstration was made on 
Fort Anderson, the jackets of the Ninety-second New York 
Regiment were driven in, and the rebel General Pet there v.. 



21ii 



HISTORY OJ 



'J f! 



J J 'J i J REGIMENT 



thought he had an easy prey. He had advanced during 
the night of the 13th with the Twenty-six, Fourty-fourth, 
Fourty-seventh and Fifty-seventh North Carolina Infantry, 
and thirty cannon, in all 40CO men, and this was the force 
the Ninety-second had to contend with. The rebels shelled 
the vicinity for about two hours, and General Pettigrew, 
not knowing how large a force he was contending with, 
sent a flag of truce to Col. Anderson of the Ninety-second, 
demanding surrender. Col. Anderson replied, " He did 
not sec it in that light." At this moment the Hunchback, 
one of the old Now York ferry-boats, that had been fitted 
up as a gunboat, and was under command of Lieut. Joseph 
Fife of the U. S. Navy, and having a royal fighting crew, 
was signalled, and opened fire on the rebels, with terrible 
consequences to them, insomuch that at 8 o'clock on the 
morning of the 14th, the enemy drew away from the fire 
of the. gunboats and batteries, being obliged to content 
themselves with long range guns directed on our camp ; 
during the forenoon, our 106 pound Parrot, and 11 inch 
shell proved too much for them, and they withdrew from 
their position altogether. 

At earl\- morn, our forces on the Trent road advanced, 
and the skirmishers of the Twenty-fifth Mass. were soon 
engaged with the enemy's advance. The Fifth and Forty- 
sixth Alass. Regiments, with a section of Riggs' and one 
piece of Bclgier's batteries supported the Twenty-fifth 
Regiment, and the tiring was kept up for some time. The 
city being attacked in the rear near the Seventeenth Mass. 
Regiment's camp, we were ordered to double quick back 
to our camp, and left the Twenty-fifth Mass- Regiment 



Monday the 16th, not a rebel was in sight, and the whole 
affair proved to be a fizzle on the part of the enemy. 
There seemed to be a iackoi good generalship on the part 



Massachusetts Volunteer miliita. 217 

of the Confederates, and their several attacks were made 
on the strongest defended portions of the city, and further, 
they did not follow up any advantage they gained, which 

has caused the remark to be frequently made, that their 
intentions were to keep the department busy, while some 
grand demonstration was to be made in Virginia, or to 
prevent troops from re-enforcing Grant's Army, which was 
then concentrating in the vicinity of Vicksbarg. 

The Fifth observed Thanksgiving - by a mock dress pa- 
rade, Corporal John Carr of Company II officiating as 
Colonel. The affair was one of those happy episodes 
never to be forgotten by the participants. The Twenty- 
fifth Mass. held their entertainments at their camp on the 
16th of March, Which consisted of wheelbarrow and sack" 
races, climbing the pole, and the greased pig sport, nil of 
which was enjoved by the officers of most of the regiments, 
in the department. • 

Off for Little Washington". 

Our forces, being besieged at Washington, N. C, the 
Fifth Regiment with others, on the 4th of April embarked 
on transports for the relief of General Poster and his gar- 
rison at that place. One fleet was unable to pass the 
shore batteries of the enemy at Hill's Point, some way 
up the river, and it was too risky to attempt it. The gun- 
boats and foil kept up a galling fire all through the even- 
ing, and the troops enjoyed the brilliant display, as the 
shells burst in the air, lighting up the heavens, and mak- 
ing an interesting spectacle. Our forces returned, and 
on th.e 8th of April, joined an expedition by land to assist 
our besieged comrades in Washington, win.'!'- the force, 
including large portions of the Twenty-seventh and Forty- 
fourth M;i^s. Regiments, amounting to bul 1600, were 
surrounded on ail sides, bv a force of about is. 000 men. 









" 



18 



-IISTORV OF THE FIFTH RE(xLVIENT 



with fort}' pieces of artillery, under the Confederate Gen- 
erals 1). H. Mill. Daniels, Pettigr&vv, Robertson and Gar- 
nett. We could bear the bombarding going on in New 
Berne, from the time of commencement, ist of April, 
though the town was over one hundred miles away, the 
sound travelling along the edges of the shore, and over 
the flat country. General Spinola had command of this 
fruitless expedition, as will he seen on page 40, and it was 
reported at the time that General Spinola was among the 
first to j each New Berne on the hasty return. 

There was one ineident connected .with the seige of 
Washington, that deserves a mention in the national rec- 
ords, and without needless comment of the writer, is as 
follows : " The Fifth Rhode Island Volunteers, Col. Sisson, 
formed a part the brigade of which the Fourty-fourth 
Mass. were a portion, and alter the two ineffectual at- 
tempts to reach their comrades, Col. Sisson and his staff 
obtained the steamer Escort, and on* the night of April 
13th, the unarmed steamer, heavily ladened with ammuni- 
tion, and the Fifth Rhode Island Regiment, defied the 
rebel batteries, and steamed up the Tar River to the res- 
cue of the beleagured garrison of Washington. 

"Such daring would merit praise, even were it in obe- 
dience to orders which could not be resisted, but wh n 
we remember the circumstances, that they begged for the 
privilege, and came as volunteers, taking the whole re- 
sponsibility oi failure or success, doing simply as they 
would be done by, it shows a spirit, moral, as well as a 
physical courage, seldom equalled, never excelled." {Fran- 
cis L. i.ec, Colonel Forty-fourth Mass.) 

On the 16th of April, the Fifth erected a flag staff, a 
full description oi which is given on previous pages. An 
incident occurred some time previous to this occasion, 
which nearh proved fatal to one of Company li's men. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITfA. 



19 



A fine piece of timber had been secured for a staff, and 
was on the derrick being - raised into position, when some 
of the gearing gave way, and the huge stick toppled, and 
came crashing to the ground. Private Albion P. Pease, 
seeing the staff about to fall, and being near it, run away 
in the same direction that it was falling, and only escaped 
being struck, by about two feet. 

The next day, April 17th, we were off again, with a large 
force for Little Washington, it not being known whether 
the town was captured or not. As the army moved for- 
ward, there were frequent indications that the Confeder- 
ates had M skedaddled/ 5 and when we arrived at Blount's 
Creek, it was found deserted. Camping grounds were 
selected for the night, just beyond the fortifications, and 
the next morning the march was resumed, and the for- 
midable works of the rebels were found abandoned all 
along the line of march, and it was ascertained at night, 
fall of the 19th, that the seige of Washington had been 
raised, and the enemy had retreated toward Greenfield, 
defeated and discouraged, not capturing any cf our men, 
nor a fugitive slave, the latter being in large numbers, 
Under our protection. Our forces entered Washington 
on the morning of the 20th, and the Fifth were assigned 
quarters in the centre oi the town, a portion of it being 
located in a Masonic Hall. 

On the 22d, our regiment embarked on board the 
steamer Escort tor New Berne, arriving in camp at New 
Berne, at 6 o'clock, p. m.. on the same da}'. As we left the 
wharf in Washington, the colored denizens gathered, in 
large numbers to see us off, and as thev had been well 
Frightened during the fifteen days' 1 siege, and provisions 
were scarce, thev wore the most mournful looking coun- 
tenances ever seen. The boys, partly from pity and 
mostly impelled, by sport, pelted them with potatoes. 



220 



HISTORY OF THE Fi '" ''I! KEGIMENT 



hard-tack, pork, unions and the like, and a lively scrabble 
occurred among them for the " God-sent " rations. 



Gum Swamp. 

The Filth, under Colonel Pcirson, made a feconnoisance 
during the expedition, in the direction of Cove Creek, 
which was one of those military events that lias been 
awarded a just amount of praise.* 

This was the Fifth's eighth expedition, and we had 
hardly time to brush from off our shoes the dust received 
or. the Washington tramp, when orders came (Sunday 
night, 26th April), to cook three clays' rations, and march 
Monday morning at daylight, with one hundred extra 
rounds of ammunition, per man, The start was delayed 
until 12.30 when the expedition proceeded, in a drench- 
ing rain, to Batcheider's Creek, where we arrived at 4.30 
p. m. After a brief halt the march was resumed, and con- 
tinued, to Cove Creek, a distance of about twelve miles. 
The following da) was passed in performing picket duty 
on all the different roads, for the enemy was around us 
and the utmost caution was necessary. On Wednesday, 
orders were received to march on the Dover road, toward 
the mtrenchments beyond Sandy Ridge, where Col. Jones' 
regiment had an engagement, a few days before, the dis- 
tance being about twelve miles. Orders were positive to 
he cautious and not to bring on an engagement, unless 
the enemy was found to be in small force. After march- 
ing about seven miles, the skirmishers (First platoon of 
Co. H) drove in the rebel pickets, and through woods and 
swamps, through briars :\i\d bush, they were pursued b\ 
our boys until driven to the cover of their earth-works, 

The regiment halted about a hall mile back, and the 
reserve platoon of Company 11, was ordered forward by 

* Set- page 46. 









J 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEEK MILITIA. 



Lieut. Everett. Slowly the whole company crept up to 
the edge of the woods on the left and halted just before 
reaching an opening used to drive the teams through* and 
'v, r as connected on the other side by a rail fence, somewhat 
hid from view by a low growth of shrubbery, with scatter- 
ing- pine trees beyond. Orders were given to creep on 
hands and knees past the opening, and get behind the 
shrubbery, which being dune, a corporal and six men were 
called for, to station themselves behind the trees, or ob- 
tain whatever safe position they could, and draw the 
enemy's fire.* Every man lay flat to the earth, while 
the brave men, at imminent risk of their lives, fired at the 
heads of the rebels they could distinctly see with their 
chins above the earthworks. Following are the names 
of those men who volunteered to make their bodies a tar- 
get for the enemy: Corporal Horatio N. Doyle; privates 
Samuel Williams, Jr., Arthur Harrington. John If. Varrell, 
Edwin H. Poor, Joseph E. Studley, Herbert VV. Hunting, 
and William \V. Melvin, all of Ca H. 

The result of this firing was a heavy volley from the 
rebels which was kept up, and for a half hour the shot 
flew tide 1 : and fast. While in this, position Col. Peirson 
and Chaplain Snow crept up and surveyed Che scene, and 
Sergeant Brigham of Co. K, secured a drawing of the 
grounds. By goo-! fortune, the remnant of a small store- 
house, about midway between our forces and the rebels, 
caught fire, and the smoke being thick, our men seized trie 
Opportunity to retread, and soon joined the regiment. 

By careful reconnoissance, it was ascertained that the 
enerfry were in force, with artillery in position, waiting to 
trap our boys. Having gained the topographical infon 

After these v. ■ »rks « ere c; ptured [22(\ Mav) those men \\ hu had crept on 
hands and knees as far as they dared to, and fcfed, measured the distance 
between the position they occupied and the earthworks and found it to be 

1 ast one nun !re<l feet. 



999 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



tion needed, the Fifth slowly retired to where the rest of 
the troops were encamped at: Cove' Creek. Our regiment 
travelled over twenty-five miles during the day, and hav- 
ing been deprived of sleep for several nights, many of 
them would have fallen in the road., being drowsy; but 
from the fact that "the woods were full of 'em," and they 
kept wide-awake. 

General Palmer congratulated Col. Peirson on the suc- 
cess of his reconnoissance and praised the conduct of his 
men while under fire. On May 1st, the regiment returned 
to New Berne. 

The plans of General Foster having fully matured con- 
cerning the method of attacking this formidable, point, 
another expedition started on the 21st of May, consisting 
of Lee's brigade, three pieces of Riggs battery, and three 
companies of cavalry, besides the Fifty-eighth Pennsylvania. 
Volunteers, the whole under the command of Col. Jones 
of the Fifty-eighth. We reached Cove Creek late in the 
afternoon, when the column was divided, the Twenty- 
seventh Mass., and Fifty-eight Penn., under Col. Jones, 
kept on, hoping to gain the rear of the rebel intrench- 
ments, while the Fifth, Twenty-fifth and Forty-sixth, 
Mass., waited until midnight before proceeding. Shortly 
before 12 o'clock, the column was in motion, and the tired. 
troops soon got into the usual swinging gait. 

When the gray morning came on and revealed the cause 
of the fragrant atmosphere which we had inhaled during 
the night, the boys were not slow in gathering the sweet 
perfumed magnolias that grew in abundance in the mar- 
shy grounds on either side of the road, and decorated the 
muzzles of their guns with them. One might ha\ e thought 
they were bearing garlands for some brfdal offering, rather 
than being a stern, eager body of infantry, aboul to send 
their leaden messengers of death into the ranks o( a foe. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 22H 

At about 5 o'clock, a. m., the skirmishers of the Twen- 
ty-fifth Mass, exchanged shots with the enemy's pickets, 
and advancing cautiously we soon found ourselves in the 
immediate vicinity of the enemy's camp. As soon as this 
fact was ascertained, Col. Peirson ordered a line of battle, 
the Twenty-fifth Mass. taking the right, the Forty-sixth 
in the centre, supporting the battery, and the Fifth under 
Lieut. -Col. Boyd deployed in the woods as skirmishers. 
At about 9 o'clock, firing was heard in the rear of the 
rebels' works, and knowing it to proceed from Col. Jones' 
command, who had gained their rear, Col. Peirson ordered 
the forces to immediately charge on the enemy, which 
was admirably done. 

The Confederates, outflanked and attacked in the rear, 
fled precipitately to the woods and swamps, and the vari- 
ous regimental colors of the victors were soon waving 
from the parapets. 

About one hundred and seventy prisoners belonging to 
the Fifty-sixth North Carolina Regiment, were "bagged" 
while attempting to escape. 

All day long our troops worked hard in levelling the for- 
tificntions, and by 5 o'clock were ready to return to Cove 
Creek. At that hour our senses were suddenly startled 
by the buzz ! buzz I buzz i of a shot thrown from tine plat- 
form car howitzer, on the railroad track, which had come 
from Kinston, some of the escaped rebels having informed 
the forces at that station of their casualties. 

The object of the expedition having been accomplished, 
and alter oar artillery had thrown a few shot at the enemy 
we took up the retrograde movement. The enemy fol- 
lowed, however, occasionally throwinga shell from behind 
and from the railroad track on our right ; they did no dam- 
age, having lost their range, and we reached Cove Creek 
safeh at 10 1 



224 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

without fires and on our arms. At 'early morning we were 
on again, and took up our line of march for the railroad, 
there to take the ears for Batch elder's Creek. 

The column had keen in motion but a short time, when 
the enemy's advance guard fired upon our troops from the 
other side of the creek. Our artillery soon stopped that ; 
but our predicament was worse than we thought, for it 
was discovered that the pickets of the Fifty-eighth Penn. 
Volunteers, who were stationed on the railroad, were 
driven in, and two brigades of Confederates under Gener- 
als Ransom and Cooke were moving down in force upon 
them with the evident intention of striking our left flank 
and rear, and cut ting us off from the cars and all possibili- 
ty of escape. 

Col. Peirson, foreseeing the imminent danger to his forces 
and the prosuect of being lt bage'ed " not being relished by 
him, he ordered the column to the left and into the woods 
running parallel with the railroad for some distance, and 
then to strike it far enough down to enable him to bring 
his command into position, and give them battle. The 
head of the column, the Fifth, soma struck into a deer) 
swamp, which seemed at first likely to impede our advance, 
luit ere long it became almost impenetrable, and seemed 
interminable. The outlook was indeed staggering, the 
" reus " were continually shelling the woods to our rf$r, 
men here and there would sink almost out of sight in some 
bog-hole, the foot once into the thick mud and water, one 
would have to stick there or haul it out minus the shoe; 
then we were without guides, and without much hope, and 
iii endeavoring to reach the railroad, we had plunged deeper 
and deeper into the dismal swamp; the sun was hot, and 
the dreadful smell of decayed vegetation almost suffocated 
us ; we had indeed lost our way, and it we could have only 
laced one foe at a time, we might have vanquished or been 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER M7LITL4. !'!■) 

vanquished, but the uncertainty ot our position was most 
deplorable, and heaven knows what would have been our 
fate, had it not been for the fortunate finding" of a pocket ' 
compass, and with this we were guided to' the railroad, 
coming out about two miles above Tuscaroora Depot. 
Here we met the train, and after "halloing'' and sounding 
the steam engine whistle for an hour, as a guide for those 
in the woods, we were conveyed back to New Berne. 

The expedition was, on the whole, successful.* Many 
of our force perished m the swamp, at least thirty men 
were never seen afterward. Those who were fortunate 
enough to get through, will never forsret the horrible ex- 
perie'nee during their lifetime. 

One of the saddest events, and taking away the good 
that hod been accomplished of the whole expedition, was 
the death of the brave Col. Jones, who was killed, shortly 
after our return to New Berne, while leading his skir- 
mishers up to a deserted rifle pit, being shot through the 
breast by a sharp shooter, who was concealed behind a 
chimney on a cabin near the edge of the woods. His body 
was placed on a hand ear, and covered will; the American 
flag. It came slowly into New Berne, spreading a deep 
gloom over the entire department, Col. Jones being noted 
for his wonderful intrepidity, and his demise was as much 
noticed as would have been any generals in the Eig^eenth 
Army Corps. 

Wilkinson's Point. 
On the 26th of May, about one hali the regiment was 
ordered to Wilkinson's Point on the Neuse River, some 
20 miles below New Berne, there to erect and occupy for- 
tifications. Major Worcester was in command of the de- 
tachment, and immediately upon arrival, we commenced 



226 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

our work under Iris direction. The point was pleasantly 
located, as far as the water view went, but the accommo- 
dations in the woods were not very favorable, there being 
an undergrowth or jungle which prevented the troops from 
making comfortable quarters. Those who slept in the 
woods discovered, next morning, while bathing in the 
River Neuse, a new and curious species of bug — called 
the wood-tick. — this creature proved to be a most obsti- 
nate "hanger on," and was about the size of an eastern 
bed-bug, differing from those comparative luxuries by bor- 
ing his head under the skin, so that a penknife was re- 
quired for his extraction, and, if the head was left in, the 
place would itch for a month, or until removed. 

Fortunately, in two senses, we were recalled to New 
Berne on the 28th. of May, first because of the wood-ticks, 
and secondly, it has since been ascertained, but not gen- 
erally known, that our forces had not been gone an hour 
from the Point, before a whole brigade of North Carolina 
Infantry, and a battery of two guns, came by an overland 
route for the same purpose that we had had in view, and 
on?" narrow escape from being " gobbled up" by the 
"Johnnies" \Y&5 somewhat miraculous. "It's time now," 
some of the boys would say, "to get scared over our nar- 
row squeak." 

Our Term Nearly Up. 

After this affair, several companies performed picket 
duty at Deep Gully, and others took to building fortifica- 
tions on the left bank ')l the Neuse. The regiment gained 
an excellent reputation in tin.' department, as shown by 
the appointment from genera! head-quarters, of Lieut. 
George Myrick of Co. E, as acting brigade Quarter-Master 
and of Lieuts. A. J. 1 Iolbrook of Co. E, and K. M. Pierce, 
of Co. F, to the signal corps. ( )n the march to Washing- 






MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. l'±{ 

ton, N. C, General Foster ordered his body-guard from 
the regiment. Numerous other details from General Of- 
ficers showed great confidence in the Fifth. 

Co. H, of Charlestown held the right, and Co. D, of the 
same city held the left of the line, during the campaign, 
and Co. G, of Woburn, acted as color company, until it 
went to Hatteras, February 22d, 1863, and upon its re- 
turn resumed its former position. 

The. regiment was anticipating an opportunity of par- 
ticipating in the celebration of the 17th of June in Bos- 
ton, its time being out about that date, but it was not 
deemed advisable for too many troops to leave New Berne 
at the same time, other nine months troops' time of seiwice 
expiring at the same date, so the Fifth hung on until the. 
22d of June, and were thus obliged to celebrate the anniver- 
sary of the famous battle-day on the soil of North Carolina, 
which they did, and being allowed "extra rations," and one 
of the firm of the Boston lee Co., Private Arthur Harring- 
ton of Co. H, furnishing a large supply ol ice, the boys 
kept coo], and in good spirits until the duty of departure.* 

About the first of June, Colonel F rankle commenced to 
recruit his regiment of heavy artillery (the Second Mass.) 
and the following members of the Fifth re-enlisted. 

Company II. Sergeanl Edward F. Everett, promoted Lieutenant. 

" A. Private Jorrfr^troghan. 

A li John Kenney. 

" A " James Wiggins. 

" i ) " Charles Jones. 

I" " Ira Ilines. 

F " At well C Keene. 

1 •' George A. Cprser. 

" I " Jeremiah Fiynn. 

I " Richard Murphy. 

Uniform. 

The following is a description ol the uniform worn by 
infantry during the war, including full marching: order : 



P-ig< 



2iO . HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMEN'] 

Coat. — Single-breasted frock, of dark blue cloth, made 
without plaits, skirts extending" one-half the distance from 
the top of the hip to the bend of the knee; one row of 
nine buttons on the breast, placed at equal distances ; 
stand-up collar, to rise no higher than to permit the chin 
to turn freely over it, to hook in front at the bottom, and 
then to slope up and backward to an angle of thirty de- 
grees oil each side ; cuffs pointed, and to button with two 
small buttons at the under seam ; collar and cuffs edged 
with a cord or welt of cloth ; sky-blue for Infanty. Nar- 
row lining for skirt; of the coat, of the same color and 
material as the coat ; pockets in the folds of the skirts, 
with one button at each hip, to range with the lowest 
buttons on the breast; no buttons at the ends of the 
pockets. 

Trowsers. — Light blue cloth, plain, without stripe or 
welt, for privates. Sergeants with a stripe one and one- 
half inches wide ; Corporals, with a stripe one-half inch 
wide, of worsted lace, down and over the outer seam, dark 
blue for Infantry. 

Cap. — Dark blue cloth, and yellow metal letters in front 
to designate companies, with black glazed visor. 

Overcoat. — Light, blue cloth with cape, blouse of dark- 
blue cloth, a large woolen and a rubber blanket. 

Accoutrements. — /Pheso consisted of cartridge box, 
cross belt and round-about ; Springfield musket, knapsack, 
haversack, canteen, dipper, tin plate, forty or more roup 1 
ol cartridges, provisions and regular army shoes. 

The One Hundred Days' Campaign. 

As there is no authority, known to the author, for the 
details of the campaign of the Fifth Regiment during its 
one hundred days' service, the best material obtainable 
has been used in the following account. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 2*29 

Before giving the details of -this portion of the Regi- 
ment's service, something may profitably be said concern- 
ing the importance of keeping a careful record of the 
events that may transpire, worthy of incorporating in the 
Regiment's future: history. 

Here is a Regiment that serves in its Country's Cause, 
forming a part of as great an Army as history mentions, 
and yet, when its campaign is over, and a few years have 
passed, there is not to be found any authority which can 
be used to show the part it took in the civil strife. 

Surgeon Edward J. Forster, of the Fifth, has in his 
Manual for Medical Officers of the Militia and the United 
States, given much good advice on the honors and duties 
of a soldier, regarding his physical condition,'" and, taking 
this for an illustration, the Author desires to give much 
good advice concerning the value of historic records. 

A methodical record oi the important Events which con- 
cern a community of men, whether in war or in peace, 
should be so arranged as to show their connection of 
cause and effect. This is the duty of history, and it is the 
duty of every man to write the history of his actions in 
hie ; if not a duty, then life is not worth, living, and man- 
kind too s e 1 fi s It to e x i s t . 

ft may be argued that this dissertation on keeping the 
records of events is hardly needed, and that the Fifth did 
but little important service during its one hundred daws' 
campaign ; 'out such arguments are of no value. For in- 
stance, who can roll the importance attached to the move- 
ments oi the Regiment to Monocacey Junction? Perhaps 
it may have changed the result of the war, or effected its 

* Tart of the Table of Contents is .is follows : Honors, Ceremonies, Cor- 
respondence, Reports kecords, Requisitions, Sanitary duties, and Sugges- 
ts >ns, etc.. etc. 



230 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



more speedy termination. Smaller things than this have 
overthrown Empires and annihilated Armies. 

The Capitol was menaced when the Fifth were sent into 
the field (1864), for one hundred days. Gen. Lee's troops 
were ready to pounce upon the Union Army when they 
should have crossed the south, side of the James River, 
and through Maryland the confident Confederates would 
have marched, had it not have been for the ready response 
qf the one hundred days' men to the call of the President. 
After this every movement of the Regiment, or men, or 
detachment was of great consequence, of how much, will 
perhaps never be known, and this is the reason for this 
verbosity. 

'boo careful an account of the Regiment's service can- 
not be made, and it is the Author's hope that as complete 
a record as maybe will yet be obtained of the one hundred 
days' service. 

Then, too, there are many interesting incidents that 
transpired which cannot be chronicled at present. Such 
incidents, though in some instances of an uninteresting 
character, add to the fullness of the true history, and 
make the everyday life of the soldier more of a reality 
than a story. 

In making inquiries of the members of the Fifth, who 
served for one hundred days, the Atithoi has often been 
answered that they did nothing of importance. "We only 
performed garrison duty." Tin's may be all as far as is 
known, but if an association of tin- Fifth is formed, there 
is some hope that all ot the best records oi the Regiment 
may be obtained, and the supplement to this volume be- 
come of great value. It will thus be seen, that it rests 
with every comrade to complete the history of the Fifth, 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 231 

By referring to pages 70 and 71, an outline sketch is 
given of this campaign. A lette* received by the author 
from an officer connected with the Fifth Regiment during 
the one hundred clays' service, is given below, and is 
doubtless correct. The writer says : 

"The regiment left Read ville, July 28th, 1864, under 
command of Col. George H. Peirson, and proceeded to 
Baltimore, stopping at the Soldier's Best in Philadelphia, 
on the way, and traveling by night from this city, arrived 
in Baltimore the next morning. The regiment was 
marched to the Soldiers' Best in this city, and were 
breakfasted in splendid shape. At ab >ut 10 o'clock, a. m., 
the regiment took up its line of march for Mankin's woods, 
which is situated on the outskirts of the city, While there 
we were brigaded with other hundred-days' men. The 
day after our arrival the Colonel commanding the brigade 
reviewed the troops. 

"The day was one of the hottest ot the season, and many 
of our soldiers received sunstrokes. Colonel Peirson was 
highly complimented on the appearance of his command ; 
in fact, during the time it was in the Department it never 
lost the old and well established record. The regiment 
carried its old nine months' colors with the names of Kins- 
ton, Whitehall, and Goldsboro' on them. 

" After remaining at Mankin's \V00cls about a week, the 
regiment was ordered to Fort McHenry. Here First- 
Lieut. \\ m. Spaulding, oi Co. H, was detailed to act as Ad- 
jutant of the post, holding the position until the expiration 
of his term oi service, and performing the- duty in a manner 
highly satisfactory to Gen. Morris, commanding the post. 
"Companies B, F, and li, under command of Col. Peirson, 
went to Fort Marshall, Companies A, C, IJ. !•', I and K 
under command of Lieut.-Gol. Worcester went t<> Federal 
Hill, and Co. G, remained in Fort Mcllenrv. Co. A after- 



HLSTOKY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



wards relieved Co. E at Fort Marshall, Co. K taking 
their place at Federal Hill. The s£giment remained here 
about two months, doing garrison duty and taking recruits 
to the front. The companies at Fort Marshall were 
ordered to Fort McHenry, and the various detachments 
were sent to different towns along the easterri coast of 
Maryland to guard the polls, threats having been made by 
the rebels that no Union man would be allowed to vote. 
The old settlers of Maryland could not be subdued; then- 
were "secesh" way through, and although there were many 
who loved their old flag and th< cause of the North, still 
they dared not to speak, and when the Fifth appeared in 
the towns, the loyalists treated them with the greatest 
kindness ; in some places the union men and women fur- 
nished us with our meals. The polls were carefully guar- 
ded, and the poor voters, of which there were many, seemed 
to act and talk like men who were for the first time for 
years exercising their right of prerogative, and the lines 
of Whittier frequently came to my mind as I saw the poor, 
white-faced, Southerner going to the polls : 



;t my peer, 



A 



The proudest now 

The highest not more high; 
To-day, of all the weary year, 

A king of men am I. 
To-day, alike are great ami small, 

The nameless ami tin: known; 
M\ palace i- the people's hall 

The ballot-box my throne.' " 

" Upon their return, Companies A, Band II went to Mon- 
ocaeey Junction on the Baltirnore and Ohio Railroad, for 
what purpose I never knew, except it might have been to 
be ready for duty and he nearer the front. From there they 
went, to Monrovia on the same line o! road, and shortly 
afterward returned to Monocacey. Mere they remained for 
•i week, during which time nothing of importance tiaim- 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. Z66 

pired worthy of record. The usual routine of camp life was 
followed until they joined their regiment at Fort Federal 

Hill. Three days after we were ordered home, arriving in 
Boston in the night. The Charlestown companies D and II 
were received by a large number of military companies 
and friends headed by the Brigade Band, and escorted to 
Armory Hall, where a heart}' welcome was given them by 
Mayor Stone in behalf of the citizens of Charlestown. 

The one hundred days men were faithful to their duties, 
although they were never in action during their term of 
service, still they were ready and willing to face the 
enemy, and it is to be said to their credit, that they were 
as good, and in respect to drill and discipline, equal to 
any other regiment in the department, and the material 
was of as high a standard as the three months' or nine 
months' volunteers. 

When the regiment was mustered out, the combined 
service of the Fifth during the war, covered a period of 
about eighteen months. 

In Times of Peace. 

'1 he Fifth Regiment has had its full share of praise 
from the people of the State for duties performed not only 
previous to, and during the war. but since its re-organiza- 
tion Under the militia law of 1866; and to-day the regi- 
ment is second to none in the country in general disci- 
pline and the character of its composition. 

The regiment lias participated in all of the celebrations 
ot any note during the past fifteen years, having paraded 
on the occasion of the reception of General Sheridan, Oct. 
7th, 1 S67, Grant, June [6th, 1869, reception of Ninth Regi- 
ment, N. G. S. X. Y., Col. James Fiske, June i;ah, 1871 ; 
performed guard duty at the Boston Fire, November oth, 
7872, paraded <>n the Centennial of the Battle of Bunker 



234 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Hill, June 17th, 1875 J performed escort duty to the Gov- 
ernor and Boston Cadets ; entertained the Second Con- 
necticut regiment, attended the Concord and Lexington 
Centennials ; participated in the obsequies of the philan- 
thropist Peabody, and have made many other less impor- 
tant parades. Governor Rice, upon his return from the 
Centennial at Philadelphia, paid the Fifth the following 
compliment : — 

" The reception accorded the Commander-in-Chief upon 
his return, by the Fifth Regiment fnfantry is respectfully 
acknowledged and cordially appreciated by the Governor 
and staff." 

ld»e following testimonial was presented to the Fifth 
by the Independent Corps of Cadets of Boston, and shows 
the brotherly feelinsr existing between the two commands. 

Head Quarters ist Corps of Cadets. 
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, Boston, Oct. 9th, 1S76. 

To Col. Ezra J. Trull, 

Fifth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. 

Sir: Upon the one hundred and fifty-fifth anniversary 
of this corps, I have the honor and the pleasure by its 
unanh iou; desire, to convey to the Fifth Regiment, M. V. 
M., an exj^ession of the gratification with which the 
Cadets participated in the event which your command 
nned to the commander-in-chief 011 his return from 
Philadelphia, in May last, and to offer our congratulations 
upon the friendship existing between the two organiza- 
tions. 

May we long continue, as at present, on intimate and 
friendly terms, and together aim to elevate the standard of 
the Volunteer Militia of this Commonwealth. 

1 am sir, very respectfully your obedient servant, 
f, ri , : Thomas F. Edmaxds, Lieut. -Col. Commanding;. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. li : » 

The Fifth Regiment had an opportunity to show their 
discipline in comparison with that of organizations from 
many other States, on the Anniversary of the Battle of 
Bunker Hill, June 17th, 1875., and they won a merited 
compliment from the highest military generals who wit- 
nessed their evolutions. The following was the formation 
of the Second Brigade upon that da}' : 

Brigadier General. George 11. Peirson. 
Lynn Brass Band. 
Eighth Regiment, M. V. M. 
Sixth Regiment, M. V. M. 
Fifth Regimental Band. 

Fifth Regiment, M. V. M. Col. Ezra J. Trull. 
Lawrence Brass Band. 
Second Battery Light Infantry. 

There has long been a desire on the part of the past 
and present officers of the Fifth, that a club might be 
formed that would have a tendency to keep alive the in- 
terest in the organization, and it is understood that such 
a movement is, at the present writing, contemplated. 

If such an organization had existed fifteen years ago, 
the present history of the regiment would have contained 
Hiiji >rtant facts thai could trever have been obtained from 
aire other source, and it is hoped that the movement will 
be successful: 

Regimental Roster, Feji&lwry 1st, 1S80. 

Field and Staff 

Colonel. Ezra f. Trull. 

Lieut-Col. Lkonarm C. Lank. 

Major. Alonzo L. Richardson. 

Major. G. Frank Frost. 

Adjutant. \i:\vki.:. A. Thompson. 

Quartermaster. Frank G. Williams. 

Surgeon Lowako J. ]■'• irs'I kr. 

Assl Surgeon, Uranus O. B. Wingatk. 

Paymaster. CHARLES A. FAIRBANKS. 

Chaplain. William ir Ryder. 



! »ate ol 


[.Com 


mission 


Residenc 


Mar. 


9. 


[875- 


Boston. 


July 


-4. 


1876. 


Waltham. 


Jury 


[7, 


[87S. 


Wdhurn. 


Feb. 


26, 


1S79. 


Waltha 11 


Dec. 


-<* 


[Stq. 


Boston. 


July 


27, 


[S76. 


SomervilU 


May 


19- 


1S71. 


Boston. 


Oct. 


1, 


.S-y. 


VVcllesley 


[uiy 


27, 


(N70. 


Boston. 


Apr;! 


1 5. 


rS;8. 


Maiden. 



236 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIME XT 



Non-Coinmis>sicmed Stuff. Date of Warrant. 

Sergt.-Major. Delmont L. Weeks. -Sept. 10. 1877. W.altham. 

Q.-M.-Sergt. Frederick W. Johnson. Sept. 7, 1876. Somer.ville. 



Hosp. Steward. Silas S. Bradford. 
Drum Major. Charles V. Dank. 



May 1 5, 1S7S. Boston. 
April 6, 1S79. Boston. 



Company A. 
("apt. John E. Phipps. 

1st Lieut. George li. Washburn. 

2d Lieut. [. Henry Taylor. 



]>ate of Commission. 

Nov. 23, 1874. Boston. 

Jan. 26, 18S0. Boston. 

Jan. 26, 1880. Boston. 



COM-PANY 1'. 

Ca-pt. William a. Bancroft. 

1st Lieut. Thomas C. Henderson. 

2d Lieut. Charles II. Cutler. 



Mar. 31, 1S79. Cambridge. 
Mar. 31, 1879. Cambridge. 

Oct. 27. 1S79. Cambridge. 



Company C. 
Capt. John A. Kenrick. 

1st Lieut. Henry W. Downs. 

2d I ieut. Frank L. Barnes. 



Oct 3, 1S78. Newton. 
Dec. 3, 187S. Newton. 
fan. 2 ■„ 1S70. Newton. 



Capt. 

1st Lieu 



Company D. 
Henry A. Snow, 

Frank A Boise. 



Mar. 15, 1875. Boston. 
Aug. 29, 1878. Boston. 



.rffll ( " 1 



v ]•: 



Capt. ' Japhanus H. Whitney. Jan. 24, ?S;;,. Medford. 

1st Lieut. ' Charles K. Dawson. July i8, iSyj. Medl'ord. 

2<i Lieut. Georke C. Chase. Au«i. i. 1870- Medford 



I apt. 
ist Lieut 
2d Lieut 



Company F. 

Chas. H. D. Stockkridge. April ro, 1S79. Waltham. 
John L. Glidden. [ulv 30 1879. Waltham. 



Capt. 
ist ] ,ieut. 
2J Lieut. 



Company ('.. 

John W. Ellard. Oct. 17,1878. Woburn. 

Charli 3 W. C dnvekse. Oct. \o, rSrS. Woburn. 









~~ 






Capt. 
ist Lieut. 
?d Lieut. 



MASSACHUSKTTS VOLUNTEER MII.IT.IA. £6 

]>,u. of Commission. Residence 
COMPA.W II. 

J. Henry Brown, .. June 6,1878. Boston. 

Iahtek II. Martin. May 9, 1S78. Boston. 



In closing this history the author begs past and present 
members of the Regiment to. overlook ail undue praise, 
and neglect to praise those who should have received it, 
and further, if there are mistakes discovered here and 
there, it rests with those who find them to make the cor- 
rections, arid by having them incorporated with the supple- 
ment, an absolute!) authentic history will be obtained. 

The possibility of a mistake in the spelling" of a name 
is very great, and it is hoped that those who are unfortu- 
nately found among the number, may not be too severe 
on one who has undertaken a work of love, rather than 
profit. The author's object has been to preserve the fast 
fading remnants of the history of the Fifth, before they 
were irrevocably lost, and although the hie of 
December 28th, 1S79, destroyed much valuable 
matter, which was nearly ready for delivery, 
still there was enough in unproven sheets left to 
compile this work. 

The author is indebted to the following gen- 
tlemeii for favors received. 

General Samuel C. Lawrence. 

George J I. Peirson. 
Colonel Y\ illiam T. Grantmer. 

K/ra J. Trull. 
Private Andr< w J. Mallon, < 

W. W . Davis, 
Sergeant p>--ej>h M. Wilson, ! 



I f, 9 months vokinlee 

>) Co A. 













' 



" 



E R RATA. 



THREE MONTHS' VOLUNTEERS. 
Co. A. James H. Estes. Co. I. W. Oliver Judsen. 

" " Albert J Lowd. '* '* Geo. A. S. Hodgkins 

" C. Valentine Walburg, " " Wm. T. Gibson. 

" E. William. J. Crooker. " K. James K. Churchill. 

" G. Eugene M. Dearing. 



" B. 



" C. 

•• D. 



Nixi: mo: 

William Shannon. 
Eugene F. VU.es. 
Phillip Cassidy. 
John C. I.eavitt. 
Midiae! Mumnaugh. 
Francis H. Thompson 
John Younie. 
Joseph S. Nutter. 
John W.- Barnard. 
John D. Battiste. 



THS' 



VOLUNTEER; 
Co. D. Wn 



E. Gabrie 
Wm. A. Hardy. 
Samuel Palmer, 
Joseph J> Bragdon, 
Henry G. Harriman 
Dexter E. Paine. 
Geo. W. Williamson 
James M. Power?. 
Sidney M. Towle. 
George E. Spoerell. 



It. Disabled. 



Died. 



Page j.t ist line, nth instead of 10th, 

' 36, -ith " Morrison's instead of Belgier's. 
37, 4*h " " " " 



)NK HUNDRED DAYS' VOLUNTEERS. 



Adjutant, Edwin F. W 



Co. A. 1 ieut. Charle - I. Cr lib 
" " Augustus Roy. 

" Sands E. Chipman. 
" " Phillip Degan. 

John Gately. 
'• C. Lieut. Lewis A. Manni 



Co. E. Geqrgp G. Barnard 

" F. Williard H Lethl ! 

" '• Edwiu \. TownseBd. 

" G. Edwin 1 '.. Champney; 

•• K. L. T. Ouinby. 



Adjutant General's Report says deserted. 



In tt e 3T>rSng of ISC: tlie F i - i als, in posses* •■' 

: * : i i ■ ' - ;t< . , " ■ 

: ■ . • .'.. • ". ie, 
bed closely b] \ ■. tr< •: : as cou) i , ■■ ■ ared 
fro the regular army forces, ( they ' 

- .'.;, fo th, d ■ In our pickets, collect 
: , destroy sue | re .■■. rtj as 
thene t :. i return [ ) their quar- 
ters ■ aln. A simultaneous movement was 
•- by the, Federals from Washington 
I \ : noul I • . " ' i>) < c tin ee regiments bi I ijya 
I en [or a whole di y Just bet'ore '. ; irk out forces 
a .:■'-• !..; : i i, and resolved to 

\ a stand. In Fed rals were approaching us 
Rank, p ;c< i ! u rtvanced guard of 
ry. Company H Twenty-sixth North Caro- 
lli * Kegi tent, *as detached aud seat out toc ; 3- 
pute their t a sags at th« ford of a crock. The 
3'roi .■: ed to the ear '. i • full view c; the fore!, 
bur under shelter of r : . r&rush. A ca\ I .- 
rode down into the water,, and ( relessly 
t his bridle . e n .• . hi: jade Ijoj s to drink. 
. . he ti^ .^ r-: : . th - i diar click, us 
one of our men cocked his rule. Forgettiog or 
trmg his bridie, ■ ■ .-. ?w nis eye along the 
row of the enuia . sn aud * -' ; . bj the 
naze of eighty ] • - tf eyes and tl . : 
^ any rKies Undaunted bj this ecrd< l oi 
th from , cl be ■ Id i to e, he 

. • ' •-;•.. is ■• : Is carbine, with his eye fixed 
idii: or tl - e . ■ ! ■ ' end ' : s . stti U v fled 

it in Jtantlj he wasenv aped in sn 
■''•■...'" : ... .. - . ' oa ! 



embankment ano opened fire, and the bra, 
and fa i J orse v .. e Los : 



the Bullets 

■.■ ■■• it . . . .. .. _ 

base ai . \. c , . •• 

■'■•-■■ ■ ■■■ . • bi 

wilnii [%q . - W< Uism t&iz . t.ouri la 

: cJllttODd a;: . 

' ■ proached iti ; ... :• 
■■■'•• • • i r, and ■■ 
I 
which had I a hurried! 'si f . 

■ -- He drew up :.' 

• ' ith! ru boi< 'of a Ian « 
pi! hi, • ; , 

-'-••■ 

•• i in i ir right i 

; ' ; ' ' ' : -'- ] rt r t | 

I . ! i .. !re 

- ■■■" is couid have pr 

It 1 
nand • . 

• . • • | ■ 
ore ■ i ern bordei 

were i 

■ ■ 
nave a 

• on • . 

*"- uiv; '■ '•• "• ••'->■- : ■ I I 21 

• "'■• ' ' ■'• trtii . • . 

I perform ■ • 

- • 
■ 

■ ■ .<. ■ t ■■ i ■• • 

Immedla 
General Foster pi 



:-«-.~- W.* 



'C* Dnftrly, 



arc 

Art 






a .a bo 



Loblns n was i :ated in the Blar- 
! a', rren schools in Chariest 
! . Le< n :h yeas i ■ enli I - 1 in the 
giraent of Massach'usetfe Volun- 
I served over s year in the North 
and Virginia campaigns, Retux i- 
entered the < tile : of the 1 ' 
I Advertiser, then u-n<3er Charles Hale, edi- 
j tor, and about a year after took up his 
. . a Li ■ in Professor Spear's college. These 
i c uni lei 3 he va^ for some time empl. yed 
j in a wl : ■. : • •- . ••'• - 1 ; . Failing Into 
ill ealt! ' . . -.. rem I a-.. I 

I spenl a bout ar o y* ars in a blacksj ith 
! shop, and bo built up a fan :. ■ ill sya- 
! tern. Then lie took up bookkeeping and 
' al : ■ ne •. . con es >.nd ■ ■■■ fos t arious 
i papers. From this work the step to reg- 

... ' " t : •■:':. - t was easy, ■ ' he 
; ■•.- Lert 30k local rep< "or the Bo . n 

7 -..; ...I, the B nsten A - an 3 fch 

3 anker Kill Times; Ln lS'<"o he began art 
■■, riting. From 1879 to 1SS3 he was <a 
of the Boston Sunday Times. For t'hr >. 
yeas - l : was ' rt direci i i r h N T < w . . ig~ 
[anufa irers' Institute, Subsecjuent- 
3j ha bi cam i tri critic for I he Bo? ! a; 
'• - ;" . r, a- '. ; later * i the B< 

7 | ■• ■ . . ■,■:■" . , .. \r--. 

columns ..:■■■ In torch:-] 

under the pseud v/i "Torrey," and was 
one * thv a ■ J i .• • of .critical 

article on c . iems wrary American paint- 
Works, which ran for almost two 
yea i a He was . ; edh - 1 " of an j t pel 
ical named Ai ricau -'a a ml Li sh ed In 
Bostoi bett i, [J and LSS-S 

Ian of h! re ■ • a wrot 3 a ■ 

a,:- of ih Pi . ',:'....■. ' 

,-. \ . g .'■- of IS •■•. ; lubii: he i b> the New 



1 



a in ."..'.. 
1 ■ • : : y eai 

■ 
Y01 ;, a.. 
>gues and a .a l- 
hi Lily a - 
G -a- -.la Ces- 
i .' board of 
[r. 1 nson was 
■ Jane Tufts 1 f 
children, s ir- 



■ LntO . ■ :' Of l'": 

. ■-. : . ■" art crii lc r ' 
: his d >voi< 



• • -■ m • a> a 

lUgh until ISO"* he v . 
•:.■;- iad, be am 
his i ] ■ 
itly of '. ■ : 
a ... :-..'-• ' . 
prof .:...-••,.■■:'' ntir :ij 

[ iish and • 1 ench m dern eh loolfs ox) ■■' 
j In the '■■ •■.'■ lies '. ■ 3 S&7 w re ch : ' - iiim 
. ■ . • 1 London mi . Pari , 
1 .. : nra of 1 . ilr e 

:.: :. 1 ;, lub, a \ was its vice v - ' ' 
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